The southern Indian state of Karnataka consists of 31 districts grouped into 4 administrative divisions, viz., Belagavi, Bangalore, Gulbarga, and Mysore. Geographically, the state has three principal variants: the western coastal stretch, the hilly belt comprising the Western Ghats, and the plains, comprising the plains of the Deccan plateau.

4 Divisions and 31 Districts of Indian state of Karnataka.
4 Divisions and 31 Districts of Indian state of Karnataka.

History

Mysore State that was created during States Reorganisation of 1956.
Mysore State that was created during States Reorganisation of 1956.

Main articles: History of Karnataka and Unification of Karnataka

Karnataka took its present shape in 1956, when the former states of Mysore and Coorg were unified into a linguistically homogenous Kannada-speaking state along with agglomeration of districts of the former states of Bombay, Hyderabad, and Madras as part of the States Reorganisation Act of 1956. The unified Mysore State was made up of ten districts, viz., Bangalore, Kolar, Tumkur, Mandya, Mysore, Hassan, Chikkamagalur , Shimoga, Chitradurga, and Ballari which had been transferred from Madras Presidency to Mysore State earlier in 1953, when the new state of Andhra Pradesh was created out of Madras' northern districts.[1] Coorg State became Kodagu district,[2] South Canara was transferred from Madras State, North Canara, Dharwad, Belgaum, and Bijapur from Bombay State. Bidar, Gulbarga, and Raichur from Hyderabad State. The received its new name of Karnataka in the year 1973.

Formations of districts

Chronology of formation of new districts
Date New district Formerly part of Administration
15 August 1986 Bengaluru Urban Bengaluru Ramakrishna Hegde's ministry
Bengaluru Rural
25 August 1997 Chamarajanagara Mysuru J. H. Patel's ministry
Davanagere Chitradurga, Ballari and Shivamogga
Bagalakote Vijayapur
Gadaga Haveri from Dharwad
Udupi South Canara
Koppala Raichur
21 June 2007 Ramnagara Bengaluru Rural H.D. Kumaraswamy's ministry[3]
Chikkaballapur Kolar
30 December 2009 Yadagiri[4] Gulbarga B.S. Yediyurappa's second ministry
18 November 2020 Vijayanagara[5] Ballari B.S. Yediyurappa's second fourth ministry

Currently there are demands to carve out the following district,

Administrative structure

4 Divisions of Indian State of Karnataka.
4 Divisions of Indian State of Karnataka.
31 Districts of Indian state of Karnataka.
31 Districts of Indian state of Karnataka.

A district of an Indian state is an administrative geographical unit, headed by a District Commissioner, an officer belonging to the Indian Administrative Service selected through the UPSC examination. The district commissioner is assisted by a number of officers belonging to the Karnataka Administrative Service selected through the KPSC examination.

A Superintendent of Police (India), usually an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service selected through the UPSC examination. is entrusted with the responsibility of maintaining law and order and related issues of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service and other Karnataka Police officials. Big cities like Bengaluru, Belagavi, Hubballi-Dharwad, Kalaburagi, Mangaluru and Mysuru are headed by a Commissioner of Police holding the rank of Additional Director General of Police(ADGP) for Bengaluru, Inspector General of Police (IGP) for Mysuru and Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) for Belagavi, Hubballi-Dharwad, Kalaburagi and Mangaluru. They are assisted by officers belonging to the Karnataka Police Service selected through the KPSC examination.

A Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service selected through the UPSC examination is responsible for managing the forests, the environment and wildlife of the district. He is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Forest Service selected through the KPSC examination.

Sect-oral development is looked after by the district head of each development department such as Public Works, Health, Education, Agriculture, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various state services.

