Laredo, Texas
Downtown Laredo
Downtown Laredo
Coat of arms of Laredo, Texas
"The Gateway City" and "The City Under Seven Flags"
Laredo is located in Texas
Location within Texas
Laredo is located in the United States
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 27°31′25″N 99°29′25″W / 27.52361°N 99.49028°W / 27.52361; -99.49028
CountryUnited States
Metropolitan areaLaredo–Nuevo Laredo Metropolitan Area
FoundedAugust 25, 1755
Settled asVilla de San Agustín de Laredo
Founded byTomás Sánchez
Named forLaredo, Spain
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • MayorDr. Victor D. Treviño[1]
 • City Council
  • Rudy Gonzalez Jr.
  • Vidal Rodriguez
  • Mercurio Martinez, III
  • Alberto Torres Jr. (D)[2]
  • Ruben Gutierrez, Jr.
  • Dr. Marte A. Martinez
  • Vanessa Perez
  • Alyssa Cigarroa[3]
 • City managerRobert A. Eads
 • Police chiefClaudio Trevino
 • City107.96 sq mi (279.61 km2)
 • Land106.49 sq mi (275.81 km2)
 • Water1.47 sq mi (3.80 km2)
 • Metro
161.76 sq mi (418.96 km2)
438 ft (137.2 m)
 • City255,205
 • Estimate 
 • Density2,396.5/sq mi (925.3/km2)
 • Urban
251,462 (US: 163rd)[5]
 • Urban density3,916.6/sq mi (1,512.2/km2)
 • Metro
267,114 (US: 186th)
  • Laredoan
  • Laredense
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CST)
ZIP Codes
78040–78046, 78049
Area code956
FIPS code48-41464[6]
GNIS feature ID1339633[7]

Laredo (/ləˈrd/ lə-RAY-doh; Spanish: [laˈɾeðo]) is a city in the U.S. state of Texas and seat of Webb County, on the north bank of the Rio Grande in South Texas, across from Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Founded in 1755, Laredo grew from a village to the capital of the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande to the largest inland port on the Mexican border. Laredo's economy is primarily based on international trade with Mexico, and as a major hub for three areas of transportation: land, rail, and air cargo. The city is on the southern end of I-35, which connects manufacturers in northern Mexico through Interstate 35 as a major route for trade throughout the U.S. It has four international bridges and one railway bridge.

According to the 2020 census, the city's population was 255,205, making it the 11th-most populous city in Texas and third-most populated U.S. city on the Mexican border, after San Diego, California and El Paso, Texas.[8] Its metropolitan area is the 178th-largest in the U.S. and includes all of Webb County, with a population of 267,114. Laredo is also part of the cross-border Laredo-Nuevo Laredo metropolitan area with an estimated population of 636,516.[9]

Laredo's Hispanic proportion of 95.15% is one of the highest proportion of Hispanic Americans of any city in the United States outside of Puerto Rico.[10] It is one of the least ethnically diverse cities in the United States. When economic, household, and social diversity is considered, Laredo is the 19th-least diverse of the 313 largest cities in the nation.[citation needed]

Texas A&M International University and Laredo College are in Laredo. Laredo International Airport is within the Laredo city limits, while the Quetzalcoatl International Airport is nearby in Nuevo Laredo on the Mexican side.

The biggest festival, Washington's Birthday Celebration, is held during the later part of January and the majority of February, attracting hundreds of thousands of tourists.[citation needed]


See also: Timeline of Laredo, Texas

Map of Laredo in 1892
Laredo Center for the Arts in the downtown square
Though the facility has been closed since 1999, the marquee of the Plaza Theater in downtown Laredo has been renovated. A citizens committee, including restaurateur Danny Lopez Jr., of the Danny's Restaurant chain, sought without success to establish a private–public partnership to reopen the Plaza as a live-entertainment venue.[11] In 2018, the city council sought private entities, nonprofit organizations, and an architect to make the facility useful again.

The Spanish colonial settlement of Villa de San Agustin de Laredo was founded in 1755 by Don Tomás Sánchez Barrera, while the area was part of the Nuevo Santander region in the Spanish viceroyalty of New Spain. Villa de San Agustin de Laredo was named after Laredo, Cantabria, Spain and in honor of Saint Augustine of Hippo. In 1840, Laredo was the capital of the independent Republic of the Rio Grande, set up in opposition to Antonio López de Santa Anna; it was brought back into Mexico by military force.[citation needed]

In 1846 during the Mexican–American War, the town was occupied by the Texas Rangers. After the war, the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo ceded the land to the United States. A referendum was taken in the town, which voted to petition the American military government in charge of the area to return the town to Mexico. When this petition was rejected, many who had been in the area for generations, moved across the river into Mexican territory, where they founded Nuevo Laredo. Many others, especially original land grantees on the north side of the Rio Grande remained, becoming Texans in the process. In 1849, the United States Army set up Fort McIntosh (originally Camp Crawford). Laredo was rechartered as a city in 1852.

Laredo is one of the oldest crossing points along the Mexico–United States border, and the nation's largest inland port of entry. In 2005, Laredo celebrated the 250th anniversary of its founding.

The etymology of the name for the Spanish town of Laredo is unclear. Some scholars say the name stems from glaretum, which means "sandy, rocky place". Others state Laredo stems from a Basque word meaning "beautiful pastures".[12][13] Laredo might also stem from the Latin larida, which means gull.[14]

Cellist Yo-Yo Ma brought his Bach Project to the Juarez–Lincoln International Bridge in April 2019.[15][16]


NASA satellite image of Laredo and Nuevo Laredo (2007)

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 102.6 square miles (265.7 km2), of which 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) (1.37%) are covered by water.[17]


Laredo is on the west end of the Rio Grande Plains, south of the Edwards Plateau, west of the Coastal Plains, and east of the Mexican Mountains. The area consists of a few hills and flat land covered with grasses, oaks, and mesquite.

Bodies of water

Notable geographic features are the Rio Grande and Chacon Creek's man-made reservoir, Lake Casa Blanca, in Lake Casa Blanca International State Park. The lake is 371 acres (1.5 km2) of land and 1,650 acres (7 km2) of water. The six major creeks are Chacon Creek, San Ildefonso Creek, San Ygnacio Creek, Santa Isabel Creek, Sombrerillito Creek, and Zacate Creek, all of which drain into the Rio Grande. Several man-made reservoirs include the San Ildefonso Creek Lake (second-largest reservoir), and the Sombrerillito Creek Lake (third-largest reservoir).

Nearby cities

City Population Distance (km)
Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas 373,725 0 mi
Monclova, Coahuila 198,819 124 mi (200 km)
Monterrey, Nuevo León 4,080,329 125 mi (201 km)
Reynosa, Tamaulipas 589,466 130 mi (210 km)
Corpus Christi, Texas 305,215 131 mi (211 km)
San Antonio, Texas 1,927,407 154 mi (248 km)
Heroica Matamoros, Tamaulipas 449,815 167 mi (269 km)
Brownsville, Texas 183,046 170 mi (270 km)
Saltillo, Coahuila 709,671 181 mi (291 km)


Laredo's climate is semiarid with very hot temperatures in the summer and mild temperatures during the winter. The climate is considered to be hot semiarid (Köppen: BSh). Its weather is affected by the Sierra Madre Oriental mountains to the west, the Gulf of Mexico to the east, and the Chihuahuan Desert of Northern Mexico and West Texas. Moisture from the Pacific is cut off by the Mexican mountain range.

