Texas House of Representatives
Eighty-seventh Texas Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
New session started
January 12, 2021
Dade Phelan (R)
since January 12, 2021
Speaker pro tempore
since July 15, 2021
Republican Caucus Chair
Jim Murphy (R)
since January 12, 2021
Democratic Caucus Chair
Chris Turner (D)
since January 30, 2017
Texas House Composition Nov 2021.svg
Political groups
  •   Republican (85)
  •   Democratic (65)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 3, Texas Constitution
Salary$7,200/year + per diem
Last election
November 3, 2020
(150 seats)
Next election
November 8, 2022
(150 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
Austin Capitol Building (47391738632).jpg
House of Representatives Chamber
Texas State Capitol
Austin, Texas
Texas House of Representatives

The Texas House of Representatives is the lower house of the bicameral Texas Legislature. It consists of 150 members who are elected from single-member districts for two-year terms. As of the 2010 United States census, each member represents about 167,637 people. There are no term limits. The House meets at the State Capitol in Austin.


Position Name Party Residence District
Speaker of the House Dade Phelan Republican Beaumont 21
Speaker Pro Tempore Vacant
Republican Caucus Chair Jim Murphy Republican Fort Worth 91
Democratic Caucus Chair Chris Turner Democratic Grand Prairie 101

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer and highest-ranking member of the House. The Speaker's duties include maintaining order within the House, recognizing members during debate, ruling on procedural matters, appointing members to the various committees and sending bills for committee review. The Speaker pro tempore is primarily a ceremonial position, but does, by long-standing tradition, preside over the House during its consideration of local and consent bills.

Unlike other state legislatures, the House rules do not formally recognize majority or minority leaders. The unofficial leaders are the Republican Caucus Chairman and the Democratic House Leader, both of whom are elected by their respective caucuses.


Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Democrat Ind Vacant
End 2010 75 73 0 148 2
Begin 2011 101 49 0 150 0
End 2012 48 149 1
Begin 2013 95 55 0 150 0
End 2014
Begin 2015 98 52 0 150 0
End 2016 99 50 1
Begin 2017 95 55 0 150 0
End 2018 94 56
2019-2020 83 67 0 150 0
Begin 2021[1] 82 67 0 149 1
March 6, 2021[2] 83 150 0
July 30, 2021[3] 82 149 1
August 19, 2021[4] 66 148 2
October 12, 2021[5] 83 149 1
November 3, 2021[6] 84 150 0
November 15, 2021[7] 85 65
January 31, 2022[8] 64 149 1
Latest voting share 57% 43%
Current House Districts and Party Affiliation   Republican Party   Democratic Party
Current House Districts and Party Affiliation
  Republican Party
  Democratic Party

