Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America
Location of the state of Texas in the United States of America

The following is a list of symbols of the U.S. state of Texas.

Official designations and symbols

Type Symbol Date designated Image
Motto "Friendship" 1930 [1]
Nickname "The Lone Star State"[2]
Flag The Lone Star Flag June 30, 1839
Flag of Texas.svg
National seal Seal of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
Seal of the Republic of Texas (1836).svg
State seal Seal of Texas December 29, 1845
Seal of Texas.svg
Reverse of the seal August 26, 1961
Seal of Texas (reverse).svg
National coat of arms Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas January 25, 1839
Coat of arms of the Republic of Texas.svg
State coat of arms Coat of arms of Texas 1993
State Arms of Texas.svg
National guard crest Crest of the Texas National Guard February 18, 1924
Texas National Guard crest.svg
Flower Bluebonnets (Lupinus spp., namely Texas bluebonnet, L. texensis) March 1901[3]
Tree Pecan (Carya illinoinensis) 1906
Soil Houston Black
Bird Northern mockingbird 1927[4]
Mimus polyglottos adult 02 cropped.jpg
Song "Texas, Our Texas" 1929
Mammal (small) Nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) 1927
Dasypus novemcinctus.jpg
Mammal (large) Texas Longhorn 1995
Texas Longhorn cow.jpg
Mammal (flying) Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis) 1995
Tadarida brasiliensis.jpg
Dog Blue Lacy June 18, 2005
Horse American Quarter Horse 2009
Buckskin mare left flank.jpg

Other official designations

Texas Centennial half dollar commemorative
Texas quarter reverse
Texas quarter reverse
Type Symbol Date Designated Image
Air force Commemorative Air Force
Bread Pan de campo
Pan de campo
Cooking implement Dutch oven
Dutch Oven -McClures Magazine.jpg
Dinosaur Sauroposeidon proteles 2009 (replaced Pleurocoelus which was state dinosaur 1997–2009)[5]
Sauroposeidon Scale Diagram Steveoc86.svg
Dish Chili 1977
Bowl of Chili No Beans.jpg
Domino game Texas 42, a four-player domino game with bidding and trumps
Fiber and fabric Cotton 1997[6]
Fish Guadalupe bass (Micropterus treculii) 1989
Guadalupe bass - Micropterus treculii.jpg
Flower song Bluebonnets 1933[7]
Folk dance Square dance 1991
Square Dance Group
Fruit Texas red grapefruit 1993
Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit, pink) white bg.jpg
Gem Texas blue topaz 1969
Blue topaz emerald-cut faceted gemstone
Gemstone cut Lone Star Cut[8]
Grass Sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula) 1971
Bouteloua curtipendula.jpg
Handgun Colt Walker 2021
Colt Walker Percussion Revolver, serial no. 1017 MET 58.171.1 002feb2015.jpg
Insect Monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) 1995
Monarch In May.jpg
Music Western swing
Musical instrument Acoustic guitar
Guitar 1.jpg
Nut Native Pecan 1919
Pepper (native) Chiltepin (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum)
Chiltepin mexico sonora.jpg
Pepper (other) Jalapeño 1995
Illustration Capsicum annuum0.jpg
Plant Prickly pear cactus 1995
Opuntia littoralis var vaseyi 4.jpg
Play Fort Griffin Fandangle, The Lone Star, Texas, Beyond Sundown
Reptile Texas horned lizard (Phrynosoma cornutum), commonly called the horny toad or horned frog. 1993
Shell Lightning whelk (Sinistrofulgur perversum pulleyi) 1987
Ship The battleship USS Texas (BB-35)
USS Texas BB-35.jpg
Shrub Crape myrtle (Lagerstroemia indica)
Lagerstroemia indica.jpg
Shrub (native) Texas sage (Leucophyllum frutescens)
Leucophyllum frutescens Green Cloud.jpg
Slogan "The Friendly State" 1930
Snack Tortilla chips and salsa 1995
A bowl of tortilla chips with red salsa and green guacamole
Sport Rodeo 1997 [6]
Stone Petrified palmwood
Tartan Texas Bluebonnet Tartan May 25, 1989
Texas Bluebonnet Tartan.svg
Pastry Strudel and sopaipilla 2003-2005
Strudel pastries
Sopapilla pastries
Vegetable Texas sweet onion 1997
Sweet onions in a pile

Pledge to the Texas flag

A pledge of allegiance to the Texas flag was established in 1933.[citation needed]

Honor the Texas flag;
I pledge allegiance to thee, Texas,
one state under God,
one and indivisible.[9]


USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.
USS Texas (BB-35), the oldest remaining dreadnought.

Four ships of the United States Navy and one in the Confederate States Navy have borne the name Texas:

See also


  1. ^ "Flags and Other Symbols | TX Almanac".
  2. ^ "State Nicknames South Dakota - Wyoming". www.50states.com.
  3. ^ Elliott, Jane (March 22, 2008). "How did bluebonnets become state flower". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
  4. ^ "Texas State Bird - Northern Mockingbird". wheretexasbecametexas.org. 2016-08-04. Retrieved 2020-04-26.
  5. ^ Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Texas State Symbols. July 1, 2010. Accessed November 25, 2010
  6. ^ a b "Texas State Symbols - Texas State Library and Archives Commission - TSLAC". www.tsl.texas.gov.
  7. ^ "Texas State Symbols". About Texas. Texas State Library and Archives Commission. 2006-11-14. Retrieved 2007-02-01.
  8. ^ State History Guide Texas Symbols, Gemstone Cut: Lone Star Cut
  9. ^ Texas State Library Flag Pledge, Texas State Library