2023 United States state legislative elections

← 2022 November 7, 2023 2024 →

8 legislative chambers
4 states
 
Party Republican Democratic Coalition
Current chambers 57 40 2[a]
Chambers after 56 41 2
Overall change Decrease 1 Increase 1 Steady

2023 Louisiana Senate election2023 Mississippi Senate election2023 Virginia Senate election2023 New Jersey Senate election
Map of upper house elections:
     Democrats retained control
     Republicans retained control
     Special elections held

2023 Louisiana House of Representatives election2023 Mississippi House of Representatives election2023 New Jersey General Assembly election2023 Virginia House of Delegates election
Map of lower house elections:
     Democrats gained control      Democrats retained control
     Republicans retained control
     Special elections held

The 2023 United States state legislative elections were held on November 7, 2023, for eight state legislative chambers in four states.[1] These off-year elections coincided with other state and local elections, including gubernatorial elections in three states. Special elections were held throughout the year in several states.

The Democratic Party flipped control of Virginia's lower house, the House of Delegates, which it had lost two years earlier, and retained its majority in Virginia's upper house, the Senate. Democrats also expanded their majority in the New Jersey Legislature. The Republican Party strengthened its majorities in the Mississippi and Louisiana legislatures.

Summary table

Regularly-scheduled elections were held in 8 of the 99 state legislative chambers in the United States. Nationwide, regularly-scheduled elections were or are to be held for 578 of the 7,383 legislative seats. This table only covers regularly-scheduled elections; additional special elections may take place concurrently with these regularly-scheduled elections.

State Upper House Lower House
Seats up Total % up Term Seats up Total % up Term
Louisiana 39 39 100 4 105 105 100 4
Mississippi 52 52 100 4 122 122 100 4
New Jersey 40 40 100 4[b] 80 80 100 2
Virginia 40 40 100 4 100 100 100 2

Election predictions

Several sites and individuals publish predictions of competitive chambers. These predictions look at factors such as the strength of the party, the strength of the candidates, and the partisan leanings of the state (reflected in part by the state's Cook Partisan Voting Index rating). The predictions assign ratings to each chambers, with the rating indicating the predicted advantage that a party has in winning that election.

Most election predictors use:

State PVI[2] Chamber Last
election
270toWin
November 2,
2023
[3]
Elections Daily
November 2,
2023
[4]
Result
Louisiana R+12 Senate R 27–12 Safe R Safe R R 28–11
House of Representatives R 71–33–1 Safe R Safe R R 73-32
Mississippi R+11 Senate R 36–16 Safe R Safe R R 36–16
House of Representatives R 77–42–3 Safe R Safe R R 79-41-2
New Jersey D+6 Senate D 25–15 Safe D Safe D D 25–15
General Assembly D 46–34 Safe D Safe D D 52-28
Virginia D+3 Senate D 22–18 Lean D Lean D D 21-19
House of Delegates R 52–48 Lean D (flip) Tossup D 51-49

State summaries

Louisiana

Main articles: 2023 Louisiana State Senate election and 2023 Louisiana House of Representatives election

All seats of the Louisiana State Senate and the Louisiana House of Representatives were up for election to four-year terms in 2023. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Louisiana State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Page Cortez (term-limited) 27 28 Increase1
Democratic Gerald Boudreaux 12 11 Decrease1
Total 39 39
Louisiana House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Clay Schexnayder (term-limited) 71 73 Increase2
Democratic Samuel Jenkins Jr. (retiring) 33 32 Decrease1
Independent 1 0 Decrease1
Total 105 105

Mississippi

Main articles: 2023 Mississippi State Senate election and 2023 Mississippi House of Representatives election

All seats of the Mississippi State Senate and the Mississippi House of Representatives were up for election to four-year terms in 2023. Republicans retained control of both chambers.

Mississippi State Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Dean Kirby 36 36 Steady
Democratic Derrick Simmons 16 16 Steady
Total 52 52
Mississippi House of Representatives
Party Leader Before After Change
Republican Philip Gunn (retiring) 77 79 Increase 2
Democratic Robert Johnson III 42 41 Decrease 1
Independent 3 2 Decrease 1
Total 122 122

New Jersey

Main articles: 2023 New Jersey Senate election and 2023 New Jersey General Assembly election

All seats of the New Jersey Senate and the New Jersey General Assembly were up for election. In 2023, senators were be elected to four-year terms in single-member districts, while Assembly members were be elected to two-year terms in two-member districts.[5] Democrats retained control in both chambers, expanding their majority in the General Assembly.

New Jersey Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Nicholas Scutari 25 25 Steady
Republican Anthony M. Bucco 15 15 Steady
Total 40 40
New Jersey General Assembly
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Craig Coughlin 46 52 Increase 6
Republican John DiMaio 34 28 Decrease 6
Total 80 80

Virginia

Main articles: 2023 Virginia Senate election and 2023 Virginia House of Delegates election

All seats of the Virginia Senate and the Virginia House of Delegates were up for election in 2023. Senators were elected to four-year terms, while delegates serve terms of two years. At the time of the elections, the Democrats controlled the Senate while the Republicans controlled the House of Delegates. Following the elections, the Democrats flipped control of the House of Delegates and held on to the Senate with a reduced majority.

