Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America

The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas.

Official designations and symbols

Type Symbol Date designated Image
Motto "Friendship" 1930 [1][2]
Nickname "The Lone Star State"[1]
Flag The Lone Star Flag[1] June 30, 1839
National seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
State seal Seal of Texas December 29, 1845
Reverse of the seal August 26, 1961
National coat of arms Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
State coat of arms Coat of arms of Texas 1993
National guard crest Crest of the Texas National Guard February 18, 1924
Flower Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis and sandy land bluebonnet L. subcarnosus)[1] March 1901[3]
Tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) 1919
Soil Houston Black
Bird Northern mockingbird 1927[1][4]
Song "Texas, Our Texas"[1] 1929
Mammal (small) Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus)[1] 1927
Mammal (large) Texas Longhorn[1] 1995
Mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis)[1] 1995
Dog Blue Lacy[1] June 18, 2005
Horse American Quarter Horse[1] 2009

Other official designations

Texas Centennial half dollar commemorative
Texas quarter reverse
Type Symbol Date Designated Image
Air force Commemorative Air Force[1]
Bread Pan de campo[1] Pan de campo
Cooking implement Dutch oven[1]
Dinosaur Sauroposeidon proteles 2009 (replaced Pleurocoelus which was state dinosaur 1997–2009)[5]
Dish Chili[1] 1977
Domino game Texas 42,[1] a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
Fiber and fabric Cotton 1997[1][6]
Fish Guadalupe bass[1] (Micropterus treculii) 1989
Flower song Bluebonnets 1933[1][7]
Folk dance Square dance 1991
Square Dance Group
Fruit Texas red grapefruit 1993
Gem Texas blue topaz 1969
Blue topaz emerald-cut faceted gemstone
Gemstone cut Lone Star Cut[8]
Grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) 1971
Handgun Colt Walker[1] 2021
Insect Monarch butterfly[1] (Danaus plexippus) 1995
Music Western swing[1]
Musical instrument Acoustic guitar[1]
Nut Pecan (carya illinoinensis) 1919
Pepper (native) Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Pepper (other) Jalapeño 1995
Plant Prickly pear cactus (Opuntia sp.) 1995
Play Fort Griffin Fandangle, The Lone Star, Texas, Beyond Sundown[1]
Reptile Texas horned lizard[1] (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog. 1993
Shell Lightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi) 1987
Ship The battleship USS Texas (BB-35)[1]
Shrub Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)
Slogan "The Friendly State"[1] 1930
Snack Tortilla chips and salsa[1] 1995
A bowl of tortilla chips with red salsa and green guacamole
Sport Rodeo 1997 [6]
Stone Petrified palmwood
Tartan Texas Bluebonnet Tartan May 25, 1989
Pastry Strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
Strudel pastries
Sopapilla pastries
Vegetable Texas sweet onion[1] 1997
Sweet onions in a pile

Pledge to the Texas flag

A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.

Honor the Texas flag; I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas, one and indivisible. [9]

Updated on June 15, 2007 to:

Honor the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,
one and indivisible.[10]


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Texas.gov webpage for state symbols". Archived from the original on 1 October 2023. Retrieved 10 December 2023.
  2. ^ "Flags and Other Symbols | TX Almanac".
  3. ^ Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  4. ^ "Texas State Bird - Northern Mockingbird". wheretexasbecametexas.org. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  5. ^ Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Texas State Symbols. July 1, 2010. Accessed November 25, 2010
  6. ^ a b "Texas State Symbols - Texas State Library and Archives Commission - TSLAC". www.tsl.texas.gov.
  7. ^ "Texas State Symbols". About Texas. Texas State Library and Archives Commission. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
  8. ^ State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  9. ^ "GOVERNMENT CODE CHAPTER 3100. STATE FLAG". statutes.capitol.texas.gov.
  10. ^ Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library