Yadgir district
Bhima river at Sannati
Nicknames: 
Girinagara, Daal Bowl of state
Location in Karnataka
Location in Karnataka
Coordinates: 16°45′N 77°08′E / 16.75°N 77.13°E / 16.75; 77.13
Country India
StateKarnataka
Formation10 April 2010
Founded byGovernment of Karnataka
HeadquartersYadgir
TalukasShahpur, Surpur, Yadgir, Gurmitkal, Hunsgi, Wadgera
Government
 • Deputy Commissioner & District MagistrateR. Snehal
(IAS)
Area
 • Total5,234 km2 (2,021 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,174,271
 • Density220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationKA 33
Websiteyadgir.nic.in

Yadgir District is one of the 31 districts of Karnataka state in southern India.This district was carved out of Kalaburagi district as the 30th district of Karnataka on 10 April 2010.[1] Yadgir town is the administrative headquarters of the district.[2] The district occupies an area of 5,160.88 km2 (1,992.63 sq mi).

Yadgir district is very rich in cultural traditions. The vast stretch of fertile black soil of the district is known for bumper red gram and jowar crops. The district is the Daal bowl of the state. The district is also known for cluster of cement industries and a distinct stone popularly known as "Malakheda Stone".

Two main rivers, Krishna and Bhima, and a few tributaries flow in this region. The upper Krishna project and Shahapur Taluka in Bendebembali "Core Green Sugar Factory yet to be started. Yadgir which is known the cement, textile, leather, and chemical production in the industrial sectors. The Agriculture College located in Bheemarayana Gudi (B.Gudi).[3]

Divisions

Yadgir district Map
Yadgir district Vidhana Sabha constituencies Map

The district comprises six taluks: Shahapur, Wadgera, Hunasagi, Surapura, Yadgir and Gurmatkal.[2] The district has 16 hoblies, 117 Gram Panchayats, 519 villages (inhabited & uninhabited) and four municipalities.

History

Prehistoric rock drawings in Balichakra near Yadgir town
Yadgir Fort in 2019

Yadgir, popularly called as "Yadavagiri" by the local people, has deep roots in history. The famous dynasties of the south, the Satavahanas, the Chalukyas of Badami, the Rastrakutas all ruled over this area. From 1347 to 1425 it was the capital of the Yadava dynasty. Shahis, the Adil shahis, the Nizam Shahis have ruled over the district.[3]

In 1504 Yadgiri (Gulbarga) was permanently annexed to Adil Shahi kingdom of Bijapur. In 1657 with the invasion of Mir Jumla it passed into the hands of Mughals. Later with the establishment of Asaf Jahi Dynasty of Hyderabad (1724–1948) Yadgir and Gulbarga were under it. In 1863 when Nizam Government formed Jillabandi, Surpur (Shorapur) became district headquarters, with nine Talukas of which Gulbarga was one of them. In 1873 Gulbarga was formed into Separate district with seven taluks. With reorganization of states in 1956 Gulbarga became Part of Karnataka State and Divisional headquarters. Yadgiri came under Gulbarga district.[3]

The cabinet meeting held at Gulbarga on 26 September 2008 resolved that Yadgir would be formed as new district. Accordingly, the Chief Minister declared Yadgir as new district. The Government appointed an IAS officer as Special Officer for Yadgir district until the final notification of district was published in the Karnataka Gazette. Although the Government issued Gazette Notification declared Yadgir a district of Karnataka State on 26 December 2009, it did not take effect until 30 December 2009.[3]

Subdivisions

Yadgir district presently comprises the following 6 talukas

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  1. Yadgir
  2. Wadgera
  3. Shahapur, Karnataka
  4. Gurmitkal
  5. Hunsgi
  6. Surpur

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901296,302—    
1911323,617+0.89%
1921297,917−0.82%
1931332,354+1.10%
1941355,577+0.68%
1951407,214+1.37%
1961435,838+0.68%
1971531,213+2.00%
1981638,385+1.85%
1991796,031+2.23%
2001956,180+1.85%
20111,174,271+2.08%
source:[4]
Religions in Yadgir district (2011)[5]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
84.99%
Islam
13.23%
Christianity
0.74%
Buddhism
0.68%
Other or not stated
0.36%

According to the 2011 census Yadgir district has a population of 1,174,271,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Timor-Leste[7] or the US state of Rhode Island.[8] This gives it a ranking of 404th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 224 inhabitants per square kilometre (580/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 22.67%. Yadgir has a sex ratio of 987 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 51.83%. 18.79% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 23.28% and 12.51% of the population respectively.[6]

Languages of Yadgir district (2011)[9]

  Kannada (74.06%)
  Urdu (11.97%)
  Lambadi (6.39%)
  Telugu (5.20%)
  Hindi (1.11%)
  Others (1.27%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 74.06% of the population spoke Kannada, 11.97% Urdu, 6.39% Lambadi, 5.20% Telugu and 1.11% Hindi as their first language.[9]


Education

It has 1,024 primary schools, 149 high schools, 40 pre-university colleges, six degree colleges, and 1 polytechnic institute.

Yadgir district has 933 primary schools, out of which 464 are lower primary schools, 469 are higher primary schools and 121 high school having classes VIII to X, which are run by education department. There are 1223 Anganwadi centers run by the Department of Women & Child Development. 605 schools provide lower primary education. Out of 605 schools, 464 schools are run by education department, 1 school by social welfare department, 3 are aided schools and 137 are unaided schools. 587 Schools are providing higher primary education. Out of 587 schools 469 schools are run by education department, 15 schools are run by social welfare department, 26 schools are aided schools, and 77 are unaided schools. 200 Schools are providing High school education. Out of 200 schools, 119 schools are run by education department, 16 schools are run by social welfare department, 15 schools are aided schools and 50 are unaided schools.

A project to support high schools to integrate Information and communications technology[clarification needed] with teaching-learning has been launched with the education department, this includes use of free and open source applications like Geogebra, Phet, and Freemind. Participating schools include GHS Honagera. The project Kalike Samrudhi Upakrama involves an umbrella of NGOs including Kalike, and IT for Change.

Medical facilities

The district has three hospitals, three ayurvedic hospitals, 37 public health centres, six community health centers, 20 dispensaries and 120 family welfare sub-centers.

Places to visit

References

  1. ^ "Yadgir becomes State's 30th district". The Hindu. 30 December 2009. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012.
  2. ^ a b Sivanandan, T. V. (30 December 2009). "Yadgir district to become reality today". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 23 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d "Yadgir History". Official Website of Yadgir District. Government of Karnataka. Archived from the original on 16 July 2014.
  4. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  5. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Karnataka". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  6. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Yadgir" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Timor-Leste, 1,177,834, July 2011 est.
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 1 January 2011. Rhode Island: 1,052,567
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Karnataka". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.