Gautam Buddha Nagar district
Noida Sector 15 metro station.jpg
Greaternoida expressway Q2.jpg
Noidancrdelhiskyline.jpg
Noida Buddha Circuit, Formula One 2013 (Ank kumar) 16.jpg
Yamuna Expressway Delhi Agra India August 2013.jpg
View of Noida city from the Hilton Noida.jpg
From Top (left to right): Noida Metro, Noida–Greater Noida Expressway, Noida Skyline, Buddh International Circuit, Yamuna Expressway, Panoramic view of Noida City
Location of Gautam Buddha Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Gautam Buddha Nagar district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMeerut
Established6 September 1997
HeadquartersNoida
Tehsils
  1. Sadar (Noida)
  2. Dadri
  3. Jewar
Government
 • District MagistrateSuhas Lalinakere Yathiraj (IAS)
 • Commissioner of PoliceAlok Singh (IPS)
Area
 • Total1,442 km2 (557 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total1,648,115
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy68.14%[1]
 • Sex ratio851 / 1000
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationUP-16
Major highwaysNH-24, DND Flyway, Noida–Greater Noida Expressway and Yamuna Expressway
Websitegbnagar.nic.in

Gautam Buddha Nagar district is a district of Uttar Pradesh, named after Gautama Buddha.[2] It is a part of Delhi NCR and is divided into 3 sub-divisions i.e. Noida Sadar, Dadri and Jewar. Greater Noida is the administrative headquarters of Gautam Buddha Nagar district. Noida, Greater Noida, Dadri, Jewar and Dankaur falls under this district.

History

Gautam Buddha Nagar (GBN) district was formed on 6 September 1997 by carving out the portions of Ghaziabad district and Bulandshahr district. Dadri and Bisrakh blocks carved out of Ghaziabad, while Dankaur and Jewar blocks have been carved out of Bulandshahr.[3] People from this land were actively associated with the Indian independence movement. Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev and Chandra Shekhar Azad used Nalgadha village (Sector-145, Noida) presently situated on the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway to hide during the freedom struggle. They planned 1929 bomb attack on the Central Legislative Assembly (presently known as Parliament House) from Nalgadha village.[4][5]

The area occupied by this district has roots in Ramayana, as Bisrakh village in Greater Noida which is believed to be the birthplace of Ravana's father, Vishrava Rishi lies in this land.[6] In Mahabharata, Dankaur was the Dronacharya's ashram, where Kauravas and Pandavas took their training.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901204,084—    
1911201,453−0.13%
1921194,556−0.35%
1931207,635+0.65%
1941242,431+1.56%
1951281,621+1.51%
1961331,688+1.65%
1971406,847+2.06%
1981514,037+2.37%
1991770,367+4.13%
20011,105,292+3.68%
20111,648,115+4.08%
source:[7]

According to the 2011 census of India, Gautam Buddha Nagar has a population of 1,648,115. It is ranked 294th out of a total of 640 Indian districts in terms of population. Gautam Buddha Nagar has a population density of 1,161 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,010/sq mi).[8]

The female literacy stands at 72.78%, much higher than national average of 65.46%.[9] Scheduled Castes make up 13.11% of the population.[8]

Religion in Gautam Buddha Nagar district (2011)[10]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
84.58%
Islam
13.08%
Other or not stated
2.04%
Distribution of religions

Language

Languages of Gautam Buddha Nagar district (2011)[11]

  Hindi (92.96%)
  Bengali (1.29%)
  Urdu (1.10%)
  Punjabi (0.97%)
  Bhojpuri (0.93%)
  Others (2.75%)

Administration

General administration

The Gautam Buddha Nagar district is headed by a District Magistrate (DM), usually an IAS officer. The district is divided into 3 sub-divisions, each headed by a Sub-Divisional Magistrate (SDM).

