Blue Lacy
Lacy Dog
Blue Lacy in bluebonnets
Other namesLacy Dog
Lacy Game Dog
Texas Blue Lacy
Lacy Hog Dog
Lacy Cur
OriginUnited States
Breed statusNot recognized as a breed by any major kennel club.
Height 46 to 53 cm (18 to 21 in)
Weight Males 16 to 23 kg (35 to 50 lb)
Females 11 to 20 kg (25 to 45 lb)
Coat smooth
Color blue, red, tricolored
NotesState dog of Texas
Dog (domestic dog)

The Lacy Dog or Blue Lacy Dog[1] is a breed of working dog that originated in the U.S. state of Texas in the mid-19th century.[2] The Lacy was first recognized in 2001 by the Texas Senate. In Senate Resolution No. 436, the 77th Legislature honored the Lacy as "a true Texas breed."[3] In 2005, in House Concurrent Resolution No. 108, the 79th Legislature called the Lacy "a Texas original; the only dog breed to have originated in this state."[4] In June 2005, Governor Rick Perry signed the legislation adopting the Blue Lacy as "the official State Dog Breed of Texas".[5] As expected, the vast majority of Lacy dogs are found in Texas. However, as the breed becomes more recognized, breeding populations are being established across the United States, Canada, and most recently in Europe.



Lacy dogs are strong and fast, lightly built but proportional within the height-to-weight ratio. Height at the withers is from 43 to 56 cm (17 to 22 in). Dependent on height and general conditioning, weight should be approximately 11 to 20 kg (25 to 45 lb) for females and 16 to 25 kg (35 to 55 lb) for males.[1] The standards listed in the Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 108 are slightly different—height between 46 and 64 cm (18 and 25 in) and weight between 14 and 23 kg (30 and 50 lb)—but it was not until 2005 that it was officially recognized as the state dog.


Though they are often called "blue" Lacys, there are three permissible color varieties of the Lacy. "Blues" are any shade of gray from light silver to dark charcoal. "Reds" range from light cream to rust. The "Tri" combines a blue base with distinct red markings as appropriate for trim, and white which may appear on the brisket and stretch from chin to groin. White may also be present on one or more paws. Excessive white is discouraged, and markings on the face or above mid-line are a disqualifying fault. Their eyes are sharp and alert, ranging in color from bright yellow to rich amber.


The coat should be short, smooth and tight. An excessively long or rough coat is a disqualification. Lacys shed, but require minimal grooming.


Blue and Tan Lacy

Blue Lacy Dogs are intelligent, intense, active, and alert. Developed to be both hunting and herding dogs, they display great drive and determination to work with big game and control difficult livestock. Young dogs may have too much energy and drive for small children. They are easy to train, learning new skills quickly.


The Lacy is a working breed, and does much better when given a job, which allows them to burn off excessive energy. Work they excel at includes herding livestock,[6] blood trailing or tracking,[7] treeing game, running trap lines,[8] and hunting wild hogs.[9] Modern activities like agility that stress intelligence, passion, speed and nimbleness may be appropriate substitutes for traditional work.[10] Herding instincts and trainability can be measured at noncompetitive herding tests. Lacys generally exhibit herding instincts and can be trained to compete in stock dog trials or hog bays.[11] During recent years, Lacy dogs have also become recognized for their tracking skills, and are used to locate "lost" game animals. They are also used by United States trappers for save and chasing operations.


Lacys are generally healthy dogs. Developed for generations to meet the requirements of ranchers and hunters, they are sturdy enough to withstand tough terrain, difficult working conditions, and both hot and cold weather by Texan standards. However, skin problems and food allergies can occur. Color dilution alopecia is very rare but has occurred in Lacys.[12]

The Lacy Brothers in the 1870s (left to right) - Ewin Lacy, Francis Marion (Frank) Lacy, John Hiram (Harry) Lacy and George Washington Lacy, Jr.


Red Lacy puppy

The Lacy dog was named after the Lacy brothers (Young Ewin "Ewin", Francis Marion "Frank", John Hiram "Harry," and George Lacy) who created the breed for work on their ranch, the Lacy Lans Ranch (as of 2022, a portion of the original ranch is still owned by descendants of the Lacy family but is now called the Shifflett Ranch).[13] The Lacy family had moved from Kentucky to Texas in 1858, settling in Burnet County, Texas.[2] The Blue Lacy dog was allegedly a mixture of Greyhound, an unnamed scent hound, and either coyote or gray wolf. Historical and geographical evidence points to the July Hound as the possible scent hound genetic factor, but there is no official documentation asserting this claim. They were bred to handle multiple tasks on the ranch, but especially the herding of free-range hogs (leading to the affectionate local sobriquet "Lacy hog dogs").[14][15][16][17][18][19][20] Texas House Concurrent Resolution No. 108 also mentions that scenthound may have been included in the breed's mix.[2] The Lacy family who bred the Blue Lacy dog was the same family who donated the red (also known as pink) granite from their quarry on Granite Mountain (which was then located on the Lacy Lans Ranch and owned by the Lacy brother George, along with his business partners William H. Westfall and Nimrod L. Norton)[21] to build the Texas State Capitol building in Austin, Texas.[22]

