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Sarvajña ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ
Statue At Kudalasangama
Statue At Kudalasangama
Native name
Masur
BornEarly 16th century
Abalur, Hirekerur Taluk, Haveri District
DiedMasur, Rattihalli Taluk, Haveri District
OccupationPoet, Pragmatist, Philosopher, Monk

Sarvajña (Kannada: ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ) was a Kannada poet, pragmatist and philosopher of the 16th century. The word "Sarvajna" in Sanskrit literally means "the all knowing". His father was Kumbara Malla and his mother was Mallaladevi. His birth anniversary is celebrated on February 20 every year. He belongs to the cast of Kumbara. He is famous for his pithy three-lined poems called tripadi (written in the native three-line verse metre, "with three padas, a form of Vachana"). He is also referred as Sarvagna in modern translation.[1]

Early life

The period of Sarvajña's life[2] has not been determined accurately, and very little is known about his personal life. Based on studies of his literary style and the references by later writers, historians estimate that he may have lived during the first half of the 16th century. Some references in his works indicate that his real name was Pushpadatta - Sarvajña appears to have been his pseudonym. From information gleaned from his poems, historians believe that his father, a Veerashaiva-Lingayat, met his mother, named Mali in present-day Haveri district (formerly part of Dharwad district) of Karnataka state on his way to Benares while on a pilgrimage. Sarvajna upheld the wisdom of pastoral life in rural areas in his poems and tried to persuade villagers to give up superstition, meaningless customs and traditions.

Tripadis

Sarvagna grew up as a wandering monk creating Tripadis, the famous three liners. In all, about 2000 three-liners are attributed to him. Popular because of their alliterative structure and simplicity, they deal mainly with social, ethical and religious issues. A number of riddles are also attributed to Sarvajna. All his Tripadis mostly rhyme at second letter of every line.

Some examples

ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞನೆಂಬುವನು ಗರ್ವದಿಂದಾದವನೇ?
ಸರ್ವರೊಳು ಒಂದೊಂದು ನುಡಿಗಲಿತು, ವಿದ್ಯೆಯ
ಪರ್ವತವೆ ಆದ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ.
Sarvajnanembuvanu garvadindaadavane?
Sarvarolu ondondu nudigalitu, Vidhyeya
parvatave aada Sarvajna
Translation : Sarvajna did not become an omniscient by his pride. However, by learning one word of wisdom from each, he became a mountain of knowledge.

ವಿದ್ಯೆಯುಳ್ಳವನ ಮುಖವು ಮುದ್ದು ಬರುವಂತ್ತಿಕ್ಕು , ವಿದ್ಯೆಯಿಲ್ಲದವನ ಬರಿ ಮುಖವು ಹಾಳೂರ ಹದ್ದಿನಂತಕ್ಕು - ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ

Translation: A learned man has radiant glow on his face, while an illiterate face resembles that of an eagle of abandoned city - sarvanja.

ಮಾಸೂರ ಬಸವರಸ। ಕೂಸನೀಶನ ಕೇಳೆ।ಕಾಶಿಯ ಅಭವನೊಳು। ಪಡೆದ ವರವದುವೇ। ಸೂಸಿತೆಂತೆನಲು ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ॥

ಗೋರ್ಕಲ್ಲಮೇಲೆ ಮಳೆಗರೆದರೆ, ಆಕಲ್ಲು
ನೀರ್ಕುಡಿವುದೇ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ?
Moorkhange budhiyanu noorkaala helidaru
Gorkallamele malegaredare, aakallu
neerukudivude Sarvajna
Translation : Giving advice to a fool for hundred years is as useless as a heavy rain pouring on a stone. The stone never drinks the water.
ಸಾಲಿಗರು ಕೊಂಡು ಎಳೆವಾಗ, ಕಿಬ್ಬದಿಯ
ಕೀಲು ಮುರಿದಂತೆ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ.
Saalavanu kombaaga haalogarundante
Saaligaru kondu elevaga, Kibbadiya
keelu muridante Sarvajna
Translation : While borrowing loan it feels like eating desserts. When the loan is due for payment, it feels as painful as a broken rib cage.
ಏಳು ಸಾವಿರದ ಎಪ್ಪತ್ತು ವಚನಗಳ
ಹೇಳಿದನು ಕೇಳ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ."
Elu kotiye koti, elu lakshave laksha
Elu saaviradha eppatthu vachanagala
Helidanu kela Sarvajna
Translation : "Saravajna has preached 7,07,07,070 vachanas (Tripadi) overall"
ಮಜ್ಜನವ ಕಾಣದಾ
ಲಜ್ಜೆಗೆಟ್ಟ ಹೆಣ್ಣಂತೆ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ.
Majjige illada oota
Majjanava kaanada
lajjegetta Hennanthe Sarvajna
Translation : Dinner without butter milk (yogurt) is like a dirty woman without shame

.

See also

References

Sources
Notes
  1. ^ "ಕವಿ ಸರ್ವಜ್ಞ (Poet Sarvajna)". kanaja.in , Kanaja. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  2. ^ "Sarvagna and his vachanna". web.missouri. Retrieved 22 October 2010.
  3. ^ Poems