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Ambedkar Nagar
Akbarpur
Location of Ambedkar Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionFaizabad division (Ayodhya)
Established29 September 1995; 26 years ago (1995-09-29)
HeadquartersAkbarpur, Ambedkar Nagar
TehsilsAkbarpur, Tanda, Jalalpur, Alapur, Bheeti
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Ambedkar Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency)- Akbarpur, Jalalpur, Katehari, Tanda
2. Sant Kabir Nagar (Lok Sabha constituency)-Rajesultanpur, Alapur
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Katehari
2. Akbarpur
3. Tanda
4. Jalalpur
5. Alapur
Area
 • Total2,350 km2 (910 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total2,397,888
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,600/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy74.37%
 • Sex ratio976
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 28, NH 128, NH 233A, NH 233B State Highway 30 (Uttar Pradesh)
Websitehttp://ambedkarnagar.nic.in/

Ambedkar Nagar is a district in Faizabad division, Uttar Pradesh, India. This district was established on 29 September 1995. It was built by the then Chief Minister Mayawati and named in memory of Bhimrao Ambedkar, who worked for the advancement of the deprived classes, women and other weaker sections of society. The total area of Ambedkar Nagar district is 2350 Sq. Km.[1]

Geography

Ambedkar Nagar is located on the north-eastern part of Uttar Pradesh. It lies between 26° 09' N to 26° 40' N latitudes and 82° 12' E to 83° 05' E longitudes. It is bounded on the north by Basti and Sant Kabir Nagar districts, on the north-east by Gorakhpur district, on the south by Sultanpur district, on the west by Faizabad district, on the east by Azamgarh district, and on the south east by Shahganj tehsil of Jaunpur district. The total area of the district is 2,520 km2 (970 sq mi)>. The total length of the district from east to west is approximately 75 km (47 mi) and the breadth from north to south is about 42 km (26 mi).

The district of Ambedkar Nagar forms a part of the central Ganga basin. The soils of the Ambedkar Nagar district are alluvium.

The Sarayu River is the main river and is located at the northern boundary of the district. The Tanda, Rajesultanpur, Ramnagar and Baskhari blocks are located along this river and use its water for irrigation. Irrigation in the Baskhari block is also from Lake Devhat, the Rajesultanpur Lake and the Hanswar Lake. Lake Darvan provides water in the Katehari block. The Akbarpur, Bhiti, Bhiyaon, and Jalalpur blocks depend upon smaller rivers and seasonal streams. The city of Akbarpur is situated on the banks of the River Tons (Tamsa), which divides the city into the two parts Akbarpur and Shahzadpur, with the latter being the main commercial centre of the city.

Climate

The climate of the district resembles that of eastern Uttar Pradesh. It is characterised by a rhythm of seasons, which are produced by south-west and north-east monsoon. The reversal of winds takes place twice a year. The climate of the district may be classified into three distinct seasons.

The cold weather season lasts from November to February. In November, the belt of high pressure extends from north-west India and covers the whole of the Uttar Pradesh. The temperature beings to decline and the maximum and minimum are 32.15 and 8.95 °C (89.87 and 48.11 °F) respectively, in this month. The prevailing winds blow from west to east and are influenced by the pressure distribution and pattern of the Himalayas.

Cities and towns

Ambedkar Nagar Nagar Panchayat and Nagar Palika

Blocks

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901641,783—    
1911604,679−0.59%
1921614,107+0.15%
1931631,356+0.28%
1941691,971+0.92%
1951777,416+1.17%
1961866,321+1.09%
19711,046,122+1.90%
19811,291,125+2.13%
19911,629,353+2.35%
20012,026,876+2.21%
20112,397,888+1.70%
source:[2]

According to the 2011 census Ambedkar Nagar district has a population of 2,397,888,[3] This gives it a ranking of 186th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,021 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,640/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 18.35%.[3] Ambedkar Nagar has a sex ratio of 976 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 74.37%.[3] The distribution of population in each block is controlled by physical conditions and socio-economic causes. Akbarpur block has the highest share of population (16.56%t) of the study area, followed by Jalalpur (13.80%), Tanda (12.32%), Ramnagar (10.26%), Katehri (10.03%), Bhiyaon (9.78%), Baskhari (9.53%), Jahangirganj (9.17%) and Bhiti (8.55%).

Languages

Ambedkar Nagar District: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[4]

  Awadhi (10.71%)
  Bhojpuri (1.63%)
  Hindi (79.45%)
  Urdu (8.09%)
  Others (0.12%)

The official languages of the district are Hindi and Urdu. The most spoken languages of Ambedkarnagar district are Hindi and Awadhi.[5] At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 91.82% of the population in the district spoke Hindi (or a related language including Awadhi, Bhojpuri and Chhattisgarhi) and 8.09% Urdu as their first language.[4]

Ambedkar Nagar district: mother-tongue of population, according to the 2011 Census.[4]
Mother tongue code Mother tongue People Percentage
002007 Bengali 303 0.01%
006030 Awadhi 256,822 10.71%
006102 Bhojpuri 39,100 1.63%
006142 Chhattisgarhi 490 0.02%
006240 Hindi 1,905,077 79.45%
015043 Odia 504 0.02%
016038 Punjabi 362 0.02%
022015 Urdu 193,932 8.09%
028001 Arabic/Arbi 474 0.02%
Others 824 0.03%
Total 2,397,888 0.03%

Economy

Ambedkar Nagar is known for its textile industry, power plant, sugar plant and cement manufacturing plant. Tanda town is well known for its "Tanda Terrycot".[6] The major economic activity of the district is agro-based industries, firms small, power looms and farming. There is a thermal power plant belonging to the NTPC called Tanda thermal power plant at Makhdoom Nagar area near Tanda. Jaypee Group (Jaypee Ayoudha Greeding) has set up a cement manufacturing plant at Naseebjot Village near Tanda. The district has a sugar factory called Akbarpur Sugar Mill, which is situated near Mijhaura, about ten kilometres from the district headquarters. Akbarpur is a very important town and district headquarter of Ambedkar Nagar district with active participation in the production of plastic along with farm based products.

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Ambedkar Nagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]

Education

Medical and engineering colleges


Other colleges

Tourism

The shrine of Ashraf Jahangir Semnani[8] is located in Kicchocha Sharif (Kichhauchha Sharif).

Media

Ambedkar Nagar has some active media groups which continuously give news updates on Ambedkar Nagar news in Hindi, including breaking news and current news. These media groups include Amar Ujala,[9] Dainik Jagaran, Avadhnama Urdu Dainik Bhaskar, Hindustan and Soochna News.[citation needed]

Notable people

Ram Manohar Lohia
Arunima Sinha

Bus stations

References

  1. ^ "Ambedkarnagar | Birthplace Of Ram Manohar Lohiya | India". Retrieved 8 March 2021.
  2. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ a b c C-16 Population By Mother Tongue – Uttar Pradesh (Report). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 15 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Ambedkar Nagar district - About". Retrieved 23 May 2019.
  6. ^ Varma, Subodh (25 February 2017). "Region where almost all kids anaemic | Uttar-Pradesh Election News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 5 January 2021.
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  8. ^ 'Hayate Makhdoom Syed Ashraf Jahangir Semnani(1975), Second Edition(2017) ISBN 978-93-85295-54-6, Maktaba Jamia Ltd, Shamshad Market, Aligarh 202002, India.
  9. ^ "Hindi Newspapers". Amar Ujala. Retrieved 13 July 2016.