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Sloughi
Sloughi male.jpg
Other namesUskay (Oska), Berber Greyhound
Arabian Greyhound
Sloughi Mughrabi
OriginNorth Africa
Traits
Height Dogs 66-72 cm
Bitches 61-68 cm
Weight Dogs 22-28 kg
Bitches 18-24 kg
Life span average 12-15 years
Kennel club standards
FCI standard
Dog (domestic dog)

The Sloughi /ˈslɡi/,[1] or Arabian Greyhound (Arabic: سْلُوڭِي),[2] is an ancient breed of domesticated dog, specifically a member of the sighthound family. It originates from North Africa and is found in Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and Libya.[3][4][5]

History

Arabian Greyhound circa 1915
Arabian Greyhound circa 1915

The Sloughi has existed for centuries in North Africa, primarily from Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia but also into parts of Libya and Egypt.[6] The name ‘sloughi” is the same combination of letters in Arabic as Saluki, and the two breeds likely share a common ancestor.[6] Neolithic rock paintings in Algeria and tomb paintings in Egypt have been found which show distinctly slender dogs with drop ears.[6] Sloughis are still used for hunting in its native countries, and also is a reliable guard dog. The Sloughi was accepted into the FCI in 1998 and received full recognition by the American Kennel Club as of January 1, 2016 when it became eligible to compete in the AKC Hound Group.[7][5]

Appearance

The sloughi should not to be confused with the smooth Saluki, nor to be confused with the smooth Afghan Hound. The Sloughi is a medium-large, short-haired, smooth-coated, athletic sighthound developed by the Berbers in North Africa (in the area including Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, and Libya) to hunt game such as hare, fox, jackal, gazelle, and wild pigs.[8][9] It is an ancient breed, treasured in North Africa for its hunting skills, speed, agility, and endurance over long distances. It is a robust, but elegant and racy, pursuit dog with no exaggeration of length of body or limbs, muscle development, angulation, nor curve of loin. The Sloughi is not a fragile dog, but is also a dog with class and grace. The attitude is noble and somewhat aloof, and the expression of the dark eyes is gentle and melancholy.[8][10] In regions where they are still used as sight hounds, their appearance can vary from region to region to best suit the terrain and the game animal.[6]

The Sloughi's head is long and elegant with drop ears. The body and legs show defined bony structure and strong, lean muscles. The skeletal structure is sturdy. The topline is essentially horizontal blending into a bony, gently sloping croup. The tail is long and carried low with an upward curve at the end.[11][12]

Temperament

Sloughi on Algerian Stamp (1983)
Sloughi on Algerian Stamp (1983)

The Sloughi is a primitive hunting breed that bonds extremely closely with its owner or family from an early age. They are unlikely to be exceedingly shy or aggressive. A well bred and well socialized Sloughi is a stable, attentive, and exceedingly loving family member.[13][6]

The American Sloughi Association standard states that, “The Sloughi is a dog with class and grace. The attitude is noble and somewhat aloof.”[13]

Because of their origins as the hunters and guardians of Sahara nomads and bedouins, the Sloughi is reserved with strangers and takes a while to warm up to new friends. The Sloughi also expects reserve from people they meet, and may not appreciate those who are too familiar. The Sloughi is also noted for its primitive instincts, for unlike other sighthound breeds it is highly alert and territorial which made them prized by the Berbers, not only as hunters, but as fearless watch dogs.[13][14]

Improperly socialized Sloughis can be shy and or aggressive towards other dogs, and it is critical that breeders consider temperament in their breeding decisions and that puppies receive appropriate socialization from an early age so that they mature into well adjusted adults. Their socialization must include not only new people, but new situations, environments and other dogs.[13]

Sloughis that are accustomed to children are excellent with children. As with all breeds, children need to be taught to respect dogs and not to mistreat them.

They require ample daily exercise in order to meet their physical, emotional and mental needs. This is not a breed that is well suited to apartment life without a planned regimen of daily exercise that includes galloping freely.

Sloughis have been bred for millennia to course game and as a result have extremely high prey drive. They can be wonderful with cats, small dogs and other animals if they are introduced at an early age and learn that these other pets are not prey.

The Sloughi's character is also tender and intelligent and they are sensitive to correction. They must be trained with methods that are also intelligent and sensitive. Heavy-handed or corporal training methods are not effective for any breed, but they are especially deleterious to the character of sighthounds.[13]

Health

Only a few genetic conditions have been confirmed in the breed. These include certain autoimmune disorders, such as Addison's disease and irritable bowel syndrome and progressive retinal atrophy. The Sloughi is one of the breeds for whom a genetic test for progressive retinal atrophy has been developed to with a simple blood test. Like all sighthounds, the Sloughi is very sensitive to anesthesia, and can be sensitive to vaccines, worming, and other medications—so these routine treatments should be spaced apart instead of given all at once. The breed tends to enjoy excellent health into old age.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Sloughi". Encarta. Microsoft Corporation. 1997–2008. Archived from the original on 2009-11-01. Retrieved 2008-12-05.
  2. ^ also known as the Slughi Maghribi, Uskay, Berber Greyhound and by other names.
  3. ^ Gibeault, Stephanie (29 Dec 2016). "The Sloughi is a Cherished Dog of North Africa – American Kennel Club". American Kennel Club. Retrieved 8 Jan 2022.
  4. ^ Fernandez, Amy (2 Jan 2009). "The Sloughi – An Ancient Hound Whose DNA Predates Christ". Canine Chronicle. Retrieved 8 Jan 2022.
  5. ^ a b "FCI-Standard No 188 Sloughi" (PDF). Federation Cynologique Internationale. 1998-08-01.
  6. ^ a b c d e Bamford, Susan (2011-12-01). "The Sloughi - Slougui - Arabian Greyhound" (PDF). Primitive and Aboriginal Dog Society. 28: 4–23.
  7. ^ American Kennel Club | http://www.akc.org/dog-breeds/sloughi/ | Retrieved=5 Jan 2016
  8. ^ a b "Sloughi Dog Breed Information". American Kennel Club.
  9. ^ "Ocerico Sloughis – Top Winning AKC Sloughis".
  10. ^ "ShowSight Presents The Sloughi". www.showsightonline.com.
  11. ^ http://cdn.akc.org/Sloughi.pdf?_ga=1.74360786.1380922360.1452568928[bare URL PDF]
  12. ^ Haddam H.Y. et al. Morphological characterization of an Algerian Sighthound known as The Sloughi raised in the Wilaya of Tlemcen, Northwest of Algeria.Genetics and Biodiversity Journal 74-86 Vol 5 (1) 2021 [1]
  13. ^ a b c d e "Temperament". July 3, 2017.
  14. ^ Cosgrove, Nicole (2018-03-28). "Sloughi | Breed Info: Pictures, Characteristics, Facts, Traits". Hepper. Retrieved 2022-02-27.
  15. ^ http://cdn.akc.org/Marketplace/Health-Statement/Sloughi.pdf[bare URL PDF]