Virginia Senate
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Dick Saslaw (retiring) 22 21 Decrease 1
Republican Tommy Norment (retiring) 17 19 Increase 2
Non-caucusing Amanda Chase 1 0 Decrease 1
Total 40 40
Virginia House of Delegates
Party Leader Before After Change
Democratic Don Scott 48 51 Increase 3
Republican Todd Gilbert 52 49 Decrease 3
Total 100 100

Special elections

There were fifty-one state legislative special elections scheduled for 2023.[6]

Connecticut

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 6 Edwin Vargas Democratic 2012 Incumbent resigned January 3, 2023 to pursue an academic post at Central Connecticut State University.[7]
New member elected February 28, 2023.
Democratic hold.
House 100 Quentin Williams Democratic 2018 Incumbent died January 5, 2023, in a traffic collision.[9]
New member elected February 28, 2023.
Democratic hold.
House 148 Daniel J. Fox Democratic 2011
(special)
Incumbent resigned January 4, 2023, in anticipation of a nomination to be a judge of the Connecticut Superior Court.[10]
New member elected February 28, 2023.
Democratic hold.

Delaware

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 37 Ruth Briggs King Republican 2009
(special)
Incumbent resigned November 15, 2023, after moving out of her district.[11]
New member elected December 21, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Valerie Jones Giltner (Republican) 62.7%
  • Jane Hovington (Democratic) 37.1%
  • Write-in 0.1%[12]

Florida

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 24 Joe Harding Republican 2020 Incumbent resigned December 8, 2022, after being indicted for wire fraud and money laundering.[13]
New member elected May 16, 2023.
Republican hold.
House 118 Juan Fernandez-Barquin Republican 2018 Incumbent resigned June 11, 2023, to become clerk of the court and comptroller of Miami-Dade County.[15]
New member elected December 5, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Mike Redondo (Republican) 51.8%
  • Johnny Farias (Democratic) 45.6%
  • Francisco De La Paz (Independent) 2.6%[16]

Georgia

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 7 David Ralston Republican 2002 Incumbent died November 16, 2022, after a long illness.[17]
New member elected January 31, 2023, after no one received over 50% of the vote on January 3, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • First round:
  • Orange tickY Sheree Ralston (Republican) 45.0%
  • Orange tickY Johnny Chastain (Republican) 39.3%
  • Justin Heitman (Republican) 7.4%
  • Brian Pritchard (Republican) 6.2%
  • Richie Stone (Republican) 2.1%[18]
  • Runoff:
  • Green tickY Johnny Chastain (Republican) 52.8%
  • Sheree Ralston (Republican) 47.2%[19]
House 119 Terry England
Redistricted from the 116th district
Republican 2004 Incumbent's term expired January 9, 2023. Representative-elect Danny Rampey withdrew prior to being seated, after being arrested for stealing prescription narcotics.[20]
New member elected February 28, 2023, after no one received over 50% of the vote on January 31, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • First round:
  • Orange tickY Holt Persinger (Republican) 27.9%
  • Orange tickY Charles Chase III (Republican) 25.5%
  • Bill Ritter (Republican) 18.3%
  • Renee Lord (Republican) 12.4%
  • Shelbey Diamond Alexander (Democratic) 11.7%
  • Joseph Grodzicki (Republican) 2.2%
  • Joe Price (Republican) 2.0%[21]
  • Runoff:
  • Green tickY Holt Persinger (Republican) 59.3%
  • Charles Chase III (Republican) 40.7%[22]
House 172 Sam Watson Republican 2012 Incumbent resigned December 30, 2022, to run for State Senate.[23]
New member elected January 31, 2023.
Republican hold.
Senate 11 Dean Burke Republican 2013
(special)
Incumbent resigned December 31, 2022, to become chief medical officer of the Georgia Department of Community Health.[25]
New member elected January 31, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Sam Watson (Republican) 76.0%
  • Mary Weaver-Anderson (Democratic) 23.0%
  • John Monds (Libertarian) 1.0%[26]
House 75 Mike Glanton Democratic 2012 Incumbent resigned January 24, 2023, for health reasons.[27]
New member elected March 21, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Eric Bell II (Democratic) 61.6%
  • Herman Andrews (Democratic) 27.0%
  • Della Ashley (Republican) 11.4%[28]
House 68 Tish Naghise Democratic 2022 Incumbent died March 8, 2023, of a recent illness.[29]
New member elected June 13, 2023, after no one received over 50% of the vote on May 16, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • First round:
  • Orange tickY Mark Baker (Democratic) 33.1%
  • Orange tickY Derrick Jackson (Democratic) 32.2%
  • Taiwo Idowu (Democratic) 17.6%
  • Jane Williams (Democratic) 13.5%
  • John Culbreth (Democratic) 3.6%[30]
  • Runoff:
  • Green tickY Derrick Jackson (Democratic) 50.4%
  • Mark Baker (Democratic) 49.6%[31]