Sr. No Sub-division Block(s) No. of Villages
1. Sadar (Noida) Bisrakh and Dankaur
2. Dadri Dadri
3. Jewar Jewar

Police administration

On 14 January 2020, the Government of Uttar Pradesh declared Gautam Buddha Nagar district as a Police Commissionerate (along with the Lucknow district). These two Commissionerates were the first to be created in the state of Uttar Pradesh.[12][13][14]

The Gautam Buddha Nagar Commissionerate is headed by a police Commissioner, who is an Additional Director General (ADG) rank official, assisted by two Additional Commissioners — one each for law and order, and crime and headquarters — who are of Deputy Inspector General (DIG) rank. Its first and current Commissioner is Alok Singh, a 1995-batch IPS officer (RR).[15][16] These top three officials are reported to by seven deputy commissioners of the SP rank, nine additional deputy commissioner of police and 17 assistant commissioners of police of the deputy SP rank.[17]

The district is divided into three zones – Noida, Central Noida and Greater Noida - consisting of 29 police stations. Zone One is Noida, comprising 10 stations of Sector 20, Sector 24, Sector 39, Sector 58, Sector 49, Expressway and Women's police station. Zone Two, Central Noida, comprising parts of Noida, Greater Noida, and Greater Noida West, has nine stations – Phase 2, Phase 3, Bisrakh, Ecotech 3, Surajpur and Badalpur. Zone Three, Greater Noida, has nine police stations — Sector Beta 2, Knowledge Park, Site V, Dadri, Jarcha, Dankaur, Rabupura, Ecotech 1 and Jewar.[18][19]

As of 14 January 2020, Gautam Buddha Nagar had 3,869 police personnel — 42 inspectors, 459 sub-inspectors, 972 head constables and 2,396 constables.[18]

Politics

Gautam Buddha Nagar district has three assembly seats i.e. Noida, Dadri and Jewar. These 3 assembly seats of GB Nagar district along with Sikandrabad and Khurja assembly seats of Bulandshahr district falls under the Gautam Buddha Nagar Lok Sabha constituency.

Places of interest

References

  1. ^ "Gautam Buddha Nagar district Population". Census India. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  2. ^ "District Profile". Archived from the original on 19 September 2009. Retrieved 10 September 2009.
  3. ^ "History of Gautam Buddha Nagar district (Noida)". GBN District. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Noida Authority to make atlas to bring Noida on tourist map". The Times of India. 4 April 2015.
  5. ^ "Bhagat Singh's hideout forgotten by history". The Hindu. 16 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Ramlila a non-starter in the land of Ravana worshippers". The Hindustan Times. 27 September 2021.
  7. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Gautam Buddha Nagar" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ "Ghaziabad, GB Nagar hub of high literacy, falling sex ratio". The Times of India. TNN. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 6 April 2011.
  10. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Uttar Pradesh". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  11. ^ "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Uttar Pradesh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  12. ^ "UP Cabinet introduces Police Commissionerate system for Gautam Buddha Nagar, Lucknow". Business Standard. 13 January 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Noida Police complete two years of the Commissionerate system". Indian Express. 15 January 2022. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  14. ^ Salaria, Shikha (14 January 2020). "Uttar Pradesh: 15 powers shift from DM to police commissioner". Times of India. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Alok Singh joins as first police commissioner of Noida". Economic Times. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Police - Officer Profile". uppolice.gov.in. Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Uttar Pradesh Police - Police Units - Police Commissionerate G.B. Nagar - Officials". uppolice.gov.in. Uttar Pradesh Police. Retrieved 11 February 2022.
  18. ^ a b Alam, Shafaque; Tyagi, Tanmayee (14 January 2020). "GB Nagar to have three police zones – Noida, Central Noida and Greater Noida".
  19. ^ "Police - Gautam Buddha Nagar - India". gbnagar.nic.in. Gautam Buddha Nagar. Retrieved 11 February 2022.

Coordinates: 28°32′00″N 77°23′21″E / 28.5333°N 77.3891°E / 28.5333; 77.3891