The normal monthly mean temperature ranges from 57.6 °F (14.2 °C) in January to 89.1 °F (31.7 °C) in August; official record temperatures range from 11 °F (−12 °C) on December 30, 1983, up to 115 °F (46 °C) on May 7, 1927, June 17, 1908, and June 19, 2023.[18] On average, temperatures reach 100 °F (37.8 °C) or higher on 74.2 days annually, and fall to or below the freezing mark on 4.6 days, although, in five years, the most recent being 2015, the annual minimum temperature was above freezing.[18][19]

Precipitation averages 19.7 in (500 mm) annually, with higher amounts typically occurring from May to October. Although snowfall is rare in Laredo, measurable snow occurred most recently on Christmas Eve 2004, with 1.1 in (2.8 cm), and December 7–8, 2017, with 1.3 in (3.3 cm).[18]

Climate data for Laredo, Texas (1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1902–present[b])
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 98
Mean maximum °F (°C) 86.6
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 68.4
Daily mean °F (°C) 57.6
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 46.8
Mean minimum °F (°C) 30.2
Record low °F (°C) 15
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.77
Average snowfall inches (cm) 0.0
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 5.4 4.7 4.6 3.7 5.2 4.7 4.4 4.5 7.7 4.1 4.4 6.1 59.5
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Source: NOAA[18][19]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[21]
Texas Almanac: 1850–2010[22][23]
Source: U.S. Decennial Census[24]

2020 census

Laredo racial composition[25]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[c]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 9,181 3.6%
Black or African American (NH) 773 0.3%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 131 0.05%
Asian (NH) 1,290 0.51%
Pacific Islander (NH) 25 0.01%
Some other race (NH) 450 0.18%
Mixed/multiracial (NH) 537 0.21%
Hispanic or Latino 242,818 95.15%
Total 255,205

As of the 2020 United States census, 255,205 people, 72,328 households, and 58,294 families resided in the city.

2010 census

As of the 2010, Laredo is the 81st-most populous city in the United States and the 10th-largest in Texas. According to the 2010 census[6][27][28] there were 236,091 inhabitants in the city.

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, the racial composition of Laredo was:

Ethnically, the city was:

Map of racial distribution in Laredo, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people:  White  Black  Asian  Hispanic  Other

According to respondents' self-identification on the 2010 Census, the vast majority of Laredo's population is of Hispanic origin (95.6%), mostly Mexican (86.9%). Most Hispanics who did not identify themselves as Mexican identified as "other Hispanic or Latino" (8.3% of the total population). About 84.3% of the population identifies as white Hispanic, while only 11.3% identifies as Hispanic but not white; 4.4% of the population was not Hispanic or Latino (3.4% non-Hispanic White, 0.2% non-Hispanic Black or African American, 0.6% non-Hispanic Asian, 0.1% from some other race (non-Hispanic), and 0.1% of two or more races (non-Hispanic)).

The 2005 estimate listed 99,675 males and 108,112 females. The average household contained 3.69 occupants. The population density was 2,250.5 inhabitants per square mile (868.9/km2).

Of the 60,816 households, 56,247 or 92.5% were occupied: 33,832 were owner-occupied units and 22,415 were renter-occupied units. About 62.0% were married couples living together, 18.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 14.7% were not families. Around 12.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.2% had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 3.69, and the average family size was 4.18.

The city's population is distributed as 35.5% under the age of 18, 11.4% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,019, and for a family was $32,577. The per capita income for the city was $12,269; 29.2% of families were below the poverty line.

According to the United States Census Bureau, at a 2000 census, Laredo was the second-fastest growing city in the United States, after Las Vegas.[29]

In 2016, the violent crime rate in Laredo dropped to 379 per 100,000 inhabitants, according to AreaVibes. The violent crime rate in Dallas was 694 per 100,000 inhabitants. In Houston, it was 967 per 100,000 inhabitants.[citation needed]


The Walker Plaza office complex in Laredo was built in the early 1990s by the family of South Texas rancher Gene S. Walker Sr.
Laredo Federal Credit Union on McPherson Road
The former Cotulla Barbeque on McPherson Road at Taylor Street was closed, razed in 2012, and replaced by office buildings.

South Texas banking institutions in Laredo include Falcon International Bank, International Bank of Commerce, and Texas Community Bank.

Laredo is the largest inland port in the United States, and Nuevo Laredo the largest in Latin America. This is due to their respective locations, served by Interstate Highway 35 / Mexican Federal Highway 85, the effects of NAFTA, dozens of twin assembly plants on the Mexican side, and dozens of import export agencies to expedite trade. In January 2014, the Laredo customs district processed "$20 billion in two-way trade with Mexico", about half that for the entire US with Mexico for the month.[30] Laredo is a shopping destination for Mexican shoppers from Northern Mexico. In 2015, the San Antonio Express-News reported the number of Mexican shoppers has declined due to drug war-related violence in Nuevo Laredo.[31]


View across the Rio Grande at Laredo, Texas (postcard, c. 1909)

More than 47% of United States international trade headed for Mexico and more than 36% of Mexican international trade crosses through the Laredo port of entry.[32][33] Laredo's economy revolves around commercial and industrial warehousing, import, and export. As a major player in international trade, the Laredo area benefited from passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement, which has encouraged trade. The Laredo port of entry consists of four international bridges (with a proposed fifth one) crossing the Rio Grande into the Mexican states of Tamaulipas and Nuevo León.

Retail sales

Retail sales attract shoppers from Northern Mexico and South Texas.[34] There is one indoor shopping mall in Laredo, Mall del Norte, The Outlet Shoppes at Laredo, and another has not progressed past planning: Laredo Town Center, part of downtown redevelopment. There are dozens of shopping centers. The Streets of Laredo Urban Mall is an association created by businesses on Iturbide Street in the San Agustin historical district to beautify and renovate the area, which has a pedestrian scale.[35]

Labor market information

As of October 2007, Laredo's labor market was in the following industries by percentage of number employed: Trade, Transportation, and Utilities (32%), Information (1%), Financial Activity (5%), Professional and Business Services (6%), Education and Health Services (15%), Leisure and Hospitality (10%), Government (23%), Mining and Construction (5%), Manufacturing (2%), and Other Services (2%).

Laredo has increased the number of nonagricultural jobs from 55,100 in January 1996 to 86,600 in October 2007. Laredo has had a higher job growth rate (2%–6.5%) than the state as a whole because of expanded international trade through NAFTA. In 2007, Laredo experienced a job growth rate of 2.5%. As of October 2007, the Laredo unemployment rate was 4.1% or 3,700 unemployed persons, as compared to 3.9% in Texas statewide. This is a significant drop since the mid-1990s, when Laredo's unemployment was over 15%.