Kentucky

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 19 Morgan McGarvey Democratic 2012 Incumbent resigned January 1, 2023, to become a U.S. representative.[32]
New member elected February 21, 2023.
Democratic hold.
Senate 28 Ralph Alvarado Republican 2014 Incumbent resigned January 6, 2023, to become commissioner of the Tennessee Department of Health.[34]
New member elected May 16, 2023.
Republican hold.
House 93 Lamin Swann Democratic 2022 Incumbent died May 14, 2023, after being hospitalized for a medical emergency.[36]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Democratic hold.

Louisiana

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 93 Royce Duplessis Democratic 2018
(special)
Incumbent resigned December 6, 2022, to join the State Senate.[38]
New member elected March 25, 2023, after no one received over 50% of the vote on February 18, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • First round:
  • Orange tickY Sibil "Fox" Richardson (Democratic) 37.2%
  • Orange tickY Alonzo Knox (Democratic) 30.6%
  • Steven Kennedy (Democratic) 10.5%
  • Morgan Clevenger (Democratic) 10.3%
  • Matthew Hill (Republican) 7.0%
  • Naj Wallace (Democratic) 4.4%[39]
  • Runoff:
  • Green tickY Alonzo Knox (Democratic) 54.3%
  • Sibil "Fox" Richardson (Democratic) 45.7%[40]

Maine

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 45 Clinton Collamore Democratic 2022 Incumbent resigned February 16, 2023, after being indicted for forging signatures to qualify for public campaign funds.[41][42]
New member elected June 13, 2023.
Republican gain.
House 50 Sean Paulhus Democratic 2019
(special)
Incumbent resigned July 14, 2023, to become register of probate of Sagadahoc County.[44]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Democratic hold.

Massachusetts

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House Suffolk 9 Jon Santiago Democratic 2018 Incumbent resigned March 1, 2023, to become Massachusetts' Secretary of the Executive Office of Veterans' Services.[46]
New member elected May 30, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY John Moran (Democratic) 97.7%
  • Write-in 2.3%[47]
House Suffolk 10 Ed Coppinger Democratic 2010 Incumbent resigned February 28, 2023, to become head of government affairs of the Massachusetts Biotechnology Council.[48]
New member elected May 30, 2023.
Democratic hold.
Senate Worcester, Hampden, Hampshire, and Middlesex Anne Gobi Democratic 2014 Incumbent resigned June 4, 2023, to become Massachusetts' Director of Rural Affairs of the Executive Office of Economic Development.[49]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Republican gain.

Minnesota

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 52B Ruth Richardson DFL 2018 Incumbent resigned September 1, 2023, to focus on her role as president and CEO of Planned Parenthood North Central States.[51]
New member elected December 5, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Bianca Virnig (DFL) 58.2%
  • Cynthia Lonnquist (Republican) 40.9%
  • Charles Kuchlenz (Libertarian) 0.9%[52]

Mississippi

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 23 Charles Beckett Republican 2003 Incumbent resigned September 22, 2022, to become executive director of the Mississippi Public Utilities Staff.[53]
New member elected January 31, 2023, after no one received over 50% of the vote on January 10, 2023.
Republican hold.[c]

New Hampshire

Main article: 2023–2024 New Hampshire state legislative special elections

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House Strafford 8 Chuck Grassie Democratic 2016 Regular election tied, resulting in a do-over election.[57]
Incumbent re-elected February 21, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Chuck Grassie (Democratic) 55.7%
  • David Walker (Republican) 44.3%[58]
House Hillsborough 3 Stacie-Marie Laughton Democratic 2020 Incumbent resigned December 22, 2022, after being arrested for stalking.[59]
New member elected May 16, 2023.
Democratic hold.
House Grafton 16 Joshua Adjutant Democratic 2018 Incumbent resigned April 1, 2023, after suffering a head injury while working as a security officer.[61]
New member elected August 22, 2023.
Democratic hold.
House Rockingham 1 Benjamin T. Bartlett IV Republican 2022 Incumbent resigned April 26, 2023, for health reasons.[63]
New member elected September 19, 2023.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Hal Rafter (Democratic) 55.9%
  • Jim Guzofski (Republican) 44.1%[64]
House Hillsborough 3 David Cote Democratic 1982 Incumbent resigned July 5, 2023, due to health issues.[d][65]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Democratic hold.

