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The LINGUIST List is an online resource for the academic field of linguistics. It was founded by Anthony Aristar in early 1990 at the University of Western Australia,[1] and is used as a reference by the National Science Foundation in the United States.[2] Its main and oldest feature is the premoderated electronic mailing list, with subscribers all over the world.


Between 1991 and 2013, the service was run by Anthony Aristar and Helen Aristar-Dry. In 1991, it moved from Australia to Texas A&M University, and Eastern Michigan University was established as the main editing site.[citation needed] By 1994, there were over 5,000 subscribers.[3] From 14 October through 6 November 1996, it held its first on-line conference, Geometric and Thematic Structure in Binding, devoted to the Binding Theory and opened by the keynote address by Howard Lasnik.[4] LINGUIST List moved from Texas A&M to its own site in 1997. Wayne State University in Michigan was established as the second editing site in 1998, but in 2006 all its operations moved to nearby Eastern Michigan University. In 2013, Aristar-Dry and Aristar retired from Eastern Michigan University and Damir Cavar became the moderator and director of operations. In 2014 Malgorzata E. Cavar became the second moderator. In 2014, LINGUIST List was moved to Indiana University and it has been hosted at the Department of Linguistics since then, with Damir Cavar and Malgorzata E. Cavar as the co-directors of the resource operations.[citation needed]

The LINGUIST List is funded by its donations from supporting publishers, institutions and its subscribers during the fund drive month each spring. Some LINGUIST List projects were funded by grants from the National Science Foundation.[citation needed] In recent years it has become a site for research into linguistic infrastructure on the web, and has received numerous grants from the National Science Foundation to do this work.[5][failed verification]


The LINGUIST List hosts two mailing lists LINGUIST and LINGLITE:

The LINGUIST List mailing lists are free and open for subscription using a web interface.[8]

Everybody can submit postings to The LINGUIST List lists without being subscribed or in any way a registered member.[9] A web interface is used to submit postings to the lists.[10]


The LINGUIST List has been one of the resources for the creation of the new ISO 639-3 language identification standard (aiming to classify all known languages with an alpha-3 language code).[11] While the Ethnologue was used as the resource for natural languages currently in use, Linguist List has provided the information on historic varieties, ancient languages, international auxiliary languages and constructed languages.

The LINGUIST List has also received grants for

The EMELD project[17] was the instigator of the GOLD ontology, the furthest advanced of the current attempts to build an ontology for the morphosyntax of linguistic data.[18] It has also produced a phonetics ontology, based upon Peter Ladefoged's and Ian Maddieson's The Sounds of the World's Languages.

Some projects emerged from funded or internal activities at LINGUIST List:

See also


  1. ^ "About LINGUIST List". Archived from the original on 15 June 2020. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  2. ^ "Documenting Endangered Languages (DEL) nsf05590".
  3. ^ "5.1005 LINGUIST subscription by country". Linguist List. 19 September 1994. Archived from the original on 29 October 2007.
  4. ^ "1st LINGUIST Conference: Geometric & Thematic Structure in Binding". Linguist List. 1 April 1996. Archived from the original on 20 January 2021.
  5. ^ "LINGIUST List – Projects". Archived from the original on 18 September 2008.
  6. ^ [1] The LINGUIST List: The LINGUIST Mailing List
  7. ^ [2] The LINGUIST List: The LINGLITE Mailing List
  8. ^ [3] Archived 12 May 2022 at the Wayback Machine The LINGUIST List Subscription Page
  9. ^ [4] Archived 12 May 2022 at the Wayback Machine The LINGUIST List Subscription Interface
  10. ^ [5] Archived 18 May 2022 at the Wayback Machine The LINGUIST List Posting Submission Interface
  11. ^ "OpenStax CNX".
  12. ^ "Linguist List – Projects". The LINGUIST List. Archived from the original on 31 October 2012. Retrieved 30 October 2012.
  13. ^ "Dena'ina Qenaga – A Resource for the Dena'ina Language". Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
  14. ^ "LL-Map".
  15. ^ "About MultiTree".
  16. ^ Malgosia Cavar, Damir Cavar. "Automatically Annotated Repository of Digital Audio and Video Resources Community". Archived from the original on 13 October 2013.
  17. ^ "E-MELD Homepage".
  18. ^ "GOLD Community: General Ontology for Linguistic Description".
  19. ^ [6] GeoLing:GIS-based linguistic events and information
  20. ^ [7] Archived 2023-05-05 at the Wayback Machine AskALing:Linguistic Question and Answer platform
  21. ^ [8] GORILLA:Global Open Resources and Information for Language and Linguistic Analysis