Wayne State University
Wayne State University seal.svg
Motto"Industry, Intelligence, Integrity"
TypePublic research university
Established1868; 154 years ago (1868)
Academic affiliations
Endowment$519.92 million (2021)[1]
PresidentM. Roy Wilson
ProvostMark Kornbluh
Academic staff
Administrative staff
Students24,931 (2021)[4]
Undergraduates16,851 (2021)[4]
Postgraduates8,080 (2021)[4]
Location, ,
United States
CampusLarge City,[5] 203 acres (0.82 km2)
NewspaperThe South End
ColorsGreen and gold[6]
Sporting affiliations
Mascot"W” the Warrior
Wayne State University logo.svg

Wayne State University (WSU) is a public research university in Detroit, Michigan. It is Michigan's third-largest university. Founded in 1868, Wayne State consists of 13 schools and colleges offering approximately 350 programs to nearly 25,000 graduate and undergraduate students.[7] Wayne State University, along with the University of Michigan and Michigan State University, compose the University Research Corridor of Michigan.[8] Wayne State is classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity".[9]

Wayne State's main campus comprises 203 acres linking more than 100 education and research buildings.[10] It also has four satellite campuses in Macomb, Wayne and Jackson counties.

The Wayne State Warriors compete in the NCAA Division II Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (GLIAC).


Detroit College of Medicine, about 1911.
Detroit College of Medicine, about 1911.

The Wayne State University was established in 1868 as the Detroit Medical College by five returning Civil War veterans. The college charter from 1868 was signed by founder Theodore Andrews McGraw, M.D., a University of Michigan graduate (B.A. 1859).[11] In 1885, the Detroit College of Medicine merged with its competitor, the Michigan College of Medicine and they consolidated buildings. After the reorganization McGraw became the first president and dean holding these positions until his retirement in 1915. These institutions are incarnated today as the Wayne State University School of Medicine.

In 1881, the Detroit Normal Training School for Teachers was established by the Detroit Board of Education. In 1920, after several relocations to larger quarters, the school became the Detroit Teachers College. The Board of Education voted in 1924 to make the college a part of the new College of the City of Detroit. This eventually became the Wayne State University College of Education.

In 1917, the Detroit Board of Education founded the Detroit Junior College and would make Detroit Central High School's Old Main Hall its campus. Detroit's College of Pharmacy and the Detroit Teachers College were added to the campus in 1924, and were organized into the College of the City of Detroit. The original junior college became the College of Liberal Arts. The first bachelor's degrees were awarded in 1925. The College of Liberal Arts of the College of the City of Detroit is today the Wayne State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences.

Recognizing the need for a good law school, a group of lawyers, including Allan Campbell, the school's founding dean, established Detroit City Law School in 1927 as part of the College of the City of Detroit. Originally structured as a part-time evening program, the school's first class graduated with the bachelor of laws degree (LL.B.) in 1928 and achieved full American Bar Association in 1939. The school is known today as Wayne State University Law School.

Anthony Wayne

In 1933, the Detroit Board of Education voted to unify the colleges it ran into one university. In January 1934, that institution was officially named Wayne University, taking its name from Wayne County (in which both the university and the city of Detroit reside), which was itself named after Revolutionary War Major-General Anthony Wayne.[12]

Continuing to grow, Wayne University added its School of Social Work in 1935, and the School of Business Administration in 1946.

Wayne University was renamed Wayne State University in 1956 and the institution became a constitutionally mandated university by a popularly adopted amendment to the Michigan Constitution in 1959.

The Wayne State University Board of Governors created the Institute of Gerontology in 1965 in response to a State of Michigan mandate. The institute's primary mission in that era was to engage in research, education and service in the field of aging.

Wayne State University grew again in 1973 with the addition of the College of Lifelong Learning. In 1985, the School of Fine and the Performing Arts, and the College of Urban, Labor, and Metropolitan Affairs grew the university further.

