Barua (also spelt as Baruah, Barooah, Baruwa, Baroova, Barooa, Baroowa, Borooah, Boruah, or Baroa) is a common Assamese surname. This term is different and not to be confused with the surname used by Buddhists from Bangladesh, Myanmar and Tripura, who also use Barua as surname. Baruah can also belong to converted Brahmin Caste. Baruah in Assam generally belongs to Brahmin Caste. Surnames include Baruah, Barooah, Barua.

In Assam Valley


Originally, the Barua surname was used as a military rank in the Sutiya kingdom held by individuals from the Buruk clan.[4] The historical examples, such as Borhuloi Barua, Gajraj Barua, Manik Chandra Barua and Kasitora Barua were Sutiya officials.[5][6]

During the Ahom reign, Barua represented by the Tai word Phu-ke[7](literally: "Leader of 10,000 men" in Ahom language), meant a superintending officer of the Paik system of the Ahom Army.[8]

Appointments as Baruas were made irrespective of the paik's religion or ethnicity. Among other ethnic groups, there is mention of Sutiya Baruas in several instances of Buranjis. For example, there was a Sutiya revolt against the monarchy led by a Sutiya Borua in 1673.[9] Ahom Borua was a position held by the family of the Sutiya Kataki who joined the Ahoms, after the defeat of Sutiyas;[10] while Sutiya Karhi Borua was an officer under whom the Sutiya archers of the king's palace were posted.[11] During the reign of Siva Singha, the Dulia Borua and Kukurachuwa Borua were Sutiyas.[12] Other examples of Sutiya Boruas include Moi Borua (Buruk-Chutia origin[13][14]) and Aruwandhara Borua.[15] Kachari, Sonowal and Thengal Baruas were of Kachari origin,[16] while others like Bapu, Bez and Dewalia Baruas were Brahmins.[17] Besides these, during the Moamoria rebellion, the Matak rebels also appointed Baruas among themselves.[18]


The rank bestowed upon individuals within the Assamese community was distributed among several groups, including the Ahoms, Sutiyas, Brahmins, Koch, Morans,[19] Motoks,[20] Kacharis (Sonowals and Thengals),[21] and the Kalitas.



  1. ^ "639 Identifier Documentation: aho – ISO 639-3". SIL International (formerly known as the Summer Institute of Linguistics). SIL International. Retrieved 29 June 2019. Ahom [aho]
  2. ^ "Population by Religious Communities". Census India – 2001. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. Retrieved 1 July 2019. Census Data Finder/C Series/Population by Religious Communities
  3. ^ "Population by religion community – 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. 2011census/C-01/DDW00C-01 MDDS.XLS
  4. ^ "Surnames like Bora, Saikia, Kataki, Tamuli, etc. were found in Chutia kingdom. It is clearly stated in the Deodhai Buranji that when Ahom king Suhungmung attacked the Chutia kingdom on the banks of Dihing river, the Chutia army was led by one Manik Chandra Baruah. The surname "Neog" was probably derived from the Chutia "Nayak" whose duty was the same. Deori folklores also mention the myths behind the creation of each of these titles. For instance, "Bora" was said to be derived from the "Buruk" clan and acted either as a military official or a temple guard..."(Baruah 2007:145)
  5. ^ "The Chutia army was led by Borhuloi Borua and Manikchandra Borua."(Baruah 2007:129)
  6. ^ Mahanta, Sukumar. Assam Buranji. D.H.A.S., 1945, p. 10, Another former Chutia commander named Gajraj Borua who had sided with the Ahoms showed the enemies the exact way to the location where the king was hiding.
  7. ^ (Gogoi 1991:44)
  8. ^ Kakoty, Sanjeeb (2003). Technology, Production And Social Formation in the Evolution of the Ahom State. Regency Publications. ISBN 9788187498735.
  9. ^ (Borua 1930:229)
  10. ^ (Borbarua 1997:563)
  11. ^ (Borbarua 1997:561)
  12. ^ (Borbarua 1997:243)
  13. ^ Bhuyan, S.K, Tungkhungia Buranji, p. 61
  14. ^ Swarnalata, Barua, Chutia Jatir Buranji, p. 226
  15. ^ (Borbarua 1997:563)
  16. ^ (Borbarua 1997:561–562)
  17. ^ (Borbarua 1997:551–566).
  18. ^ (Borua 1930:303)
  19. ^ "As we have argued in the previous chapters that one of the most important support base of ULFA comes from Motok-Moran community. Paresh Boruah, the CIC of ULFA; Anup Chetia, the general secretary; etc., belong to the Motok-Moran community." (Mahanta 2013:284)
  20. ^ The Motock–Moran, known by a generic name of Moamariyas, are one of the proudest races in the history of Assam, especially in the later part of the 18th century and the early part of 19th century." (Mahanta 2013:199)
  21. ^ Borboruah, Hiteswar (1997). Ahomar Din Ed. 2nd. pp. 561–562.


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