New York

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Assembly 27 Daniel Rosenthal Democratic 2017
(special)
Incumbent resigned July 14, 2023, to take a position at UJA-Federation of New York.[67]
New member elected September 12, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Sam Berger (Democratic) 55.3%
  • David Hirsch (Republican) 44.5%
  • Write-in 0.2%[68]

Oklahoma

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 32 John Michael Montgomery Republican 2018 Incumbent resigned August 1, 2023, to become president of the Lawton Chamber of Commerce.[69]
New member elected December 12, 2023.
Republican hold.

Pennsylvania

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 27 John Gordner Republican 2003
(special)
Incumbent resigned November 30, 2022, to become counsel to incoming President pro tempore of the Pennsylvania Senate Kim Ward.[71]
New member elected January 31, 2023.
Republican hold.
House 32 Anthony DeLuca Democratic 1982 Incumbent died October 9, 2022, of lymphoma.[73]
New member elected February 7, 2023.[e]
Democratic hold.
House 34 Summer Lee Democratic 2018 Incumbent resigned December 7, 2022, to become a U.S. representative.[76]
New member elected February 7, 2023.[e]
Democratic hold.
House 35 Austin Davis Democratic 2018
(special)
Incumbent resigned December 7, 2022, to become Lieutenant Governor of Pennsylvania.[76]
New member elected February 7, 2023.[e]
Democratic hold.
House 108 Lynda Schlegel Culver Republican 2010 Incumbent resigned February 28, 2023, to join the State Senate.[79]
New member elected May 16, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Michael Stender (Republican) 58.3%
  • Trevor Finn (Democratic) 38.2%
  • Elijah Scretching (Libertarian) 3.5%[80]
House 163 Michael Zabel Democratic 2018 Incumbent resigned March 16, 2023, following accusations of sexual harassment.[81]
New member elected May 16, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Heather Boyd (Democratic) 60.2%
  • Katie Ford (Republican) 38.6%
  • Alfe Goodwin (Libertarian) 1.2%[82]
House 21 Sara Innamorato Democratic 2018 Incumbent resigned July 19, 2023, to focus on her campaign for Allegheny County executive.[83]
New member elected September 19, 2023.
Democratic hold.

Rhode Island

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Senator Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 1 Maryellen Goodwin Democratic 1986 Incumbent died April 15, 2023, of colorectal cancer.[85]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Jake Bissaillon (Democratic) 82.8%
  • Niyoka Powell (Republican) 16.4%
  • Write-in 0.7%[86]

South Carolina

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 42 Marlon Kimpson Democratic 2013
(special)
Incumbent resigned May 11, 2023, after an appointment to the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations within the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative.[87]
New member elected November 7, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Deon Tedder (Democratic) 81.7%
  • Rosa Kay (Republican) 17.9%
  • Write-in 0.4%[88]

Tennessee

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 86 Barbara Cooper Democratic 1996 Incumbent died October 25, 2022.[89]
New member elected March 14, 2023.[f]
Democratic hold.
House 3 Scotty Campbell Republican 2020 Incumbent resigned April 20, 2023, after an ethics subcommittee found he sexually harassed two interns.[92]
New member elected August 3, 2023.[g]
Republican hold.
House 52 Justin Jones Democratic 2022 Incumbent expelled April 6, 2023, after violating decorum rules.[95]
Incumbent re-elected August 3, 2023.[h]
Democratic hold.
House 86 Justin J. Pearson Democratic 2023
(special)
Incumbent expelled April 6, 2023, after violating decorum rules.[95]
Incumbent re-elected August 3, 2023.[i]
Democratic hold.
House 51 Bill Beck Democratic 2014 Incumbent died June 4, 2023, of a heart attack.[100]
New member elected September 14, 2023.[j]
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Aftyn Behn (Democratic) 75.6%
  • David Hooven (Republican) 21.5%
  • Annabelle Lee (Independent) 2.9%[102]

Virginia

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
House 24 Ronnie Campbell Republican 2018
(special)
Incumbent died December 13, 2022, of cancer.[103]
New member elected January 10, 2023.
Republican hold.
House 35 Mark Keam Democratic 2009 Incumbent resigned September 6, 2022, to become Deputy Assistant Secretary for Travel and Tourism within the International Trade Administration.[105]
New member elected January 10, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Holly Seibold (Democratic) 67.7%
  • Monique Baroudi (Republican) 32.2%
  • Write-in 0.1%[106]
Senate 7 Jen Kiggans Republican 2019 Incumbent resigned November 15, 2022, to become a U.S. representative.[107]
New member elected January 10, 2023.
Democratic gain.
  • Green tickY Aaron Rouse (Democratic) 50.8%
  • Kevin Adams (Republican) 49.1%
  • Write-in 0.1%[108]
Senate 9 Jennifer McClellan Democratic 2017
(special)
Incumbent resigned March 7, 2023, to become a U.S. representative.[109]
New member elected March 28, 2023.
Democratic hold.
  • Green tickY Lamont Bagby (Democratic) 89.8%
  • Stephen Imholt (Republican) 9.9%
  • Write-in 0.3%[110]
House 6 Jeff Campbell Republican 2013 Incumbent resigned July 14, 2023, to assume a judicial appointment.[111]
New member elected August 29, 2023.
Republican hold.

