North Texas
North Texas counties in red
North Texas counties in red
Country United States
State Texas
Largest city Dallas
Population
 (2020)
 • Total8,242,043

North Texas (also commonly called Northeastern Texas, North Central Texas, and Nortex) is a term used primarily by residents of Dallas, Fort Worth, and surrounding areas to describe much of the north central portion of the U.S. state of Texas.[1][2][3][4] Residents of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex generally consider North Texas to include the area south of Oklahoma, east of Abilene, west of Paris, and north of Waco.[5] A more precise term for this region would be the northern part of the central portion of Texas. It does not include the Panhandle of Texas, which expands further north than the region previously described, nor does it include most of the region near the northern border of Texas.

Today North Texas is centered upon the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the largest metropolitan area in Texas and the Southern United States. People in the Dallas and Fort Worth areas sometimes use the terms "Metroplex", "DFW", and "North Texas" interchangeably. However, North Texas refers to a much larger area that includes many rural counties along the northern border.[6] During the early years of the American Civil War, there were many Unionists in the rural counties, with there being few slaveholders. Many of the largest cities in North Texas outside Dallas and Fort Worth still follow a rural Southern way of life, especially in dialect, mannerisms, religion, and cuisine.

Climate

The North Texas climate is subtropical with hot summers. It is also continental, characterized by a wide annual temperature range. Average annual precipitation also varies considerably, ranging from less than 28 to more than 48 inches (700–1200 mm). Severe storms are frequent in the spring, as the area lies in the southern section of "tornado alley".

South is the prevailing wind direction, and southerly winds are frequently high and persist for several days. Strong northerly winds often occur during the passage of cold fronts. Dusty conditions are infrequent, occurring mostly with westerly winds. Dust storm frequency and intensity depend on soil conditions in eastern New Mexico, west Texas, and the Texas Panhandle.

Winters are mild, but northers occur about three times each month, and often are accompanied by sudden drops in temperature. In Dallas, a record-setting 12.8 inches of snow fell in February 2011. Periods of extreme cold that occasionally occur are short-lived, so that even in January mild weather occurs frequently.

The highest temperatures of summer are associated with fair skies, westerly winds and low humidities. Characteristically, hot spells in summer are broken into three- to five-day periods by thunderstorm activity. There are only a few nights each summer when the low temperature exceeds 80 °F (27 °C). Summer daytime temperatures frequently exceed 100 °F (38 °C). Air conditioners are recommended for maximum comfort indoors and while traveling via automobile.

Throughout the year, rainfall occurs more frequently during the night. Usually, periods of rainy weather last for only a day or two, and are followed by several days with fair skies. A large part of the annual precipitation results from thunderstorm activity, with occasional heavy rainfall over brief periods of time. Thunderstorms occur throughout the year, but are most frequent in the spring. Hail falls on about two or three days a year, ordinarily with only slight and scattered damage. Windstorms occurring during thunderstorm activity are sometimes destructive. Snowfall is uncommon.

The average length of the warm season (freeze-free period) is about 249 days. The average last occurrence of 32 °F (0 °C) or below is mid March and the average first occurrence of 32 °F or below is in late November.[7]

Counties

Although the terms "Northeastern Texas" or "North Texas" are not official state designations, the Texas State Data Center and Office of the State Demographer lists the following counties as belonging to the North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG):[8][9]

The Texas State Demographer also lists the following regional county groupings, some or all of which are often included in the informal meaning of the terms "North Texas" or "North Central Texas."

Additionally, some other Texas counties contiguous with those named above are sometimes included in the general meaning of "North Texas."

Major cities

City Population (2015) State Rank U.S. Rank
View from Reunion Tower August 2015 13.jpg

Dallas
1,300,092 3 9
Fort Worth Skyline at Sunset.jpg

Fort Worth
833,319 5 13
Cowboys-Stadium-Night.jpg

Arlington
388,125 7 50
Skyline of Plano Texas.jpg

Plano
264,537 9 69
Downtown Garland .jpg

Garland
236,897 12 91
Lascolinasbld.jpg

Irving
236,607 13 93
GP Main Street at Dusk.JPG

Grand Prairie
187,809 15 127
Old Collin County Courthouse.jpg

McKinney
162,898 17 155
Dr Pepper Ball Park Frisco Tx.JPG

Frisco
154,407 18 162
AMC 30 Mesquite Texas 2016.jpg

Mesquite
144,788 20 181
Carrollton, Texas - Municipal Complex.jpg

Carrollton
133,168 23 197
Denton, Texas town square.jpg

Denton
131,044 26 202
TexasRichardson mainStreet.jpg

Richardson
110,815 32 255
Revised photo of "The Falls" at Wichita Falls, TX IMG 6918.JPG

Wichita Falls
104,710 35 285
Lewisville City Hall 2.jpg

Lewisville
104,039 36 288
Eagle Stadium.jpg

Allen
98,143 40
Flower Mound Sign.jpg

Flower Mound
71,253 50

Other cities and towns

Statistical areas

In the North Texas region there is one combined statistical area, three metropolitan areas, and six micropolitan areas.