Administrative divisions

Belagavi Division Bangalore Division Kalaburagi Division Mysore Division

Alphabetical listing of districts

Code[6] District Headquarters[7] Established[8][9] Subdivisions(Taluka) Population[10](As of 2011) Area[7] Population density[10](As of 2011) Map
BK Bagalkote Bagalkote 15 August 1997[11] 1,889,752 6,575 km2 (2,539 sq mi) 288/km2 (750/sq mi)
Karnataka Bagalkot locator map.svg
BN Bengaluru Urban Bengaluru 1 November 1956 9,621,551 2,190 km2 (850 sq mi) 4,393/km2 (11,380/sq mi)
Karnataka Bangalore Urban locator map.svg
BR Bengaluru Rural Bengaluru 15 August 1986[12] 990,923 2,259 km2 (872 sq mi) 431/km2 (1,120/sq mi)
Karnataka Bangalore Rural locator map.svg
BG Belagavi Belagavi 1 November 1956 4,779,661 13,415 km2 (5,180 sq mi) 356/km2 (920/sq mi)
Karnataka Belgaum locator map.svg
BL Ballary Ballary 1 November 1956 1,400,970 4,252 km2 (1,642 sq mi) 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Karnataka Bellary locator map.svg
BD Bidar Bidar 1 November 1956 1,703,300 5,448 km2 (2,103 sq mi) 313/km2 (810/sq mi)
Karnataka Bidar locator map.svg
BJ Vijayapura Vijayapura 1 November 1956 2,177,331 10,498 km2 (4,053 sq mi) 210/km2 (540/sq mi)
Karnataka Bijapur locator map.svg
CJ Chamarajanagara Chamarajanagara 15 August 1997[11] 1,020,791 5,101 km2 (1,970 sq mi) 181/km2 (470/sq mi)
Karnataka Chamarajanagar locator map.svg
CB Chikkaballapura Chikballapura 10 September 2007[11] 1,255,104 4,524 km2 (1,747 sq mi)[13] 296/km2 (770/sq mi)
Karnataka Chikballapur locator map.svg
CK Chikkamagaluru Chikkamagaluru 1 November 1956 1,137,961 7,201 km2 (2,780 sq mi) 158/km2 (410/sq mi)
Karnataka Chikmagalur locator map.svg
CT Chitradurga Chitradurga 1 November 1956 1,659,456 8,440 km2 (3,260 sq mi) 197/km2 (510/sq mi)
Karnataka Chitradurga locator map.svg
DK Dakshina Kannada Mangaluru 1 November 1956 2,089,649 4,560 km2 (1,760 sq mi) 430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Karnataka DK locator map.svg
DA Davanagere Davanagere 15 August 1997[11] 1,643,494 4,460 km2 (1,720 sq mi) 370/km2 (960/sq mi)
Karnataka Davanagere locator map.svg
DH Dharwad Dharwad 1 November 1956 1,847,023 4,260 km2 (1,640 sq mi) 434/km2 (1,120/sq mi)
Karnataka Dharwad locator map.svg
GA Gadag Gadag 24 August 1997[11] 1,064,570 4,656 km2 (1,798 sq mi) 229/km2 (590/sq mi)
Karnataka Gadag locator map.svg
GU Kalaburagi Kalaburagi 1 November 1956 2,566,326 10,951 km2 (4,228 sq mi) 234/km2 (610/sq mi)
Karnataka Gulbarga locator map.svg
HS Hassan Hassan 1 November 1956 1,776,421 6,814 km2 (2,631 sq mi) 261/km2 (680/sq mi)
Karnataka Hassan locator.svg
HV Haveri Haveri 24 August 1997[11] 1,597,668 4,823 km2 (1,862 sq mi) 331/km2 (860/sq mi)
Karnataka Haveri locator map.svg
KD Kodagu Madikeri 1 November 1956 554,519 4,102 km2 (1,584 sq mi) 135/km2 (350/sq mi)
Karnataka Kodagu locator map.svg
KL Kolara Kolara 1 November 1956 1,536,401 3,969 km2 (1,532 sq mi)[14] 386/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Karnataka Kolar locator map.svg
KP Koppala Koppala 24 August 1997[11] 1,389,920 7,189 km2 (2,776 sq mi) 250/km2 (650/sq mi)
Karnataka Koppal locator map.svg
MA Mandya Mandya 1 November 1956[15][16] 1,805,769 4,961 km2 (1,915 sq mi) 364/km2 (940/sq mi)
Karnataka Mandya locator map.svg
MY Mysuru Mysuru 1 November 1956 3,001,127 6,854 km2 (2,646 sq mi) 476/km2 (1,230/sq mi)
Karnataka Mysore locator map.svg
RA Raichuru Raichuru 1 November 1956 1,928,812 8,440 km2 (3,260 sq mi) 228/km2 (590/sq mi)
Karnataka Raichur locator map.svg
RM Ramanagara Ramanagara 10 September 2007[11] 1,082,636 3,556 km2 (1,373 sq mi) 308/km2 (800/sq mi)
Karnataka Ramanagara locator map.svg
SH Shivamogga Shivamogga 1 November 1956 1,752,753 8,477 km2 (3,273 sq mi) 207/km2 (540/sq mi)
Karnataka Shimoga locator map.svg
TU Tumakuru Tumkuru 1 November 1956 2,678,980 10,597 km2 (4,092 sq mi) 253/km2 (660/sq mi)
Karnataka Tumkur locator map.svg
UD Udupi Udupi 25 August 1997[11] 1,177,361 3,880 km2 (1,500 sq mi) 329/km2 (850/sq mi)
Karnataka Udupi locator map.svg
UK Uttara Kannada Karwara 1 November 1956 1,437,169 10,291 km2 (3,973 sq mi) 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Karnataka UK locator map.svg
VN Vijayanagara Hospet 18 November 2020 1,353,628 5,644 km2 (2,179 sq mi) 240/km2 (620/sq mi)
Karnataka Vijayanagara locator map.svg
YD Yadgiri Yadgiri 30 December 2009 1,174,271

