Mok
RegionShan State, Myanmar and Lampang, Thailand
Native speakers
4,700 (2018)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3mqt
Glottologmokk1243
ELPMok

Mok, also known as Amok,[2] Hsen-Hsum, and Muak, is a possibly extinct Angkuic language spoken in Shan State, Myanmar[3] and in Lampang Province, Thailand. In Lampang, 7 speakers were reported by Wurm & Hattori (1981).

Varieties

Hall & Devereux (2018) report that five varieties of Mok are spoken in Shan State, Myanmar, providing the following comparative vocabulary table.[3] These varieties have some lexical similarity (the lowest being 88%) with each other, but very low lexical similarity with the other Angkuic languages[4]. Owen (2018) dubs these varieties Hwe Law, Chieng Kham, Pha Lam, Punglong, and Hwe Koi.

Gloss Mok A Mok B Mok C Mok D Mok E Muak Sa-aak Pa Xɛp U Hu
die [jɛ́m] [n̩jém] [jám] [jɛ́m] [jɛ̂m] jâm jàp jám
weep [jàːm] [jàːm] [jàːm] [jàːm] [jàːm] jâːm jâm jàm
chicken [ʔèa] [ʔeàː] [ʔìa] [ʔeàː] [ʔeàː] ʔɛ̂l jɛ́ -
silver, money [mûi] [nèŋ][5] [ŋə̀n][5] [muí] [p.sí muî] mûl mùn mm̥úl
fly (v.) [tʰə̀ːŋ] [tʰiaŋ] / [pʰiaŋ] [ntʰíaŋ] [mpʰîang] [ntʰîaŋ] pʰ.jûl mpʰə̀ phɨ́ʁ
louse [síʔ] / [nsíʔ] [síʔ] / [nsíʔ] [nsíʔ] [síʔ] / [nsíʔ] [síʔ] / [nsíʔ] cʰíʔ nchí nsíʔ

Geographic Distribution

Tannumsaeng (2020)[4] describes three locations for Mok: between Mong Khet and Mong Yang and south of Kengtung in Myanmar, and on the Thai-Burmese border in Chiang Rai Province, Thailand.

Phonology

Tannumsaeng (2020)[4], citing Hall & Devereux (2018), provides the following phonology for Mok.

The consonants are /pʰ p m f w tʰ t n s l r c ɲ j kʰ k ŋ ʔ h/, with reduced /m̩ n̩ ɲ̩ ŋ̩ pə tə kə sə/. /f/ and /r/ only appear in certain varieties. The vowels are /i e ɛ u ɯ o ɤ ɔ a/, with the diphthongs /ia ɯa ua/. Mok has two tones, one low and one high.

References and notes

  1. ^ Mok at Ethnologue (24th ed., 2021)
  2. ^ OLAC Resources in and about the Mok Language, www.language-archives.org/language.php/mqt.
  3. ^ a b Hall, Elizabeth and Shane Devereux (2018). Preliminary Mok Phonology and Implications for Angkuic Sound Change. Paper presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society, held May 17-19, 2018 in Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
  4. ^ a b c Phakawee Tannumsaeng (2020). A Preliminary Grammar of Mok, Hwe Koi Variety, Chiang Rai, With Special Focus on the Anaphoric Use of tɤ́ʔ. Payap University.
  5. ^ a b Tai loanword

Further reading