Arkansas House of Representatives
|93rd Arkansas General Assembly|
|16 Years (both houses)|
|Founded||January 30, 1836|
New session started
|January 11, 2021|
Speaker pro tempore
Length of term
|Authority||Article 8, Section 2,|
|Salary||$39,399.84/year + per diem|
|November 3, 2020|
|November 8, 2022|
|Redistricting||Arkansas Board of Apportionment|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Arkansas State Capitol
Little Rock, Arkansas
|Arkansas House of Representatives|
The Arkansas State House of Representatives is the lower house of the Arkansas General Assembly, the state legislature of the US state of Arkansas. The House is composed of 100 members elected from an equal amount of constituencies across the state. Each district has an average population of 29,159 according to the 2010 federal census. Members are elected to two-year terms and, since the 2014 Amendment to the Arkansas Constitution, limited to sixteen years cumulative in either house.
The Arkansas House of Representatives meets annually, in regular session in odd number years and for a fiscal session in even number years, at the State Capitol in Little Rock.
During the Reconstruction era that followed the American Civil War, the Federal government passed the Reconstruction Acts and African Americans were enfranchised with voting rights. African Americans were elected and served in the Arkansas House although the numbers eventually declined as the Democrats retook control and were able to restore white supremacy. By the start of the 20th century African Americans were largely barred from holding in the Arkansas House and across the southern states.
The Speaker of the House presides over the body and is elected by the membership every two years. Its duties include the supervision and directing the daily order of business, recognizing members to speak, preserving order in the House, deciding all questions of order and germaneness, certifying all measures passed, assigning committee leadership, and naming members to select committees. In the Speaker's absence, the Speaker Pro Tempore presides.
|Speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives||Matthew Shepherd||Republican||6|
|Speaker Pro Tempore||Jon Eubanks||Republican||74|
|Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 1st District||Michelle Gray||Republican||62|
|Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 2nd District||Marcus Richmond||Republican||21|
|Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 3rd District||Fred Allen||Democratic||30|
|Assistant Speaker pro tempore, 4th District||Frances Cavanaugh||Republican||60|
|Majority Leader||Austin McCollum||Republican||95|
|Majority Whip||John Payton||Republican||64|
|Minority Leader||Tippi McCullough||Democratic||33|
|Minority Whip||Denise Garner||Democratic||84|
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of the 90th General Assembly||68||31||1||0||100||0|
|Beginning of the 91st General Assembly||76||24||0||0||100||0|
|Latest voting share||76%||24%|
|7||Sonia Eubanks Barker||Rep||2016||2032|
|22||Richard McGrew||Rep||2020 (special)||2036|
|34||Joy Springer||Dem||2020 (special)||2036|
|36||Denise Ennett||Dem||2019 (special)||2034|
|37||Jamie Aleshia Scott||Dem||2018||2028|
|43||Brian S. Evans||Rep||2018||2034|
|82||Mark H. Berry||Rep||2020||2036|
|92||Gayla Hendren McKenzie||Rep||2018||2034|
|94||John P. Carr||Rep||2020||2036|
|96||Joshua P. Bryant||Rep||2020||2036|
Main article: Political party strength in Arkansas
The House has 10 Standing Committees:
HOUSE SELECT COMMITTEES
CURRENT COMMITTEES INCLUDE:
Each Representative serves on two Standing Committees, and each committee has 20 members. Standing Committee chairmen and vice-chairmen are selected from respective committee rosters by the Speaker.
Two Select Committees operate exclusively within the House. Members of the committees are appointed by the Speaker. The House Select Committees are the House Committee on Rules and the House Management Committee.
The Committee on Rules considers all proposed action touching the House rules, the joint rules and the order of business. The Committee also considers all legislation dealing with alcohol, cigarettes, tobacco, tobacco products, coin-operated amusement devices, vending machines, lobbying, code of ethics, pari-mutuel betting and similar legislation.
The House Management Committee works with the Speaker of the House to direct and oversee operations of the House of Representatives. Its duties include the hiring and supervision of the House Staff, the development of personnel policies and procedures, and the monitoring of facility usage and maintenance.
Representatives also serve on five committees that operate jointly with the Senate. They are Joint Budget, Joint Retirement and Social Security Programs, Joint Energy, Joint Performance Review and Joint Committee on Advanced, Communications and Information Technology
House members of the Joint Budget Committee are chosen by their peers from respective caucus districts. House members on other Joint Committees are appointed to their positions by the Speaker.
John Wilson, the speaker of the Arkansas House of Representatives, stabbed Representative J. J. Anthony to death during a legislative debate on the floor of the chamber in 1837. Wilson was later acquitted. The Old State House is said to be haunted to this day.
In 1922, Frances Hunt became the first woman elected to a seat in the Arkansas General Assembly when she was elected to a seat in the Arkansas House of Representatives.
In 2020, several members tested positive for COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic in Arkansas.
((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)