Laredo has had positive job market growth since the mid-1990s; setbacks in the mining (oil/gas) industry shifted a few thousand workers to other industries such as international trade and construction. Many large employers in the oil and gas industries shut down operations in Laredo and across Texas, and shifted to foreign countries. The same effect occurred in the garment industry (Levis and Haggar) along the Texas border area. Laredo lost its only garment-producing company (Barry), costing the jobs of about 300 workers. Laredo's strong job growth rate in retail and transportation services limited the adverse effects of long-term unemployment from the few massive layoffs of the late 1990s. Laredo's success with international trade is also a vulnerability; it depends on changes to Mexico's economy, that status of immigration laws (along with daily border crossings: shoppers and commercial trade), and terrorism.[37][38]

Top employers

Employer Category Employees
United Independent School District Education 6,179
Laredo Independent School District Education 4,500
City of Laredo Government 2,371
Laredo Sector Border Patrol Immigration 2,000
H-E-B Grocery 1,626
Webb County Government 1,500
Laredo Medical Center Health care 1,300
Texas A&M International University Education 1,215
McDonald's Food 1,200
Walmart Retail 937
Concentrix (formerly Convergys) Call Center 860
Doctors Hospital Health Care 811
International Bank of Commerce Financial Services 661
Stripes Convenience Stores Retail/Convenience 337
Laredo Energy Arena Entertainment 293
Falcon International Bank Financial Services 292


Laredo is a major center for the cattle ranching in the state.[39] Cattle here suffer from the cattle fever tick, Rhipicephalus microplus (syn. Boophilus microplus).[39] Researchers and ranchers are concerned about pyrethroid resistance developing and spreading here, as it has in nearby areas of the state and neighboring Tamaulipas state.[39] Because the situation is so severe, the main office of the country's Cattle Fever Tick Eradication Program is located here.[40] This program is operated by USDA APHIS.[40] The Deutch Strain of this tick was collected here by Davey et al., 1980 and is now a commonly used laboratory strain negative for pyrethroid resistance.[41]

Arts and culture

Annual celebrations

The Washington's Birthday Celebration,[42] a month-long event that celebrates George Washington's birthday, is the largest annual celebration of its kind in the United States, with 400,000 attendees. It was founded in 1898 by the Improved Order of Red Men, local chapter Yaqui Tribe No. 59. The first celebration was a success, and its popularity grew rapidly; in 1923, it received its state charter. In 1924, the celebration held its first colonial pageant, which featured 13 girls from Laredo, representing the 13 original colonies. The celebration includes parades, a carnival, an air show, fireworks, live concerts, and a citywide prom during which many of Laredo's elite dress in very formal attire. The related Jalapeño Festival is one of the United States' top 10 eating festivals.

Jamboozie is held in late January in downtown Laredo as part of the Washington's birthday celebrations. Similar to New Orleans' Mardi Gras, the Jamboozie is a colorful event, with many people dressed in beads, masks, and flamboyant outfits.


Republic of the Rio Grande Capitol Building Museum

The Republic of the Rio Grande Museum[43] is in the downtown historical district next to the historic La Posada Hotel. What was once the Capitol building now showcases memorabilia from the short lived Republic of the Rio Grande. It displays pictures, books, and furniture from the 19th century Laredo area, and offers guided tours for school-aged children and adults year-round. Because of this Republic, Laredo had flown seven flags instead of the traditional Six Flags over Texas.

The Laredo Center for the Arts[44] is located in downtown Laredo. The building houses three galleries: the Goodman Gallery, the Laredo Art League Gallery and the Lilia G. Martinez Gallery. The Center for the Arts, in the former City Hall offices known as "The Mercado", displays regional artwork and provides community events for children and adults. The Laredo Little Theater provides Laredo with live stage performances. The theater also hosts comedians.

Imaginarium of South Texas[45] (formerly Laredo Children's Museum), in Mall del Norte, provides a hands-on experience with science, technology, and art for Laredo's youth. A second museum is planned on the Texas A&M International University campus.[46]

The Nuevo Santander Museum Complex is composed of restored buildings of Fort McIntosh, a historical collection of photographs of the fort, the main guardhouse, which has World War I (1914–1918) memorabilia, and a science and technology museum.


The Lamar Bruni Vergara Science Center Planetarium[47] is on the Texas A&M International University campus. The planetarium surrounds audiences in a dome with an accurate image of the night sky showing all the motions and cycles of the Sun, Moon, planets, and constellations in the sky.


The Joe A. Guerra Laredo Public Library at the intersection of McPherson Road and Calton Street

The Joe A. Guerra Laredo Public Library[48] was first housed on the second floor of the City Hall, now known as the Market Hall, in 1916. In 1974, the Laredo Public Library moved to the historic Bruni Plaza in downtown Laredo. In 1993, the citizens of Laredo approved the construction of a new main library at McPherson and Calton Roads, which opened on February 1, 1998.[49] The Laredo Public Library has a 60,000 sq ft (6,000 m2). main library and two branches. The main library is in central Laredo; the Bruni Plaza Branch[50] is downtown east of Washington Street, and the Santo Niño Branch is in south Laredo.[51]

Two new libraries opened in 2014, one in northwest Laredo, the Fasken Library on March 14, and another in the south sometime in July.[52]

Market Plaza and Flores Avenue, Laredo, Texas (postcard, c. 1907)

Churches and architecture

Main article: List of buildings in Laredo, Texas

San Agustin Cathedral
Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church
Renovated St. Patrick's Catholic Church is on Del Mar Boulevard across from the Laredo Fire Department
The First United Methodist Church near the intersection of McClelland and Guadalupe; the cornerstone from the 1916 building on Hidalgo Street downtown was moved to the current location in 1949.

Most of Laredo's architecture is of Spanish Colonial, American, and Mexican flavor. Most of Laredo's Spanish Colonial-style buildings are in downtown Laredo. More modern American architecture can be seen along Interstate Highway 35, as well as in the downtown area[53]

Our Lady of Guadalupe is an imposing structure in Romanesque Revival Lombard (North Italian) style. It was designed by Leo M. J. Dielmann of San Antonio, a popular architect of Catholic buildings, and built for a Mexican-American and Hispanic congregation in the inner city, at San Jorge Avenue and Callaghan St. Dielmann was commissioned by church authorities to design churches for similar congregations in Houston and San Antonio. He also did the San Agustin parish school, and may have had a hand in the San Agustin church, itself.[54]

Both the First United Methodist Church, in 1949, and the Christ Church Episcopal, were designed by Henry Steinbomer, a popular and prolific San Antonio architect who is credited with more than 100 churches and related buildings during the 1940s and 50s, from the Lower Rio Grande Valley mostly in South and West Texas, from the Sacred Heart Cathedral in San Angelo to Union Church in Monterrey, Mexico.[55]

Other Laredo churches include Baptist, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Assembly of God, Mormon, and nondenominational congregations.