In the early 21st century, WSU constructed several new buildings, including the Integrative Biosciences Center (IBio), a 207,000-square-foot (19,200 m2) facility for interdisciplinary work in the biosciences. More than 500 researchers, staff and principal investigators work out of the building, which opened in 2016.[13]

Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs
Walter P. Reuther Library, Archives of Labor and Urban Affairs

On June 5, 2013, the Board of Governors unanimously elected M. Roy Wilson as Wayne State's 12th president. He was sworn in on August 1, 2013.

In 2015, WSU bestowed its first posthumous honorary doctorate degree on Viola Liuzzo.[14]

In 2015, the School of Business administration was renamed the Mike Ilitch School of Business. The name was changed in recognition of a $40 million grant from Mike and Marian Ilitch. This gift was used toward building a new business school facility in Detroit, which opened in late August 2018[15] in The District Detroit.[16]


M. Roy Wilson is the twelfth president of Wayne State University.[17]


1865 1875 1885 1895 1905 1915 1925 1935 1945 1955–present
Detroit Medical College
Detroit College of Medicine and Surgery
College of the City of Detroit
Wayne University
Wayne State University
Michigan College of Medicine
Detroit Normal School for Teachers
Detroit Teachers College
Detroit Junior College
Detroit City Law School



Admissions statistics
2021 entering
class[18]Change vs.

Admit rate62.7
(Neutral decrease −18.8)
Yield rate28.4
(Steady −0.2)
Test scores middle 50%
SAT Total1010-1220
(among 60% of FTFs)
ACT Composite21-28
(among 8% of FTFs)

The 2022 annual ranking of U.S. News & World Report categorizes Wayne State University as "selective."[19] For the Class of 2025 (enrolled fall 2021), Wayne State received 15,305 applications and accepted 9,603 (62.7%). Of those accepted, 2,732 enrolled, a yield rate (the percentage of accepted students who choose to attend the university) of 28.4%.[18] Wayne State's freshman retention rate is 81.3%, with 55.8% going on to graduate within six years.[18]

Of the 60% of the incoming freshman class who submitted SAT scores; the middle 50 percent Composite scores were 1010-1220.[18] Of the 8% of enrolled freshmen in 2021 who submitted ACT scores; the middle 50 percent Composite score was between 21 and 28.[18]

Fall First-Time Freshman Statistics [18] [20] [21] [22] [23] [24]
2021 2020 2019 2018 2017 2016
Applicants 15,305 17,231 15,716 16,210 15,331 11,093
Admits 9,603 11,794 11,495 11,533 10,334 9,036
Admit rate 62.7 68.4 73.1 71.1 67.4 81.5
Enrolled 2,732 3,120 2,968 3,038 2,653 2,588
Yield rate 28.4 26.5 25.8 26.3 25.7 28.6
ACT composite*
(out of 36)
SAT composite*
(out of 1600)
* middle 50% range
† percentage of first-time freshmen who chose to submit


Wayne State's academic offerings are divided among 13 schools and colleges: the Mike Ilitch School of Business; the College of Education; the College of Engineering; the College of Fine, Performing, and Communication Arts; the Graduate School; the Law School; the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences; the School of Information Sciences; the School of Medicine; the College of Nursing; the Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences; the Irvin D. Reid Honors College; and the School of Social Work.[25] Fall 2021 enrollment for the university consisted of 24,931 students; freshman enrollment was 3,693 students.[26]

Wayne State University is Michigan's only urban research university and is classified as a research university with the highest research activity by the Carnegie Foundation.[27]

Under the Michigan Constitution, the members of the Wayne State University Board of Governors (as with the University of Michigan and Michigan State University) are elected by the citizens of Michigan statewide.

Wayne State University, Michigan State University and the University of Michigan are the three institutional members of the State of Michigan's University Research Corridor.

