Yamuna Expressway
Yamuna Expressway in red
Yamuna Expressway Delhi Agra India August 2013.jpg
Yamuna Expressway near Jewar
Route information
Maintained by Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA)
Length165.537 km (102.860 mi)
Existed9 August 2012–present
Major junctions
North endPari Chowk, Greater Noida
South endKuberpur (NH-2), Agra
Location
CountryIndia
StatesUttar Pradesh
Major citiesGreater Noida, Jewar, Vrindavan, Mathura and Agra
Highway system

Yamuna Expressway or Taj Expressway is a 6-lane wide (expandable to 8) and 165.5 km long access-controlled expressway in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is presently India's 3rd longest expressway since February 2017. It was built to de-congest the older Delhi–Agra national highway (NH-2) or Mathura Road.

The expressway having project value 12,839 crore (US$1.6 billion) was inaugurated on 9 August 2012 by then Chief Minister of UP Akhilesh Yadav.[1][2] A total of 13 service roads of about 168 km have been built for local commuters to access the expressway.[3][unreliable source?] Yamuna Expressway will be connected with Eastern Peripheral Expressway via an interchange which is being built at Jaganpur Afzalpur village near Noida International University in Gautam Buddh Nagar district.[4]

History

It was conceived with the idea of reducing the travel time between Delhi NCR and Agra. The project was conceived by the Government of Uttar Pradesh in 2001 (lead by Rajnath Singh). But the project could not start because of frequent change of Uttar Pradesh state government till 2003 and also it wasn't financially viable back in 2003. The project was reactivated in 2007 when former Chief Minister Mayawati regained power in 2007 state elections and was renamed from Taj Expressway to Yamuna Expressway in 2008.[5]

Yamuna Expressway project was implemented by Jaypee Infratech Limited.[6] In May 2012, Jaypee Group informed state government officials that construction of the expressway had been completed.[7] The Yamuna Expressway was formally inaugurated on 9 August 2012 by Chief Minister Akhilesh Yadav, via video-conference from Lucknow,[1] about two years behind of its original target completion date.[8]

Landing of Fighter jets

In a first for military aviation in India, the Indian Air Force on 21 May 2015 successfully landed a French Dassault Mirage 2000 on the Yamuna Expressway near Raya village, Mathura, at about 6.40 am. The drill was part of more elaborate trials to see how many other highways can be used for emergency landing of defence aircraft. This first ever road landing by the IAF came close to another test landing by two Mirage-2000 aircraft on an airstrip in Akhilesh Yadav's Saifai village in Etawah.[9] The Uttar Pradesh government had given a green signal on 11 May to convert a 3 km stretch of the upcoming Agra-Lucknow Expressway into a full-fledged road runway to the air force. Just as the Saifai landings, the IAF kept the operation secret and only took the authorities concerned on board. The IAF had prohibited all kinds of photography—still or video and deployed its photographers and videographers. The Central Air Command, in a meeting with former UP chief minister Akhilesh Yadav, had made a formal presentation to the state government about converting a 3 km straight stretch of the Agra-Lucknow expressway into India's first road runway.[10]

Salient Features

Some data about the Yamuna Expressway:[11]

The Yamuna Expressway has SOS booths along the route besides a toll-free helpline. CCTV cameras are installed every 5 km (3.1 mi) along the expressway for safety and accident assistance; mobile radars to monitor compliance with minimum and maximum speed limits; and one highway patrol every 25 km (16 mi). The Expressway is expected to be used by over 100,000 vehicles every day, and reduce travel times between Greater Noida and Agra from 4 hours to 1 hour 40 minutes.[12] Petrol pump at the halfway point at Tappal is open. Tappal 60 km (37 mi) from Noida Sec. 37 i.e. botanical garden or Noida city center.

Metro Rail connectivity

Metro connectivity to Yamuna Expressway has got a green signal from the Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA). The metro rail will run from the proposed metro station at Pari Chowk to Yamuna Expressway Sector 18 and 20. These are the 1st inhabited sectors urbanized by the authority and at present are under construction.

