Minnesota House of Representatives
93rd Minnesota Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 3, 2023 (2023-01-03)
Leadership
Melissa Hortman (DFL)
since January 8, 2019
Speaker pro tempore
Dan Wolgamott (DFL)
since January 3, 2023
Jamie Long (DFL)
since January 3, 2023
Lisa Demuth (R)
since January 3, 2023
Structure
Seats134
Political groups
  •   DFL (70)
  •   Republican (64)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Minnesota Constitution
Salary$51,750/year + per diem [1]
Elections
First-past-the-post
Last election
November 8, 2022
Next election
November 5, 2024
RedistrictingLegislative control
Meeting place
House of Representatives chamber
Minnesota State Capitol
Saint Paul, Minnesota
Website
www.house.mn

The Minnesota House of Representatives is the lower house of the U.S. state of Minnesota's legislature. It operates in conjunction with the Minnesota Senate, the state's upper house, to craft and pass legislation, which is then subject to approval by the governor of Minnesota.

Established in 1858, the Minnesota House of Representatives has 134 members elected from single-member districts across the state. Representatives serve two-year terms without term limits, with all seats up for election every two years. The House is led by the Speaker, who is elected by members of the House, while political party leadership is governed by the Majority and Minority Leaders.

The Minnesota House of Representatives meets in the north wing of the State Capitol in Saint Paul. Member and staff offices, as well as most committee hearings, are in the nearby State Office Building.

History

The Minnesota House of Representatives was officially established on May 11, 1858, when Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state in the Union. It replaced the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. It was formed alongside the Minnesota Senate to create the Minnesota State Legislature, the bicameral legislative body of the state.

In 1913, Minnesota legislators began to be elected on nonpartisan ballots. While campaigning and caucusing, legislators identified themselves as "Liberals" or "Conservatives." In 1973, a law change brought party designations back, beginning with the 1974 Minnesota House of Representatives election.[2]

After the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920, women were eligible for election to the legislature. In 1922, Mabeth Hurd Paige, Hannah Kempfer, Sue Metzger Dickey Hough, and Myrtle Cain were elected to the House of Representatives.[3] As of 2023, a record-high 54 women serve in the House.[4]

Elections

Each Senate district is divided in half and given the suffix A or B (for example, House district 32B is in Senate district 32). Members are elected to two-year terms.[5] Districts are redrawn after the decennial United States Census in time for the primary and general elections in years ending in 2. The most recent election was on November 8, 2022.

Composition

93rd Minnesota Legislature (2023–2025)
Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic–
Farmer–Labor
Republican
End of the previous Legislature 70 64 134 0
Begin 2023 70 64 134 0
September 1, 2023[6] 69 133 1
December 5, 2023[7] 70 134 0
February 11, 2024[8] 63 133 1
March 19, 2024[9] 64 134 0
Latest voting share 52.2% 47.8%

Members, 2023–24

House districts by party
  DFL
  Republican

The 2023–24 Minnesota Legislature was sworn into office on January 3, 2023 with 70 DFL members and 64 Republican members.[10]

The effects of redistricting and a large number of retirements at the end of the previous session resulted in 39 races without an incumbent. 16 races went uncontested, all in noncompetitive districts. In the 2022 Minnesota House of Representatives elections, eight incumbents lost, with five Republicans and three DFLers failing to be reelected.[10]

The 2023-24 class of representatives has 47 newly elected members, or 35% of the total membership. Of those 47, 25 are Republican and 19 are DFL. Three former DFL members returned to the chamber for non-consecutive terms (Jeff Brand, Jerry Newton and Brad Tabke).[10]

On September 1, 2023, DFL Representative Ruth Richardson announced her resignation, effective immediately, from the House to focus on her role at Planned Parenthood.[11] In a special election held on December 5, DFL nominee Bianca Virnig won the seat by 17 points.[12]

On February 11, 2024, Republican Representative Kurt Daudt resigned.[13] In a special election held on March 19, 2024, Republican nominee Bryan Lawrence won the seat by 69 points.[14]

