Muzaffarnagar district
Bada Darwaza in Kakrouli village
Bada Darwaza in Kakrouli village
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Muzaffarnagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
TehsilsSadar, Budhana, Jansath, Khatauli
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMuzaffarnagar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesMuzaffarnagar,
 • Total2,991 km2 (1,155 sq mi)
 • Total2,869,934
 • Density960/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
 • Literacy69.12 per cent[1]
 • Sex ratio889/1000
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
251 3xx
Vehicle registrationUP-12
Major highways
NH 334
NH 709AD
SH59, SH12A

Muzaffarnagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. It is part of Saharanpur division. The city of Muzaffarnagar is the district headquarters. This district is the part of National Capital Region.


Medieval period

Muzaffarnagar's early medieval history is obscure till the Indo-Mughal period. Timur's army had marched to Delhi through this region in 1399; its people fought it unsuccessfully. In Mughal Emperor Akbar's time, most of the Muzaffarnagar district region, called Sarwat then under the Mahal control of Tagas / Tyagis of Sarvat village, belonged to the sarkar (circle) of Saharanpur. Akbar bestowed pargana of Sarwat on Sayyed Mahmud Khan Barha which remained with his descendants up to the 17th century. Munawwar Lashkar Khan Barha established the city and named it Muzaffarnagar in honour of his father, Sayyid Muzaffar Khan, otherwise known as Khan-i-Jahan during the reign of Shah Jahan, after which Sarwat also became Muzaffarnagar.[2][3] At the time Muzaffarnagar was part of the Barah country as it was intimately connected with the Indian Muslim kinship group called the Barah Sayyids,[4][5] who controlled the upper Doab.[6] The Indian Muslim inhabitants of Barah, especially from near the town of Jansath, were heavily recruited in the Army of the Mughal Empire, where they had a hereditary right to lead the vanguard of the imperial troops in every battle.[7][8] The unique privilege of the Barah Sayyids of leading the imperial vanguard also gave them an advantage over other parts of the Mughal military and exalted their sense of social pride.[9] They also made up the personal cavalry of the Sayyid Brothers, both from Muzaffarnagar, who were de-facto rulers of the Mughal Empire in the 1710s.[10][11][12]

Modern era

Muzaffarnagar district gained notoriety in the 20th century with frequent incidents of loot, murders, kidnappings and dacoity.[13]


The district is divided into 9[14] blocks, these are:

Sr. No. Block Name
1 Muzaffarnagar Sadar
2 Budhana
3 Baghra
4 Shahpur
5 Purquazi
6 Charthawal
7 Morna
8 Jansath
9 Khatauli


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.

According to the 2011 census Muzaffarnagar district has a population of 4,143,512 [16] roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon[17] or the US state of Oregon.[18] This gives it a ranking of 125th in India (out of a total of 640).[16] The district has a population density of 960 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) .[16] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 16.8%.[16] Muzaffarnagar has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males,[16] and a literacy rate of 70.11%.[16] Minority population is about 40% of the total population of the district.[16]

Religions in residual Muzaffarnagar district (2011)[19]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

The divided district had population 2,869,934 and a sex ratio of 893 females per 1000 males. 805,210 (28.06%) lived in urban areas. Scheduled Castes made up 419,987 (14.63%) of the population respectively.[16]

Languages of residual Muzaffarnagar district (2011)[20]

  Hindi (86.28%)
  Urdu (13.29%)
  Others (0.43%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 86.28% of the population of the district spoke Hindi and 13.29% Urdu as their first language.[20]





  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2011". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 10 October 2010.
  2. ^ Cadell, Alan (1873). Settlement Report of the District of Muzaffarnagar: Including a Report on the Permanent Settlement of the Western Parganas of the District, and Also a Report on the Settlement of the Ganges Canal Tract. North-Western Provinces and Oudh Government Press. p. 31.
  3. ^ "Brief District History". Muzaffarnagar district website. Archived from the original on 14 September 2013. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  4. ^ Marmaduke William Pickthall, Muhammad Asad (1933). Islamic Culture:Volume 7. p. 439.
  5. ^ David Ross (1883). The Land of the Five Rivers and Sindh. p. 266.
  6. ^ William Wilson Hunter (1885). The Imperial Gazetteer of India: Volume 10. the University of California. p. 68.
  7. ^ William Irvine (1971). Later Mughal. Atlantic Publishers & Distri. p. 202.
  8. ^ Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research (1975). Journal of the Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research: Volume 12. Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research.
  9. ^ Zahiruddin Malik (1977). The Reign Of Muhammad Shah 1919-1748. p. 32.
  10. ^ Abdul Aziz (1964). Discovery of Pakistan. the University of Michigan. p. 136.
  11. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 193. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  12. ^ Mohammad Yasin. Upper India Publishing House. 1958. p. 18.
  13. ^ "The streets of fear". India Today. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  14. ^ "Administration". Archived from the original on 11 May 2012. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
  15. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h "District Census Handbook: Muzaffarnagar" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  17. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Albania 2,827,800 July 2011 est.
  18. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,831,074
  19. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  20. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.

29°27′N 77°35′E / 29.450°N 77.583°E / 29.450; 77.583