National Register of Historic Places sites

List of the tallest buildings

The former Hamilton Hotel, the tallest building in Laredo
Rank[56] Building Name Height Floors Year Built
01 Hamilton Hotel 150 ft (46 m) 12 1923
02 San Agustin Cathedral 141 ft (43 m) N/A 1872
03 Rio Grande Plaza 15 1975
04 Holiday Inn Laredo 14 1984
05 Laredo National Bank 10 1926
06 Senior Citizens Home 8
07 Laredo Medical Center 7 1999
08 Gateway Inn 6
09 Rialto Hotel 6 1925
10 Walker Plaza 5 1995

Laredo in multimedia

Film and television

Streets of Laredo is a 1949 Western film starring William Holden, Macdonald Carey, and William Bendix[57] as three outlaws who rescue a young girl, played by Mona Freeman. When they become separated, two reluctantly become Texas Rangers, while the third continues on a life of crime.[58]

In 1958, ABC aired the second episode, "Ambush in Laredo", of the 17-part miniseries, Texas John Slaughter.[59]

The 1959 Western film, Gunmen from Laredo, stars Robert Knapp, Walter Coy, Paul Birch, and Ron Hayes. He winds up in prison on a false murder charge, but the marshal allows him to escape to pursue the man who killed his wife.[60]

The 1983 film Eddie Macon's Run, based on a James McLendon novel, features John Schneider as Eddie Macon, who is wrongly convicted of mostly minor crimes. While performing at a prison rodeo in Huntsville, Texas, he escapes and heads for Laredo, where he hopes to join his family in Mexico. Carl "Buster" Marzack (Kirk Douglas) is a cop in hot pursuit of Eddie. Without transportation, Eddie journeys on foot. He ends up in the woods, where he is nearly killed. He meets Jilly Buck (Lee Purcell), a bored rich girl who agrees to help him.[61]

Lone Star is a 1996 American mystery film written and directed by John Sayles and set in a small town in Texas. The ensemble cast features Chris Cooper, Kris Kristofferson, Matthew McConaughey, and Elizabeth Peña and deals with a sheriff's investigation into the murder of one of his predecessors. The movie was filmed in Del Rio, Eagle Pass, and Laredo.[citation needed]

The 2011 series, Bordertown: Laredo, is a 10-episode documentary on the Arts and Entertainment Network based on the work of the narcotics unit of the Laredo Police Department.[62]


Laredo has been the subject of several songs in popular culture. One of the most popular songs is the "Streets of Laredo", originally known as "A Cowboy's Lament" and written by Frank H. Maynard, who lived mostly in Colorado. It has been recorded by artists such as Johnny Cash, Marty Robbins, Waylon Jennings, John Cale, Roy Rogers, and Prefab Sprout (who also made a lyrical reference to Laredo in an early song, "Cue Fanfare"), and is even featured in a Charlie's Angels episode ("Pretty Angels all in a Row", season two, episode three). On October 28, 1958, in the episode "The Ghost" of the ABC/WB Western series, Sugarfoot, "The Streets of Laredo" is performed by child actor Tommy Rettig.[63] Another song is Laredo Tornado from the British rock band ELO.

The first song on Marty Robbins' 1966 LP The Drifter was "Meet Me Tonight in Laredo".[64]

From 1959 to 1972, the six-member singing group, The Rondels, dominated the musical scene in Laredo. Carlos Saenz Landin, the lead singer, left the group to work for the Dallas Independent School District, but years later returned to Laredo. Lead guitarist Humberto Donovan served in the United States Marine Corps. The late Roberto Alonzo played the bass guitar. Sammy Ibarra, played the keyboard and composed the song, "Lo Mucho Que Te Quiero (The More I Love You)." He subsequently became a pastor. Singer Noe Adolfo Esparza pursued a college career and became a supervisor for Southwestern Bell Telephone Company. As of 2017, he was still performing with the oldies group, Los Fabulosos in Laredo. Joe Lee Vera served in the United States Navy and played drums for The Rondels. Several of Vera's brothers were drummers too. The Rondels packed the Laredo Civic Center Auditorium. Two other songs characteristic of the group are "Ya-Ya" and "All Night Worker". With their disbanding, Juan Cisneros of Laredo recalls The Rondels "left a large void that will never be forgotten."[65]


Current teams

Laredo Heat

The Laredo Heat is a United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League team. The team's home stadium is the Texas A&M International University Soccer Complex. The team was founded in 2004. In the 2006 season, the Laredo Heat finished runner-up, yet made it only to the first round of the Open Cup. In the 2007 season, the Laredo Heat were the Southern Conference champions and won the PDL championship. The Heat were on hiatus for the 2016 and 2017 seasons.[66] In November 2017, the Heat announced they will be an expansion team of the National Premier Soccer League in 2018. The Heat recently announced they will also be joining the United Premier Soccer League for the 2020 season.[67][68][69]

Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos

The Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos (Owls of the Two Laredos) are a Mexican League baseball team based in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico. The team splits their home schedule between Parque la Junta in Nuevo Laredo and Uni-Trade Stadium in Laredo.[70]

Defunct teams

Club Sport League Venue Championships Years Active
Laredo Apaches Baseball Texas–Louisiana League Veterans Field 0 1995
Laredo Broncos Baseball United League Baseball Veterans Field 0 2006–2010
Laredo Bucks Ice hockey Central Hockey League Laredo Energy Arena 2 2002–2012
Laredo Bucks Ice hockey USA Central Hockey League Sames Auto Arena 0 2018
Laredo Honey Badgers Indoor soccer Professional Arena Soccer League Laredo Energy Arena Never
Laredo Law Arena football AF2 Laredo Energy Arena 0 2003–2004
Laredo Lemurs Baseball AAIPB Uni-Trade Stadium 1 2012–2016
Laredo Lobos Arena football AF2 Laredo Energy Arena 0 2005–2007
Laredo Rattlesnakes Indoor football Lone Star Football League Laredo Energy Arena 0 2011–2013
Laredo Roses Women's Football Sugar N Spice Football League Uni-Trade Stadium 2012–2016
Laredo Swarm Basketball American Basketball Association Laredo Energy Arena 2015–2017
Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos Baseball Mexican Baseball League Veterans Field 5 1985–2004
Toros de Los Dos Laredos Basketball Liga Nacional de Baloncesto Profesional Laredo Energy Arena 2 2007–2013

Laredo Honey Badgers

The Laredo Honey Badgers were a proposed professional indoor soccer team that was founded in April 2013, expected to make its debut in the Professional Arena Soccer League with the 2013–2014 season. The team was to play its home games at the Laredo Energy Arena.[71][72] The official name and colors (black and chrome) of the team were decided with fan participation.[73] However, after several delays the team postponed its launch and eventually ceased operations.

Laredo Lemurs

The Laredo Lemurs, a professional baseball team, played their first season in the independent American Association in 2012 with home games at Uni-Trade Stadium. They won the South Division in their inaugural season, but were eliminated in the first playoff round. The Lemurs won the league championship in 2015 but ceased operations after the 2016 season.