List of current representatives

District Representative Party Since Residence Counties represented
1 Gary VanDeaver Republican 2015 New Boston Bowie, Franklin, Lamar, Red River
2 Bryan Slaton Republican 2021 Royse City Hopkins, Hunt, Van Zandt
3 Cecil Bell Jr. Republican 2013 Magnolia Montgomery, Waller
4 Keith Bell Republican 2019 Forney Henderson, Kaufman
5 Cole Hefner Republican 2017 Mount Pleasant Camp, Morris, Rains, Smith, Titus, Wood
6 Matt Schaefer Republican 2013 Arp Smith
7 Jay Dean Republican 2017 Longview Gregg, Harrison
8 Cody Harris Republican 2019 Palestine Anderson, Freestone, Hill, Navarro
9 Vacant since March 8, 2022. Cass, Harrison, Marion, Panola, Sabine, Shelby
10 Brian Harrison Republican 2021 Midlothian Ellis, Henderson
11 Travis Clardy Republican 2013 Nacogdoches Cherokee, Nacogdoches, Rusk
12 Kyle Kacal Republican 2013 College Station Brazos, Falls, Limestone, McLennan, Robertson
13 Ben Leman Republican 2018 Iola Austin, Burleson, Colorado, Fayette, Grimes, Lavaca, Washington
14 John N. Raney Republican 2011 Bryan Brazos
15 Steve Toth Republican 2019 Conroe Montgomery
16 Will Metcalf Republican 2015 Montgomery Montgomery
17 John Cyrier Republican 2015 Lockhart Bastrop, Caldwell, Gonzales, Karnes, Lee
18 Ernest Bailes Republican 2017 Shepherd Liberty, San Jacinto, Walker
19 James White Republican 2011 Hillister Hardin, Jasper, Newton, Polk, Tyler
20 Terry Wilson Republican 2017 Georgetown Burnet, Milam, Williamson
21 Dade Phelan Republican 2015 Beaumont Jefferson, Orange
22 Joe Deshotel Democratic 1999 Beaumont Jefferson
23 Mayes Middleton Republican 2019 Galveston Chambers, Galveston
24 Greg Bonnen Republican 2013 Friendswood Galveston
25 Cody Vasut Republican 2021 Angleton Brazoria, Matagorda
26 Jacey Jetton Republican 2021 Richmond Fort Bend
27 Ron Reynolds Democratic 2011 Missouri City Fort Bend
28 Gary Gates Republican 2020 Richmond Fort Bend
29 Ed Thompson Republican 2013 Pearland Brazoria
30 Geanie Morrison Republican 1999 Victoria Aransas, Calhoun, DeWitt, Goliad, Refugio, Victoria
31 Ryan Guillen Republican[a] 2003 Rio Grande City Atascosa, Brooks, Duval, Jim Hogg, Kenedy, La Salle, Live Oak, McMullen, Starr, Willacy
32 Todd Ames Hunter Republican 2009 Corpus Christi Nueces
33 Justin Holland Republican 2017 Heath Collin, Rockwall
34 Abel Herrero Democratic 2013 Robstown Nueces
35 Oscar Longoria Democratic 2013 La Joya Cameron, Hidalgo
36 Sergio Muñoz Democratic 2011 Palmview Hidalgo
37 Alex Dominguez Democratic 2019 Brownsville Cameron
38 Erin Gamez Democratic 2022 Brownsville Cameron
39 Armando Martinez Democratic 2005 Weslaco Hidalgo
40 Terry Canales Democratic 2013 Edinburg Hidalgo
41 Robert Guerra Democratic 2012 Mission Hidalgo
42 Richard Raymond Democratic 2001 Laredo Webb
43 J. M. Lozano Republican 2011 Kingsville Bee, Jim Wells, Kleberg, San Patricio
44 John Kuempel Republican 2011 Seguin Guadalupe, Wilson
45 Erin Zwiener Democratic 2019 Driftwood Blanco, Hays
46 Sheryl Cole Democratic 2019 Austin Travis
47 Vikki Goodwin Democratic 2019 Austin Travis
48 Donna Howard Democratic 2006 Austin Travis
49 Gina Hinojosa Democratic 2017 Austin Travis
50 Celia Israel Democratic 2014 Austin Travis
51 Eddie Rodriguez Democratic 2003 Austin Travis
52 James Talarico Democratic 2018 Round Rock Williamson
53 Andrew Murr Republican 2015 Junction Bandera, Crockett, Edwards, Kerr, Kimble, Llano, Mason, Medina, Menard, Real, Schleicher, Sutton
54 Brad Buckley Republican 2019 Salado Bell, Lampasas
55 Hugh Shine Republican 2017 Temple Bell
56 Charles Anderson Republican 2005 Lorena McLennan
57 Trent Ashby Republican 2013 Lufkin Angelina, Houston, Leon, Madison, San Augustine, Trinity
58 DeWayne Burns Republican 2015 Cleburne Bosque, Johnson
59 Shelby Slawson Republican 2021 Stephenville Comanche, Coryell, Erath, Hamilton, McCulloch, Mills, San Saba, Somervell
60 Glenn Rogers Republican 2021 Graford Brown, Callahan, Coleman, Eastland, Hood, Palo Pinto, Shackelford, Stephens
61 Phil King Republican 1999 Weatherford Parker, Wise
62 Reggie Smith Republican 2018 Van Alstyne Delta, Fannin, Grayson
63 Tan Parker Republican 2007 Flower Mound Denton
64 Lynn Stucky Republican 2017 Sanger Denton
65 Michelle Beckley Democratic 2019 Carrollton Denton
66 Matt Shaheen Republican 2015 Plano Collin
67 Jeff Leach Republican 2013 Allen Collin
68 David Spiller Republican 2021 Jacksboro Childress, Collingsworth, Cooke, Cottle, Crosby, Dickens, Fisher, Floyd, Garza, Hall, Hardeman, Haskell, Jack, Kent, King, Montague, Motley, Stonewall, Throckmorton, Wheeler, Wilbarger, Young
69 James Frank Republican 2013 Wichita Falls Archer, Baylor, Clay, Foard, Knox, Wichita
