West Virginia House of Delegates
86th West Virginia Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Term limits
New session started
January 11, 2023
Roger Hanshaw (R)
since August 29, 2018
Paul Espinosa (R)
since January 11, 2023
Eric Householder (R)
since January 11, 2023
Sean Hornbuckle (D)
since August 8, 2023
West Virginia_House of Delegates April_2023.svg
Political groups
  Republican (89)


  Democratic (11)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle VI, West Virginia Constitution
Salary$20,000/year + per diem
Plurality voting in single-member districts
Last election
November 8, 2022
(100 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2024
(100 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
House of Delegates Chamber
West Virginia State Capitol
Charleston, West Virginia

The West Virginia House of Delegates is the lower house of the West Virginia Legislature. Only three states—Maryland, Virginia and West Virginia—refer to their lower house as the House of Delegates.


Regular sessions begin with an organizational day on the second Wednesday of January of each year.[1] The length of regular session is limited to 60 calendar days.[1] The governor can call for special sessions.[1]

Delegates are elected for terms of two years.[1]

Legislative process

Delegates submit bill proposals to the Office of Legislative Services or legislative staff counsel, who draft the bill.[2] Once the bill draft is approved by the delegate, it is submitted for introduction.[2] Bills then undergo committee review and three readings in the house of origin and then the other house of the state legislature.[2]

An unusual feature of the West Virginia legislative process is that revenue bills can originate in either house.[1] The state constitution also prohibits multiple subjects in a single bill.[1]

If approved by both the West Virginia House of Delegates and the West Virginia Senate, bills are submitted to the governor, who may sign them into law or veto them.[1] State legislators can override the governor's veto of bills with a simple majority vote of both houses, unless the bill is a revenue bill, in which case two-thirds of the members elected to each house are required to override the governor's veto or line-item veto.[1]



Main article: Political party strength in West Virginia

Affiliation (Elected) Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Democratic Republican Other
81st Legislature (2012) 54 46 100 0
53 47[note 1] 100 0
82nd Legislature (2014) 36 64 100 0
83rd Legislature (2016) 36 63 100 1 (Independent)
36 64[note 2] 100 0
84th Legislature (2018) 41 59 100 0
41 58[note 3] 100 1 (Independent)
85th Legislature (2020) 24 76 100 0
23 77[note 4] 100 0
23 76[note 5] 99 0
23 77[note 6] 100 0
22 78[note 7] 100 0
86th Legislature (2022) 12 88 100 0
11 89[note 8][3] 100 0
Latest voting share 11% 89%
  1. ^ Ryan Ferns (District 3) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Republican.
  2. ^ Rupert Phillips (District 24) changed party affiliation from Democratic to Independent to Republican.
  3. ^ Marshall Wilson (District 60) changed party affiliation from Republican to Independent.
  4. ^ Jason Barrett (District 61) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican.
  5. ^ Derrick Evans (District 19) resigned after being arrested for his participation in the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.
  6. ^ Josh Booth (District 19) was appointed to replace Derrick Evans, who resigned after being arrested for his participation in the 2021 storming of the United States Capitol.
  7. ^ Mick Bates (District 30) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican.
  8. ^ Elliott Pritt (District 50) changed party affiliation from Democrat to Republican.

District organization

Prior to the 1970 Census, districts always respected county lines, with districts always consisting of either a single entire county, or several entire counties. Beginning with that year, the state began to use smaller geographic areas.

In response to the 2010 Census, the Legislature was required to redistrict, with the Democratic Party in control. The Republican Party, and groups from the growing eastern panhandle and Putnam County were among those calling for 100 single member districts. Eventually redistricting was adopted, which divided the state into 67 districts, of which 47 were one-member districts, 11 two-member districts, 6 three-member districts, 2 four-member districts, and 1 five-member district. The five-member district, covering most of Monongalia County, remained among the ten largest multi-member lower house districts in the country.

In response to the 2020 Census, the Legislature was again required to redistrict, this time with the Republican Party in control. The Legislature abandoned the practice of multi-member districts and divided the state into 100 single member districts. Each district contains about 1/100th of the state's population, or about 17,500 persons. These changes took effect with the 2022 election.[4]


See also: List of speakers of the West Virginia House of Delegates

The Speaker of the House is selected by its members. In contrast to the tradition of the Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, the Speaker must vote unless excused. The House rules state that in some cases, the speaker is not required to vote unless the House is equally divided, or unless the speaker's vote, if given to the minority, will make the division equal. In the latter case, the question is lost.