Student body

Demographics of student body (Fall 2021)[28]
Race/Ethnicity Undergraduate Graduate/Professional Total
Asian 2,124 582 2,706
Black or African American 2,677 1,002 3,679
Hispanic 1,094 401 1,495
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 9 3 12
Two or more races 706 271 977
International 307 848 1,155
American Indian/Alaskan 40 27 67
White 9,494 4,750 14,244
Race and ethnicity unknown 400 196 596

In fall 2021, Wayne State had a total of 24,931 students.[29]


Wayne State spent $244.2 million on research and development in 2019.[30] The university received $320 million in research awards in 2021.[31]


The university is ranked as tied for 250th in the 2022 U.S. News & World Report rankings of "National Universities" across the United States, and it is ranked tied for 124th nationally among public universities.[32]

Academic rankings
THE / WSJ[35]289
U.S. News & World Report[36]250
Washington Monthly[37]317
U.S. News & World Report[41]361

Colleges and schools

Wayne State offers approximately 350 undergraduate, post-graduate, specialist and certificate programs in 13 schools and colleges.[42]

Mike Ilitch School of Business

The Mike Ilitch School of Business offers undergraduate degrees and graduate degrees, including the M.B.A. and M.S. as well as a Ph.D. The college also offers undergraduate and graduate certificates. These programs are accredited by the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business.[43] The Mike Ilitch School of Business relocated to a new facility in The District Detroit in 2018 following a $40 million gift from Mike and Marian Ilitch.

College of Education

The College of Education began as a teacher's college in 1881. The college offers bachelor's, master's, education specialist and doctoral degree programs in 37 program areas. These programs are administered by four academic divisions: Administrative and Organizational Studies; Kinesiology, Health and Sport Studies; Teacher Education; and Theoretical and Behavioral Foundations. These divisions are assisted by the Office of the Dean and two support areas: the Division of Academic Services and the Educational Technology Center.

College of Engineering

Main article: Wayne State University College of Engineering

Established in 1933, College of Engineering faculty generate approximately $18 million annually in research expenditures, particularly in areas of biomedical engineering and computing; advanced materials and flexible manufacturing; and green technologies such as alternative energy technology, alternative energy, and advanced battery storage. The college offers a range of engineering disciplines, including several research areas in which faculty members focus on interdisciplinary teamwork and industry partnerships — alternative energy technology, automotive engineering, electric-drive vehicle engineering, environmental infrastructures and transportation engineering, materials and biomedical engineering, bioinformatics and computational biology, nanotechnology, and sustainable engineering.

College of Fine, Performing, and Communication Arts

Main article: College of Fine, Performing, and Communication Arts, Wayne State University

Established in 1986, the College of Fine, Performing and Communication Arts (CFPCA) serves nearly 2,000 students majoring in 17 undergraduate programs, 12 graduate programs and four graduate certificate programs. Many programs are nationally accredited.[44] The college comprises four departments: the James Pearson Duffy Department of Art and Art History, the Maggie Allesee Department of Theatre and Dance, the Department of Communication, and the Department of Music. CFPCA students have gone on to receive top rankings in national and international competitions and tournaments.

Graduate school

Established in 1933, the Graduate School administers the application process for all graduate programs at Wayne State University with the exception of M.D., J.D. and PharmD programs. Additionally, the Graduate School oversees more than 2,000 Ph.D. students as they progress to degree, offering support from admissions and funding to research and graduation. More than 350 tuition scholarships and 100 fellowships are administered through the Graduate School each year. The Office of Postdoctoral Affairs is also housed in the Graduate School.

School of Information Sciences

The American Library Association first accredited the master of Library and Information Science (MLIS) degree in 1967. The MLIS degree is available online with select classes also offered on campus. In September 2017, the school became a member of the iSchool Consortium[45] and added a Master of Science in information management (MSIM) degree.

Irvin D. Reid Honors College

The Irvin D. Reid Honors College was founded in 2008 and named in honor of Irvin D. Reid who served as the university's president between 1997 and 2009. The college's undergraduate students are selected on the basis of academic performance. In addition to general education courses and courses in their majors, students in the Honors College enroll together in additional coursework which emphasizes academic skills and civic engagement.