70 Scott Sanford Republican 2013 McKinney Collin
71 Stan Lambert Republican 2017 Abilene Jones, Nolan, Taylor
72 Drew Darby Republican 2007 San Angelo Coke, Concho, Glasscock, Howard, Irion, Reagan, Runnels, Sterling, Tom Green
73 Kyle Biedermann Republican 2017 Fredericksburg Comal, Gillespie, Kendall
74 Eddie Morales Democratic 2021 Eagle Pass Brewster, Culberson, Hudspeth, Jeff Davis, Kinney, Loving, Maverick, Pecos, Presidio, Reeves, Terrell, Val Verde
75 Mary González Democratic 2013 Clint El Paso
76 Claudia Ordaz Perez Democratic 2021 El Paso El Paso
77 Evelina Ortega Democratic 2017 El Paso El Paso
78 Joe Moody Democratic 2013 El Paso El Paso
79 Art Fierro Democratic 2019 El Paso El Paso
80 Tracy King Democratic 2005 Uvalde Dimmit, Frio, Uvalde, Webb, Zapata, Zavala
81 Brooks Landgraf Republican 2015 Odessa Andrews, Ector, Ward, Winkler
82 Tom Craddick Republican 1969 Midland Crane, Dawson, Martin, Midland, Upton
83 Dustin Burrows Republican 2015 Lubbock Borden, Gaines, Lubbock, Lynn, Mitchell, Scurry, Terry
84 John Frullo Republican 2011 Lubbock Lubbock
85 Phil Stephenson Republican 2013 Wharton Fort Bend, Jackson, Wharton
86 John T. Smithee Republican 1985 Amarillo Dallam, Deaf Smith, Hartley, Oldham, Parmer, Randall
87 Four Price Republican 2011 Amarillo Carson, Hutchinson, Moore, Potter, Sherman
88 Ken King Republican 2013 Canadian Armstrong, Bailey, Briscoe, Castro, Cochran, Donley, Gray, Hale, Hansford, Hemphill, Hockley, Lamb, Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Roberts, Swisher, Yoakum
89 Candy Noble Republican 2019 Lucas Collin
90 Ramon Romero Jr. Democratic 2015 Fort Worth Tarrant
91 Stephanie Klick Republican 2013 Fort Worth Tarrant
92 Jeff Cason Republican 2021 Bedford Tarrant
93 Matt Krause Republican 2013 Haslet Tarrant
94 Tony Tinderholt Republican 2015 Arlington Tarrant
95 Nicole Collier Democratic 2013 Fort Worth Tarrant
96 David Cook Republican 2021 Mansfield Tarrant
97 Craig Goldman Republican 2013 Fort Worth Tarrant
98 Giovanni Capriglione Republican 2013 Southlake Tarrant
99 Charlie Geren Republican 2001 Fort Worth Tarrant
100 Jasmine Crockett Democratic 2021 Dallas Dallas
101 Chris Turner Democratic 2013 Grand Prairie Tarrant
102 Ana-Maria Ramos Democratic 2019 Richardson Dallas
103 Rafael Anchia Democratic 2005 Dallas Dallas
104 Jessica González Democratic 2019 Dallas Dallas
105 Terry Meza Democratic 2019 Irving Dallas
106 Jared Patterson Republican 2019 Frisco Denton
107 Victoria Neave Democratic 2017 Mesquite Dallas
108 Morgan Meyer Republican 2015 Dallas Dallas
109 Carl Sherman Democratic 2019 DeSoto Dallas
110 Toni Rose Democratic 2013 Dallas Dallas
111 Yvonne Davis Democratic 1993 DeSoto Dallas
112 Angie Chen Button Republican 2009 Garland Dallas
113 Rhetta Bowers Democratic 2019 Rowlett Dallas
114 John Turner Democratic 2019 Dallas Dallas
115 Julie Johnson Democratic 2019 Farmers Branch Dallas
116 Trey Martinez Fischer Democratic 2019 San Antonio Bexar
117 Philip Cortez Democratic 2017 San Antonio Bexar
118 John Lujan Republican 2021 San Antonio Bexar
119 Elizabeth Campos Democratic 2021 San Antonio Bexar
120 Barbara Gervin-Hawkins Democratic 2017 San Antonio Bexar
121 Steve Allison Republican 2019 San Antonio Bexar
122 Lyle Larson Republican 2011 San Antonio Bexar
123 Diego Bernal Democratic 2015 San Antonio Bexar
124 Ina Minjarez Democratic 2015 San Antonio Bexar
125 Ray Lopez Democratic 2019 San Antonio Bexar
126 Sam Harless Republican 2019 Spring Harris
127 Dan Huberty Republican 2011 Humble Harris
128 Briscoe Cain Republican 2017 Deer Park Harris
129 Dennis Paul Republican 2015 Houston Harris
130 Tom Oliverson Republican 2017 Cypress Harris
131 Alma Allen Democratic 2005 Houston Harris
132 Mike Schofield Republican 2021 Katy Harris
133 Jim Murphy Republican 2011 Houston Harris
134 Ann Johnson Democratic 2021 Houston Harris
135 Jon Rosenthal Democratic 2019 Houston Harris
136 John Bucy III Democratic 2019 Austin Williamson
137 Gene Wu Democratic 2013 Houston Harris
138 Lacey Hull Republican 2021 Houston Harris
139 Jarvis Johnson Democratic 2016 Houston Harris
140 Armando Walle Democratic 2009 Houston Harris
141 Senfronia Thompson Democratic 1973 Houston Harris
142 Harold Dutton Jr. Democratic 1985 Houston Harris
143 Ana Hernandez Democratic 2005 Houston Harris
144 Mary Ann Perez Democratic 2017 Houston Harris
145 Christina Morales Democratic 2019 Houston Harris
146 Shawn Thierry Democratic 2017 Houston Harris
147 Jolanda Jones Democratic 2022 Houston Harris
148 Penny Morales Shaw Democratic 2021 Houston Harris
149 Hubert Vo Democratic 2005 Houston Harris
150 Valoree Swanson Republican 2017 Spring Harris