86th Legislature party leadership

Position Name Party District County
Speaker of the House Roger Hanshaw Republican 62nd Clay
Speaker pro tempore Paul Espinosa Republican 98th Jefferson
Majority Leader Eric Householder Republican 96th Berkeley
Minority Leader Sean Hornbuckle Democratic 25th Cabell
Majority Whip Marty Gearheart Republican 37th Mercer
Minority Whip Shawn Fluharty Democratic 5th Ohio

Committee chairs and ranking members

Committee Chair Minority Chair
Agriculture and
Natural Resources
Agriculture Ty Nestor Ric Griffith
Natural Resources Chuck Horst Evan Hansen
Banking and Insurance Banking Trenton Barnhart Larry Rowe
Insurance Steve Westfall
Economic Development and Tourism Gary Howell Doug Skaff
Education Joe Ellington Sean Hornbuckle
Energy and Manufacturing Bill Anderson Evan Hansen
Finance Vernon Criss Larry Rowe
Fire Departments and EMS Phil Mallow Vacant
Government Organization Chris Phillips Kayla Young
Health and Human Services Amy Summers Mike Pushkin
Jails and Prisons* David Kelly Joey Garcia
Judiciary Moore Capito Joey Garcia
Pensions and Retirement Marty Gearheart Sean Hornbuckle
Political Subdivisions Carl Martin John Williams
Rules Roger Hanshaw Doug Skaff
Senior, Children, and Family Issues Margitta Mazzocchi Ric Griffith
Technology and Infrastructure Daniel Linville John Williams
Veteran Affairs and
Homeland Security
Veteran Affairs Roy Cooper Ric Griffith
Homeland Security D. Rolland Jennings Mike Pushkin
Workforce Development Evan Worrell Kayla Young
*Select Committee