Laredo Roses

The Laredo Roses were a professional women's full contact football team in the South Texas Sugar N Spice Football League[74] that began play in the 2012 season. The Roses played their home games at the Uni-Trade Stadium. The female players used short-shorts and half-cut jerseys during games.[75]

Laredo Swarm

Laredo Swarm was a semi-professional basketball in the relaunched American Basketball Association. They started playing in 2015 in Laredo Energy Arena. The team was disbanded before the 2017–2018 season.[76]

Stadiums and arenas

Sames Auto Arena

With the City of Laredo's approval on July 1, 2018, the SMG-managed venue signed a five-year contract with the oldest local dealership Sames Auto Group.

The Sames Auto Arena is at Loop 20 and Jacaman Road. The arena was strongly pushed to fruition by former Laredo Mayor Betty Flores and was home to the former Laredo Bucks. The 178,000-square-foot (16,500 m2), $36.5 million facility seats 8,002 people for ice hockey and arena football, and up to 10,000 for concerts. It has fourteen luxury suites, four meeting rooms and a private club for two hundred charter members. It was completed in mid-2002 through an increase in the Laredo sales tax of .25 percent. Sports that can be played in the arena include ice hockey, arena football, indoor soccer, basketball, wrestling, and boxing. The arena has hosted many events such as The Laredo Hunting and Fishing Show, Miss Texas USA, Laredo Home and Garden Show and the South Texas Collectors Exp's Comic Con. Every year, Laredo College, TAMIU, United ISD and Laredo ISD have their graduation ceremonies here. Well-known artists and bands that have performed in the arena include Lil Wayne, Rihanna, Kesha, Pitbull, Flo Rida, Shakira, Enrique Iglesias, Tool, Aerosmith, Kiss, Elton John, Styx, REO Speedwagon, ZZ Top, Lynyrd Skynyrd, Ricky Martin, George Lopez, T.I., Ludacris, Cher, Hilary Duff, Monster Jam and WWE.

Uni-Trade Stadium

The Uni-Trade Stadium is Laredo's newest baseball field. The stadium is near the Laredo Energy Arena. The project was approved by the city council and was voted in favor of (with 61.32% of the votes in favor 38.68% against) constructing it with money collected since 2004 by a .25 percent sales tax increase. There is a surplus of about $15 million.[77] The stadium was home to the Laredo Lemurs of the independent American Association from 2012 to 2016. Beginning in 2018, the Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos of the Mexican League play half of their home games at the stadium and the other half at Estadio Nuevo Laredo.[70]

Student Activity Complex

Entrance to the Student Activity Complex

United Independent School District's students use the Student Activity Complex on State Highway 359 for football, soccer, and baseball. Opened in the summer of 2002, it has the city's first artificial grass stadium. The SAC was also the home of the Laredo Heat. The capacity is 8,500 spectators.

Texas A&M International University Soccer Complex

Texas A&M International University Soccer Complex (also known as Dustdevil Field and TAMIU Soccer Complex) was built in 2006 and renovated in 2007. The soccer complex is on the Texas A&M International University campus. The complex has two soccer stadiums with a seating capacity of four thousand each. The Dustdevil Field is the new home stadium to the 2007 champion team Laredo Heat member of the United Soccer Leagues Premier Development League (PDL) and the TAMIU Dustdevils women and men's soccer teams member of the Lone Star Conference, NCAA Division II.[78]

Shirley Field

The original Shirley Field was next to the Civic Center and R&T Martin High School on San Bernardo Avenue. It was built in 1937, along with Martin High School. Shirley Field was the location for outdoor athletics for Laredo Independent School District and also hosts the annual Border Olympics events. It seats up to about 6,000 fans with additional seating at the 2 endzones. Professional Mexican soccer teams have played various exhibition games here, noting the real grass allows for "better" soccer games. The various sports played on the stadium are football, soccer and track & field events. Major renovations are slated for this historic stadium. In November 2009 Shirley Field was demolished and was rebuilt by the 2011 football season. The total cost of the reconstruction was $12,000,000 and it now seats 8,000 fans and features artificial turf.[79]

Krueger Field

Krueger Field is in north Laredo and is owned by United Independent School District. The stadium has a capacity of 5,000 and is used to play football and soccer high school games. It is home to United High School's football and soccer teams.

Veterans Field

Veterans Field is a 5,000 seat baseball park which was known as West Martin Field. Major renovation is happening to update the 1950 ball park. Veterans Field was also the home to the five-time champion Mexican Baseball League team Tecolotes de los Dos Laredos from 1985 to 2003. Veterans Field is also home to the Texas A&M International University's Lone Star Conference NCAA Division II Dustdevils baseball team.

Laredo Civic Center

Prior to the construction of the Laredo Energy Arena most major concerts and shows were performed at the Laredo Civic Center. The Laredo Civic Center complex has an auditorium with 1,979 seats and a banquet and exhibit hall with 1,635 seats.[80]

Parks and recreation

Lake Casa Blanca

Lake Casa Blanca International State Park,[81] on Loop 20, has a 1,680-acre (680 ha) artificial lake along with cooking out, camping, picnicking, lake swimming, skiing, boating, and mountain biking. The most popular recreational use of the lake is fishing. A boat ramp and fishing pier is available on the lake's eastern side. The lake is a popular destination for winter Texans. The park was operated by the City of Laredo and Webb County before it was acquired by the state in 1990 and opened in March 1991.


Laredo has three 18-hole golf courses: the Laredo Country Club,[82] the Casa Blanca Golf Course.[83] and Laredo's newest course Max A. Mandel Municipal Golf Course.[84] The Laredo Country Club is an 18-hole private course with 7,125 yards (6,515 m) of golf. The golf course has a rating of 74.6, a slope rating of 133, and has a par of 72. The country club was designed by Joseph S. Finger and was opened in 1983.[85] The Casa Blanca Golf Course is an 18-hole course with 6,590 yards (6,030 m) of golf. The golf course has a rating of 72.5, a slope rating of 125, and has a par of 72. The golf course was designed by Leon Howard and was opened in 1967.[86] The Max A. Mandel Municipal Golf Course is an 18-hole course with 7,200 yards (6,600 m) of golf. The golf course has a par of 72. The golf course was designed by Robert Trent Jones II Golf Course Architects and was opened in 2012.

Parks, recreational centers, plazas, and baseball fields

The City of Laredo owns eight recreational centers, thirty-four developed parks, twenty-two undeveloped parks or under construction, five baseball fields, and four plazas. The parks total area is 618 acres (2.50 km2).[87]

David B. Barkley Plaza

David B. Barkley Plaza flag

A memorial honoring the forty-one Hispanic soldiers who have received the Medal of Honor was built in Laredo, Texas in 2002. The plaza was named after the only Laredo Medal of Honor recipient David B. Barkley. The David B. Barkley Plaza has a bronze statue of David B. Barkley and an American flag measuring 100 ft by 50 ft and is 308 ft tall making it the tallest flagpole in the United States.[88][89] The memorial is at 27°30′22″N 99°30′8″W / 27.50611°N 99.50222°W / 27.50611; -99.50222 (David B. Barkley Plaza).[90]

City of Laredo Shiloh Trail


Municipal government

Administrative headquarters of the Laredo Fire Department are on Del Mar Boulevard across from St. Patrick's Catholic Church.

