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Firozabad district
Jain temple in Firozabad
Jain temple in Firozabad
Location of Firozabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Firozabad district in Uttar Pradesh
Coordinates (Firozabad): 27°09′06″N 78°24′06″E / 27.1518°N 78.4016°E / 27.1518; 78.4016
StateUttar Pradesh
 • District MagistrateDr. Ujjwal Kumar (IAS)[2]
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesFirozabad
 • Total2,407 km2 (929 sq mi)
 • Total3,472,437[1]
 • Literacy74.6%.[3]
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 19

Firozabad district is one of the western districts of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh, which has Firozabad city as its district headquarters. The district is a part of the Agra division.


The city lies in the cultural region of Braj and was a part of the Surasena Mahajanapada during the Vedic Age. It was subsequently ruled by the bigger kingdoms like the Mauryas, Guptas, Scythians, Kushans, Indo-Greeks before falling into the hands of local Rajput and Jat rulers. Bhadoria Rajputs from Agra and Jats of Bharatpur have ruled the city for some time. It was named after Firoz Shah Mansab Dar in 1566 during the reign of Mughal Emperor akbar. The 1596 gazetteer of Agra and Mathura records that Firozabad was upgraded to a Pargana then given to Nabab Sadulla as a jagir during the reign of Shah jahan (r. 1627–1658). Mr. Peter, a businessman, connected with the East India Company visited the town on 9 August 1632 and found it in good condition. Etawah, Budaun, Mainpuri and Firozabad were all first class mansabdars of the emperor Farrukhsiyar (r. 1713–1719). The estate of the Labhowa Jhala Hindu Rajas were subdued during the Mughal sultanate which captured many regions in the United Provinces, and by 1680 the Rajas of Labhowa lost control of Firozabad district.

Bajirao Peshwa captured Firozabad and Etmadpur in 1737 in the regime of Mohammad Shah. Jat Rulers from Mahawan attacked Faujdar Hakim Kajim at Firozabad where they killed him on 9 May 1739, then went on to rule Firozabad for 30 years. Firozabad was also part of Bharatpur Kingdom.Gajuddin, Hidayat Vaksh (son of Alamgir II), his nephew and Mirza Baba his son in law, looted Firozabad. Mirza Nabab Khan stayed here until 1782. At the end of 18th century Firozabad was ruled by Himmat Bahadur Gusain with the cooperation of the Raja of Labhowa.

The French Army Chief Marathas D. Wayan established an ordnance factory in Firozabad in November 1794, an event that Thomas Traving mentions in his book Travels in India. Marathas appointed his subadar Lakwadads here who built a fort near the old tehsil. General Lek and General Vellajally attacked Firozabad in 1802. At the beginning of the British regime Firozabad was in the Etawah district and later attached to the Aligarh district. When Sadabad district was created in 1832, Firozabad was made a part of it then later in 1833 the town came under the aegis of Agra district. In 1847 the lakh business flourished in Firozabad.[clarification needed]

In 1857, the freedom–fighting Chauhans of Mainpuri, the Jamidar of Chandwar and the local Malahs all took active parts in the Indian Rebellion. Noted Urdu poet Munir Shikohabadi was sentenced to Kala pani by the ruling East India Company. People from this city took part in the Khilafat Movement, the Quit India Movement and the Dandi March with some participants jailed. Mahatma Gandhi visited Firozabad 1929 followed by Semant Gandhi in 1935, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru in 1937 and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose in 1940.

Firozabad district was established on February 4, 1989 by an executive order passed by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. Previously, the areas had been part of Agra district and Mainpuri district.[4]: 3 


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
Religions in Firozabad district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Other or not stated
Distribution of religions

According to the 2011 census Firozabad district has a population of 2,498,156,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada.[8] This gives it a ranking of 173rd in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,044 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,700/sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 21.62%.[3] Firozabad has a sex ratio of 867 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 74.6%. 33.35% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes make up 18.97% of the population.[3]

Languages of Firozabad district (2011)[9]

  Hindi (97.03%)
  Urdu (2.60%)
  Others (0.37%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 97.03% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 2.60% Urdu as their first language. The local language of the district is Brajbhasha.[9]

Firozabad is a primarily rural district, with 66.6% of the population living in rural areas and 33.4% living in urban areas as of 2011. At the sub-district level, this is reversed in the case of Firozabad tehsil, where 63.2% of the population lives in urban areas.[4]: 26 


All the following tables are as of 2011.