District Name Party Residence First elected
1 A John Burkel Republican Badger 2020
B Deb Kiel Republican Crookston 2010
2 A Matt Grossell Republican Clearbrook 2016
B Matt Bliss Republican Pennington 2016
3 A Roger Skraba Republican Ely 2022
B Natalie Zeleznikar Republican Fredenberg Township 2022
4 A Heather Keeler DFL Moorhead 2020
B Jim Joy Republican Hawley 2022
5 A Krista Knudsen Republican Lake Shore 2022
B Mike Wiener Republican Long Prairie 2022
6 A Ben Davis Republican Merrifield 2022
B Josh Heintzeman Republican Nisswa 2014
7 A Spencer Igo Republican Grand Rapids 2020
B Dave Lislegard DFL Aurora 2018
8 A Liz Olson DFL Duluth 2016
B Alicia Kozlowski DFL Duluth 2022
9 A Jeff Backer Republican Browns Valley 2014
B Tom Murphy Republican Underwood 2022
10 A Ron Kresha Republican Little Falls 2012
B Isaac Schultz Republican Elmdale Township 2022
11 A Jeff Dotseth Republican Kettle River 2022
B Nathan Nelson Republican Hinckley 2019[nb 1]
12 A Paul Anderson Republican Starbuck 2008
B Mary Franson Republican Alexandria 2010
13 A Lisa Demuth Republican Cold Spring 2018
B Tim O'Driscoll Republican Sartell 2010
14 A Bernie Perryman Republican St. Augusta 2022
B Dan Wolgamott DFL St. Cloud 2018
15 A Chris Swedzinski Republican Ghent 2010
B Paul Torkelson Republican Hanska 2008
16 A Dean Urdahl Republican Grove City 2002
B Dave Baker Republican Willmar 2014
17 A Dawn Gillman Republican Dassel 2022
B Bobbie Harder Republican Henderson 2022
18 A Jeff Brand DFL St. Peter 2018
B Luke Frederick DFL Mankato 2020
19 A Brian Daniels Republican Faribault 2014
B John Petersburg Republican Waseca 2012
20 A Pam Altendorf Republican Red Wing 2022
B Steven Jacob Republican Altura 2022
21 A Joe Schomacker Republican Luverne 2010
B Marj Fogelman Republican Fulda 2022
22 A Bjorn Olson Republican Elmore 2020
B Brian Pfarr Republican Le Sueur 2020
23 A Peggy Bennett Republican Albert Lea 2014
B Patricia Mueller Republican Austin 2020
24 A Duane Quam Republican Byron 2010
B Tina Liebling DFL Rochester 2004
25 A Kim Hicks DFL Rochester 2022
B Andy Smith DFL Rochester 2022
26 A Gene Pelowski DFL Winona 1986
B Greg Davids Republican Preston 1991[nb 2]
27 A Shane Mekeland Republican Clear Lake 2018
B Bryan Lawrence Republican Princeton 2024[nb 1]
28 A Brian Johnson Republican Castle Rock 2012
B Anne Neu Republican North Branch 2017[nb 1]
29 A Joe McDonald Republican Delano 2010
B Marion O'Neill Republican Maple Lake 2012
30 A Walter Hudson Republican Albertville 2022
B Paul Novotny Republican Elk River 2020[nb 1]
31 A Harry Niska Republican Ramsey 2022
B Peggy Scott Republican Andover 2008
32 A Nolan West Republican Blaine 2016
B Matt Norris DFL Blaine 2022
33 A Patti Anderson Republican Dellwood 2022
B Josiah Hill DFL Stillwater 2022
34 A Danny Nadeau Republican Rogers 2022
B Melissa Hortman DFL Brooklyn Park 2004
35 A Zack Stephenson DFL Coon Rapids 2018
B Jerry Newton DFL Coon Rapids 2009
36 A Elliott Engen Republican White Bear Township 2022
B Brion Curran DFL Vadnais Heights 2022
37 A Kristin Robbins Republican Maple Grove 2018
B Kristin Bahner DFL Maple Grove 2018
38 A Mike Nelson DFL Brooklyn Park 2002
B Samantha Vang DFL Brooklyn Center 2018
39 A Erin Koegel DFL Spring Lake Park 2016
B Sandra Feist DFL New Brighton 2020
40 A Kelly Moller DFL Shoreview 2018
B Jamie Becker-Finn DFL Roseville 2016
41 A Mark Wiens Republican Lake Elmo 2022
B Shane Hudella Republican Hastings 2022
42 A Ned Carroll DFL Plymouth 2022
B Ginny Klevorn DFL Plymouth 2018
43 A Cedrick Frazier DFL New Hope 2020
B Mike Freiberg DFL Golden Valley 2012
44 A Peter Fischer DFL Maplewood 2012
B Leon Lillie DFL North St. Paul 2004
45 A Andrew Myers Republican Minnetonka Beach 2022
B Patty Acomb DFL Minnetonka 2018
46 A Larry Kraft DFL St. Louis Park 2022
B Cheryl Youakim DFL Hopkins 2014
47 A Amanda Hemmingsen-Jaeger DFL Woodbury 2022
B Ethan Cha DFL Woodbury 2022
48 A Jim Nash Republican Waconia 2014
B Lucy Rehm DFL Chanhassen 2022
49 A Laurie Pryor DFL Minnetonka 2016
B Carlie Kotyza-Witthuhn DFL Eden Prairie 2018
50 A Heather Edelson DFL Edina 2018
B Steve Elkins DFL Bloomington 2018
51 A Michael Howard DFL Richfield 2018
B Nathan Coulter DFL Bloomington 2022
52 A Liz Reyer DFL Eagan 2020
B Bianca Virnig DFL Egan 2023[nb 1]
53 A Mary Frances Clardy DFL Inver Grove Heights 2022
B Rick Hansen DFL South St. Paul 2004
54 A Brad Tabke DFL Shakopee 2018
B Ben Bakeberg Republican Jordan 2022
55 A Jessica Hanson DFL Burnsville 2020
B Kaela Berg DFL Burnsville 2020
56 A Robert Bierman DFL Apple Valley 2018
B John Huot DFL Rosemount 2018
57 A Jon Koznick Republican Lakeville 2014
B Jeff Witte Republican Lakeville 2022
58 A Kristi Pursell DFL Northfield 2022
B Pat Garofalo Republican Farmington 2004
59 A Fue Lee DFL Minneapolis 2016
B Esther Agbaje DFL Minneapolis 2020
60 A Sydney Jordan DFL Minneapolis 2020[nb 1]
B Mohamud Noor DFL Minneapolis 2018
61 A Frank Hornstein DFL Minneapolis 2002
B Jamie Long DFL Minneapolis 2018
62 A Aisha Gomez DFL Minneapolis 2018
B Hodan Hassan DFL Minneapolis 2018
63 A Samantha Sencer-Mura DFL Minneapolis 2022
B Emma Greenman DFL Minneapolis 2020
64 A Kaohly Her DFL Saint Paul 2018
B Dave Pinto DFL Saint Paul 2014
65 A Samakab Hussein DFL Saint Paul 2022
B María Isa Pérez-Vega DFL Saint Paul 2022
66 A Leigh Finke DFL Saint Paul 2022
B Athena Hollins DFL Saint Paul 2020
67 A Liz Lee DFL Saint Paul 2022
B Jay Xiong DFL Saint Paul 2018