Law School

Main article: Wayne State University Law School

One of just three public law schools in Michigan, Wayne Law blends legal theory with practice through six legal clinics, four externship programs, local and international fellowships and internships, and co-curricular programs. Its faculty is composed of teachers and scholars known for their contributions to legal study. The law school's alumni network of more than 11,000 judges, justices, law firm partners, entrepreneurs and government officials represents every state in the nation and more than a dozen foreign countries.

College of Liberal Arts and Sciences

Main article: College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Wayne State University

The College of Liberal Arts and Sciences (CLAS) was formed in 2004 with the merger of the College of Liberal Arts and the College of Science. The college receives approximately $20 million a year in external grants and contracts. CLAS consists of 19 departments: Humanities, Social Sciences, Physical Sciences and Mathematics, and Life Sciences categories.

School of Medicine

Main article: Wayne State University School of Medicine

Founded in 1868, the Wayne State University School of Medicine offers master's, Ph.D. and M.D./Ph.D. programs in 14 areas of basic science and public health to nearly 400 students annually. The school's research emphasizes neurosciences, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, perinatology, cancer, cardiovascular disease including diabetes and obesity, and psychiatry and addiction research. One of the school's major assets is the Richard J. Mazurek, M.D., Medical Education Commons, which was designed specifically for students and houses classrooms, student services divisions, the medical library, a sophisticated patient simulation center and the Kado Family Clinical Skills Center.[46]

College of Nursing

Founded in 1945, the Wayne State University College of Nursing offers an education focused on both clinical practice and advancing the state of nursing research, with a focus on addressing health in urban communities. The college offers B.S.N., M.S.N., D.N.P., Ph.D. and graduate certificate programs. The Nursing Practice Corporation, the college's faculty practice plan, operates Wayne State's Campus Health Clinic, which provides health care services to the student community.

Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Main article: Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences

Established in 1924, the Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences is one of the founding colleges of Wayne State University. It is organized into four departments — fundamental and applied sciences, health care sciences, pharmacy practice and pharmaceutical sciences. It offers 11 fully accredited degree-granting programs, which maintain autonomous admission requirements, curricula, degree requirements and academic procedures.[citation needed]

School of Social Work

Main article: Wayne State University School of Social Work

Established in 1935, the school offers academic programs at the bachelor's, master's and Ph.D. levels. The school's Center for Social Work Research provides support for faculty research and scholarship, engages in relevant research with community partners, and offers consultation and technical assistance. In fall 2019, the school had more than 900 students enrolled.


Wayne State University's cost of attendance is composed of tuition, including a credit hour rate, student service credit hour fee, fitness center maintenance fee, and a registration fee. Class maintenance fees are applied on a course-to-course basis. The tuition varies depending on undergraduate (lower and upper level division) and graduate students. Although graduate programs, Law School and Medical School tuition differs.


Maccabees Building
The Charles Lang Freer House houses the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute of Human Development & Family Life of Wayne State University.
The Charles Lang Freer House houses the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute of Human Development & Family Life of Wayne State University.

Wayne State's main campus in Detroit encompasses 203 acres (0.82 km2) of landscaped walkways and gathering spots linking over 100 education and research buildings.[47] The campus is urban and features many architecturally significant buildings, including the Helen L. DeRoy Auditorium, the Education Building, the Maccabees Building, Old Main, McGregor Memorial Conference Center, Chatsworth Tower Apartments, and the Hilberry Theatre. Many of these buildings were designed by notable architects such as Albert Kahn and Minoru Yamasaki.

Wayne State University is located in Midtown Detroit near notable institutions and attractions, including the Detroit Institute of Arts, the Detroit Historical Museum, the Michigan Science Center, the Charles H. Wright Museum of African American History, the Detroit Opera House/Michigan Opera Theatre, Detroit Symphony Orchestra/Orchestra Hall, Comerica Park, Ford Field, Little Caesars Arena, the Fox Theatre, the Fisher Theatre, Grand Circus Park and Campus Martius Park.