The Laredo city government is a strong city council – weak mayor system. The mayor presides over the eight-member city council, but only votes to break a tie. City Council elections are based on single-member districts and campaigns have no party affiliations. Municipal elections are now held in November (formerly in May) of even-numbered years. The municipal government is administered by the city manager hired by the city council. All city elected offices have a four-year term and are nonpartisan though most officials have a Democratic party preference or affiliation.

City council meetings are held on Mondays and can be viewed on the public-access television cable TV channel or live online at Public Access Channel live stream.[91]

List of mayors of Laredo, Texas
Name Portrait Term start Term end
William Franklin Alexander[92] 1852 1854
Bartolome Garcia 1855 1855
Santos Benavides 1856 1856
Refugio Benavides 1857 1857
Bartolome Garcia 1858 1858
Refugio Benavides 1859 1859
Tomas Treviño 1860 1860
Juan Francisco Farias 1861 1861
Bartolome Garcia 1862 1864
Nicolas Sanchez 1865 1865
Agustin Salinas 1866 1867
Samuel M. Jarvis 1868 1868
Agustin Salinas 1866 1867
Hugh James 1874 1876
Atanacio Vidaurri 1877 1877
Rosendo Garcia 1878 1878
Julian Garcia 1879 1880
Porfirio Benavidez 1881 1882
Dario Sanchez 1883 1883
Porfirio Benavides 1884 1884
Dario Sanchez 1885 1885
E. A. Atlee 1886 1890
C. A. McLane 1891 1894
Andrew Hans Thaison 1895 1895
L. J. Christian 1896 1898
A. E. Vidaurri 1899 1900
Amador Sanchez 1901 1909
Robert McComb 1910 1919
L. Villegas 1920 1925
Albert Martin 1926 1939
Hugh Cluck 1940 1953
J. C. Martin Jr. 1954 1977
Aldo Tatangelo 1978 1990
Saul N. Ramirez Jr. 1990 1997
Betty Flores 1998 2006
Raul G. Salinas 2006 2014
Pete Saenz 2014

The council then named the assistant city manager, Horacio De Leon, as the acting city manager.[93][94] Robert Alexander Eads was selected as City Manager on March 4, 2020,[95]

State and federal representation

The United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas Laredo division is a relatively new building adjacent to the Webb County Courthouse.

The United States Border Patrol Laredo Sector Headquarters is at 207 W. Del Mar Blvd, Laredo, Texas.

The United States Postal Service operates its main Post Office at 2700 East Saunders Street south of Laredo International Airport.[96] Postal branches are downtown and at 2395 East Del Mar Boulevard.[97][98]

The Texas Army National Guard armory is at 6001 E. Bob Bullock Loop 20 Laredo, Texas.

The Colburn Memorial United States Army Reserve Center is at 1 W End Washington St, Laredo, Texas.

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Laredo Parole Office.[99]

The private prison operator GEO Group runs the Rio Grande Detention Center in Laredo, which opened in 2008 and holds a maximum of 1900 federal detainees.[100]


Elementary and secondary

Newman Elementary School at 1300 Alta Vista Blvd. is named for the late businessman B. P. Newman and his widow, Peggy.

Two school districts, the Laredo Independent School District and the United Independent School District, and eight private schools serve Laredo.

The Laredo Independent School District[101] (LISD) serves the areas in central Laredo. The LISD high schools are Cigarroa High School, Martin High School, J. W. Nixon High School and the Laredo Early College High School. LISD also has three magnet schools: Dr. Dennis D. Cantu Health Science Magnet School, LISD Magnet for Engineering and Technology Education, and Vidal M. Trevino School of Communications and Fine Arts.

The United Independent School District serves the rest of Laredo and northern Webb County. The UISD high schools are John B. Alexander High School, Lyndon B. Johnson High School Laredo Early College High School, United High School, and United South High School. UISD has three magnet schools: John B. Alexander Health Science Magnet, United Engineering Magnet, and the United South Business Magnet. There are thirty-nine schools within UISD and more are under construction or development. United ISD is one of the state's fastest growing districts, serving almost forty thousand students and covering an area the physical size of Rhode Island.[citation needed]

Former downtown campus of St. Augustine Parochial School

Several private schools also serve the city:

The city also has several charter schools, including:

Colleges and universities

Laredo is home to Laredo College[103] and Texas A&M International University[104] (TAMIU). The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio[105] has a campus in Laredo.

Laredo College is a two-campus institution which offers two-year Associate's degrees. The main campus is at the western end of downtown Laredo near the Rio Grande, on the site of the former Fort McIntosh. This fort played a major role in the development of Laredo, as it protected the community from Indian raids in its early history. Several of the old buildings at the fort were converted into classrooms, but after renovation programs nearly all of the campus structures are now modern. The smaller, newer second campus, Laredo College South Campus, is in south Laredo along U. S. Route 83.

Texas A&M International University Library

The Texas A&M International University is a 4/6-year university that offers bachelor's and master's degrees. On April 22, 2004,[106] the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board in Austin, Texas approved Texas A&M International University to grant its first PhD in International Business Administration.[107][108] TAMIU's College of Business Administration has been named an outstanding business school in The Princeton Review's "Best 282 Business Schools", 2007 Edition, and ranked third in the nation for the category: "Greatest Opportunity for Minority Students."[109] The university's campus is in Northeast Laredo along Loop 20. The university was an extension of Texas A&I-Kingsville and later the former Laredo State University. Prior to its current location along Bob Bullock Loop 20, the university was housed with the Laredo College downtown campus.

The University of Texas Health Science Center campus is in East Laredo near U.S. Highway 59 and the Laredo Medical Center. The campus is an extension university from UTHSC in San Antonio, Texas. The university offers doctoral degrees in the medical and dental fields.


See also: List of newspapers in Texas, List of radio stations in Texas, and List of television stations in Texas


Name Frequency Language City
Laredo Morning Times Daily English Laredo
LareDOS (Defunct, 2014[110]) Monthly English Laredo
El Mañana / Laredo Sun Daily Spanish / English Nuevo Laredo/Laredo
El Lider Informativo Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo
El Diario de Nuevo Laredo Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo
Primera Hora Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo
Última Hora Daily Spanish Nuevo Laredo


According to Nielsen Media Research, the Laredo region (which includes Webb and Zapata counties) is ranked 185th market by population size in the United States.[111] The first station to broadcast in Laredo was KGNS in 1956, followed by KVTV in 1973, then KJTB (now KLDO) in 1985.