Wisconsin

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Candidates
Senate 8 Alberta Darling Republican 1992 Incumbent resigned December 1, 2022, for personal reasons.[113]
New member elected April 4, 2023.
Republican hold.
  • Green tickY Dan Knodl (Republican) 50.9%
  • Jodi Habush Sinykin (Democratic) 49.1%[114]
Assembly 24 Dan Knodl Republican 2008 Incumbent resigned May 3, 2023, to join the State Senate.[115]
New member elected July 18, 2023.
Republican hold.

Recall elections

Oregon

District Incumbent This race
Chamber No. Representative Party First
elected
Results Vote
House 8 Paul Holvey Democratic 2004
(appointed)
Recall election failed October 3, 2023.[117]
  • Red XN No 90.0%
  • Yes 10.0%

Notes

  1. ^ The Alaska House of Representatives is controlled by a coalition of 19 Republicans, 2 Democrats, and 2 Independents. The Alaska Senate is controlled by a grand coalition of 9 Democrats and 8 Republicans.
  2. ^ The upper houses of Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Hawaii, Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, and Texas use a 2-4-4 term length system.
  3. ^ Special elections in Mississippi are officially nonpartisan. However, the candidate qualifying list for the 2023 Mississippi elections indicates that Perry Van Bailey and Andrew Stepp are Republicans, while Andy Clark is an independent.[54]
  4. ^ Cote was never officially sworn in for the 2023 session and did not cast a single vote.
  5. ^ a b c Democratic Majority Leader of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives Joanna McClinton scheduled the special election for February 7. However, Republican Minority Leader Bryan Cutler unsuccessfully sought to wait until May 13 as an attempt to delay the Democrats from leading the chamber.[74]
  6. ^ Justin J. Pearson was appointed as interim representative by the Shelby County Board of Commissioners on January 25.[90]
  7. ^ Timothy Hill was appointed as interim representative by the Johnson County Commission on May 11.[93]
  8. ^ Justin Jones was appointed as interim representative by the Nashville Metro Council on April 10.[96]
  9. ^ Justin J. Pearson was appointed as interim representative by the Shelby County Board of Commissioners on April 12.[98]
  10. ^ Anthony Davis was appointed as interim representative by the Nashville Metro Council on June 20.[101]

