Ramanagara district
Clockwise from top-left: Chunchi Falls, Kaveri at Mekedatu, Kanva Reservoir, Revanasiddeshwara Betta, National Public School in Channapatna
Location in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Map
Ramanagara district
Coordinates: 12°43′N 75°17′E / 12.71°N 75.28°E / 12.71; 75.28
Country India
StateKarnataka
HeadquartersRamanagara
TalukasRamanagara, Channapattana, Kanakapura, Magadi, Harohalli, Kodihalli, Kuduru, Bidadi
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner & District MagistrateR. Avinash Menon (IAS)
Area
 • Total3,516 km2 (1,358 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,082,636
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
562117, 562159 , 562160 ,562112
Vehicle registrationKA 42
Websiteramanagara.nic.in

Ramanagara district, is one of the 31 districts of Karnataka state in southern India. Ramanagara City is the administrative headquarters of this district. The district is part of Bengaluru Division.

History

Ramanagara district was carved out of the erstwhile Bengaluru Rural district on 23 August 2007,[1] comprising Ramanagara, Channapatna, Harohalli, Kanakapura and Magadi taluks.It has given highest number of Chief Ministers for Karnataka,namely Kengal Hanumanthaiah, HD Devegowda, HD Kumaraswamy.

Geography

Map of the region

Ramanagara is approximately 50 km southwest of Bengaluru. The district shares borders with the districts of Bangalore Urban in the east, Bangalore Rural in the North-east, Tumakuru in the North-west, Mandya in the west and Chamarajanagara in the south-west and Krishnagiri district of Tamilnadu state in the south. It has an average elevation of 747 metres (2450 feet). Ramanagara is famous for the huge rocky outcroppings. The popular places for rock climbing are; Savandurga which is 31km away from Ramanagara, Ramadevarabetta located within the city, Sri Revana Siddeshwara (SRS) betta which is 15.1km away from Ramanagara, Thenginkaibetta near to SRS betta and Kabbaladurga which is 35km away from Ramanagara.

Revanasiddeshwara betta, Avverahalli, Ramanagara

This region has several tall granitic hills which are famous for many short rock climbs, typically 1 to 2 pitches in length. Grades vary from 5.8 American to 5.11 American. It is home to some of the world's oldest granite outcrops. Some of the interesting climbs are on the Wanakkal wall ("Gabbar ki asli pasand", "Labor pain"), on the Rainbow wall ("UIAA", "Kalia"), on Anna-Thamma ("Darkness at dawn", "Black Diamond", the name Anna-Thama means 'elder-brother-younger-brother' in Kannada).

Ramdevarabetta showing the cave entrances made for the film A Passage to India

Another well-known hill is Ramadevarabetta. Along with Savandurga this was one of the shooting locations for David Lean's A Passage to India. Small door like grottoes was made in the rock to resemble caves.[2] It was also in this region that the path-breaking Hindi movie, Sholay, was shot.

Other famous hills in the region include the Revanasideshwara hill and Handigundi. Bilikal Rangaswamy Betta is a popular tourist spot in the district.

These hills have been threatened by quarrying and also plans to carve these hills into statues. The region is covered in scrub forest and is home to threatened bird species such as the yellow-throated bulbul and long-billed vultures.[3] The hill is today one of the few locations in south India where long-billed vultures nest. The region is also home to numerous sloth bears.[4]

Closepet granites

Distribution of the Closepet granites

The Closepet granites are a major geological feature of this region and are from the Lower Proterozoic era. This belt of rocks extends in the north-south direction in 50  km belt. This belt has younger potassic granites and is believed to separate two distinct crustal blocks of Archaean age. The block to the west has low-grade granite-greenstone belts with iron-manganese ores and to the east are younger gneiss of granitic and granodioritic composition with gold-bearing schist belts.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901262,843—    
1911288,219+0.93%
1921311,945+0.79%
1931367,516+1.65%
1941415,233+1.23%
1951515,413+2.18%
1961598,301+1.50%
1971683,221+1.34%
1981843,509+2.13%
1991955,669+1.26%
20011,030,546+0.76%
20111,082,636+0.49%
source:[6]
Religions in Ramanagara district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
88.60%
Islam
10.56%
Christianity
0.59%
Other or not stated
0.25%

According to the 2011 census Ramanagara district has a population of 1,082,636,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Cyprus[9] or the US state of Rhode Island.[10] This gives it a ranking of 421st in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 303 inhabitants per square kilometre (780/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 5.06%.[8] Ramanagaram has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 69.2%. 24.73% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 18.83% and 2.12% of the population respectively.[8]

Languages of Ramanagara district (2011)[11]

  Kannada (83.49%)
  Urdu (10.51%)
  Telugu (2.21%)
  Lambadi (1.32%)
  Tamil (1.08%)
  Others (1.39%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 83.49% of the population spoke Kannada, 10.51% Urdu, 2.21% Telugu, 1.32% Lambadi and 1.08% Tamil as their first language.[11]

Villages

Economy

References

  1. ^ "Ramanagar district will be made the best: Kumaraswamy". The Hindu. 24 August 2007. Archived from the original on 24 October 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  2. ^ A Passage to India - locations Accessed December 2006
  3. ^ Subramanya, S. and Naveein, O. C. 2006. Breeding of Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus at Ramanagara hills, Karnataka, India. Indian Birds 2(2):32 Full text Archived 28 July 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Declare Handigundi forest area as sloth-bear sanctuary". Archived from the original on 19 April 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
  5. ^ Atomic minerals directorate Archived 25 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Karnataka". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census Handbook: Ramanagara" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Rhode Island 1,052,567
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Karnataka". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
View from Ramadevarabetta