Woni
Native toChina
RegionYunnan
Ethnicity85,000 Hani (1997); projected 135,000 in 2010[1]
Native speakers
(60,000 or more cited 1987)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3None (mis)
GlottologNone

Woni (Chinese: 窝尼; autonym: hɑ˧˩ɲi˧)[2] is a Southern Loloish language spoken in Zhenyuan Yi, Hani and Lahu Autonomous County and Xinping Yi and Dai Autonomous County of Yunnan, China. The most extensive description of Woni to date is that of Yang (2016).[2]

There are 5,406 speakers of Woni in south-central Yunnan, China.[2] Yang (2016) covers the Woni dialect of Leda village (勒达村), Xinping County.[3] Gao (1955)[4] covers the dialect of Yangwu Town (扬武镇), Xinping County.

Classification

Yang (2016) classifies Woni as a Hao-Bai (Haoni-Baihong) language.

Distribution

Woni speakers are located in the following villages (Yang 2016:1-2).

A similar language variety is spoken in Tonghai County, in (Tonghai County Gazetteer 1992:611-612):

References

  1. ^ a b "Woni" (PDF) – via Asia Harvest.
  2. ^ a b c Yang (2016)
  3. ^ a b "Xīnpíng Xiàn Guìshān Zhèn Yà Ní Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Èr Zǔ (Lèdá)" 新平县桂山镇亚尼村民委员会二组(勒达) [Group 2 (Leda), Yani Village Committee, Guishan Town, Xinping County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  4. ^ Gao, Huanian 高华年 (1955). "Yángwǔ Hāníyǔ chūtàn" 揚武哈尼語初探 [A Study of Yangwu Hani]. Zhōngshān dàxué xuébào (shèhuì kēxué bǎn) 中山大学学报(社会科学版) (in Chinese). 1955 (2): 175–230.
  5. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Qīnghé Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Qīnglóngzhài Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡青河村民委员会青龙寨村 [Qinglongzhai Village, Qinghe Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  6. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Qīnghé Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Hālóng Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡青河村民委员会哈龙村 [Halong Village, Qinghe Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  7. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Qīnghé Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Bùdùchōng Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡青河村民委员会布渡冲村 [Buduchong Village, Qinghe Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  8. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Sānjiārén Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会三家人村 [Sanjia Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  9. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Xīnzhài Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会新寨村 [Xinzhai Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  10. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Jiùzhài Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会旧寨村 [Jiuzhai Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  11. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Wūmùshù Xīn Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会乌木树新村 [Wumushu New Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  12. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Wūmùshù Lǎo Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会乌木树老村 [Wumushu Old Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  13. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Xiè Yī Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会谢一村 [Xie First Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  14. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Xiè Èr Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会谢二村 [Xie Second Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  15. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Péngzūbà Lǎo Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会棚租坝老村 [Pengzuba Old Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  16. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Péngzūbà Xīn Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会棚租坝新村 [Pengzuba New Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  17. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Chàhé Xiāng Péngzūbà Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Liángjiā Cūn" 峨山县岔河乡棚租坝村民委员会梁家村 [Liangjia Village, Pengzuba Village Committee, Chahe Township, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  18. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Luōlǐ Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Luōlǐ Cūn" 峨山县化念镇罗里村民委员会罗里村 [Luoli Village, Luoli Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  19. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Luōlǐ Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Yángmáochōng Cūn" 峨山县化念镇罗里村民委员会羊毛冲村 [Yangmaochong Village, Luoli Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  20. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Huàniàn Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Xíngzhài Cūn" 峨山县化念镇化念村民委员会行寨村 [Xingzhai Village, Huanian Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  21. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Huàniàn Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Mǎlùtáng Cūn" 峨山县化念镇化念村民委员会马鹿塘村 [Malutang Village, Huanian Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  22. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Huàniàn Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Tādámò Cūn" 峨山县化念镇化念村民委员会他达莫村 [Tadamo Village, Huanian Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  23. ^ "Éshān Xiàn Huàniàn Zhèn Luōlǐ Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Fǎtǔshān Cūn" 峨山县化念镇罗里村民委员会法土山村 [Fatushan Village, Luoli Village Committee, Huanian Town, Eshan County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  24. ^ "Xīnpíng Xiàn Guìshān Zhèn Yàní Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Yī Zǔ (Chàhé)" 新平县桂山镇亚尼村民委员会一组(岔河) [Group 1 (Chahe), Yani Village Committee, Guishan Town, Xinping County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  25. ^ "Xīnpíng Xiàn Yángwǔ Zhèn Dàkāimén Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Jūlālǐ Shàng Cūn" 新平县扬武镇大开门村民委员会居拉里上村 [Julali Upper Village, Dakaimen Village Committee, Yangwu Town, Xinping County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  26. ^ "Xīnpíng Xiàn Yángwǔ Zhèn Dàkāimén Cūnmín Wěiyuánhuì Jūlālǐ Xià Cūn" 新平县扬武镇大开门村民委员会居拉里下村 [Julali Lower Village, Dakaimen Village Committee, Yangwu Town, Xinping County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.
  27. ^ Bradley, David (2001). Northern Hani Dialects. Paper presented at ICSTLL 34, Kunming, China, 24–28 October 2001.
  28. ^ "Shípíng Xiàn Lóngwǔ Zhèn Yùyīng Cūn Cūnwěihuì" 石屏县龙武镇育英村村委会 [Yuying Village Committee, Longwu Town, Shiping County]. ynszxc.net (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-12-30. Retrieved 2018-12-30.

Further reading

  • Yang, Yan 杨艳 (2016). Hāníyǔ Wōníhuà yánjiū 哈尼语窝尼话研究 (Ph.D. thesis) (in Chinese). Shanghai shifan daxue.
  • You, Weiqiong 尤伟琼 (2013). Yúnnán mínzú shìbié yánjiū 云南民族识别研究 [Classifying Ethnic Groups of Yunnan] (in Chinese). Beijing: Minzu chubanshe.