View of Kolong river in Nagaon
View of Kolong river in Nagaon
Location in Assam
Location in Assam
Country India
DivisionCentral Assam
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKaliabor, Nowgong
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesRaha, Dhing, Batadroba, Rupohihat, Nowgong, Barhampur, Samaguri, Kaliabor
 • Total2,287 km2 (883 sq mi)
 • Total1,892,550
 • Density830/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS

Nagaon district [nɔgaʊ zila] is an administrative district in the Indian state of Assam. At the time of the 2011 census it was the most populous district in Assam, before Hojai district was split from it in 2016.[1]


Bordowa was the birthplace of the 15-16th century Vaishnavite reformer Sankardev, who brought about a renaissance in Assamese society. Located in Assam's heartland, Nagaon lies at the center of northeast India. The district dates to 1833. Its British administrators jocularly described Nagaon as a district of 3 C's; namely: Chickens, Children and Cases.[citation needed] The region was also called Khagarijan in older records.[2][3]

In 1983 amidst the Assam Agitation the Nellie massacre took place in the village of Nellie and other villages surrounding it.[4] The massacre claimed the lives of 1,600 to 2,000 Bengali-speaking Muslims.[5] It was perpetrated by a mob of Tiwa, Bengali Hindus, and Assamese.[6]

On 15 August 2016, the three tehsils of Nagaon district, namely Hojai, Doboka and Lanka were carved out to form the Hojai district.[1]


The district headquarters are located at Nagaon. A part of the Kaziranga National Park is located within the Nagaon district. The district is bounded by the Brahmaputra river in the north (across the river is Sonitpur district, West Karbi Anglong district and Hojai district in the south, Karbi Anglong district and Golaghat district in the east. The district is a perfect example oxoman (un-even in Assamese) (অসমান) from where the word Assam originated, as it possesses rivers, river valleys, hills, jungles and the plains.


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

The population of Nagaon district based on the 2011 Indian census after separation of the newly carved out Hojai district is 1,892,550. The residual district has a sex ratio of 966 females per 1000 males. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 156,913 (8.29%) and 86,422 (4.57%) respectively.[8][1]


Religions in Nagaon district (2011)[9][a]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Population of circles by religion
Circle Muslims Hindus Others
Kaliabor 21.67% 73.03% 5.30%
Samaguri 59.66% 38.57% 1.77%
Rupahi 91.79% 8.00% 0.21%
Dhing 89.86% 9.89% 0.25%
Nagaon 40.02% 58.98% 1.00%
Raha 28.41% 70.22% 1.37%
Kampur 46.72% 51.64% 1.64%

According to 2011 Indian Census, the Muslims form a majority in the district with 10,63,538,making 56.20% of the total population, with Hindus accounting for 801,181, followed by 1.15% Christians.[9] Small populations of Sikhs, Buddhists and Jains also reside in the district. Way back in 1971, Hindus were in majority in Nagaon district (which also included Hojai district at that time) with forming 42.6% of the population, while Muslims were 39.2% at that time.[10]


Languages spoken in Nagaon district (2011)[11][a]

  Assamese (77.17%)
  Bengali (16.75%)
  Hindi (1.31%)
  Others (4.77%)

According to the 2011 census, 77.17% of the population speaks Assamese, 16.75% Bengali, and 1.31% Hindi as their first language.[11]


Agriculture is the backbone of the district and of Assam state. Rice is the principal crop and is the staple food. Fisheries are another major economy of Nagaon. In the village,a few brick manufacturing industries are opened ,where illiterate people work.[citation needed].


Many Namghars and associated templates are in Nagaon. These include the Bharali Namghar, which is situated in Hatbar and Borduwa Namghar. This namghar is situated in Nagaon Sattra, where Mahapurush Sankardev was born. Saubhagya Madhav, Dulal Madhav and Gopal Madhav are temples built during the reign of the Ahom King Shiba Singha.[citation needed]


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Bordowa than
This is the birthplace of Mahapurush Srimanta Sankardev (1449-1568) the artist, author, founder of Vaishnavism religion and dramatist. The two Sattras are Narowa Sattra and Salaguri Sattras. The mini Museum is there in Narowa Sattras [citation needed]
Inside the main temple of Borduwa Than in Nagaon district of Assam

Champawati Kunda

Waterfalls near Chapanala in Nagaon district of Assam
Champawati Kunda is a waterfall situated in Chapanala in Nagaon district.


Town that was the headquarters of Borphukans during the Ahom kingdom. It was the scene of several battles against the Mughals.
Trishuldhari temple at the bank of Brahmaputra in Silghat


Silghat is a river port lying on the South bank of the Brahmaputra. Pre-communication links of Central Assam across the Brahmaputra traverse this port town. Silghat hosts the Assam Co-operative Jute Mill and several temples.


Raha was an important Chowki during the Ahom kingdom. It became a trade centre for agricultural products such as paddy, jute and mustard. The Fishery Training College is there.

Kamakhya Temple

The Kamakhya Temple is in Silghat. The Ashok Astami Melas held every year nearby. (This is not the Kamakhya Temple in Guwahati.)


It is the place where Phulaguri Dhewa happened in the month of October 1861.It is said to be the first Peasants' Movement in the entire north-east India.It happened due to the exploitation on the peasants by the then British Government including exorbitant rate of taxes in various types of agricultural products.Captain Singer, a British officer was killed during the Dhewa & his body was thrown into the Kolong river nearby.[12]

Kaziranga National Park

In 1974 Kaziranga National Park was established. It has an area of 175 km2 (67.6 sq mi).[13] It shares the park with Golaghat district. It is also home to the Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary.[13] It covers an area of 70.13 km². Its main attraction is the great Indian one-horned rhinoceros. Other animals include tigers, leopards, Asiatic buffalo, wild boar, civet cats, leopard cats and hog deer. Various species of birds and reptiles are also found there.


Football matches are held in Jubilee Field in Nagaon.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Percentages based on the 2011 census figures minus the population of the newly carved out tehsils that went on to form the Hojai district in 2016


  1. ^ a b c "Know about the District | Hojai District | Government Of Assam, India". Retrieved 18 March 2022.
  2. ^ Edward Gait (1906) A History of Assam, p293
  3. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  4. ^ "83 polls were a mistake: KPS Gill". Assam Tribune. 18 February 2008. Archived from the original on 7 February 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2012.
  5. ^ "On February 18, 1983 about 1,600 to 2,000 Muslims of East Bengal origin were killed in several villages around Nellie." (Kimura 2013:68)
  6. ^ Vijayan, Suchitra (February 2021). Midnight's Borders: A People's History of Modern India. Melville House Publishing. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-61219-858-3.
  7. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Nagaon" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population By Religion: Assam". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  10. ^ International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications › ijsrp-...PDF The Change of Religion and Language Composition in the State of Assam ...
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population By Mother Tongue: Assam". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  12. ^ PTI (25 October 2011). "Few remember anti-British Phulaguri uprising 150 years ago". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  13. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Assam". Archived from the original on 23 August 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.

26°21′00″N 92°40′00″E / 26.3500°N 92.6667°E / 26.3500; 92.6667