Shamli district
Nawab Talab in Kairana
Nawab Talab in Kairana
Location of Shamli district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Shamli district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionSaharanpur
HeadquartersShamli
TehsilsShamli, Kairana, Oon
Government
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesShamli, Thanabhawan and Kairana
Area
 • Total1,063 km2 (410 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,273,578
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy81.97%
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highways(709B), (709A), (709AD)
Websiteshamli.nic.in

Shamli is a district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. This district was carved out from Muzaffarnagar District on 28 September 2011 as Prabudh Nagar and renamed Shamli in July 2012. Shamli is the headquarters of the district. Shamli is located along the DelhiSaharanpur (National Highway-709B), Meerut-Karnal (National Highway-709A) and Panipat-Khatima (National Highway-709AD) Highways.

Shamli district comes in National Capital Region of India.[1]

Formation

The district was carved out of Muzaffarnagar district in September 2011 and named Prabudh Nagar. Shamli and Kairana tehsils of Muzaffarnagar formed the new district. It was renamed Shamli in July 2012 by the Uttar Pradesh government.[2]

Geography

Shamli City lies at the intersection of NH 709A, NH 709B and NH 709AD and is within the National Capital Region.

Location

Shamli is 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Delhi, 65 kilometres (40 mi) from Meerut and Saharanpur, 60 km (37 mi) from Baghpat, and 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Muzaffarnagar, Karnal, Panipat, and Baraut.

Economy

Shamli city has an agriculture and industry based economy where sugarcane is the main crop. There are three major sugar mills located at Shamli, Un and Thanabhawan. Shamli is known worldwide for its Rim-Axle industry which also got selected under Uttar Pradesh Governments One District One Product Scheme.

It is served by Shamli railway station.

2013 Riots

As in many other districts of western Uttar Pradesh, Shamli also suffered rioting during the 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots.[3][4] A May 2015 report in India Today said that Shamli and Muzaffarnagar districts were "considered sensitive" ever since the violent riots of August and September 2013.[5]

Demographics

At the time of the 2011 census, Shamli district had a population of 1,273,578. Scheduled Castes made up 141,263 (11.09%) of the population.[6]

Religions in Shamli district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
57.09%
Muslims
41.73%
Sikhs
0.57%
Other or not stated
0.61%
Distribution of religions

Tehsil

Hindus

Muslims

Others

Shamli

67.08% 32.18% 0.74%

Kairana

45.38% 52.94% 1.68%

Languages of Shamli district (2011)[8]

  Hindi (88.44%)
  Urdu (10.97%)
  Others (0.59%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 88.44% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 10.97% Urdu as their first language.[8]

Administration

Legislative constituencies

There are three Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in Shamli district: Shamli, kairana, and Thanabhawan. All of these are part of Kairana Lok Sabha constituency. The current MLA for Shamli is Prasan Chaudhary, the Lok Sabha MP is Pradeep Choudhary.

Tehsils and blocks

Shamli district is divided into 3 tehsils: Shamli, Kairana, and Oon.[9]

Tehsils

Blocks

Transport

Rail

Single electric line is available from Shamli to Saharanpur and Delhi Shahdara Junction.

Farrukhnagar–Saharanpur Janta Express (Train No. 14545/14546) is the only major express train that runs through, averages a speed of 26 km/hr.

References

  1. ^ "UP's Shamli district included in NCR". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
  2. ^ [1] Shamli district
  3. ^ "In Riot-Hit Muzaffarnagar, a Beacon for Female Victims of Violence". The Wire. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Thread Bared". Outlook. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  5. ^ "Western Uttar Pradesh tense after communal violence in Shamli". India Today. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook: Muzaffarnagar" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  9. ^ "Tehsils". Government of Uttar Pradesh:Shamli district. Retrieved 31 January 2020.