West Virginia House of Delegates
85th West Virginia Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 13, 2021[1]
Leadership
Roger Hanshaw (R)
since August 29, 2018
Speaker pro tempore
Gary Howell (R)
since December 1, 2020
Majority Leader
Amy Summers (R)
since December 10, 2018
Minority Leader
Doug Skaff (D)
since November 30, 2020
Structure
Seats100
Composition of the West Virginia House of Delegates
Political groups
Majority
  Republican (78)

Minority

  Democratic (22)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle VI, West Virginia Constitution
Salary$20,000/year + per diem
Elections
Plurality voting in single-member districts (post-2022)
Last election
November 8, 2022
(100 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2024
(100 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
WV-House-of-Delegate.jpg
House of Delegates Chamber
West Virginia State Capitol
Charleston, West Virginia
Website
wvlegislature.gov

The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. Only three states—Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia—refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.

Organization

Regular sessions begin with an organizational day on the second Wednesday of January of each year.[2] The length of regular session is limited to 60 calendar days.[2] The governor can call for special sessions.[2]

Delegates are elected for terms of two years.[2]

Legislative process

Delegates submit bill proposals to the Office of Legislative Services or legislative staff counsel, who draft the bill.[3] Once the bill draft is approved by the delegate, it is submitted for introduction.[3] Bills then undergo committee review and three readings in the house of origin and then the other house of the state legislature.[3]

An unusual feature of the West Virginia legislative process is that revenue bills can originate in either house.[2] The state constitution also prohibits multiple subjects in a single bill.[2]

If approved by both the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia Senate, bills are submitted to the governor, who may sign them into law or veto them.[2] State legislators can override the governor's veto of bills with a simple majority vote of both houses, unless the bill is a revenue bill, in which case two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto or line-item veto.[2]

Membership

Historical

Main article: Political party strength in West Virginia

Affiliation (Elected) Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Other
81st Legislature (2012) 54 46 100 0
53 47[note 1] 100 0
82nd Legislature (2014) 36 64 100 0
83rd Legislature (2016) 36 63 100 1 (Independent)
36 64[note 2] 100 0
84th Legislature (2018) 41 59 100 0
41 58[note 3] 100 1 (Independent)
85th Legislature (2020) 24 76 100 0
23 77[note 4] 100 0
23 76[note 5] 99 0
23 77[note 6] 100 0
22 78[note 7] 100 0
Latest voting share 22% 78%
  1. ^ Ryan Ferns (District 3) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Republican.
  2. ^ Rupert Phillips (District 24) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Independent to Republican.
  3. ^ Marshall Wilson (District 60) changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent.
  4. ^ Jason Barrett (District 61) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican.
  5. ^ Derrick Evans (District 19) resigned after being arrested for his participation in the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.
  6. ^ Josh Booth (District 19) was appointed to replace Derrick Evans, who resigned after being arrested for his participation in the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.
  7. ^ Mick Bates (District 30) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican.

District organization

Prior to the 1970 Census, districts always respected county lines, with districts always consisting of either a single entire county, or several entire counties. Beginning with that year, the state began to use smaller geographic areas.

In response to the 2010 Census, the Legislature was required to redistrict, with the Democratic Party in control. The Republican Party, and groups from the growing eastern panhandle and Putnam County were among those calling for 100 single member districts. Eventually redistricting was adopted, which divided the state into 67 districts, of which 47 were one-member districts, 11 two-member districts, 6 three-member districts, 2 four-member districts, and 1 five-member district. The five-member district, covering most of Monongalia County, remained among the ten largest multi-member lower house districts in the country.

In response to the 2020 Census, the Legislature was again required to redistrict, this time with the Republican Party in control. The Legislature abandoned the practice of multi-member districts and divided the state into 100 single member districts. Each district contains about 1/100th of the state's population, or about 17,500 persons. These changes will take effect with the 2022 election.[4]

Speaker

See also: List of speakers of the West Virginia House of Delegates

The Speaker of the House is selected by its members. In contrast to the tradition of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the Speaker must vote unless excused. The House rules state that in some cases, the speaker is not required to vote unless the House is equally divided, or unless the speaker's vote, if given to the minority, will make the division equal. In the latter case, the question is lost.

