College Station, Texas
College Station is the home of Texas A&M University.
College Station is the home of Texas A&M University.
Location in the state of Texas
Location in the state of Texas
College Station is located in Texas
College Station
College Station
College Station is located in the United States
College Station
College Station
Coordinates: 30°36′05″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444
Country United States
State Texas
IncorporatedOctober 19, 1938
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • MayorJohn Nichols
 • City Council
Council members
  • Mark Smith, Place 1
  • William Wright, Place 2
  • Linda Harvell, Place 3
  • Elizabeth Cunha, Place 4
  • Bob Yancy, Place 5
  • Dennis Maloney, Place 6
 • City ManagerBryan Woods
 • City51.30 sq mi (132.87 km2)
 • Land51.16 sq mi (132.50 km2)
 • Water0.14 sq mi (0.37 km2)
Elevation289 ft (88 m)
 • City120,511
 • Density2,300/sq mi (910/km2)
 • Urban
206,137 (US: 184th)[2]
 • Metro
268,248 (US: 186th)
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
Area code979
FIPS code48-15976
GNIS feature ID2410193[3]

College Station is a city in Brazos County, Texas, United States, situated in East-Central Texas in the Brazos Valley, towards the eastern edge of the region known as the Texas Triangle. It is 83 miles (130 kilometers) northwest of Houston and 87 miles (140 km) east-northeast of Austin. As of the 2020 census, College Station had a population of 120,511.[4] College Station and Bryan make up the Bryan-College Station metropolitan area, the 15th-largest metropolitan area in Texas with 268,248 people as of 2020.[5]

College Station is home to the main campus of Texas A&M University, the flagship institution of the Texas A&M University System. The city owes its name and existence to the university's location along a railroad. Texas A&M's triple designation as a land-grant university, National Sea Grant College Program, and National Space Grant College and Fellowship Program reflects the broad scope of the research endeavors it brings to the city, with ongoing projects funded by agencies such as NASA, the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the Office of Naval Research.


College Station's origins date from 1860, when the Houston and Texas Central Railway began to build through the region.[6] Eleven years later, the site was chosen as the location for the proposed Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas, a land-grant school.[6] In 1876, as the nation celebrated its centennial, the school (renamed Texas A&M University in 1963) opened its doors as the first public institution of higher education in the state of Texas.[6]

College Station's population grew slowly, reaching 350 in 1884 and 391 at the turn of the century.[6] However, during this time, transportation improvements took place in the town. In 1900, the I&GN Railroad was extended to College Station[7] (the Missouri Pacific Railroad Company abandoned the line in 1965),[8] and 10 years later, electric interurban service was established between Texas A&M and the neighboring town of Bryan.[6] A city bus system replaced the interurban in the 1920s.[6]

In 1930, the community to the north of College Station, known as North Oakwood, was incorporated as part of Bryan.[6] College Station did not incorporate until October 19, 1938, after a 217-39 vote,[9] with John H. Binney as the first mayor.[6] Within a year, the city established a zoning commission, and by 1940, the population had reached 2,184.[6]

The city grew under the leadership of Ernest Langford, called by some the "Father of College Station", who began a 26-year stretch as mayor in 1942. Early in his first term, the city adopted a council-manager system of city government.[6]

Population growth accelerated following World War II as the nonstudent population reached 7,898 in 1950, 11,396 in 1960, 17,676 in 1970, 30,449 in 1980, 52,456 in 1990, and 67,890 in 2000.[6] The Bryan-College Station metropolitan area's population crossed 270,000 people in 2018.

In the 1990s, College Station and Texas A&M University drew national attention when the George Bush Presidential Library opened in 1997. Attention was drawn again in 1999, when 12 people were killed and 27 injured when the Aggie Bonfire collapsed while being constructed.

In 2022, it became one of the first areas served by Amazon's Prime Air drone delivery service, along with Lockeford, California.


College Station is south of the center of Brazos County at 30°36′5″N 96°18′52″W / 30.60139°N 96.31444°W / 30.60139; -96.31444 (30.601433, –96.314464).[10] It is bordered by the city of Bryan to the northwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has an area of 49.6 sq mi (128.5 km2), of which 49.4 sq mi (128.0 km2) is land and 0.19 sq mi (0.5 km2), or 0.35%, is covered by water.[11]


College Station has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen: Cfa). Winters are mild with periods of low temperatures usually lasting less than two months, while summers are hot and humid.