Notable past members


Speaker of the House

The Speaker of the House of Representatives has duties as a presiding officer as well as administrative duties. As a presiding officer, the Speaker must enforce, apply, and interpret the rules of the House, call House members to order, lay business in order before the House and receive propositions made by members, refer proposed legislation to a committee, preserve order and decorum, recognize people in the gallery, state and hold votes on questions, vote as a member of the House, decide on all questions to order, appoint the Speaker Pro Tempore and Temporary Chair, adjourn the House in the event of an emergency, postpone reconvening in the event of an emergency, and sign all bills, joint resolutions, and concurrent resolutions. The administrative duties of the Speaker include having control over the Hall of the House, appointing chair, vice-chair, and members to each standing committee, appointing all conference committees, and directing committees to make interim studies.[10]

Chief Clerk

The Chief Clerk is the head of the Chief Clerk's Office which maintains a record of all authors who sign legislation, maintains and distributes membership information to current house members, and forwards copies of legislation to house committee chairs.[11] The Chief Clerk is the primary custodian of all legal documents within House. Additional duties include keeping a record of all progress on a document, attesting all warrants, writs, and subpoenas, receiving and filing all documents received by the house, and maintaining the electronic information and calendar for documents. When there is a considerable update of the electronic source website, the Chief Clerk is also responsible for noticing House members via email.[10]


In addition to these committees, there are also six joint committees composed of members of both the State House and Senate:

Notable controversies

House voting controversy

On May 14, 2007, CBS Austin affiliate KEYE reported on multiple voting by representatives during House floor sessions.[12] The report noted how representatives register votes for absent members on the House's automated voting machines. Each representative would vote for the nearest absent members (apparently regardless of party affiliation). This practice was in direct violation of a Rule of the House; however, no representative had ever been disciplined for the practice in the almost 70 years since the rule was adopted. Speaker Craddick, responsible for enforcement of House Rules, issued a statement that discipline for violations of the rule is left to the individual members.

Craddick removal controversy

Chaos erupted in the Texas House of Representatives on Friday, May 25, 2007, when Rep. Fred Hill, R-Richardson, attempted to offer a motion to remove Tom Craddick as Speaker and have the House elect a new speaker. Craddick (also a Republican) refused to allow him to make the motion.[13] The attempts to oust Craddick continued through the weekend as other Republicans made additional motions, which were also disallowed.

The last time a Texas House speaker was removed by a vote of his fellow members was in 1871, when the House adopted a resolution removing Speaker Ira Evans. The Republican House majority removed Evans because he was seen as cooperating too much with Democrats on an elections bill.[13] While Craddick's close allies say the 2007 attempt to remove Craddick was just an effort by Democrats to gain greater control of the legislature before the legislative and congressional redistricting process of 2011,[13] Rep. Byron Cook, R-Corsicana, said that the fight was about Craddick consolidating power with lobbyists and using campaign contributions to maintain control of the House: "This is about the convergence of money and power and influence."[13]

In January 2009, Craddick lost the Speaker's chair after a challenge from Joe Straus.