References

  1. ^ "State legislative elections, 2023". Ballotpedia. Retrieved May 22, 2022.
  2. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  3. ^ "2023–24 State House Elections Map". November 2, 2023. Retrieved November 2, 2023.
  4. ^ "Election Ratings". November 2, 2023. Retrieved November 2, 2023.
  5. ^ "New Jersey Secretary of State". state.nj.us.
  6. ^ "State legislative special elections, 2023". Ballotpedia. Retrieved October 8, 2022.
  7. ^ Pazniokas, Mark (January 3, 2023). "Hartford Democratic Rep. Edwin Vargas is resigning his seat". The Connecticut Mirror. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  8. ^ a b c Pazniokas, Mark (February 28, 2023). "Democrats hold three CT House seats in special elections". The Connecticut Mirror. Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  9. ^ Sundby, Alex (January 5, 2023). "U.S. Connecticut state Rep. Quentin Williams killed in wrong-way crash at age 39". CBS News. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  10. ^ Pazniokas, Mark (December 22, 2022). "Rep. Dan Fox, D-Stamford, expected to leave House". The Connecticut Mirror. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  11. ^ Curtis, Sean (November 15, 2023). "Delaware State Rep. Ruth Briggs King Resigns". WBOC-TV. Retrieved November 19, 2023.
  12. ^ "2023 Special Election – Representative District 37" (PDF). Retrieved December 21, 2023.
  13. ^ Dixon, Matt (December 8, 2022). "Florida Republican who sponsored 'Don't Say Gay' resigns after federal indictment". Politico. Retrieved December 9, 2022.
  14. ^ "2023 Special General Election: State Representative House District 24". Marion County Supervisor of Elections. May 16, 2023. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
  15. ^ Cooper, Amber Jo (June 16, 2023). "Juan Fernandez-Barquin takes on role of Clerk of the Court and Comptroller in Miami-Dade". Florida's Voice. Retrieved July 10, 2023.
  16. ^ "State representative – District 118". Miami-Dade County Supervisor of Elections. November 7, 2023. Retrieved December 5, 2023.
  17. ^ "Georgia House Speaker David Ralston dies at age 68". WSB-TV. November 16, 2022. Retrieved November 16, 2022.
  18. ^ "January 3, 2023: House District 7 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. January 3, 2023. Retrieved January 24, 2023.
  19. ^ "January 31, 2023: State House District 7 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. January 31, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  20. ^ "New Georgia House member steps aside after drug arrest". WXIA-TV. January 2, 2023. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  21. ^ "January 31, 2023: State House District 119 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. January 31, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  22. ^ "February 28, 2023: State House District 119 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. February 28, 2023. Retrieved February 28, 2023.
  23. ^ Williams, Dave (December 27, 2022). "Georgia Rep. Sam Watson resigns to seek vacant state Senate seat". WFXL. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  24. ^ "January 31, 2023: State House District 172 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. January 31, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  25. ^ "Sen. Burke resigns to take position at Dept. of Community Health". The Moultrie Observer. December 22, 2022. Retrieved December 29, 2022.
  26. ^ "January 31, 2023: State Senate District 11 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. January 31, 2023. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  27. ^ Middleton, Heather (January 25, 2023). "Rep. Mike Glanton resigns House seat for health reasons". Clayton News-Daily. Retrieved January 27, 2023.
  28. ^ "March 21, 2023: House District 75 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. March 21, 2023. Retrieved March 24, 2023.
  29. ^ "Ga. Representative Tish Naghise dies while serving first term". WSB-TV. March 8, 2023. Retrieved March 9, 2023.
  30. ^ "May 16, 2023: House District 68 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. May 16, 2023. Retrieved May 16, 2023.
  31. ^ "June 13, 2023: House District 68 – Special Election". Georgia Secretary of State. June 13, 2023. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  32. ^ Karthikeyan, Divya (November 28, 2022). "McGarvey set to be Kentucky's lone Democrat in Congress". WKYU-FM. Retrieved December 14, 2022.
  33. ^ "Election Summary Report 19th Senate District Special Election February 21, 2023" (PDF). Jefferson County Clerk. February 21, 2023. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  34. ^ Gluck, Frank (November 22, 2022). "Kentucky state Sen. Ralph Alvarado to become Tennessee health commissioner". Louisville Courier Journal. Retrieved May 15, 2022.
  35. ^ "Kentucky State Senate District 28 Special Election Results". The New York Times. May 16, 2023. Retrieved May 16, 2023.
  36. ^ Horn, Austin; Six, Taylor (May 14, 2023). "Lexington state representative Lamin Swann dies after 'significant medical emergency'". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved May 14, 2023.
  37. ^ Musgrave, Beth (November 7, 2023). "Democrat Camuel wins open Fayette County House seat in special election". Lexington Herald-Leader. Retrieved November 7, 2023.
  38. ^ Bridges, Tyler (November 8, 2022). "Royce Duplessis defeats Mandie Landry to claim state Senate seat representing New Orleans". The Times-Picayune/The New Orleans Advocate. Retrieved December 12, 2022.
  39. ^ "State Representative – 93rd Representative District". Louisiana Secretary of State. February 18, 2023. Retrieved March 24, 2023.
  40. ^ "State Representative – 93rd Representative District". Louisiana Secretary of State. March 25, 2023. Retrieved March 25, 2023.
