One of the significant monuments of Agra is Chini ka Rauza. It is a mausoleum that is located in Itmadpur, just one mile from Itmad-ud-Daulah's tomb. It is even close to the Taj Mahal.
This tomb is the only monument in India that was constructed using this unusual fusion of Afghan and Persian architectural styles. A major landmark in Indo-Persian architecture, Chini-ka-Rauza is thought to be the earliest building in India to have been extensively decorated with glazed porcelain tiles.
This one-of-a-kind monument is decorated all over with vivid colour schemes and ceramics. Its name derives from the fact that the porcelain used to make the glazed tiles is also known as Chini Mitti or Chinese clay and is thought to have been imported from China.
At the period, they were referred to as "chini mitti" (Chinese clay). The interiors of the mausoleum are quite well-preserved and include floral decorations that are particular to a trademark Persian art style that eventually found a home in Agra, despite the fact that some of these are only partially intact on the mausoleum's façade.
Made of glazed china tiles and mud, the monument lives up to its name.
There is no cost to enter this monument. The tomb is accessible from dawn till dusk, but it's best to call ahead on holidays and other occasions when it can be closed.
Allama Afzal Khan's tomb is situated on the Yamuna River's eastern bank.
Itmad-ud-Daulah's tomb is only one kilometre away from the mausoleum, which was constructed in Etmadpur in 1635.
The monument is known for its blue glazed tiles and is set within lovely gardens. It is thought that porcelain, which was used to make these tiles, was imported from China.
In Ram Bagh, Chini ka Rauza is located just one kilometre from Itmad-ud-Daulah Tomb and close to the Taj Mahal. It may be reached by auto rickshaw, electric rickshaw, or local rickshaw.
Afzal Khan, also known as Mulla Shukrullah Shirazi, was Shah Jahan's prime minister at the time and a well-known poet. However, the became the wazir during Shah Jahan's reign
He published poems under the alias "Allami." According to legend, he constructed his own elaborately ornamented mausoleum in 1639, keeping with tartaric custom.
He chose glazed tiles as the material for the stunning monument that would set his grave apart from others for all time.
Khan died in Lahore in 1639 and was buried here at Agra. The tomb is built facing the city of Mecca.
The structure's architectural style is unusual because of the exotic architectural style and is unusually plain possessing a sultanate style unproportional dome. With brightly colored tiles and tan stones, the entire structure was constructed in a rectangle shape. The tower was octagonal in shape and rose as a three story structure next to the ghat. The tomb has sides that are each around 79 feet long.
The old mausoleum was magnificent and it had numerous Islamic inscriptions on its walls. However, only the main tomb's major components survived, while the majority of the tomb lies in ruins. Two gates, one in the north and one in the south, were part of the ancient tomb.
The building appears to have two stories thanks to the way the upper portion is built. An inverted lotus and a kalash are depicted on the top centre and four corners of the building's dome. Eight arched divisions, including four square entrances and four pentagonal arches pointing in all four directions, make up the central chamber. Four additional chambers, four in each corner, are joined to the central chamber by side halls or porches.
The brackets, balcony, and chajja all have colourful, complex work that highlights the tomb's distinctive construction on the inside and out.Orange and blue tiles are used in elaborate patterns that adorn the tomb's arches. The spandrels are decorated with orange and blue tiles set in floral and arabesque designs, while the inscription on each side of the building's central portion is done in blue coloured tiles. The inscription is bordered with green, yellow, and blue tiles to create attractive patterns.
On the shafts of the arches, there is a zigzag design created by orange, white, and red tiles, and a strip of blue tiles is used to decorate the pinnacle of the chevrons. The remaining sections are covered with floral patterns in shades of blue, orange, and green. Glazed tiles in a variety of colours and tones covered almost the whole structure, the majority of which are only partially intact.
Due to the inclement weather, the various types of enamel colours have worn away from the tiles. In the facades, the builders used earthenware pots to reduce the weight of the concrete filling which was followed in Rome and Egypt.