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Diphu
Town
Diphu Hills
Diphu Hills
Diphu is located in Assam
Diphu
Diphu
Location in Assam, India
Diphu is located in India
Diphu
Diphu
Diphu (India)
Coordinates: 25°50′N 93°26′E / 25.83°N 93.43°E / 25.83; 93.43
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DistrictKarbi Anglong
Sub-DivisionLumbajong
Government
 • BodyKarbi Anglong Autonomous Council
Elevation
186 m (610 ft)
Population
 (2023)
 • Total84,000
Languages
 • OfficialAssamese and English
 • SpokenAssamese, Karbi, Dimasa, Kuki and English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
782460, 782462
Telephone code03671
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-09
Websitehttps://karbianglong.gov.in

Diphu (Assamese pronunciation: [ˈdɪfu:]) is the headquarter of Karbi Anglong district in the state of Assam in India. This small town is a popular tourist hill station for people of nearby cities.

Etymology

The word Diphu came from Dimasa language, meaning White Water (Di for Water, and Phu for White). Historically, it is said that the stream in Diphu carries large amounts of sediment during the rainy season, giving it a whitish colour, hence its name.

Geography

Statue of Rongpharpi Rongbe

Diphu is located at 25°50′N 93°26′E / 25.83°N 93.43°E / 25.83; 93.43.[1] It has an average elevation of 186 metres (610 feet). It is about 270 km by road and 213 km by railways from Guwahati. The town is located on a beautiful hill.

Demographics

As of 2011 India census,[2] Diphu had a population of 63,654. Based on population, it is classified as a class-II city (between 50,000 and 99,999 inhabitants). Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Diphu has an average literacy rate of 90%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. The male literacy rate is 94% and female literacy rate is 86%. In Diphu, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. The major indigenous communities living in Diphu are Karbi, Dimasa Kachari, Garo Kachari, Boro Kachari and Rengma Naga.

Language

Languages spoken in Diphu (2011)[3]

  Karbi (40.53%)
  Bengali (21.68%)
  Assamese (12.96%)
  Hindi (8.54%)
  Nepali (4.37%)
  Bodo (3.09%)
  others (8.83%)

Karbi is the most spoken language at 25,045 speakers, followed by Bangali at 13,400 and Assamese at 8,007, Hindi is spoken by 5,277 people, Bodo at 1,909 and Nepali at 2,712.

Culture

The town is home to many indigenous communities and other communities from rest of the country. Dimasa Kachari, Karbis, Rengma, Tiwa Kachari, Bodo Kachari, Garo Kachari and Rabha Kachari being the major tribes of the district. The town exhibits peaceful and harmonious coexistence among them. It houses temples, churches, mosques and gurudwaras. The town celebrates all the major festivals together with much fun-fare. Rongker, Bushu-Dima(Bisu), Wangala, Bihu, Sikpui-Ruoi, Christmas, Durga Puja, Diwali, Baikho and other festivals are celebrated with fervour and joy.

Educational institutions

Health infrastructure

Transportation

Road

National Highway 329A connect the town to outside place. Diphu is well connected to most districts and important towns of Assam by Government and private buses. Shared Car also ply between nearby town and places. Auto rickshaw is the main mode of transport within the town.

A flyover bridge is currently being built to avoid traffic congestation in the town.[5]

Rail

The town is served by Diphu railway station of Northeast Frontier Railway zone which lies on Lumding–Dibrugarh section. Many crucial trains connect the town like Dibrugarh Rajdhani Express, Brahmaputra Mail, Kamrup Express, Jan Shatabdi Express, Chandigarh Express, Nagaland Express etc.

Sports

Football is the most popular sport in Karbi Anglong. The multipurpose Karbi Anglong Sports Association (KASA) Stadium is home to Karbi Anglong Morning Star FC, a professional football club based in Diphu. It competes in the top division Assam State Premier League. Currently, there is one Stadium at KASA Sports Complex and another under construction at Chutianala, Diphu.

Politics

Main article: Diphu (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Diphu town is under Diphu (Vidhan Sabha constituency). This constituency form a part of Autonomous District (Lok Sabha constituency).[6]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Diphu
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ https://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/C-16T/DDW-C16-TOWN-STMT-MDDS-1800.XLSX. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Assam University Diphu Campus"
  5. ^ "Why Do We Need A Flyover In Diphu Town?". Vastav. 26 August 2023. Retrieved 31 August 2023.
  6. ^ "List of Parliamentary & Assembly Constituencies" (PDF). Assam. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2006. Retrieved 5 October 2008.