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Kalaburagi district
Gulbarga district
Watch towers at Gulbarga Fort.JPG
11th 12th century Suryanarayana Temple, Kalgi, Karnataka India - 4.jpg
MOSQUE IN GULBARGA CITY IN KARNATAKA..jpg
11th century Panchalingeshwara temples group, Kalyani Chalukya, Sedam Karnataka India - 78.jpg
3rd century BCE to 7th century CE Sannathi Sannati Sonti ancient city archaeological site, Karnataka India - 65.jpg
Clockwise from top-left: Gulbarga Fort, Suryanarayana Temple in Kalgi, Panchlingeshwara Temple near Sedam, Ruins in Sannati, Mosque in Gulbarga city
Nickname(s): 
Land of Toor Dal
Location in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Coordinates: 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°E / 17.33; 76.83Coordinates: 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°E / 17.33; 76.83
Country India
StateKarnataka
RegionKalyana-Karnataka
DivisionKalaburagi Division
HeadquartersKalaburagi
Government
 • TypeKarnataka state Government
 • BodyKarnataka Legislative Assembly
 • Deputy CommissionerYeshwanth Gurukar, IAS
Area
 • Total10,951 km2 (4,228 sq mi)
Elevation
454 m (1,490 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,566,326
 • Density230/km2 (610/sq mi)
Language
 • OfficialKannada,
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
585101

585102

585103
Telephone code91 8472
Vehicle registrationKA-32
No. of taluks11
Lok Sabha constituencyKalaburagi (Lok Sabha constituency)
Precipitation777 millimetres (30.6 in)
Avg. summer temperature42 °C (108 °F)
Avg. winter temperature26 °C (79 °F)
Websitekalaburagi.nic.in
website

Kalaburagi district, formerly known as Gulbarga district,[1] is one of the 31 districts of Karnataka state in southern India. Kalaburagi city is the administrative headquarters of the district.[2] The district is the headquarters of Kalaburagi division.

This district is situated in north Karnataka between 76°.04' and 77°.42 east longitude, and 17°.12' and 17°.46' north latitude, covering an area of 10,951 km². This district is bounded on the west by Bijapur district and Solapur district of Maharashtra state, on the north by Bidar district and Osmanabad district of Maharashtra state, on the south by Yadgir district, and on the east by Sangareddy and Vikarabad districts of Telangana state.

History

The name of the area in Kannada is Kala-buragi, meaning "stony land." In the 6th century CE, the district was under the control of the Chalukyas. The Rashtrakutas briefly conquered the area, but were driven out by the Chalukyas who ruled the area for the next two centuries. The Kalachuris then conquered the area and ruled it until 12th century, when they were driven out by the Yadavas. Afterwards it was ruled by the Kakatiyas, who ruled until 1324, when their kingdom fell to the Delhi Sultanate. The ambitions of the local governors led to the formation of the Bahmani sultanate, who made Kalaburagi their capital. The Bahmanis eventually fell and left in their place a patchwork of 5 Deccan Sultanates. Kalaburagi was ruled by the Bidar sultanate until its annexation by Bijapur in 1619. Soon the district would become part of the Mughal Empire, but the Asaf Jahi governors of the Deccan later broke away and formed their own Hyderabad State, and Kalaburagi was ruled by them. This state became a princely state of British India, until its annexation by India in 1948. Afterwards, Kalaburagi, along with Bidar and Raichur, became part of Karnataka and were known as the Kalyana-Karnataka region. Since this time, this region has continuously been lagging the rest of the state in social indicators and is considered the most backward region of Karnataka.[3]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kalaburagi one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[4] It is one of the five districts in Karnataka currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[4]

Places of interest

Historical places

Geography

Kalaburagi is situated in Deccan Plateau located at 17°20′N 76°50′E / 17.33°N 76.83°E / 17.33; 76.83[7] and the general elevation ranges from 300 to 750 meters above mean sea level. The main river is the Bhima.

Subdivisions

Kalaburagi district presently comprises the following 11 talukas after the separation of Yadgir district from it.[8]

  1. Kalaburagi
  2. Aland
  3. Afzalpur
  4. Jevargi
  5. Sedam
  6. Shahabad
  7. Kalgi
  8. Kamalapur
  9. Chitapur
  10. Chincholi
  11. Yedrami

Demographics

Religion in Gulbarga district (2011)[9]
Hinduism
78.36%
Islam
19.99%
Other or not stated
1.65%
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901586,760—    
1911640,851+0.89%
1921589,958−0.82%
1931658,151+1.10%
1941704,139+0.68%
1951806,394+1.37%
1961963,619+1.80%
19711,208,007+2.29%
19811,442,258+1.79%
19911,786,138+2.16%
20012,174,742+1.99%
20112,566,326+1.67%
source:[10]

According to the 2011 census Kalaburagi district has a population of 2,566,326,[11] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[12] or the US state of Nevada.[13] This gives it a ranking of 162nd in India (out of a total of 640).[11] The district has a population density of 233 inhabitants per square kilometre (600/sq mi).[11] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.94%.[11] Gulbarga has a sex ratio of 971 females for every 1000 males,[11] and a literacy rate of 64.85%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 25.28% and 2.54% of the population respectively.[11]

Hinduism was the most popular religion: practiced by 78.36% of the population, Islam followed with 19.99%. There are small minorities of other religions.[11]

Languages

Languages in Gulbarga district (2011)[14]

  Kannada (65.70%)
  Urdu (18.15%)
  Lambadi (7.09%)
  Telugu (4.08%)
  Marathi (2.47%)
  Hindi (2.05%)
  Others (0.46%)

According to the 2011 census, 65.70% of the population spoke Kannada, 18.15% Urdu, 7.09% Lambadi, 4.08% Telugu, 2.47% Marathi and 2.05% Hindi as their first language.[14]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Gulbarga city name changed". indiatoday.intoday.in. Retrieved 2 May 2016.
  2. ^ "City of tombs and domes". The Hindu. Karnataka, India. 4 April 2011. Archived from the original on 10 April 2011.
  3. ^ "History | Kalaburagi District | Government of Karnataka | India". Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  4. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. ^ "When I met Emperor Ashoka in Sannathi". Yahoo. Archived from the original on 27 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Friday Mosque of Gulbarga". Archived from the original on 20 November 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kalaburagi
  8. ^ "Yadgir district from Oct 31". 27 August 2009.
  9. ^ "C-1 Population By Religious Community". Census of India. Retrieved 29 July 2021.
  10. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  11. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
  12. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  13. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  14. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Karnataka". Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved 23 April 2022.