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Fergana Kipchak
Färğona tili/Фәрғона тили
RegionCentral Asia (Fergana Valley)
Language codes
ISO 639-3qwm

Fergana Kipchak, also Kuman, Qomanian, or Kipchak Uzbek, is an extinct Turkic language formerly spoken in the Fergana Valley in Central Asia. It split from East Kipchak in the middle of the 8th century (the South Altay language likely split earlier).[citation needed] Other East Kipchak dialects gave rise to the modern Kyrgyz language. In some districts of Fergana Region the features of Kipchak are seen, especially in phonetics.[citation needed] These regions (uzbek tuman) are Bagʻdod, Buvayda, Uchkoʻprik, and some parts of neighboring districts. Many idioms spoken in Uzbekistan that are now considered part of the Kyrgyz language are actually Fergana Kipchak dialects.[citation needed] According to the E. D. Polivanov, the Fergana Kipchak language existed as a separate idiom as late as in the 1920s. According to A. N. Samoilovich's latest research, some descendants of Fergana Kipchaks identify themselves as a separate ethnic group independent from the Uzbeks, Kazakhs or the Kyrgyz, although closely related to the latter.[citation needed] Some modern Fergana Kipchak dialects seem closely related to the Kipchak–Nogay group of the Turkic languages.[citation needed]

See also