Members

Current party leadership

Position Name Party District County
Speaker of the House Roger Hanshaw Republican 33 Clay
Speaker pro tempore of the House of Delegates Gary Howell Republican 56 Mineral
Majority Leader Amy Summers Republican 49 Taylor
Minority Leader Doug Skaff Democratic 35 Kanawha
Majority Whip Paul Espinosa Republican 66 Jefferson
Minority Whip Shawn Fluharty Democratic 3 Ohio

Committee chairs and ranking members

Committee Chair Minority Chair
Agriculture and
Natural Resources
Agriculture Chris Phillips Ric Griffith
Natural Resources Mark Dean Evan Hansen
Banking and Insurance Steve Westfall Larry Rowe
Coalfield Communities* Mark Dean Ed Evans
Education Joe Ellington Sean Hornbuckle
Energy and Manufacturing Bill Anderson Ed Evans
Enrolled Bills Dean Jeffries N/A
Finance Eric Householder Brent Boggs
Fire Departments and EMS Joe Statler Dave Pethtel
Government Organization Brandon Steele Phil Diserio
Health and Human Services Matthew Rohrbach Mike Pushkin
Interstate Cooperation Erikka Storch N/A
Jails and Prisons* David Kelly Joey Garcia
Judiciary Moore Capito Chad Lovejoy
Pensions and Retirement Erikka Storch Dave Pethtel
Political Subdivisions Carl Martin John Williams
Prevention and Treatment of
Substance Abuse
Kayla Kessinger Danielle Walker
Redistricting* Gary Howell N/A
Rules Roger Hanshaw N/A
Senior, Children, and Family Issues Ruth Rowan Lisa Zukoff
Small Business, Entrepreneurship,
and Economic Development
Ben Queen Kayla Young
Technology and Infrastructure Daniel Linville Cody Thompson
Tourism and Economic Diversification* Gary Howell N/A
Veteran Affairs and
Homeland Security
Veteran Affairs Roy Cooper Barbara Fleischauer
Homeland Security D. Rolland Jennings Mike Pushkin
Workforce Development Mark Zatezalo Shawn Fluharty
*Select Committee