Dallas–Fort Worth TX-OK Combined Statistical Area

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

Metropolitan divisions in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA: .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  Dallas–Plano–Irving   Fort Worth–Arlington–Grapevine
Metropolitan divisions in the Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington MSA:
  Dallas–Plano–Irving
  Fort Worth–Arlington–Grapevine

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Wichita Falls area

Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs)

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Other

Micropolitan Statistical Areas (μSAs)

Economy

Top employers

[12] Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex

Company No. of employees
locally
Type of business
Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. 34,000 Retail
American Airlines 27,000 Commercial airline
Texas Health Resources 22,296 Health care
Dallas Independent School District 19,740 Education
Baylor Health Care System 16,500 Health care

[13] Wichita Falls Metropolitan Area

# Employer # of Employees
1 Sheppard Air Force Base 12,272
2 Wichita Falls Independent School District 2,059
3 North Texas State Hospital 1,974
4 United Regional Health Care System 1,778
5 City of Wichita Falls 1,477
6 Midwestern State University 1,284
7 James V. Allred Unit 971
8 Cryovac 732
9 Work Services Corporation 730
10 Howmet Castings 704

[14] Sherman–Denison Metropolitan Area

# Employer # of Employees
1 Tyson Foods 1,400
2 Texoma Health Systems 1,375
3 Texas Instruments 1,200
4 Cigna 1,000
5 Wilson N Jones Health Systems 1,000

Colleges and universities

Public universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic Affiliation
(Conference)
University System
UTAPlanetarium.PNG

University of Texas at Arlington
39,714 Arlington Mavericks NCAA Division I
(Sun Belt)
Non–Football
University of Texas System
University of North Texas September 2015 11 (Hurley Administration Building).jpg

University of North Texas
37,979 Denton Mean Green NCAA Division I FBS
(C–USA)
University of North Texas System
UTD Visitor Center.jpg

University of Texas at Dallas
26,793 Richardson Comets NCAA Division III
(American Southwest)
Non–Football
University of Texas System
Twu-old-main-night.jpg

Texas Woman's University
15,472 Denton Pioneers NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Women's sports only
Independent
Entrance to Tarleton State University Picture 2230.jpg

Tarleton State University
13,049 Stephenville Texans NCAA Division I FCS
(WAC)
Texas A&M University System
TAMUC Campus.PNG

Texas A&M University–Commerce
12,385 Commerce Lions NCAA Division I FCS
(Southland)
Texas A&M University System
Midwestern State University October 2015 11 (Hardin Administration Building).jpg

Midwestern State University
6,080 Wichita Falls Mustangs NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Independent
UNT Dallas Campus.jpg

University of North Texas at Dallas
3,030 Dallas Trailblazers NAIA
(Sooner)
Non–Football
University of North Texas System
Private universities
School Enrollment Location Mascot Athletic Affiliation
(Conference)
Dallas Hall on the campus of Southern Methodist University, Dallas, Texas LCCN2015630915.tif

Southern Methodist University
11,643 University Park Mustangs NCAA Division I FBS
(American)
Campustcu.JPG

Texas Christian University
10,323 Fort Worth Horned Frogs NCAA Division I FBS
(Big 12)
Mahler Student Center, Dallas Baptist University.jpg

Dallas Baptist University
5,445 Dallas Patriots NCAA Division II
(Lone Star)
Non–Football, compete in the Missouri Valley Conference at the Division I level for baseball
TWU Administration Building (1 of 1).jpg

Texas Wesleyan University
3,378 Fort Worth Rams NAIA
(Sooner)
Carpenter Hall front.JPG

University of Dallas
2,576 Irving Crusaders NCAA Division III
(SCAC)
Non–Football, compete in Texas Rugby Union at the Division II level for Rugby
Sagu.jpg

Southwestern Assemblies of God University
2,012 Waxahachie Lions NAIA NCCAA
(Sooner)
AdminAC.JPG

Austin College
1,224 Sherman Roos NCAA Division III
(SCAC)
Compete in the Southern Athletic Association for football
PQC.jpg

Paul Quinn College
600 Dallas Tigers NAIA
(Red River)
Non–Football

Sports

The North Texas region has teams from the four major professional sports leagues. Major professional sports first came to the area in 1960, when the Dallas Cowboys began competing in the National Football League and the Dallas Texans began competing in the American Football League. (The Texans later relocated to Kansas City and became the Chiefs). In 1972, Major League Baseball's Washington Senators moved to Arlington to become the Texas Rangers, named after the statewide law enforcement agency. The National Basketball Association expanded into North Texas in 1980 when the Dallas Mavericks were added to the league. The fourth sport was added in 1993 when the Minnesota North Stars of the National Hockey League moved to Dallas, becoming the Dallas Stars.