The only notable television network missing from Laredo's airwaves is PBS. Laredo had a full-power local The CW affiliate, KGNS-DT2, but on July 3, 2014, the affiliation switched to ABC. Prior to that KJTB channel 27, from January 1985 to October 1988 was Laredo's ABC affiliate. KJTB was later bought by Entravision and affiliated the station to Telemundo and changed its callsign to KLDO. Today KLDO is affiliated to Univision. Before KJTB, KGNS, an NBC affiliate had a secondary affiliation to ABC from its founding in 1956 through KJTB's founding in 1985. On November 6, 2013, KGNS reached an agreement to add the ABC affiliation. The ABC affiliate launched in July 2014 when KGNS dropped The CW programming and added ABC programming.[112] In October 2015 KVTV now KYLX started broadcasting The CW Programming on its digital subchannel 13.2.[113]

In December 2014, all Nuevo Laredo stations turned off analog television broadcasting and started broadcasting digitally only.[114]

VC DT DTV Dish Spectrum Callsign Network Resolution City of License
1.1 23.1  •  • 98 XHLNA Azteca Uno HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
1.2 23.2  •  •  • XHLNA-TDT2 ADN 40 SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
2.1 29.1  •  •  • XHLAR Las Estrellas HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
3.1 35.1  •  •  • XHCTNL Imagen Televisión HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
3.4 35.4  •  •  • XHCTNL-TDT4 Excélsior TV SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
4.1 25.1  •  • 14 XHBR Televisa Nuevo Laredo HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
5.1 25.1  •  •  • XHBR-TDT2 Canal 5 SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
6.1 32.1  •  • 15 XHNAT Multimedios Plus HD 720p Nuevo Laredo
6.2 32.2  •  •  • XHNAT-TDT2 Milenio TV SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
6.3 32.3  •  •  • XHNAT-TDT3 Teleritmo SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
6.4 32.4  •  •  • XHNAT-TDT4 MVS TV SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
7.1 33.2  •  •  • XHLAT-TDT Azteca 7 HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
7.2 33.9  •  •  • XHLAT-TDT2 a+ SD 480i Nuevo Laredo
8.1 8.3 8 8 10 KGNS NBC HD 1080i Laredo
8.2 8.4 12 15 9 KGNS-DT2 ABC HD 720p Laredo
8.3 8.5  • 16 25 KGNS-DT3 Telemundo HD 720p Laredo
8.5 8.7  •  •  • KGNS-DT5 True Crime Network SD 480i Laredo
10.1 10.1  • 16 25 KXNU Telemundo HD 720p Laredo
 •  •  •  • 11 KLRN PBS Analog San Antonio
13.1 13.3 13 13 6 KYLX CBS HD 1080i Laredo
13.2 13.4 9  • 19 KYLX-LD2 The CW SD 480i Laredo
15.1 15.1  •  •  • KLMV MeTV SD 480i Laredo
15.2 15.2  •  •  • KLMV-LD2 Estrella TV SD 480i Laredo
15.3 15.3  •  •  • KLMV-LD3 Movies! SD 480i Laredo
15.4 15.4  •  •  • KLMV-LD4 Jewelry TV SD 480i Laredo
17.1 17.1  •  • 99 XEFE Once TV HD 1080i Nuevo Laredo
27.1 19.1  • 27 78.1 KLDO Univision HD 1080i Laredo
27.2 19.2  •  • 1248 KLDO-DT2 LATV SD 480i Laredo
27.3 19.3  •  •  • KLDO-DT3 TBD SD 480i Laredo
27.4 19.4  •  •  • KLDO-DT4 Stadium SD 480i Laredo
27.5 19.5  •  •  • KLDO-DT5 Court TV SD 480i Laredo
31.1 31.1 39 39 16 KXOF Fox / MyNet HD 720p Laredo
31.2 31.2  •  •  • KXOF-CD2 Grit SD 480i Laredo
31.3 31.3  •  •  • KXOF-CD3 Laff SD 480i Laredo
39.1 27.1  •  • 77 KETF Unimas HD 720p Laredo
39.2 27.2  •  •  • KETF-CD2 Comet SD 480i Laredo
39.3 27.3  •  •  • KETF-CD3 Charge! SD 480i Laredo
39.4 27.4  •  • 4 KETF-CD4 Azteca America HD 720p Laredo


According to Arbitron, the Laredo region (which includes Jim Hogg, Webb, and Zapata counties) is ranked 191st market by population size.[115]

AM radio

Frequency Callsign Brand City of License
530 WPMQ285 TxDOT HAR Laredo
790 XEFE La Mera Ley Nuevo Laredo
890 KVOZ Radio Cristiana Laredo
960 XEK La Grande Nuevo Laredo
1000 XENLT Radio Formula Nuevo Laredo
1090 XEWL La Romantica Nuevo Laredo
1300 KLAR Radio Poder Laredo
1340 XEBK Mega 95.7 Nuevo Laredo
1370 XEGNK Radio Mexicana Nuevo Laredo
1410 XEAS Ke Buena Nuevo Laredo
1490 KLNT Super Tejano Laredo
1550 XENU La Rancherita Nuevo Laredo
1610 WQA200 CBP Information Laredo
Long range AM stations

The following Clear Channel AM stations can be heard in Laredo:

Frequency Callsign Brand City of License
680 KKYX Country Legends 680 San Antonio
720 KSAH Norteño 720 San Antonio
740 KTRH Newsradio 740 KTRH Houston
760 KTKR Ticket 760 AM San Antonio
990 XET La T Grande Monterrey
1030 KCTA KCTA 1030 AM Corpus Christi
1050 XEG Ranchera de Monterrey Monterrey
1140 XEMR MR Deportes Monterrey
1200 WOAI News Radio 1200 San Antonio
1210 KUBR Radio Cristiana San Juan
1530 KGBT La Tremenda 1530 Harlingen

FM radio

Frequency Callsign Brand Format City of License
88.1 KHOY Catholic Radio Religious Laredo
88.9 XHLDO Radio Tamaulipas Public Radio Nuevo Laredo
89.9 KBNL Radio Manantial Spanish religious Laredo
91.3 XHNOE Stereo 91 Spanish Contemporary Nuevo Laredo
92.7 KJBZ Z93 Tejano Laredo
93.7 "XHNLT"PR Radio Estereo Uncion FM Christian Radio Nuevo Laredo
94.1 XHTLN Imagen / RMX Laredo Talk / Contemporary Nuevo Laredo
94.9 KQUR Digital 94.9 Spanish Pop Laredo
95.3 XHLPZ La Traviesa Spanish Regional Lampazos
95.7 XHBK Mega 95.7 Spanish Contemporary Nuevo Laredo
96.5 "XHTWO"PR Radio Two Norteño Nuevo Laredo
97.1 XHNLO La Caliente Norteño Nuevo Laredo
98.1 KRRG Big Buck Country Country Laredo
99.3 XHNK 40 Principales Top 40 Nuevo Laredo
100.1 none The Blitz Classic Rock and Heavy Metal Laredo
100.5 KBDR La Ley Tejano Laredo
101.5 XHAS Ke Buena Norteño Nuevo Laredo
102.3 XHMW Stereo Vida AC/Oldies Nuevo Laredo
102.9 nonePR La Guerrera de la Frontera International Nuevo Laredo
103.3 nonePR XRock Classic rock Nuevo Laredo
104.5 nonePR 2 Beat Electronica Nuevo Laredo
104.9 XHNLR Radio UAT University Radio Nuevo Laredo
105.1 nonePR RN Radio Spanish Nuevo Laredo
105.5 nonePR Mas Musica Spanish Nuevo Laredo
106.1 KNEX Hot 106.1 Urban / Rhythmic Top 40 Laredo
106.5 nonePR Radio Voz Norteño Nuevo Laredo
107.3 XHGTS 107.3 Me Gusta Spanish Pop Nuevo Laredo
162.55 WXK26 NOAA Weather Radio Weather Laredo

PR:Suspected pirate radio stations since they are not licensed with Federal Communications Commission (FCC) in the United States or COFETEL in Mexico.[116][117] Some pirate stations are suspected, due to the fact other licensed stations nearby share the same frequency, such as 106.5 Radio Voz and KMAE from nearby Bruni, Texas and 103.3 Radio 33 and XHAHU-FM from nearby Anáhuac, Nuevo León, each city less than 50 miles from Laredo.