Current members

Current House composition by district:
  Held by Democrats
  Held by Republicans
District Delegate Party Since Residence Counties represented[5]
1 Pat McGeehan Republican 2014 Chester Brooke, Hancock
2 Mark Zatezalo Republican 2020 Weirton
3 Jimmy Willis Republican 2022 Wellsburg Brooke, Ohio
4 Diana Winzenreid Republican 2023 Wheeling Ohio
5 Shawn Fluharty Democratic 2014 Wheeling
6 Charlie Reynolds Republican 2020 Moundsville Marshall
7 Charles Sheedy Republican 2022 Cameron Marshall, Wetzel
8 David Kelly Republican 2018 Sistersville Doddridge, Tyler, Wetzel
9 Trenton Barnhart Republican 2019 St. Marys Pleasants, Ritchie, Tyler
10 Bill Anderson Republican 1992 Williamstown Wood
11 Bob Fehrenbacher Republican 2022 Vienna
12 Vernon Criss Republican 2016 Parkersburg
13 Scot Heckert Republican 2022 Parkersburg
14 Dave Foggin Republican 2022 Belleville Wirt, Wood
15 Riley Keaton Republican 2020 Spencer Roane, Wirt
16 Steve Westfall Republican 2012 Ripley Jackson
17 Jonathan Pinson Republican 2020 Point Pleasant Jackson, Mason
18 Jim Butler Republican 2022 Gallipolis Ferry Mason, Putnam
19 Kathie Hess Crouse Republican 2021 Buffalo Putnam
20 Geoff Foster Republican 2014 Winfield
21 Jarred Cannon Republican 2022 Hurricane
22 Daniel Linville Republican 2018 Milton Cabell
23 Evan Worrell Republican 2018 Barboursville
24 Patrick Lucas Republican 2022 Barboursville
25 Sean Hornbuckle Democratic 2014 Huntington
26 Matthew Rohrbach Republican 2014 Huntington
27 Ric Griffith Democratic 2020 Kenova Cabell, Wayne
28 Mark Ross Republican 2022 Prichard Wayne
29 Henry Dillon Republican 2022 Fort Gay Mingo, Wayne
30 David Adkins Republican 2022 Hamlin Lincoln
31 Margitta Mazzocchi Republican 2020 Chapmanville Boone, Lincoln, Logan
32 Josh Holstein Republican 2020 Ashford Boone
33 Jordan Bridges Republican 2020 Logan Logan
34 Mark Dean Republican 2016 Gilbert McDowell, Mingo
35 Adam Vance Republican 2022 Brenton Wyoming
36 Anita Hall Republican 2022 Welch McDowell
37 Marty Gearheart Republican 2020 Bluefield Mercer
38 Joe Ellington Republican 2010 Princeton
39 Doug Smith Republican 2020 Princeton
40 Roy Cooper Republican 2012 Wayside Monroe, Summers
41 Jordan Maynor Republican 2021 Beaver Mercer, Raleigh, Summers
42 Brandon Steele Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh
43 Chris Toney Republican 2018 Beckley Raleigh, Wyoming
44 Todd Kirby Republican 2022 Beckley Raleigh
45 Eric Brooks Republican 2022 Mount Hope Fayette, Raleigh
46 Michael Honaker Republican 2021 Lewisburg Greenbrier, Pocahontas
47 Todd Longanacre Republican 2020 Caldwell Greenbrier, Monroe
48 Caleb Hanna Republican 2018 Fenwick Greenbrier, Nicholas, Webster
49 Heather Tully Republican 2020 Summersville Nicholas
50 Elliott Pritt Republican 2022 Oak Hill Fayette
51 Tom Fast Republican 2014 Fayetteville
52 Larry Rowe Democratic 2014 Malden Kanawha
53 Chris Pritt Republican 2020 Charleston
54 Mike Pushkin Democratic 2014 Charleston
55 Moore Capito Republican 2016 Charleston
56 Kayla Young Democratic 2020 South Charleston
57 Doug Skaff Democratic 2018 South Charleston
58 Walter Hall Republican 2022 St. Albans
59 Andy Shamblin Republican 2022 Nitro
60 Dana Ferrell Republican 2020 Sissonville
61 Dean Jeffries Republican 2018 Elkview
62 Roger Hanshaw Republican 2014 Wallback Calhoun, Clay, Gilmer
63 Lori Dittman Republican 2022 Gassaway Braxton, Gilmer
64 Adam Burkhammer Republican 2020 Horner Lewis, Upshur
65 Carl Martin Republican 2018 Buckhannon Upshur
66 Ty Nestor Republican 2020 Elkins Pocahontas, Randolph
67 Elias Coop-Gonzalez Republican 2022 Elkins Pendleton, Randolph
68 Chris Phillips Republican 2018 Buckhannon Barbour, Upshur
69 Keith Marple Republican 2022 Lost Creek Harrison, Lewis
70 Mickey Petitto Republican 2022 Clarksburg Harrison
71 Laura Kimble Republican 2020 Bridgeport
72 Clay Riley Republican 2020 Shinnston Harrison, Wetzel
73 Amy Summers Republican 2014 Flemington Marion, Taylor
74 Mike DeVault Republican 2022 Fairmont Marion
75 Phil Mallow Republican 2020 Fairmont
76 Joey Garcia Democratic 2020 Fairmont
77 Joe Statler Republican 2020 Core Monongalia, Wetzel
78 Geno Chiarelli Republican 2022 Morgantown Monongalia
79 Evan Hansen Democratic 2018 Morgantown
80 John Williams Democratic 2016 Morgantown
81 Anitra Hamilton Democratic 2023 Morgantown
82 Debbie Warner Republican 2022 Morgantown
83 George Street Republican 2022 Masontown Preston
84 D. Rolland Jennings Republican 2017 Thornton
85 John Paul Hott Republican 2018 Petersburg Grant, Tucker
86 Bryan Ward Republican 2020 Fisher Hardy, Pendleton
87 Gary Howell Republican 2010 Keyser Mineral
88 Rick Hillenbrand Republican 2022 Romney Hampshire, Mineral
89 Darren Thorne Republican 2022 Romney Hampshire, Morgan
90 George A. Miller Republican 2020 Berkeley Springs Berkeley, Morgan
91 Don Forsht Republican 2020 Gerrardstown Berkeley
92 Michael Hite Republican 2022 Martinsburg
93 Michael Hornby Republican 2022 Martinsburg
94 Larry Kump Republican 2022 Falling Waters
95 Chuck Horst Republican 2020 Falling Waters
96 Eric Householder Republican 2010 Martinsburg
97 John Hardy Republican 2018 Shepherdstown Berkeley, Jefferson
98 Paul Espinosa Republican 2012 Charles Town Jefferson
99 Wayne Clark Republican 2020 Charles Town
100 William Ridenour Republican 2022 Harpers Ferry


See also


38°20′9.8″N 81°36′41.5″W / 38.336056°N 81.611528°W / 38.336056; -81.611528

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h West Virginia Constitution, West Virginia Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  2. ^ a b c How a Bill Becomes Law, West Virginia State Legislature (accessed May 29, 2013)
  3. ^ Ben Wilson (April 18, 2023). "Another One: Fourth Democrat State Legislator Switches Party in a Month". Washington Free Beacon.
  4. ^ "Bill Status - Complete Bill History".
  5. ^ "House Select Committee on Redistricting 2021" (PDF). West Virginia Legislature.