Livonia, Michigan
Livonia City Hall
Livonia City Hall
Official logo of Livonia, Michigan
"Come home to Livonia!"[1][2]
Location in Wayne County
Location in Wayne County
Livonia is located in Michigan
Location in Michigan
Livonia is located in the United States
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 42°23′50″N 83°22′25″W / 42.39722°N 83.37361°W / 42.39722; -83.37361
CountryUnited States
Organized1835 (Livonia Township)
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorMaureen Miller Brosnan
 • ClerkSusan Nash
 • City35.85 sq mi (92.86 km2)
 • Land35.70 sq mi (92.45 km2)
 • Water0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)
640 ft (206 m)
 • City95,535
 • Density2,676.43/sq mi (1,033.38/km2)
 • Metro
4,285,832 (Metro Detroit)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Zip code(s)
Area code(s)248 and 734
FIPS code26-49000
GNIS feature ID0630841[4]

Livonia (luv-OWN-yuh) is a city in Wayne County, Michigan, United States.[4] A western suburb of Detroit, Livonia is located roughly 20 miles (32.2 km) northwest of downtown Detroit. As of the 2020 census, the city had a population of 95,535.[5] Originally organized as Livonia Township in 1835, it incorporated as a city in 1950.


After most members of the indigenous tribes were pushed out of the area, ethnic European-American pioneers from New England and New York settled here. The borders of Livonia Township were defined by the Legislature of the Territory of Michigan on March 17, 1835.

The settlers named the community "Livonia", after Livonia, New York, a town in the western part of the state, from where many had migrated.[6][7][8]

Livonia Township was split off from Nankin Township, in which a Livonia post office had been established in June 1834.[9] During the days of the township, a number of small communities developed. One of these was Elmwood, initially known as McKinley's Station. It was a stop on the Detroit, Lansing and Northern Railroad. It had a separate post office from 1858 until 1906.[10] Another post office in the township was Giltedge, which operated from 1899 until 1902.[11]

Livonia was incorporated as a city on May 23, 1950, by vote of the citizens of the township. An incentive was that this status would allow the residents to gain tax revenues from the Detroit Race Course (DRC). From 1985, it ran only harness racing for Standardbred, and the track closed in 1998, when the large property was sold for redevelopment. The last race tracks operating in the state were Hazel Park Raceway, which closed in 2018, and Northville Downs, which closed in 2019.

Among the immigrants attracted to Detroit for its industrial jobs in the 20th century have been Palestinian and Lebanese Christians, as well as Muslims. By 1985, Palestinian Christians had settled in Livonia, as well as the western suburbs of Farmington and Westland.[12] As of 2005, there were a number of Christian Palestinian Americans who had immigrated from Ramallah. They have developed and operated several small- and medium-sized businesses.[13]

Six U.S. presidents have visited Livonia: Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush.[14]


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.86 square miles (92.88 km2), of which 35.70 square miles (92.46 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.[15]

The city has many creeks and rivers, but most notably majority portions of both Newburgh and Nankin Lake in the south and south-west. The two lakes are connected by both a river and Edward N. Hines Drive, known simply as Hines Drive by locals.


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census
2018 Estimate[16]

According to a 2010 American Community Survey, the median income for a household in the city was $65,391, and the median income for a family was $77,119. Males had a median income of $62,071 versus $42,083 for females. The per capita income for the city was $29,536. About 5.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.6% of those under age 18 and 3.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census[17] of 2010, there were 96,942 people, 38,714 households, and 26,856 families living in the city. The population density was 2,715.5 inhabitants per square mile (1,048.5/km2). There were 40,401 housing units at an average density of 1,131.7 per square mile (437.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.0% White, 3.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 2.5% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 2.5% of the population.