Historical composition

  DFL
  R
1986
83 51
1988
81 53
1990
80 54
1992
87 47
1994
71 63
1996
70 64
1998
63 71
2000
65 69
2002
52 82
2004
66 68
2006
85 49
2008
87 47
2010
62 72
2012
73 61
2014
62 72
2016
57 77
2018
75 59
2020
70 64
2022
70 64

Past notable members

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f Elected in a special election.[15]
  2. ^ Elected in a special election. Lost re-election in 2006. Elected again in 2008.

References

  1. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions - Representatives and Senators - Minnesota Legislature".
  2. ^ "Party Control of the Minnesota House of Representatives - Minnesota Legislative Reference Library". www.lrl.mn.gov. Retrieved February 17, 2023.
  3. ^ "Women Wielding Power: Pioneer Female State Legislators". National Women's History Museum. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011. Retrieved March 29, 2012.
  4. ^ "Women in the Legislature Over Time - Tables". www.lrl.mn.gov. Retrieved February 17, 2023.
  5. ^ "Minn. Const. art. IV, § 4". Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Retrieved January 24, 2013.
  6. ^ Ruth Richardson (District 52B) resigned to focus on her role at Planned Parenthood. [1]
  7. ^ Bianca Virnig elected in a Special Election for House District 52B. [2]
  8. ^ Kurt Daudt (District 27B) resigned. [3]
  9. ^ Bryan Lawrence elected in a Special Election for House District 27B.. [4]
  10. ^ a b c Minnesota House of Representatives Public Information Services (January 5, 2023). "2022 ELECTION DIRECTORY for the 2023-2024 MINNESOTA LEGISLATURE" (PDF). Minnesota House of Representatives. Retrieved January 7, 2023.
  11. ^ Miles, Kyra (September 2, 2023). "Minnesota State Rep. Ruth Richardson resigns to focus on Planned Parenthood role". MPR News. Retrieved December 7, 2023.
  12. ^ MPR News Staff (December 5, 2023). "Democrats keep Dakota County seat in Minnesota House special election". MPR News. Retrieved December 7, 2023.
  13. ^ Mohr, Jonathan (January 10, 2024). "Former House speaker Daudt announces resignation". Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved March 22, 2024.
  14. ^ Mohr, Jonathan (March 20, 2024). "Republican candidate easily wins District 27B special election". Minnesota Legislature. Retrieved March 22, 2024.
  15. ^ "Party Control of the Minnesota House of Representatives, 1951–present". Minnesota Legislative Reference Library. Archived from the original on November 9, 2018. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

44°57′20″N 93°6′8″W / 44.95556°N 93.10222°W / 44.95556; -93.10222