Denison, Texas
Denison Commercial Historic District
Denison Commercial Historic District
Location of Denison, Texas
Location of Denison, Texas
Coordinates: 33°44′59″N 96°33′27″W / 33.74972°N 96.55750°W / 33.74972; -96.55750Coordinates: 33°44′59″N 96°33′27″W / 33.74972°N 96.55750°W / 33.74972; -96.55750
Country United States
State Texas
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
 • City CouncilMayor Janet Gott
Obie Greenleaf
JC Doty
Michael Baecht (Mayor Pro Tem)

Kris Spiegel
 • City ManagerJudson Rex
 • City29.06 sq mi (75.27 km2)
 • Land28.61 sq mi (74.09 km2)
 • Water0.46 sq mi (1.18 km2)  1.94%
728 ft (222 m)
 • City22,682
 • Estimate 
 • Density892.44/sq mi (344.57/km2)
 • Urban
61,900[2] (US: 438th)
 • Urban density1,722.9/sq mi (665.2/km2)
 • Metro
 • Demonyms
Denisonite Denisonian
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
Area code903
FIPS code48-19900[4]
GNIS feature ID1379652[5]

Denison is a city in Grayson County, Texas, United States. It is 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Texas–Oklahoma border. The population was 22,682 at the 2010 census.[4] Denison is part of the Texoma region and is one of two principal cities in the Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area. Denison is the birthplace of US President Dwight D. Eisenhower.


Denison was founded in 1872 in conjunction with the Missouri–Kansas–Texas Railroad (MKT) or "Katy" depot.[6] It was named after the wealthy Katy vice president George Denison.[7] Because the town was established close to where the MKT crossed the Red River (both important conduits of transportation in the industrial era), it came to be an important commercial center in the 19th century American West. In 1875, Doc Holliday had offices in Denison.

Rusk Avenue looking north (postcard, c. 1911)
Rusk Avenue looking north (postcard, c. 1911)

During the phylloxera epidemic of the mid-19th century, which destroyed the vast majority of wine grapes in Europe, Denison horticulturalist T.V. Munson pioneered methods in creating phylloxera-resistant vines, and earned induction into the French Legion of Honor, as well as sister city status for Denison and Cognac, France.[8]

In 1901 the first electric "Interurban" railway in Texas, the Denison and Sherman Railway, was completed between Denison and Sherman.[9]

In 1915, the Kentucky-based evangelist Mordecai Ham held a revival meeting in Denison, which resulted in 1,100 professions of faith in Jesus Christ.[10]

Denison played host to 20th century notables such as the Marx Brothers[11] and President Dwight D. Eisenhower, who was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison.[12]


Denison is located in northeastern Grayson County, with the city limits extending north to the Red River, which forms the Oklahoma state line. It is bordered to the south by the city of Sherman; the city centers are 11 miles (18 km) apart.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Denison has a total area of 23.4 square miles (60.7 km2), of which 23.0 square miles (59.6 km2) are land and 0.46 square miles (1.2 km2), or 1.94%, are water.[4]

Denison Dam, which forms Lake Texoma on the Red River, is 5 miles (8 km) north of Denison. The city is in the center of the Texoma region, encompassing parts of Texas and Oklahoma.


Denison has a humid subtropical climate.[citation needed]


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)25,529[3]12.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

2020 census

Denison racial composition[14]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 16,676 68.12%
Black or African American (NH) 2,003 8.18%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 471 1.92%
Asian (NH) 188 0.77%
Pacific Islander (NH) 6 0.02%
Some Other Race (NH) 59 0.24%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 1,851 7.56%
Hispanic or Latino 3,225 13.17%
Total 24,479

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 24,479 people, 9,361 households, and 6,038 families residing in the city.

2000 census

At the census[17] of 2000, there were 22,773 people, 9,185 households, and 6,135 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,008.1 people per square mile (389.2/km2). There were 10,309 housing units at an average density of 456.3 per square mile (176.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 84.02% White, 8.62% African American, 1.67% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 2.19% from other races, and 2.98% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.23% of the population.

There were 9,185 households, out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.1% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 24.6% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,474, and the median income for a family was $39,820. Males had a median income of $30,459 versus $21,451 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,685. About 11.9% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.