The Cass Corridor is one of the university's other notable surroundings, with a venerable history and culture that has left an imprint on many WSU alumni. Many notable events have taken place on or near the campus as a result of its unique location. Artists that got their start here include Chuck and Joni Mitchell, Alice Cooper, The White Stripes, The Detroit Cobras, MC5, The Stooges, Savage Grace, Ted Nugent, and Grand Funk Railroad. The Red Hot Chili Peppers recorded their Freaky Styley album in this area, which was also home to Creem magazine — the first rock journal, and the first to use the terms "punk rock" and "heavy metal" and give recognition to the likes of David Bowie, Iggy Pop, The Smiths and others. The now-razed Tartar Field was home to WABX's free Sunday concerts in the late 1960s and early 1970s featuring many of these musicians.


With nearly four million volumes, the Wayne State University Library System houses the 75th largest collection in the United States, according to the American Library Association.[48]


Chatsworth Tower

The university provides optional housing for all students in the form of apartments and residence halls. All buildings are equipped with connection to the university computer system, wireless Internet, laundry rooms, activity rooms, and a 24-hour help desk.[52] There are also many housing options within walking distance of the campus that are not affiliated with the university.

Current housing

Current university-owned apartment buildings consist University Tower, Chatsworth Tower, and Anthony Wayne Drive Apartments. In the hopes of bringing more residents to campus, Wayne State opened two dormitory-style residence halls in 2002: Yousif B. Ghafari Hall (formerly North Hall) and Leon H. Atchison Hall (formerly South Hall). This was the first time since the closing of the Newberry Joy Dorms in 1987 that the university offered dorm living. In 2005, the university opened The Towers Residential Suites, a residence hall open to undergraduate and graduate students. The Towers Café, located in The Towers residential suites is the campus' largest dining facility, serving a variety of food. Gold 'n' Greens, located in Ghafari Hall, serves vegetarian, vegan, and kosher food.[53][54]


The university allows families with children to live in some units including Chatsworth Tower and University Tower.[55] Residents are zoned to Detroit Public Schools.[56] Zoned schools for all three apartments include DPS Foundation for Early Learners @ Edmonson (K-8),[57][58] and King High School (9-12).[59]

Former housing

Sherbrooke Apartments were closed in September 2008. The Forest Apartments were closed after the 2004–05 school year and have since been demolished. The Chatsworth Annex apartments were demolished and replaced with greenspace and volleyball courts after the 2004–05 school year. The Helen DeRoy Apartments were demolished in 2019 with the opening of the final phase of the Anthony Wayne Drive Apartments.

Tom Adams Field

Tom Adams Field, best known as Adams Field, is a 6,000-seat football stadium located on the campus. It is primarily used for Wayne State Warriors football of the Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference, a Division II conference of the National Collegiate Athletic Association.

The Field was named after Thomas B. Adams, a 1944 graduate and football and track athlete who later served on as a board member at WSU. Due to his athletic, military, and business achievements the Wayne State Football field was named in honor of him on October 11, 2003.[60] The stadium turf has been replaced several times. The most recent replacement was in May 2015 when FieldTurfRevolution (2.5") artificial turf was installed.[61][62] A new 35-foot video board was installed in August 2015.[62] The eight lane Lowell Blanchard Track, located in the stadium, was first installed in 2006. Mondo surfacing was added to the track in 2011.[63]

Wayne State Fieldhouse

The Wayne State Fieldhouse, a 70,000-square-foot arena with seating for 3,000 fans, opened in October 2021. The arena is home to Wayne State's basketball teams as well as the Detroit Pistons' G-League team, the Motor City Cruise.[64]

Satellite campuses

Wayne State has four satellite campuses in the Metro Detroit area.[65] The locations are:

Student life

Student body composition as of August 17, 2022
Race and ethnicity[66] Total
White 55% 55
Black 16% 16
Asian 12% 12
Other[a] 10% 10
Hispanic 6% 6
Foreign national 2% 2
Economic diversity
Low-income[b] 48% 48
Affluent[c] 52% 52
Education Building
Education Building
McGregor Memorial Conference Center

Programs abroad

Wayne State offers more than 36 study abroad programs in 16 countries.