Snow and ice are rare; most recently, College Station received three to five inches of snowfall on February 15, 2021.[12]

Summers are hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms being the only real variation in weather.[13]

Climate data for College Station, Texas (Easterwood Airport), 1991–2020 normals,[a] extremes 1882–present[b]
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 90
Mean maximum °F (°C) 78.9
Mean daily maximum °F (°C) 61.7
Daily mean °F (°C) 51.5
Mean daily minimum °F (°C) 41.3
Mean minimum °F (°C) 25.1
Record low °F (°C) −3
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.43
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 9.0 8.5 8.1 7.2 7.8 7.8 5.3 6.3 7.1 7.2 8.3 9.3 91.9
Source: NOAA[15][16]



Northgate is a mixed-use district north of Texas A&M University that features a combination of businesses, restaurants, apartments, churches, and entertainment. It is known for its eclectic mix of restaurants and bars.[17][18] A large portion of the stores, bars, and restaurants in Northgate are frequented, patronized, and staffed by Texas A&M students.[18] In total, the district spans about 145 acres (0.59 km2), bounded by Wellborn Road to the west, South College Avenue to the east, the College Station city limits to the north, and University Drive to the south. The district is the home of the Dixie Chicken.

Northgate's roots started in the 1930s as the city began enjoying rapid population growth from the influx of Texas A&M University students, professors, and their families. Realizing that proximity to the campus would be a boon for revenues, the first business district was established in College Station near the campus, taking its name for the closest on-campus landmark: the north gate. When the city was incorporated in 1938, its first City Hall was opened in the new district. In 1994, restoration efforts began to revitalize the ailing area. A four-day music festival, "North By Northgate", was introduced in 1998 and has become an annual tradition, renamed the "Northgate Music Festival" in 2002. In 2006, the city council incorporated Northgate as a special tax zone to finance additional improvements and expansions.[19]

Live music is a major draw to the Northgate area. Many well-known musicians, especially in the Texas country music scene, initially performed in the Northgate area. Notable names include Robert Earl Keen, Grammy award-winner Lyle Lovett, Dub Miller, and Roger Creager. The district is bisected to the north by Church Street, made famous by the Robert Earl Keen and Lyle Lovett duet "The Front Porch Song".[20]

Wolf Pen Creek District

View of the Lofts at Wolf Pen Creek in College Station

Wolf Pen Creek District is a large commercial development adjacent to Post Oak Mall and between two of the city's main commercial thoroughfares: Earl Rudder Freeway and Texas Avenue. The area consists of a greenway with trails, a $1.5 million amphitheater and entertainment area, a small lake, the Spirit Ice Arena, and is the home of the Arts Council of the Brazos Valley. The amphitheater has hosted a variety of musical events, including the annual Starlight Music Series, a concert series that starts in late spring and runs through late summer. Wolf Pen also has a sidewalk for a scenic run that when completed is about 1 mi (2 km).

Wellborn District

Wellborn became a community in 1867 as a construction camp on the Houston and Texas Central Railroad. The town's name has been attributed to a well at the construction camp, a foreman named E.W. Wellborn, or a landowner named W.W. Willburn. Also in 1867, a post office opened in the community under the name Wellborn Station. In 1870, the name was shortened to Wellborn.[21] On April 14, 2011, the City Council of College Station voted 5–2 to annex Wellborn, thus making the community the Wellborn district. Wellborn is often mispronounced as 'well-born' but is pronounced by locals as 'Well-burn'.[22]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[23]
College Station racial composition as of 2020[24]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[c]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 70,255 58.3%
Black or African American (NH) 9,479 7.87%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 280 0.23%
Asian (NH) 12,224 10.14%
Pacific Islander (NH) 117 0.1%
Some Other Race (NH) 475 0.39%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 4,324 3.59%
Hispanic or Latino 23,357 19.38%
Total 120,511

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 120,511 people, 41,682 households, and 20,487 families residing in the city.

As of the census of 2000, 67,890 people, 24,691 households, and 10,370 families resided in the city. Of the 24,691 households, 21.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 32.2% were married couples living together, 6.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 58.0% were not families. About 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 2.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.98. The racial makeup of the city as of 2019 was 77.45% White, 7.74% African American, 0.30% Native American, 10.25% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 6.32% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any ethnicity/nationality were 15.6% of the population.

In the city, the population was distributed as 14.4% under the age of 18, 51.2% from 18 to 24, 21.3% from 25 to 44, 9.4% from 45 to 64, and 3.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 22 years. For every 100 females, there were 104.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 104.0 males.