Major employers

Texoma Medical Center in Denison
Texoma Medical Center in Denison

Major employers in Denison include:[18]

Arts and culture

Birthplace of US President Dwight Eisenhower
Birthplace of US President Dwight Eisenhower

The Grayson County Frontier Village in Denison contains 11 of the oldest homes in Grayson County that were moved here for preservation.[19]


Former minor league baseball teams include the Denison Katydids, Denison Blue Sox, Denison Champions, Denison Railroaders, and Sherman–Denison Twins.

Munson Stadium seats 5,262 people and is primarily used for football. It is the home field of Denison High School's football and soccer teams.[20] The Denison High School football team won the 1984 Texas Class 4A State Championship by beating Tomball 27–13 completing a perfect 16–0 record. They also made three straight appearances in the 1995, 1996, and 1997 Class 4A Division II State Championship games, losing each time to La Marque.[21] They are home to the longest high school football rivalry in Texas: the Battle of the Ax, against Sherman High School.[22]


Administration building at Grayson College in Denison
Administration building at Grayson College in Denison

Denison is served by the Denison Independent School District. Denison High School opened in 2014.

Grayson College is located in Denison. The school's T.V. Munson Viticulture and Enology Program preserves Denison's viticultural heritage.[8]




Radio stations

Television stations



Denison is served by two U.S. HighwaysU.S. 69 and U.S. 75 (Katy Memorial Expressway) and two State HighwaysState Highway 91 and Spur 503 (Eisenhower Parkway). State Highway 91, known as Texoma Parkway, is one of the main commercial strips that connects Sherman and Denison. It also extends north to Lake Texoma.

General aviation service is provided by North Texas Regional Airport.

TAPS, a regional public transportation system, offers limited service for disabled passengers.[citation needed]

Health care

Denison is served by Texoma Medical Center.

Notable people

In popular culture

In 2013 Lake Texoma and the Hampton Inn and Suites Denison were featured on a travel show entitled The Official Best of Texas which aired on CBS and the Discovery Channel.[29]


  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "2010 Census Urban and Rural Classification and Urban Area Criteria". Archived from the original on 2019-04-03. Retrieved 2016-01-27.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Denison city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2017.[dead link]
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ DAVID, MINOR (12 June 2010). "DENISON, TX".
  7. ^ "Introductory history of Denison Texas". Archived from the original on 2007-06-25. Retrieved 2007-07-01.
  8. ^ a b "T.V. Munson Vidiculture Eunology Program". Archived from the original on 2007-02-21. Retrieved 2007-02-02.
  10. ^ Jerry Hopkins of East Texas Baptist University, "Evangelist Mordecai F. Ham's West Texas Meetings, 1903–1940", paper at East Texas Historical Association and West Texas Historical Association joint meeting in Fort Worth, Texas, February 26, 2010
  11. ^ "the marx brothers - biography".
  12. ^ D'Este, Carlo (2003). Eisenhower: A Soldier's Life. New York: Macmillan. pp. 21–22. ISBN 0-8050-5687-4.
  13. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  14. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved 2022-05-22.
  15. ^ Bureau, US Census. "". Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  16. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved 18 May 2022.
  17. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  18. ^ "Denison Development Alliance: Community Profile". Archived from the original on 2015-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-04.
  19. ^ Welcome to Frontier Village ​& Museum
  20. ^ " - Munson Stadium - Denison, Texas".
  21. ^ UIL State Football Champions Archived February 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ "SISD: SHS Battle of the Ax". 11 January 2002. Archived from the original on 11 January 2002.
  23. ^ "Search every page of every issue published by Texoma Living! Magazine from 2006 to 2010". Texoma Living! Online. Retrieved 16 July 2015.
  24. ^ "". Archived from the original on 17 April 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  25. ^ "Eisenhower State Park — Texas Parks & Wildlife Department".
  26. ^ Anderson, LeRoy M. (23 May 1947). "The Denison Press (Denison, Tex.), Vol. 18, No. 48, Ed. 1 Friday, May 23, 1947". The Portal to Texas History. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  27. ^ "1940 United States Census". FamilySearch.
  28. ^ Rivera, Ray (2009-01-16). "In a Split Second, a Pilot Becomes a Hero Years in the Making". The New York Times. Retrieved 2009-01-17.
  29. ^ Website
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[15][16]