The university is governed by a Board of Governors consisting of eight members elected by Michigan voters for eight-year terms. Board of Governor members serve without compensation. The board elects a university president to serve as the chief executive officer of the university administration. The student body government is headed by a Student Senate (formerly the Student Council). Some colleges of the university have their own Student Senate, which reports back to the main Student Senate. The School of Law has its own Student Board of Governors.

Public safety

The campus is protected by the Wayne State University Department of Public Safety, whose commissioned officers serve Wayne State and the surrounding area. All Wayne State Police Officers are certified Michigan peace officers and sworn Detroit police officers. The department prides itself on a response time of 90 seconds or less to on-campus emergencies. The department consists of patrol officers, traffic safety officers, motorcycle officers, bike officers, three canine officers, three investigators, multiple officers assigned to task force positions, communications controllers, records personnel and other support staff. The Department of Public Safety has been in existence since 1966. The department sponsors several programs throughout campus such as the RAD (Rape Aggression Defense), sells low-cost bike locks and steering wheel "clubs", offers free 'VIN Etching' sessions to help deter auto theft, and sends out monthly emails to keep the university updated on the department's activities. Students whom encounter trouble or distress on campus are encouraged to call the Wayne State Police division directly, rather than the city's 911 services.

Wayne State University Alumni Association

Created in 1935 and consisting of more than 295,000 alumni throughout the world, Wayne State's alumni association provides support to graduates of the university through sponsoring events such as career booths and job fairs.

Fraternity & sorority life

Wayne State University hosts chapters of over two dozen fraternities and sororities, reflective of the diverse nature of the campus.

Academic and social

Co-educational professional, honor, service or special interest Greek-letter organizations

ΚΨ - Kappa Psi, May 14, 1927, Pharmaceutical, professional, PFA
ΛΚΣ - Lambda Kappa Sigma, April 4, 1930, Women's Pharmaceutical, professional, PFA
ΑΦΩ - Alpha Phi Omega, May 27, 1948, Co-ed Service Fraternity, PFA
ΔΣΠ - Delta Sigma Pi, 1949, Co-ed Professional Business, PFA
ΘΤ - Theta Tau, May 19, 1951, Engineering, professional, PFA
ΤΒΠ - Tau Beta Pi, 1951, Engineering Honors[70]
ΒΑΨ - Beta Alpha Psi, 1979, Co-ed Accounting, Finance and Information Systems Honors

Dormant Co-educational professional, honor, service or special interest Greek-letter organizations

ΑΩ - Alpha Omega (local), Co-ed Christian Service Fraternity [71]

Inter-chapter cooperation is managed by several governing councils: the Multi-Cultural Greek Council, the National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC groups), and the Panhellenic Association (NPC groups).


Main article: Wayne State Warriors

See also: Wayne State Warriors football and Wayne State Warriors women's ice hockey

The school's intercollegiate athletic program was established in 1917 by Director of Athletics David L. Holmes, who initially coached all sports. His track teams were nationally known into the 1950s; in his first 10 years, he produced two Olympians from the school's Victorian-era gym. Although he had major ambitions for Wayne and scheduled such teams as Notre Dame and Penn State in the 1920s, the lack of facilities and money for athletics kept the program small.

A student poll selected the name of "Tartars" for the school's teams in 1927. In 1999, the university changed the name to the "Warriors", due to the general feeling that the Tartar name was dated and most people were not familiar with the name's historical significance.[72][73] Wayne State competes in men's baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, football, golf, swimming and diving, and tennis, and women's basketball, cross country, fencing, golf, softball, swimming and diving, tennis, track and field, and volleyball.