Current members

District Delegate Party Since Residence Counties represented[5]
1 Pat McGeehan Republican 2014 Chester Brooke, Hancock
Mark Zatezalo Republican 2020 Wierton
2 Phil Diserio Democratic 2016 Follansbee Brooke, Ohio
3 Shawn Fluharty Democratic 2014 Wheeling Ohio
Erikka Lynn Storch Republican 2010 Wheeling
4 Charlie Reynolds Republican 2020 Moundsville Marshall
Lisa Zukoff Democratic 2018 Moundsville
5 Dave Pethtel Democratic 1998 Burton Monongalia, Wetzel
6 David Kelly Republican 2018 Sistersville Doddridge, Pleasants, Tyler
7 Trenton Barnhart Republican 2019 St. Marys Pleasants, Ritchie
8 Bill Anderson Republican 1992 Williamstown Wood
9 Shannon Kimes Republican 2020 Rockport Wirt, Wood
10 Roger Conley Republican 2020 Vienna Wood
Vernon Criss Republican 2016 Parkersburg
John R. Kelly Republican 2014 Parkersburg
11 Riley Keaton Republican 2020 Spencer Jackson, Roane
12 Steve Westfall Republican 2012 Ripley Jackson
13 Kathie Hess Crouse Republican 2021 Buffalo Jackson, Mason, Putnam
Jonathan Pinson Republican 2020 Point Pleasant
14 Johnnie Wamsley Republican 2020 Point Pleasant Mason, Putnam
15 Geoff Foster Republican 2014 Winfield Putnam
16 Sean Hornbuckle Democratic 2014 Huntington Cabell, Lincoln
Daniel Linville Republican 2018 Milton
John Mandt Republican 2020 Huntington
17 Chad Lovejoy Democratic 2016 Huntington Cabell, Wayne
Matthew Rohrbach Republican 2014 Huntington
18 Evan Worrell Republican 2018 Barboursville Cabell
19 Josh Booth Republican 2021 Ceredo Wayne
Ric Griffith Democratic 2020 Kenova
20 Nathan Brown Democratic 2018 Williamson Logan, Mingo
21 Mark Dean Republican 2016 Gilbert McDowell, Mingo, Wyoming
22 Jarred Cannon Republican 2022 Hurricane Boone, Lincoln, Logan, Putnam
Zack Maynard Republican 2016 Harts
23 Josh Holstein Republican 2020 Ashford Boone
24 Jordan Bridges Republican 2020 Logan Boone, Logan, Wyoming
Margitta Mazzocchi Republican 2020 Chapmanville
25 Tony Paynter Republican 2016 Hanover McDowell, Mercer, Wyoming
26 Ed Evans Democratic 2016 Welch McDowell, Mercer
27 Joe Ellington Republican 2010 Princeton Mercer, Raleigh
Marty Gearheart Republican 2020 Bluefield
Doug Smith Republican 2020 Princeton
28 Roy Cooper Republican 2012 Wayside Monroe, Raleigh, Summers
Jordan Maynor Republican 2021 Beaver
29 Brandon Steele Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh
30 Mick Bates Republican 2014 Beckley Raleigh
31 Chris Toney Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh, Wyoming
32 Tom Fast Republican 2014 Fayetteville Clay, Fayette, Kanawha, Nicholas, Raleigh
Austin Haynes Republican 2020 Oak Hill
Kayla Kessinger Republican 2014 Mt. Hope
33 Roger Hanshaw Republican 2014 Wallback Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer
34 Brent Boggs Democratic 1996 Gassaway Braxton, Gilmer
35 Andrew Anderson Republican 2022 Charleston Kanawha
Moore Capito Republican 2016 Charleston
Doug Skaff Democratic 2018 South Charleston
Kayla Young Democratic 2020 South Charleston
36 Jim Barach Democratic 2020 Charleston Kanawha
Chris Pritt Republican 2020 Charleston
Larry Rowe Democratic 2014 Malden
37 Mike Pushkin Democratic 2014 Charleston Kanawha
38 Dianna Graves Republican 2017 Cross Lanes Kanawha, Putnam
39 Dana Ferrell Republican 2020 Sissonville Kanawha
40 Dean Jeffries Republican 2018 Elkview Kanawha
41 Heather Tully Republican 2020 Summersville Greenbrier, Nicholas
42 Michael Honaker Republican 2021 Lewisburg Greenbrier, Monroe, Summers
Todd Longanacre Republican 2020 Caldwell
43 Ty Nestor Republican 2020 Elkins Pocahontas, Randolph
Cody Thompson Democratic 2018 Elkins
44 Caleb Hanna Republican 2018 Fenwick Nicholas, Randolph, Upshur, Webster
45 Carl Martin Republican 2018 Buckhannon Upshur
46 Adam Burkhammer Republican 2020 Horner Lewis, Upshur
47 Chris Phillips Republican 2018 Buckhannon Barbour, Tucker
48 Danny Hamrick Republican 2012 Lost Creek Harrison, Taylor
Laura Kimble Republican 2020 Bridgeport
Ben Queen Republican 2016 Bridgeport
Clay Riley Republican 2020 Shinnston
49 Amy Summers Republican 2014 Flemington Marion, Monongalia, Taylor
50 Joey Garcia Democratic 2020 Fairmont Marion
Phil Mallow Republican 2020 Fairmont
Guy Ward Republican 2020 White Hall
51 Barbara Fleischauer Democratic 2006 Morgantown Monongalia
Evan Hansen Democratic 2018 Morgantown
Joe Statler Republican 2020 Core
Danielle Walker Democratic 2018 Morgantown
John Williams Democratic 2016 Morgantown
52 Terri Funk Sypolt Republican 2016 Kingwood Preston
53 D. Rolland Jennings Republican 2017 Thornton Preston, Tucker
54 John Paul Hott Republican 2018 Petersburg Grant, Mineral, Pendleton
55 Bryan Ward Republican 2020 Fisher Hardy, Pendleton
56 Gary Howell Republican 2010 Keyser Mineral
57 Ruth Rowan Republican 2004 Points Hampshire, Mineral
58 George A. Miller Republican 2020 Berkeley Springs Hampshire, Morgan
59 Ken Reed Republican 2020 Hedgesville Berkeley, Morgan
60 Don Forsht Republican 2020 Gerrardstown Berkeley
61 Jason Barrett Republican 2016 Martinsburg Berkeley
62 Chuck Horst Republican 2020 Falling Waters Berkeley
63 John Hardy Republican 2018 Shepherdstown Berkeley
64 Eric Householder Republican 2010 Martinsburg Berkeley
65 Wayne Clark Republican 2020 Charles Town Jefferson
66 Paul Espinosa Republican 2012 Charles Town Jefferson
67 John Doyle Democratic 2018 Shepherdstown Jefferson

See also

References

  1. ^ "West Virginia Legislature". Retrieved April 22, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h West Virginia Constitution, West Virginia Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  3. ^ a b c How a Bill Becomes Law, West Virginia State Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  4. ^ "Bill Status - Complete Bill History".
  5. ^ "Senate District Maps - 2010 Plan". West Virginia Legislature. Retrieved July 7, 2016.

Coordinates: 38°20′9.8″N 81°36′41.5″W / 38.336056°N 81.611528°W / 38.336056; -81.611528