There were 38,714 households, of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.9% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.6% were non-families. Of all households 26.7% were made up of individuals, and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 44.5 years. 20.8% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.2% were from 25 to 44; 31.5% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.[18]

2000 census

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 100,545 people, 38,089 households, and 28,071 families living in the city. The population density was 2,815.0 inhabitants per square mile (1,086.9/km2). There were 38,658 housing units at an average density of 1,082.3 per square mile (417.9/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.45% White, 0.95% African American, 0.22% Native American, 1.94% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.72% of the population. 16.3% were of Polish, 15.9% German, 11.2% Irish, 8.6% Italian and 8.5% English ancestry according to Census 2000. Livonia has a substantial Middle Eastern population, mostly Arab, and trace their ancestry to the Levant region, mainly from Syria, Jordan, Palestine, and Lebanon, and are of the Christian faith. The Arab-American community has few churches in the city, Mainly Saint Mary's Antiochian Orthodox Christian Church. The community settled in Livonia in the late 1960s and has since continued a steady growth.

There were 38,089 households, out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. Of all households, 22.9% were made up of individuals, and 11.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.8% under the age of 18, 6.3% was from 18 to 24, 28.7% was from 25 to 44, 24.3% was from 45 to 64, and 16.9% was 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.8 males.

As of 2000, Livonia was the city in the United States with over 100,000 people that had the highest percentage of non-Hispanic white people.[20]


Laurel Park Place, east entrance

In addition to its schools, colleges, churches, parks, recreation center, libraries and the St. Mary Mercy Hospital, Livonia also has commercial and industrial sectors, restaurants and retail stores. Laurel Park Place, an upscale fashion mall with 74 stores, was built in 1989 at 6 Mile Road and Newburgh Road. Von Maur department store serve as the anchor.

The city previously featured two other malls which have since been dismantled. Wonderland Mall was the first, opening in 1959 and closing in 2003; it was replaced with a development called Wonderland Village, anchored by Walmart and Target. Livonia Mall was built to the north in 1964. It also closed in 2008 and was redeveloped as Livonia Marketplace, featuring a second Walmart, along with Sears and Kohl's. The Sears store closed in 2020. Other big-box stores are located near Laurel Park Place.

Livonia is home to the Livonia Hockey Association, the largest amateur hockey association in Michigan, as well as two-time state champions the Livonia Knights. The city also boasts the Livonia City Soccer Club, one of the largest soccer programs in the state, with 1,300 participants.

Leading employers

  1. Ford Motor Company
  2. Trinity Health
  3. Livonia Public Schools
  4. St. Mary Mercy Hospital
  5. NYX, Inc
  6. ZF Automotive
  7. Schoolcraft College
  8. Roush Performance
  9. United Parcel Service
  10. Mastronardi Produce[21]

Arts and culture

The Livonia Public Library includes the Civic Center Library, the Alfred Noble Library, the Carl Sandburg Library, and the Vest Pocket Library.[22]


Livonia's mayor is Maureen Miller Brosnan. The city is located in Michigan's 11th congressional district. Livonia is in Michigan's 7th State Senate District, and is represented by Dayna Polehanki (Democrat).

Most of Livonia makes up Michigan's 19th State House District, which elected Laurie Pohutsky (Democrat) in 2018. A part of southeast Livonia is in the 11th district, which is represented by, Jewell Jones (Democrat).


Colleges and universities

Madonna University

Various private and public colleges and universities are located in Livonia, including Madonna University, Schoolcraft College, and a small University of Phoenix campus.[citation needed] The most recent university to open in Livonia is a Davenport University campus, which opened in 2008,[citation needed] but left the city to move to Detroit in 2017.[23]

Primary and secondary schools

Public schools

Livonia Public Schools administration

Most of Livonia is served by the Livonia Public Schools district, consisting of two early childhood centers, thirteen elementary schools, four upper elementary Schools, three middle schools and three high schools. The district also serves students in portions of Westland. A portion of northeast Livonia is served by the Clarenceville School District.

There are currently four high schools in Livonia, all of which are public: Franklin, Churchill and Stevenson high schools in the Livonia Public Schools district; and Clarenceville High School in the Clarenceville Public School District. Ladywood High School, a Catholic all-girls private school run by the Felician Sisters, closed in 2018. Bentley High School, the first high school built in the district, closed in 1985.

Each high school in the Livonia Public School District offers a different educational program. Stevenson High School is the home of the school of Global Education, an alternative education model which combines students' English and social studies classes with a focus on the student's role in the world. Churchill houses the MSC (Math/Science/Computer) and CAPA (Creative and Performing Arts) programs. Franklin currently offers an International Baccalaureate program for select students.