WSU participates in NCAA Division II in the Great Lakes Intercollegiate Athletic Conference (GLIAC) for all sports except for fencing, which competes in the single division Midwest Fencing Conference.

Wayne State previously competed in men's and women's NCAA Division I ice hockey as a member of College Hockey America (CHA). The university dropped their men's program at the end of the 2007–08 season,[74] followed in 2011 by ending the women's hockey program.[75]

National Championships:

Fencing is a single-division sport with schools from all three NCAA divisions competing against each other.[citation needed]

Notable people

Main article: List of Wayne State University people

See also


  1. ^ Other consists of Multiracial Americans & those who prefer to not say.
  2. ^ The percentage of students who received an income-based federal Pell grant intended for low-income students.
  3. ^ The percentage of students who are a part of the American middle class at the bare minimum.


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  49. ^ "WSU Libraries: Purdy/Kresge Library Directions". Lib.wayne.edu. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  50. ^ "WSU Libraries: Undergraduate Library Directions". Lib.wayne.edu. Retrieved December 31, 2012.
  51. ^ "About Us". Walter P. Reuther Library. Wayne State University. Retrieved October 17, 2014.
  52. ^ University, Wayne State. "Housing & Residential Life - Wayne State University". www.housing.wayne.edu. Retrieved November 22, 2017.
  53. ^ "Residence Halls - Housing - Wayne State University". housing.wayne.edu. Retrieved June 29, 2016.
  54. ^ "Wayne State University to Break Ground on Anthony Wayne Drive Apartments". Retrieved July 17, 2017.
  55. ^ "Community Living Guide Apartments 2011 Archived December 24, 2012, at the Wayback Machine." Wayne State University. 12. Retrieved on October 2, 2011. DeRoy, University Tower, and Chatsworth Tower unfurnished apartments are approved for family housing."
  56. ^ "Contact Us General Office of Housing & Residential Life." Wayne State University. Retrieved on October 2, 2011. "Chatsworth Tower 630 Merrick Detroit, MI 48202" and "Helen L. DeRoy Apartments 5200 Anthony Wayne Drive Detroit, MI 48202" and "University Tower Apartments 4500 Cass Avenue Detroit, MI 48201"
  57. ^ "Elementary Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  58. ^ "Middle School Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
  59. ^ "High School Boundaries - 2012/13 School Year." (Archive) Detroit Public Schools. Retrieved on November 1, 2012.
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  67. ^ Chartered originally at University of Detroit Mercy in 1933. The charter for this chapter was transferred to Wayne State 1947, re-chartered November 24, 2019
  68. ^ a b This chapter had its origin in the Cheega Club, formed in 1922. It became a chapter of Phi Sigma Epsilon in 1942. (ΦΣΕ would merge into Phi Sigma Kappa in 1985, long after this chapter was dormant.) Baird's archive further notes this chapter reverted to its original local name of Cheega in 1950 (1952?), before becoming a chapter of Delta Chi in 1956.
  69. ^ Alpha Upsilon chapter (ΑΥ)
  70. ^ Michigan Epsilon chapter
  71. ^ Not to be confused with the Jewish professional dental society of the same name.
  72. ^ "WSU adopts new athletic identity". Wayne State University Press. July 29, 1999.
  73. ^ "Before and After: New Symbols for Old Schools". New York Times. August 6, 2000. Retrieved July 26, 2008.
  74. ^ Wodon, Adam (March 11, 2008). "Wayne State Bids Farewell". College Hockey News. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
  75. ^ "Wayne State ends women's program". NCAA. May 30, 2011. Archived from the original on October 16, 2011. Retrieved May 29, 2011.

Further reading

Coordinates: 42°21′26.44″N 83°4′12.38″W / 42.3573444°N 83.0701056°W / 42.3573444; -83.0701056