Kushinagar district
Kushinagar district
Buddha cremation stupa, Kushinagar
Buddha cremation stupa, Kushinagar
Location of Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Kushinagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionGorakhpur
Established as Padrauna13 May 1994
Name Changed from Padrauna to Kushinagar19 June 1997
HeadquartersRavindra Nagar Dhoos
TehsilsPadrauna Sadar, Khadda, Kushinagar/Kasia, Hata, Tamkuhiraj, Captanganj
Government
 • Member of Parliament (Kushinagar)Vijay Kumar Dubey
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesKushinagar
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesPadrauna Sadar, Khadda, Ramkola, Hata, Fazilnagar, Tamkuhiraj, Kushinagar
Area
 • Total2,873.5 km2 (1,109.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,564,544
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
4.87 per cent
Language

Official=Hindi,Urdu

Regional=Bhojpuri

Demographics
 • Literacy67.66 per cent
 • Sex ratio955
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP 57
Major highwaysNH 27 and NH 727 (previously NH 28 and NH 28B)
Websitekushinagar.nic.in

Kushinagar is a district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in India situated in the easternmost part of the state. It has the administrative headquarters at Ravindra Nagar Dhoos. The district is named such after the town Kushinagar, a Buddhist pilgrimage site where Gautama Buddha attained parinirvana in the 5th century BCE. Since the independence of India, Kushinagar district was a part of Deoria District and came into existence on 13 May 1994 as a separate district division. It was earlier known as Padrauna and thereafter was renamed Kushinagar on 19 June 1997. The Biggest Town in Kushinagar District is Kasia.[1]

Location

Kushinagar District is bounded on the northeast by West Champaran and Gopalganj districts of Bihar, on the south by Deoria District and on the west by Gorakhpur and Maharajganj districts. It is part of Gorakhpur Division.

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kushinagar one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[2] It is one of the 34 districts in Uttar Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[2]

Transport

The Indian Government has approved a project for the construction of an International Airport which would be completed till 2019.[citation needed] In 2017, Uttar Pradesh Government has approved a project for develop Kushinagar bus station as an International Bus Station.[citation needed] Daily Buses from Gorakhpur to Tamkuhi Road and Gorakhpur to Padrauna through Kasia are available at Railway Station Bus Depot Gorakhpur.[citation needed]

Padrauna, Ramkola, Kaptanganj, Dudahi and Tamkuhi Road are some cities connected with train facility in the district.

On 20th October 2021 the international airport was officially inaugurated during the Abhidhamma Day celebrations in Kushinagar.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Kushinagar district has a population of 3,564,544,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[4] or the US state of Connecticut.[5] This gives it a ranking of 81st in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 1,226 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,180/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 23.08%.[3] Kushinagar has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 67.66%.[3] According to 2011 Census, 99.49% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 0.46% Urdu as their first language.[6]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901738,315—    
1911804,023+0.86%
1921820,780+0.21%
1931876,462+0.66%
1941977,561+1.10%
19511,043,419+0.65%
19611,184,272+1.27%
19711,401,482+1.70%
19811,746,618+2.23%
19912,255,120+2.59%
20012,891,667+2.52%
20113,564,544+2.11%
source:[7]

References

  1. ^ "2011 Census - Kushinagar district" (PDF). Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  2. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Connecticut 3,574,097
  6. ^ "C-16 Population By Mother Tongue - Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  7. ^ "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 6 February 2021.

Coordinates: 26°54′09″N 83°58′55″E / 26.90250°N 83.98194°E / 26.90250; 83.98194