Health care

Laredo Medical Center, formerly Mercy Hospital, is the largest hospital in Laredo.
Doctor's Hospital in Laredo
Laredo Specialty Hospital, near the Laredo Medical Center, handles certain patients requiring long-term care.

In addition to the University of Texas Health Science Center branch, there are five other principal medical centers in Laredo: the Laredo Medical Center, Doctor's Hospital, Gateway Community Health Center, Providence Surgical & Medical Center, and the Laredo Specialty Hospital.

Doctors Hospital[118] is Laredo's second-largest medical center. The hospital complex is over 250,000 square feet (23,000 m2), with 180 licensed beds on a 58-acre (23 ha) campus. Affiliated with Universal Health Services, it is on Loop 20 in north Laredo. The Doctors Regional Cancer Treatment Center offers comprehensive cancer services.

The Providence Surgical & Medical Center[119] is an ambulatory health care center in north-central Laredo and also owned by Universal Health Services.

The Gateway Community Health Center[120] is the third-largest medical center in Laredo. The health center's main building is 64,000 square feet (5,900 m2). The Medical center moved to its new $11,000,000 building in 2006. The main Gateway Community Health Center is in East Laredo, close to U.S. Highway 59. It also has three branches in the Laredo area: the South Clinic, El Cenizo Community Center, and Quad City Community Center.

Gateway Community Health Center services include:

The Laredo Specialty Hospital[121] is the fourth-largest medical center in Laredo. It is owned by Ernest Health Inc. and was founded by Elmo Lopez Jr. on May 22, 2006. It admitted its first patient within hours of operation. The grand opening took place in March 2007.


In 2016, 82.3 percent of working Laredo residents commuted by driving alone, 10.2 percent carpooled, 0.9 percent used public transportation, and 1.9 percent walked. About 2 percent of working Laredo residents commuted by all other means, including taxi, bicycle, and motorcycles. About 2.6 percent worked at home.[122]

In 2015, 6.5 percent of city of Laredo households were without a car, which decreased slightly to 5.9 percent in 2016. The national average was 8.7 percent in 2016. Laredo averaged 1.85 cars per household in 2016, compared to a national average of 1.8 per household.[123]


Laredo International Airport
Tex-Mex Railway International Bridge view from Laredo

Laredo is served by the Laredo International Airport. Daily flights are available to Houston (George Bush Intercontinental Airport) and to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport. Tri-weekly flights to Las Vegas, Nevada are available. After Laredo Air Force Base closed in the mid-1970s, the federal government handed over the old air force base and property to the City of Laredo for a new municipal airport. From the mid-1970s until the mid-1990s, the airport used a small terminal for passenger airline service and several old hangars for air cargo and private aircraft. A new state-of-the art passenger terminal was built along the then newly constructed Loop 20 to accommodate larger jets and to increase passenger air travel through Laredo. Expansion of air cargo facilities, taxiways and aprons, air cargo carriers such as DHL, FedEx, UPS, BAX, and others have responded by adding commercial air cargo jet services. Laredo also has two medical helipads, at Laredo Medical Center and Doctor's Hospital.

Mass transit

El Metro is the public transit system that operates in the city with 21 fixed routes and Paratransit services, with approximately 4.6 million passengers per year. El Metro works with a fleet of over 47 fixed route buses, 2 trolleys and 18 Paratransit/El Lift vans. The El Metro hub is in downtown Laredo at El Metro Transit Center. The center also houses Greyhound Lines and provides fee-based daily parking for downtown shoppers and workers.

Rural transit

Rural transportation is provided by the Webb County operated "El Aguila Rural Transportation" (the Eagle) bus services. El Aguila serves fixed daily routes from rural communities (Bruni, El Cenizo, Mirando City, Oilton, and Rio Bravo) to the downtown El Metro Transit Center.

International bridges

Road bridges

Bridge Bridge number Location Pedestrians Non-commercial vehicles Commercial vehicles
Gateway to the Americas International Bridge 1 San Agustin Historical District Yes Yes No
Juárez–Lincoln International Bridge 2 Southern terminus of Interstate 35 No Yes limited (e.g. buses)
Colombia-Solidarity International Bridge 3 Nuevo León, Mexico / Texas border Yes Yes Yes
World Trade International Bridge 4 Northern Terminus of Loop 20 No No Yes


Bridge Bridge number Location Pedestrians Non-commercial vehicles Commercial vehicles
South Laredo International Bridge project 5 South Laredo area No Yes No

Rail bridges

Bridge Bridge number Location
Texas-Mexican Railway International Bridge (Laredo International Railway Bridge) 1 Southwest Laredo, Texas
Texas-Mexican Railway International Bridge 2 (Right Next to Laredo International Railway Bridge 1) (Currently Under Construction As of April 11, 2023.) Southwest Laredo, Texas


Bridge Bridge number Location
Union Pacific International Railway Bridge project 2 Northwest Laredo area
Laredo-Colombia International Railway Bridge 3 3 Nuevo León / Texas border

Major highways

Major highways in Laredo and their starting and ending points:

Major highways in Nuevo Laredo and their starting and ending points:

Notable people

Born in Laredo

Tom DeLay, the Republican House Majority Leader from 2003 to 2006, was born in Laredo.

Other notable people

Sister cities

During the month of July, Laredo sponsors the Laredo International Sister Cities Festival, which was founded in 2003. The festival is an international business, trade, tourism, and cultural expo. All of Laredo's sister cities are invited to participate. In 2004, the Laredo International Sister Cities Festival received the best overall Program award from the Sister Cities International.[125]

Laredo's sister cities are:[126]

See also


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1991 to 2020.
  2. ^ Records for Laredo observed at:[20]
    • Fort McIntosh, Texas from November 15, 1902–December 31, 1931
    • Laredo City Weather Bureau Office (precipitation only), January 1932–February 1944
    • Two differing locations, March 1944–December 2009
    • Laredo International Airport since January 2010
  3. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[26]


  1. ^ "Dr. Victor D. Treviño Mayor Term December 2022 to November 2026". City of Laredo. January 3, 2022.
  2. ^ "Democratic Party who filed for the March 2020 primary elections". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  3. ^ "Government". City of Laredo. Retrieved April 29, 2022.
  4. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  5. ^ "List of 2020 Census Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
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