Frost Middle School houses the Middle School Alternative Classrooms for the Academically Talented (MACAT) program. The public K-6 Webster Elementary School is home to the Alternative Classrooms for the Academically Talented (ACAT) program, as well as many after-school programs. Webster also has classes for disabled children. In 2008, the original Webster school was burned down by an arsonist, and Webster was moved to a closed-down school, Tyler Elementary.

Alternative schools

Private schools

St. Genevieve Catholic School closed in 2016.[27]


The Metro Detroit–area newspapers are the Detroit Free Press and The Detroit News. The Livonia Observer is printed twice a week, on Thursdays and Sundays.[28]

The newspaper Between the Lines and the website PrideSource are headquartered in Livonia.[29]



Livonia has limited access to public bus service through the Detroit Department of Transportation.

In 2012, the National Motorists Association released the results of a public poll on the "Worst Speed Trap Cities" in North America. Livonia was listed at #2.[30]

Notable people


See also


  1. ^ "City of Livonia, Michigan". Archived from the original on 2018-11-14.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  4. ^ a b "Livonia". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
  5. ^ a b "Characteristics of creative thinking psychology". Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  6. ^ MacGregor, David (2005). "Introduction". Livonia: Michigan. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 7–8. ISBN 0-7385-3425-0. "The name Livonia was chosen because a number of the earliest settlers had come from western New York, where there was also a town named Livonia."
  7. ^ City of Livonia.History[permanent dead link]. Retrieved on January 11, 2009.
  8. ^ Romig, Walter (1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-1838-X.
  9. ^ Democratic Free Press (Detroit, Michigan) June 18, 1834, p. 2
  10. ^ Walter Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 182
  11. ^ Romig, Michigan Place Names, p. 224
  12. ^ Present Tense, Volumes 13–15. American Jewish Committee, 1985. p. 36
  13. ^ Hassoun, Rosina J. Arab Americans in Michigan (Discovering the Peoples of Michigan). MSU Press, October 24, 2005. ISBN 1609170466, 9781609170462. p. PT21 of Google Books.
  14. ^ "President Bush's Visit - Beaver Aerospace & Defense".
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  16. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 8, 2018.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  18. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  19. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  20. ^ "Race and Ethnicity in the Tri-County Area: Selected Communities and School Districts." (Archive) From a Child's Perspective: Detroit Metropolitan Census 2000 Fact Sheets Series. Wayne State University. June 2002. Volume 2, Issue 2. p. 1. Retrieved on November 10, 2013.
  21. ^ "Leading Employers in Livonia (May 2017)". Livonia Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Hours and Locations Archived 2010-03-27 at the Wayback Machine." Livonia Public Library. Retrieved on March 29, 2010.
  23. ^ Veselenak, David (August 29, 2017). "Davenport University moving satellite campus from Livonia to Detroit". Hometown Life. Retrieved 29 September 2023.
  24. ^ "Our History". St. Michael the Archangel. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  25. ^ "Peace Lutheran School".
  26. ^ "St. Paul's Lutheran School".
  27. ^ "St. Raphael, St. Genevieve, St. Damian schools close". Detroit Free Press. 2016-06-14. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  28. ^ "Observer and Eccentric Livonia Observer". HometownLife. Retrieved 29 March 2018.
  29. ^ "About Us Archived 2014-04-27 at the Wayback Machine". PrideSource. Retrieved on April 14, 2014. "Mailing address Pride Source Media Group Between The Lines Newspaper 20222 Farmington Road Livonia, Michigan 48152"
  30. ^ "Nationwide Poll Reveals Top U.S. and Canadian Speed Traps" (PDF). National Motorists Association. August 28, 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012.
  31. ^ NHL Players from Livonia, Michigan | Last retrieved on March 19, 2011
  32. ^ Merrill, Elizabeth (August 22, 2008). "Taormina takes solace in knowing she didn't quit on her Olympic dream". ESPN. Retrieved March 19, 2011.

Further reading