The median income for a household[clarification needed] in the city was $21,180, and for a family[clarification needed] was $53,147. Males had a median income of $38,216 versus $26,592 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,170. About 15.4% of families and 37.4% of the population were below the poverty line, the worst poverty rate in the US for a city with over 100,000 people. This includes 16.4% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.


The city of College Station has a council-manager form of government. Voters elect the members of a city council, who pass laws and make policy. The council hires a professional city manager who is responsible for day-to-day operations of the city and its public services.[27]

The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) operates the Bryan District Parole Office in College Station.[28]

The United States Postal Service operates the College Station and Northgate College Station post offices.[29][30]

Business parks


As of May 2008, the local unemployment hovered around 3 to 4%, among the lowest in Texas. This rate is largely attributed to the significant role the university plays in the local economy.[31][32] However, underemployment is an ongoing issue.[33]

Major employers

Post Oak Mall

Main article: Post Oak Mall

Post Oak Mall was the city's first mall and is currently the largest mall in the Brazos Valley. The 82-acre (330,000 m2) mall is home to 125 stores; its opening on February 17, 1982, helped create the impetus for growing economic and commercial developments for College Station.[35] It is currently the largest taxpayer in College Station and the second-largest in the Brazos Valley, though the anchor stores are free-standing units that are privately owned and taxed separate from the mall proper.[36] Over 75% of retail sales in the Brazos Valley come from sales at the mall's stores.[35]

Sports facilities

Media and journalism

Television stations

The only full power local commercial television station is CBS affiliate KBTX, which also broadcasts a CW channel. Waco-based KCEN operates a semi-satellite low power NBC channel, KAGS providing local news, weather and sports. ABC affiliate KRHD and Fox affiliate KWKT air coverage originating in Waco. PBS affiliate KAMU, which is owned by Texas A&M University, is also based in College Station.

Radio stations

College Station is part of the Bryan-College Station Arbitron market #238.

Area newspapers

Area magazines


See also: Bryan, Texas § Education

Local colleges and universities

The service area of Blinn College includes all of Brazos County.[39] Blinn operates a campus in nearby Bryan.[40]

Local school districts

A&M Consolidated High School

Almost all of College Station is within the College Station Independent School District, while small sections are in Bryan Independent School District.[41] College Station ISD operates two high schools: A&M Consolidated High School and College Station High School.

Students living in the portion of Bryan ISD located in the City of College Station are zoned for: Stephen F. Austin Middle School,[42] and Bryan High School.[43]


Mass transit

Major roads



Easterwood Airport

Easterwood Airport, owned by Texas A&M, is located 3 miles (4.8 km) southwest of the center of College Station and has flights to Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport.

Notable people

See also: List of Texas A&M University people

The following people have lived or are currently living in College Station:

Points of interest


  1. ^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010.
  2. ^ Official records for College Station have been kept at Easterwood Airport since August 1951 and at an undisclosed location 6 mi (9.7 km) to the southwest of the city center from May 1, 1882 until July 1951.[14]
  3. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[25][26]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ "List of 2020 Census Urban Areas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 8, 2023.
  3. ^ a b U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: College Station, Texas
  4. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: College Station city, Texas".
  5. ^ "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. January 3, 2024. Archived from the original on June 29, 2022. Retrieved January 4, 2024.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Odintz, Mark. "College Station, Texas". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  7. ^ "A Guide to Historic Brazos County" (PDF). Brazos Heritage Society. 2003. p. 25. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  8. ^ Werner, George C. "International-Great Northern Railroad". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  9. ^ Williams, Jessica (October 2, 2023). "How you can help make College Station's 85th birthday bash on Oct. 18 a night to remember". City of College Station. Retrieved October 19, 2023.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  11. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): College Station city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 21, 2014.
  12. ^ Vogel, Aubrey (February 21, 2021). "Texas, Brazos County see 'once-in-a-generation' winter storm". Retrieved November 8, 2023.
  13. ^ "Weather averages College Station, Texas".
  14. ^ "Threaded Extremes".
  15. ^ "Summary of Monthly Normals 1991–2020". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2023.
  16. ^ "xmACIS2". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 12, 2023.
  17. ^ Jones, Finn-Olaf (September 22, 2006). "College Station, Tex". The New York Times. p. 1F.
  18. ^ a b "Retail and Entertainment District: Northgate". City of College Station. Retrieved June 16, 2008.
  19. ^ Avison, April (June 23, 2006). "College Station creates Northgate tax zone". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on October 26, 2012.
  20. ^ Clark, Rob (February 14, 2013). "Lyle Lovett and Robert Earl Keen recall the legendary 'Front Porch' at Texas A&M". Archived from the original on January 5, 2023. Retrieved January 4, 2023.
  21. ^ "Wellborn, Texas". The Handbook of Texas online. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  22. ^ Falls, Cody Lillich and Clay. "CS City Council Votes to Annex Wellborn". Archived from the original on March 14, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2012.
  23. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  24. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 24, 2022.
  25. ^ "".
  26. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  27. ^ "City of College Station : Type Of Government". Archived from the original on October 5, 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2010.
  28. ^ "Parole Division Region I Archived September 28, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  29. ^ "Post Office Location - COLLEGE STATION Archived May 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  30. ^ "Post Office Location - NORTHGATE COLLEGE STATION Archived May 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
  31. ^ "Texas Employers Add 8,700 Jobs in May" (PDF). Texas Workforce Commission. June 20, 2008. p. 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 21, 2008. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  32. ^ Nauman, Brett (May 15, 2005). "New equation gives more realistic look at local jobless rate". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on November 4, 2005. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  33. ^ "College Station Demographic Report" (PDF). City of College Station. p. 2. Retrieved July 1, 2008.
  34. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Craig, Edith; Thomas, Beth; Lacy, Blake; Merten, Kory (2008). "Real Estate Market Overview 2008 College Station — Bryan" (PDF). Texas A&M University Real Estate Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 26, 2008. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  35. ^ a b Hensley, Laura (February 16, 2007). "Post Oak Mall to celebrate 25 years". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved January 7, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ Levey, Kelli (April 4, 2004). "Post Oak Mall works to retain costumers". The Bryan-College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on September 1, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2008.
  37. ^ "Stunning transformation of A&M;'s Kyle Field gives fans taste of what's to come | Dallas Morning News". Archived from the original on July 16, 2014.
  38. ^ "Davis Diamond - Facilities - Texas A&M Athletics". Retrieved November 23, 2021.
  40. ^ "Bryan Campus". Blinn College. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  41. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Brazos County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2022.
  42. ^ "Middle School Attendance Zones" (PDF). Bryan Independent School District. Retrieved October 15, 2022. - Linked from here Archived October 16, 2022, at the Wayback Machine - Compare to the US Census school district maps showing College Station in Bryan ISD
  43. ^ "High School Attendance Zones" (PDF). Bryan Independent School District. Retrieved October 15, 2022. - Linked from here Archived October 16, 2022, at the Wayback Machine - Compare to the US Census school district maps showing College Station in Bryan ISD
  44. ^ Johnston, Bob (June 6, 2017). "Getting the most from the 'Texas Eagle' detour". Trains Magazine. Archived from the original on July 20, 2017. Retrieved April 9, 2019.
  45. ^ "Texas Central Media Center". April 27, 2020.
  46. ^ Briginshaw, David (May 13, 2020). "Texas Central wins four-year legal fight with landowners". International Railway Journal. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  47. ^ Murray, Lance (February 25, 2020). "Texas Central Makes $5.9B Deal With Spanish Firm to Develop, Operate High-Speed Rail Line". Dallas Innovates. Retrieved July 21, 2020.
  48. ^ Krauss, Andy (April 6, 2021). "Amtrak considers adding new Bryan College Station stop on route connecting Texas Triangle". KBTX-TV. Gray Television. Retrieved May 5, 2023.
  49. ^ Janet Phelps (April 16, 2008). "Anti-abortion group will meet pope in Washington". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on April 24, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2008.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  50. ^ Matthew Watkins (May 4, 2008). "CS man has fantasy gig at ESPN". The Bryan College Station Eagle. Archived from the original on September 11, 2009. Retrieved June 16, 2008.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  51. ^ Research Division of the Texas Legislative Council. "Presiding Officers of the Texas Legislature 1846–2016" (PDF). Texas Legislative Reference Library. Texas Legislative Council.
  52. ^ "Office of the president, History of the office". Archived from the original on February 14, 2009.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  53. ^ "Kyle Kacal's Biography". Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  54. ^ Sam Peshek (May 1, 2015). "Longtime Texas A&M history professor receives surprise send-off during final lecture". Bryan-College Station Eagle. Retrieved May 13, 2015.
  55. ^ "Nobel Prize Winner to Join Texas A&M Physics Faculty". Texas A&M University College of Science. Archived from the original on March 7, 2010. Retrieved May 26, 2011.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  56. ^ "David M. Lee". The Nobel Foundation. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  57. ^ Joe Southern (January 4, 2008). "A changing of the guard". Amarillo Globe-News. Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2008.((cite news)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)