5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi)

224/km2 (580/sq mi)
Karnataka Yadgir locator map.svg

See also

References

  1. ^ "Petition against transfer of Bellary dismissed". Indian Express. 30 September 1953. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  2. ^ Chinnappa, Jeevan (15 November 2005). "Did reorganisation panel ignore Kodava leaders' plea?". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 12 December 2006. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
  3. ^ "2 new districts notified in Bangalore". The Times of India. 6 August 2007. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2007.
  4. ^ "Creation of Yadgir district". Online Edition of The Hindu, dated 2009-12-30. Chennai, India. 30 December 2009.
  5. ^ "Vijayanagar to be Karnataka's 31st district, BSY Cabinet gives in-principle nod". The New Indian Express. 19 November 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
  6. ^ "NIC Policy on format of e-mail Address: Appendix (2): Districts Abbreviations as per ISO 3166–2" (PDF). Ministry Of Communications and Information Technology, Government of India. 18 August 2004. pp. 5–10. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 September 2008. Retrieved 24 November 2008.
  7. ^ a b "Know India – Districts of Karnataka". Government of India portal. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  8. ^ Here 'Established' means year of establishment as a district of Karnataka. If the district was formed earlier to the formation of district in the state of Karnataka, 1 November 1956 will be considered as the day of establishment of the district.
  9. ^ "STATES REORGANISATION ACT 1956 - Formation of a new Mysore State". Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 17 November 2010.
  10. ^ a b "List of districts of Karnataka".
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i "A Handbook of Karnataka – Administration" (PDF). Government of Karnataka. pp. 354, 355. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2010.
  12. ^ "District Profile". Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  13. ^ "District Profile – Area and population". Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  14. ^ "Kolar district at a glance" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 March 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  15. ^ Note: This date means the day when the district was initially formed, even before the formation of the state of Karnataka (Mysore). Hence 1 November 1956 will be considered as the day of formation of district in the state of Karnataka
  16. ^ "Formation of Mandya district". Archived from the original on 2 August 2010. Retrieved 18 November 2010.