  41. ^ Bellavance, Meaghan (February 16, 2023). "Maine lawmaker Clinton Collamore pleads not guilty, resigns after fraud indictment". WCSH. Retrieved February 17, 2022.
  42. ^ Walztoni, Elizabeth (March 16, 2023). "June Special Election Set for House District 45 Seat". The Lincoln County News. Retrieved March 29, 2023.
  43. ^ Shepherd, Michael (June 13, 2023). "Republicans flip Maine House seat along midcoast in Tuesday special election". Bangor Daily News. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  44. ^ Claffey, Jason (July 17, 2023). "Bath Rep. Sean Paulhus resigns to take register of probate appointment". The Times Record. Retrieved July 20, 2023.
  45. ^ Claffey, Jason (November 8, 2023). "Bath election results: Sinclair new state rep while Mansfield-Pryor wins City Council seat; voters also approve $30M for infrastructure". Portland Press Herald. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  46. ^ Kuznitz, Alison (February 17, 2023). "Gov. Maura Healey taps Rep. Jon Santiago as veterans' secretary". MassLive. Retrieved April 30, 2023.
  47. ^ a b "Boston Special State Election May 2023". City of Boston. May 30, 2023. Retrieved June 1, 2023.
  48. ^ Lisinski, Chris (February 24, 2023). "Coppinger heads for exit as latest lawmaker lured to MassBio". Worcester Business Journal. Retrieved April 30, 2023.
  49. ^ Wright, Sarah (May 31, 2023). "State Sen. Anne Gobi will become Massachusetts' first director of rural affairs starting June 5". The Berkshire Edge. Retrieved June 9, 2023.
  50. ^ "2023 State Senate Special General Election: Worcester & Hampshire District". Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. November 7, 2023. Retrieved December 17, 2023.
  51. ^ Miles, Kyra (September 2, 2023). "Minnesota State Rep. Ruth Richardson resigns to focus on Planned Parenthood role". KNOW-FM. Retrieved September 3, 2023.
  52. ^ "Results for State Representative District 52B". Minnesota Secretary of State. November 7, 2023. Retrieved December 5, 2023.
  53. ^ Arbuckle, Alyssa (September 23, 2022). "Reeves appoints two new executive directors, one district attorney". Supertalk Mississippi. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  54. ^ "2023 Candidate Qualifying List" (PDF). Mississippi Secretary of State. June 20, 2023. Retrieved August 2, 2023.
  55. ^ Ford, Craig (January 10, 2023). "Special election for Mississippi House District 23 goes to a runoff". WTVA. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  56. ^ Ford, Craig (February 8, 2023). "Winner determined in runoff for local seat in Mississippi House". WTVA. Retrieved February 9, 2023.
  57. ^ Russell, Jenna (December 12, 2022). "After an Election Tie in New Hampshire, a Do-Over Without the Drama". The New York Times. Retrieved December 12, 2022.
  58. ^ West, Nancy (February 21, 2023). "Grassie Wins Ward 4 Rochester House Seat in Special Election". InDepthNH.org. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  59. ^ Feely, Paul (December 27, 2022). "Nashua state Rep. Laughton resigns House seat". New Hampshire Union Leader. Retrieved February 23, 2023.
  60. ^ Landrigan, Kevin (May 16, 2023). "NH House GOP majority shrinks after Dems special election win". New Hampshire Union Leader. Retrieved May 18, 2023.
  61. ^ Doyle-Burr, Nora (April 4, 2023). "Enfield state rep resigns seat following head injury". Valley News. Retrieved April 5, 2023.
  62. ^ Kisluk, Jessica (August 22, 2023). "Democrat David Fracht wins special election in Enfield for New Hampshire House". WMUR-TV. Retrieved August 23, 2023.
  63. ^ Burack, Beatrice (April 26, 2023). "Citing poor health, Nottingham Republican House member steps down". New Hampshire Bulletin. Retrieved April 7, 2023.
  64. ^ Kisluk, Jessica (September 20, 2023). "Balance of power tightens at NH state House after special election in Northwood, Nottingham". WMUR. Retrieved September 20, 2023.
  65. ^ Bookman, Todd (July 5, 2023). "After extended health-related absence, Nashua state lawmaker who sued for remote participation resigns". New Hampshire Public Radio. Retrieved July 5, 2023.
  66. ^ Downey, KC (November 8, 2023). "Democrat wins special election for New Hampshire House seat; balance of power now tighter". WMUR-TV. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  67. ^ Kornbluh, Jacob (June 13, 2023). "Queens lawmaker resigning to take top job at Jewish philanthropy". The Forward. Retrieved June 13, 2023.
  68. ^ "Member of the Assembly 27th Assembly District". New York City Board of Elections. September 12, 2023. Retrieved September 12, 2023.
  69. ^ Patterson, Matt (July 7, 2023). "Sen. John Michael Montgomery resignation will trigger SD 32 special election". NonDoc. Retrieved July 8, 2023.
  70. ^ "For State Senator District 32 (Unexpired Term)". Oklahoma State Election Board. November 7, 2023. Retrieved December 17, 2023.
  71. ^ "Pa. Senator John Gordner resigns from Senate". NorthcentralPA.com. November 29, 2022. Retrieved December 13, 2022.
  72. ^ "2023 Special Election 27th Senatorial District". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  73. ^ "Tony DeLuca, Penn Hills representative and longest-serving member of Pa. House, dies at 85". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. October 10, 2022. Retrieved October 10, 2022.
  74. ^ "GOP seeks May vote on Democrat vacancies in Pa. House power struggle". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. December 15, 2022. Retrieved December 15, 2022.
  75. ^ "2023 Special Election 32nd Legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  76. ^ a b "Austin Davis, Summer Lee resign state House seats". WTAE-TV. December 7, 2022. Retrieved February 4, 2023.
  77. ^ "2023 Special Election 34th Legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  78. ^ "2023 Special Election 35th legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. Retrieved February 16, 2023.