On March 15, 2005, in the 79th Legislature of the State of Texas, Representative Joaquin Castro,[23] at the request of the Texas Lacy Game Dog Association,[24] filed House Concurrent Resolution No. 108,[4] proposing the blue Lacy as the State Dog of Texas.[4][25] This legislation was proposed to recognize the original breeders, the Lacy family, and their contribution to the State of Texas as well as to honor the Lacy Dog as a Texas original. House Concurrent Resolution No. 108 [4] was adopted by the Texas House of Representatives on May 15, 2005, and by the Senate ten days later on May 25, 2005.[3] Governor Rick Perry signed the legislation adopting the Lacy as "the official State Dog Breed of Texas" on June 18, 2005.[3]

The Lacy was proposed by some in 2008 to replace Reveille VII, a collie, as the mascot dog of Texas A&M.[26] In accordance with tradition since Reveille III, however, a collie was chosen.

See also


  1. ^ a b "The Official Lacy Dog Standard". Adkins, TX: National Lacy Dog Association. 2008. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  2. ^ a b c From State of Texas cited in United States Government. "State Government". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  3. ^ a b c From State of Texas, Senate Resolution No. 436, cited in National Kennel Club. "Senate Resolution No. 436". National Kennel Club. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d From State of Texas, House Concurrent Resolution No. 108, cited in Texas State Legislature. "H.C.R. No. 108". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  5. ^ "Texas, Louisiana name pioneers' working dogs as their state breeds". Beaumont, TX: Hearst Community Newspapers. April 2, 2008. Retrieved July 7, 2022.
  6. ^ "Lacys at Work: Herding Cattle". Working Lacys: Official Blog of True Working Lacy Dogs. July 1, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  7. ^ "Lacys at Work: Blood Tracking". November 29, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  8. ^ "Lacys at Work: Trap Line Dogs". 2008-12-08. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  9. ^ "Lacys at Work: Hog Hunting with Dogs". November 21, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  10. ^ "Lacys at Work". National Lacy Dog Association. 2008. Archived from the original on July 31, 2009. Retrieved July 8, 2009.
  11. ^ Hartnagle-Taylor, Jeanne Joy; Taylor, Ty (2010). Stockdog Savvy. Alpine Publications. ISBN 978-1-57779-106-5.
  12. ^ "Hair Loss and Color Dilution Alopecia in Blue Lacys". Working Lacys. op. cit. February 4, 2009. Retrieved May 10, 2010.
  13. ^ From Texas Department of Agriculture. Texas Family Land Heritage Registry, Volume 20, 2005; Austin, Texas, University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; UNT Libraries Government Documents Department."Texas Family Land Heritage Registry". Texas Department of Agriculture. 2005. p. 24. Archived from the original on February 2, 2022. Retrieved February 2, 2022.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  14. ^ "Texas Blue Lacys are the Official State Dog of Texas". San Antonio, TX: Texas Lacy Game Dog Association. 2008. Archived from the original on April 6, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  15. ^ English Shepherd.United Kennel Club. "English Shepherds". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  16. ^ Greyhound.American Kennel Club AKC. "Greyhound". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  17. ^ Coyote.National Geographic. "Coyote". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on March 3, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  18. ^ Gray Wolf.National Geographic. "Gray Wolf". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on February 24, 2021. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  19. ^ Texas Department of Agriculture. Texas Family Land Heritage Registry, Volume 20, 2005, p.24.
  20. ^ Harris, Sam E. (January–February 1956). "Hog Dogs! Llano County, Texas, Ranchmen, Who Profit From Wild Range Hogs, Depend on Acorns and their Hog Dogs". op. cit. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  21. ^ The Historical Marker Database. The Historical Marker Database. "Granite Mountain". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  22. ^ Texas State Historical Association, Handbook of Texas Texas State Historical Association. "Capitol". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  23. ^ Joaquin Castro, Congressman for the 20th District of Texas U.S. House of Representatives. "Joaquin Castro, Congressman for the 20th District of Texas". U.S. Government. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  24. ^ Texas Lacy Game Dog Association Texas Lacy Game Dog Association. "Texas Lacy Game Dog Association Homepage". Texas Lacy Game Dog Association. Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  25. ^ From Texas State Dog Breed, cited in States Symbols USA. "Blue Lacy Texas State Dog Breed". Retrieved February 2, 2022.
  26. ^ Baggett, Donnis (March 9, 2008). "The Final Say on Reveille; or Is It?". The Eagle. Bryan, TX: Bryan–College Station Communications. Archived from the original on March 14, 2008. Retrieved March 15, 2009.