Drinking water

The following table shows how households get their main source of drinking water:[10]: 232–3 

Source of drinking water Rural Urban Total
Tap water (treated source) 9.4% 34.9% 18.1%
Tap water (untreated source) 4.0% 12.3% 6.8%
Well (covered or uncovered) 1.34% 0.42% 1.02%
Hand pump 81.3% 11.5% 57.5%
Tube well/borehole 3.3% 38.4% 15.25%
All others 0.67% 2.62% 1.34%


The following table shows how households get their main source of lighting:[10]: 234–5 

Type of lighting Rural Urban Total
Electricity 29.3% 82.9% 47.6%
Kerosene 69.4% 15.1% 50.9%
Solar 0.31% 0.32% 0.32%
Other oil 0.49% 0.32% 0.44%
All others 0.24% 0.56% 0.35%
No lighting 0.3% 0.84% 0.48%


The following table shows how households mainly go to the bathroom:[10]: 236–7 

Toilet Rural Urban Total
Flush/pour toilet, connected to sewer system 1.6% 16.4% 6.6%
Flush/pour toilet, connected to septic tank 6.3% 58.5% 24.1%
Other flush/pour toilet 1.0% 2.0% 1.3%
Pit latrine, with slab/ventilated improved 1.8% 2.2% 1.9%
Pit latrine, without slab/open 0.38% 0.96% 0.58%
Night soil (disposed of by self or others) 0.42% 2.12% 1.01%
No toilet at home, use public toilets instead 0.9% 1.6% 1.1%
Open defecation 87.7% 16.3% 63.3%


The following table sorts households by whether they have the following possessions:[10]: 242–3 

Item Rural Urban Total
Radio 10.6% 10.1% 10.4%
Television 28.2% 66.0% 41.2%
Computer (with internet) 0.6% 3.1% 1.4%
Computer (without internet) 5.3% 8.3% 6.3%
Cell phone 63.3% 64.4% 63.7%
Bicycle 73.9% 55.1% 67.5%
Scooter/motorcycle/moped 18.6% 24.8% 20.7%
Car 1.8% 4.3% 2.7%
None of the above 10.7% 11.1% 10.9%


The city have some popular Hindu temples mainly Vaishno Devi Dham, Kela Devi Temple, Gopal Ashram (Hanuman Temple). There are many Jain temples in Firozabad including the well-known Chadamilal Jain temple, Shri Shuparshnath Jain Mandir in Gher Khokal (Mahaveer Chowk) and Chandprabhu Jain Mandir in Khidki. The two temples of Gherkhokal and Khidki are approximately 250–300 years old. The old name of Chandwar was taken from the idol of Chandprabhu made at the time of Prithviraj Chauhan. Muhammad of Ghor attacked a holy Jain location situated 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) from Firozabad 19 times. An annual fair was held in Chandwar on October 2 . The Jama Masjid, founded by the 16th century Mughal Emperor Akbar is the oldest mosque.

Notable people




The district borders Etawah district to the north and Mainpuri and Etawah to the east with the Yamuna River forming the southern boundary. The area of the district accounts for about 0.8 per cent of the total area of Uttar Pradesh and 1.1 per cent its population. Approximately 73.6 percent of people live in rural areas. Most of the district lies on a plain sloping from north west to south.


Firozabad district has good transportation links due to National Highway 19 linking Delhi with Kolkata & Yammuna Express Way passing through it as does the busy railway route from Delhi to Kolkata. Agra is 44 km (27 mi) away, Kanpur is 250 km (160 mi) away, Delhi is 250 km (160 mi) away.

Nearest Airport is in Agra which is a domestic Airport

Nearest Railway station is Firozabad railway station in the center of Firozabad and one in Tundla named as Tundla Junction.

Local industries

Firozabad has a major glass industry producing products that include glass bangles and glass hardware so it is also known as Suhag Nagari.[clarification needed] Various work is done on bangles in many places known locally as godam.


Firozabad district is divided into 4 tehsils and 9 community development blocks, as follows:[4]: 4 


Firozabad district has 6 statutory towns, including 4 nagar palika parishads (municipal boards) and 2 nagar panchayats. There are also 3 non-statutory census towns in the district. The district's towns are as follows:[4]: 4, 321–3, 325 

Town name Classification Tehsil Population (in 2011)
Tundla Nagar palika parishad Tundla 50,423
Tundla Railway Colony Census town Tundla 7,404
Tundla Kham Census town Tundla 7,079
Firozabad Nagar palika parishad Firozabad 604,214
Fariha Nagar panchayat Jasrana 6,887
Jasrana Nagar panchayat Jasrana 10,648
Shikohabad Nagar palika parishad Shikohabad 107,404
Sirsaganj Nagar palika parishad Shikohabad 32,098
Makhanpur Census town Shikohabad 7,012



  1. ^ As per UIDAI data in 2023
  2. ^ "DM Profile | District Firozabad, Government of Uttar Pradesh | India".
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census Handbook: Firozabad" (PDF). Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2011: Uttar Pradesh District Census Handbook - Firozabad, Part A (Village and Town Directory)" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 19 June 2023.
  5. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  7. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 26 December 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  8. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551
  9. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  10. ^ a b c d "Census of India 2011: Uttar Pradesh District Census Handbook - Firozabad, Part B (Village and Town Wise Primary Census Abstract)" (PDF). Census of India. Retrieved 19 June 2023.