Cook committee hearing closure controversy (2013)

On June 20, 2013 Byron Cook served as chairman of the House State Affairs Committee hearing on Texas State House Bill 60. Cook's stance was for the passing of the bill and during the hearing he interrupted a testimony, saying "Some of us do (adopt children)." At 12:00 AM on June 21, Cook decided to close the hearing prematurely.[14] Cook's explanation for breaching Texas State Legislature operating procedures was that the testimonies being heard had become repetitive. Twenty-four minutes later, Cook became personally offended by a testimony, ordering the cameras to be shut off and leaving the room of committee members and witnesses. Approximately 20 minutes afterwards, Cook was persuaded by colleagues to resume the hearing and continued listening to testimonies until he prematurely closed the hearing at 1:30 AM.[15]

2021 quorum bust

On July 12, 2021, during a special session, at least 51 Democratic members of the House fled the state in two charter jets bound for Washington, D.C., in an effort to block Republican-backed election legislation from passing. The lawmakers plan to spend more than three weeks in Washington, running out the clock on the session, which began July 8, and advocating for federal voting legislation such as the For the People Act.[16]

Governor Abbott was reported as saying that he would arrest the representatives upon return to the state and force them into attendance, and that he would call successive special sessions until the bill is voted on. However, he lacked the jurisdiction to do such outside of Texas's borders.[17] The special session expired on August 6, however Abbott called a second session which began the next day. State District Judge Brad Urrutia granted a restraining order on August 9 temporarily protecting the absent Democrats from arrest by the state, however this restraining order was voided by the Texas Supreme Court the next day.[18] On August 10, with the chamber still lacking a quorum, Speaker Dade Phelan issued arrest warrants for the 52 absent Democratic members of the House.[19]

Past composition

Main article: Political party strength in Texas

See also


  1. ^ Elected as a Democrat but switched parties on November 15, 2021
  1. ^ The biennial appropriations bill is divided into eight Articles: General Government (I), Health and Human Services (II), Agencies of Education (III), The Judiciary (IV), Public Safety and Criminal Justice (V), Natural Resources (VI), Business and Economic Development (VII), and Regulatory (VIII). See http://gov.texas.gov/budget for an example of a budget showing the Articles.


  1. ^ Republican Drew Springer (District 68) resigned intersession on December 19, 2020 after being elected in a special election to the Texas Senate.
  2. ^ Republican David Spiller sworn in to succeed Springer.
  3. ^ Republican Jake Ellzey (District 10) resigned after being elected to the United States Congress.
  4. ^ Democrat Leo Pacheco (District 118) resigned [1]
  5. ^ Republican Brian Harrison sworn in to succeed Ellzey.
  6. ^ Republican John Lujan sworn in to succeed Pacheco.
  7. ^ Ryan Guillen (District 31) switched parties from Democratic to Republican.
  8. ^ Eddie Lucio III (District 38) resigned. [2]
  9. ^ Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-2012. U.S. Government Printing Office. 2013. p. 422. ISBN 978-0160920684.
  10. ^ a b "Texas House Rules" (PDF). Texas House of Representatives. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  11. ^ "Service Providers". Guide to Texas Legislative Information. Archived from the original on February 15, 2015. Retrieved March 1, 2016.
  12. ^ CBS Channel 42 KeyeTV Investigates: One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eG6X-xtVask"; see also Wilson, Nanci, One Lawmaker, Many Votes?, May 14, 2007, available at "www.keyetv.com/topstories/local_story_134224129.html"
  13. ^ a b c d R.G. Ratcliffe and Gary Scharrer (May 27, 2007). "The House struggles to move forward". Houston Chronicle, chron.com (May 27, 2007). Retrieved May 27, 2007.
  14. ^ "Anti-Abortion Bills Back on the Table". The Texas Tribune. June 21, 2013. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  15. ^ "House panel quickly OKs 3 abortion bills". www.statesman.com. Retrieved February 25, 2016.
  16. ^ Timm, Jane C. (July 12, 2021). "Texas Democrats flee state in effort to block GOP-backed voting restrictions". NBC News.
  17. ^ Allen, Mike (July 13, 2021). "Texas Dems fly to Swamp to run out clock". Axios. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
  18. ^ Barrágan, James (August 10, 2021). "Texas Supreme Court allows for arrest of Democrats who don't show up to Legislature". The Texas Tribune.
  19. ^ Blankley, Bethany (August 11, 2021). "Texas Speaker Phelan signs arrest warrants for 52 AWOL House Democrats". Tyler Morning Telegraph.