  79. ^ Jones, Matt (February 15, 2023). "Schlegel-Culver to be sworn in to Senate Feb. 28". The Standard-Journal. Retrieved February 22, 2023.
  80. ^ "2023 Special Election 108th Legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. May 16, 2023. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
  81. ^ Caruso, Stephen (March 8, 2023). "Pa. House lawmaker accused of sexual harassment says he will resign". Spotlight PA. Retrieved March 8, 2023.
  82. ^ "2023 Special Election 163rd Legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. May 16, 2023. Retrieved May 17, 2023.
  83. ^ Potter, Chris (July 19, 2023). "Sara Innamorato resigns from state House to focus on Allegheny County executive bid". WESA (FM). Retrieved July 19, 2023.
  84. ^ "2023 Special Election 21st Legislative District". Pennsylvania Department of State. September 19, 2023. Retrieved September 23, 2023.
  85. ^ Dube, Alex (April 15, 2023). "Senate Majority Whip Maryellen Goodwin passes away after battling cancer". WLNE-TV. Retrieved April 16, 2023.
  86. ^ "Senator in General Assembly District 1". State of Rhode Island Board of Elections. November 7, 2023. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  87. ^ Kinnard, Meg (March 12, 2023). "Kimpson leaving South Carolina Senate to join Biden admin". Associated Press. Retrieved March 13, 2023.
  88. ^ "State Senate District 42 (Unexpired Term)". South Carolina Election Commission. November 7, 2023. Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  89. ^ "Oldest Tennessee lawmaker, Rep. Barbara Cooper, dies at 93". WTVC. October 26, 2022. Retrieved October 29, 2022.
  90. ^ "Justin J. Pearson wins special election to fill House District 86 seat". The Commercial Appeal. January 24, 2023. Retrieved August 16, 2023.
  91. ^ "Summary Results Report: Tennessee House District 86 Special General Election – March 14, 2023" (PDF). Shelby County Election Commission. March 15, 2023. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  92. ^ Roush, Ty (April 20, 2023). "Tennessee Republican Resigns Over Sexual Harassment Of Interns". Forbes. Retrieved April 20, 2023.
  93. ^ Jones, Vivian (May 12, 2023). "Former Rep. Timothy Hill appointed as interim to fill Scotty Campbell vacancy in House". The Tennessean. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  94. ^ "Tennessee House of Representatives District 3". Tennessee Secretary of State. August 3, 2023. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  95. ^ a b "Two Democrats, one from Memphis, expelled from TN House following gun law protest". WHBQ-TV. April 6, 2023. Retrieved April 6, 2023.
  96. ^ Crampton, Liz (April 10, 2023). "Exiled Tennessee lawmaker returns to state legislature". Politico. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  97. ^ "August 3, 2023 Election Results". Davidson County Election Commission. August 3, 2023. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  98. ^ Cochrane, Emily (April 12, 2023). "Second Expelled Democrat Is Sent Back to Tennessee House". The New York Times. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  99. ^ "August 3, 2023 Special Tennessee State House District 86 General Election". Shelby County Election Commission. August 3, 2023. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  100. ^ Guerry, Colleen (June 4, 2023). "State Rep. Bill Beck dies at age 61". WKRN-TV. Retrieved June 4, 2023.
  101. ^ Rau, Nate (June 21, 2023). "Nashville council appoint Anthony Davis to state House". Axios. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  102. ^ "September 14, 2023 Election Results (Unofficial)". Davidson County Election Commission. September 14, 2023. Retrieved September 14, 2023.
  103. ^ Geary, Justin (December 13, 2022). "Delegate Ronnie Campbell dies". WDBJ. Retrieved December 15, 2022.
  104. ^ "2023 January House 24 Special Election". Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  105. ^ Moomaw, Graham (September 6, 2022). "Democrat Mark Keam stepping down from Virginia House". Virginia Mercury. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  106. ^ "Member House of Delegates – 035 (Fairfax County)". Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  107. ^ Mirshahi, Dean (November 15, 2022). "Special election to fill Kiggans' Virginia Senate seat set for Jan. 10". WRIC-TV. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  108. ^ "Member Senate of Virginia – 7th District (Norfolk City–Virginia Beach City)". Virginia Department of Elections. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  109. ^ Duster, Chandelis (February 21, 2023). "Jennifer McClellan will win special election and become Virginia's first Black congresswoman". CNN. Retrieved February 21, 2023.
  110. ^ "Member, Senate of Virginia (Charles City County–Hanover County–Henrico County–Richmond City)". Virginia Department of Elections. March 28, 2023. Retrieved April 3, 2023.
  111. ^ Moomaw, Graham (August 4, 2023). "Virginia lawmaker's promotion to judge triggers unusual special election". Virginia Mercury. Retrieved August 4, 2023.
  112. ^ "August 29, 2023 Special Election". Virginia Department of Elections. August 29, 2023. Retrieved August 29, 2023.
  113. ^ "Longtime GOP Sen. Alberta Darling says she'll step down". Associated Press. November 23, 2022. Retrieved November 23, 2022.
  114. ^ Curtis, Lisa (April 4, 2023). "Wisconsin spring 2023 election results: State Senate District 8 seat". Retrieved April 5, 2023.
  115. ^ McKillen, Thomas J. (May 4, 2023). "Knodl sworn in to 8th District Senate seat". Express News. Retrieved May 4, 2023.
  116. ^ Karnopp, Hope (July 18, 2023). "Republican Melotik defeats Tatterson in special election for Assembly seat". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved July 19, 2023.
  117. ^ VanderHart, Dirk (October 4, 2023). "Eugene voters reject recall against state Rep. Paul Holvey in resounding fashion". OPB. Retrieved October 5, 2023.