The Major League Soccer team FC Dallas is based in Frisco, and the Dallas Wings of the WNBA plays in Arlington. The area is also home to many minor league professional teams and four colleges that compete in NCAA Division I athletics.

Major professional sports teams

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Cowboys huddle.jpeg

Dallas Cowboys
Football 1960 NFL AT&T Stadium
HankBlalock.jpg

Texas Rangers
Baseball 1972^ MLB Globe Life Field
Jason Kidd mavs allison.jpg

Dallas Mavericks
Basketball 1980 NBA American Airlines Center
Brenden Dillon - Dallas Stars.jpg

Dallas Stars
Hockey 1993^ NHL American Airlines Center
FC Dallas v. Orlando City SC July 2016 36.jpg

FC Dallas
Soccer 1996 MLS Toyota Stadium
Arike Ogunbowale 01.jpg

Dallas Wings
Basketball 2015^ WNBA College Park Center

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Other professional teams

Club Sport Founded League Venue
Allen Americans Hockey 2009 ECHL Credit Union of Texas Event Center
Dallas Jackals Rugby union 2022 Major League Rugby Choctaw Stadium
Dallas Sidekicks Indoor soccer 2012 Major Arena Soccer League Credit Union of Texas Event Center
Frisco Fighters Indoor football 2021 Indoor Football League Comerica Center
Frisco RoughRiders Baseball 2003^ Double-A Central Dr Pepper Ballpark
Fort Worth Vaqueros FC Soccer 2014 National Premier Soccer League Farrington Field
Panther City Lacrosse Club Lacrosse 2021 National Lacrosse League Dickies Arena
Texas Legends Basketball 2010^ NBA G League Comerica Center

^- Indicates year team relocated to the area

Division I college teams

School City Mascot Conference
North Texas vs. UT Arlington men

University of Texas at Arlington
Arlington Mavericks Sun Belt Conference
US Navy 071110-N-8053S-140 During the Navy vs. University of North Texas (UNT) football game, Navy Midshipmen running back, Shun White, attempts a to run against UNT

University of North Texas
Denton Mean Green Conference USA
Shawnbrey McNeal stiffarm.jpg

Southern Methodist University
University Park Mustangs American Athletic Conference
Andy Dalton.jpg

Texas Christian University
Fort Worth Horned Frogs Big 12 Conference
14453-LSC Football Festival-1683 (15324803972).jpg

Texas A&M University–Commerce

Commerce Lions Southland Conference
Horner Ballpark Dallas, TX.jpg

Dallas Baptist University
Dallas Patriots Missouri Valley Conference (baseball only)

The headquarters for both the Big 12 and Conference USA are located in Irving, and the Southland Conference headquarters are in Frisco.

Transportation

Commercial airports

Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport

Public transit

Dallas Area Rapid Transit
Dallas Area Rapid Transit

Major highways

Interstates

Interstate 20
Interstate 20
Interstate 35E
Interstate 35E

U.S. Routes

U.S. Route 75
U.S. Route 75
U.S. Route 82
U.S. Route 82
U.S. Route 287
U.S. Route 287

Tollways

Dallas North Tollway
Dallas North Tollway

See also

References

  1. ^ "North Texas Facts and Figures from the North Texas Commission". NTC-DFW. Retrieved 2022-06-02. It is a 9,000-square-mile, 13-county region that is home to 7.5 million people. North Texas is made up of 150 cities – including Dallas and Fort Worth – with 15 of those cities boasting a population of more than 100,000.
  2. ^ "Counties in the North Central Texas Region of Texas - US Travel Notes". travelnotes.org. Retrieved 2022-06-02.
  3. ^ "Why Grayson County? | North Texas Regional Airport". Retrieved 2022-06-02.
  4. ^ "TSHA | Grayson County". www.tshaonline.org. Retrieved 2022-06-02. Grayson County, in north central Texas, is bordered by the Red River and by Fannin, Collin, Denton, and Cooke counties. The county seat, Sherman, which lies approximately sixty-five miles north of Dallas, is part of the Sherman-Denison Metropolitan Statistical Area.
  5. ^ "North Central Texas Council of Governments". Texas Association of Regional Councils. Retrieved 2022-06-02.
  6. ^ W5JCK Map of North-Central Texas Counties
  7. ^ "DFW Climate Narrative".
  8. ^ a b c Counties by Regional Councils of Governments
  9. ^ www.NCTCOG.org
  10. ^ "Counties". Archived from the original on 2008-11-20. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
  11. ^ Texoma Council of Governments
  12. ^ Dallas Business Journal 2016
  13. ^ City of Wichita CAFR
  14. ^ "Sherman-Denison Employers". Archived from the original on 2015-06-11. Retrieved 2016-06-02.