Development

Yamuna Expressway within the state of Uttar Pradesh
Yamuna Expressway within the state of Uttar Pradesh
A toll plaza on Yamuna Expressway
A toll plaza on Yamuna Expressway

The Expressway was developed by Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority (YEIDA) in 3 phases and the contract was awarded to Jaypee Infratech Limited:

Speed Limit The speed limit on the expressway is 100 km/h (62 mph) for vehicles. The right most lane on the expressway is reserved for overtaking only.[13]

Upcoming Residential Project Yamuna Expressway has become most preferred for Builders and developers. Many reputed builders are bringing residential projects at Yamuna Expressway. To inject new life into the real estate market, Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority has come up with lucrative affordable housing projects.[14] Under the new subvention scheme YEIDA has launched 200 small ticket size apartments and 80 large size residential flats.

Agra–Lucknow connectivity A 302 km (188 mi) Agra–Lucknow Expressway Project is completed with estimated budget of 15,000 crore extends YEA to Lucknow enabling fast transit. Agra–Lucknow Expressway will extend to the proposed Sanjay Khan project of a theme park of seven cities. Yamuna Expressway linked to Agra-Lucknow Expressway through Agra Inner Ring Road Expressway 11.9 km (7.39 mi) which also shortens the distance and avoid the heavy traffic of Agra, tourists can directly reach Taj Mahal.

Toll rates

Toll will be charged at three points - at 38 km (24 mi), 95 km (59 mi) and 150 km (93.2 mi) from Greater Noida. Cars and jeeps will be charged 2.65 /km (1.65 /mi) and mini-buses 3.85 /km (2.39 /mi) as toll. Buses and Trucks will pay 7.85 /km (4.88 /mi). Charges for heavy vehicles will be 11.94 /km (7.419 /mi). A summary table of toll rates is as below:[15]

Vehicle Category Till Jewar Exit Till Mathura Exit Till Agra Exit For Round Trip
Two wheeler 60 135 205 330
Car/Jeep/Van 90 275 450 665
LCV/Mini-Bus 185 420 635 1015
Bus/Truck 375 855 1295 2070
Multi-axle Vehicle 570 1300 1970 3150
7+ axle Vehicle 740 1685 2550 4080

All figures in Indian Rupees.

Status updates

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Yamuna Expressway opens, one-way toll Rs 320, free ride till Aug 15". The Times of India. Times News Network. 9 August 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Yamuna Expressway is ready, says Jaypee Infra". Business Line. 3 August 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2018.
  3. ^ "Yamuna Expressway - Verdict Traffic".
  4. ^ "Interchange at Yamuna Expressway to connect Eastern Peripheral Expressway". The Times of India.
  5. ^ "Yamuna expressway to become operational this month". The Times of India. 7 April 2012.
  6. ^ "Yamuna Expressway - Jaypee Infrastructure Annual Report 2011" (PDF).
  7. ^ "Expressway ready: Jaypee team tells UP officials". 9 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Yamuna e-way opens on Aug 9". The Times of India. 3 August 2012.
  9. ^ "IAF's Mirage-2000 lands on Yamuna eway in successful runway trial". Hindustan Times. 21 May 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ "IAF successfully test-lands Mirage on Yamuna e-way". The Times of India. 22 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Salient Features of the Yamuna Expressway Project (Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority)". YEIDA. Archived from the original on 7 December 2013.
  12. ^ "About Us | Yamuna Expressway Industrial Development Authority". Yamunaexpresswayauthority.com. 24 April 2001.
  13. ^ "Yamuna Expressway: From Dec, zoon to Agra at 120 km/h". The Times of India. 9 November 2011.
  14. ^ "YEIDA launches 5 schemes". 2 June 2016.
  15. ^ "Toll rates for Yamuna expressway". The Times of India. Retrieved 9 August 2012.
  16. ^ "About Yamuna Expressway project". YEIDA. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  17. ^ "FASTag on Yamuna Expressway from 15 June". The Times of India. 1 June 2021.
  18. ^ "Bye-bye long queues at Toll Plaza! FASTag on Yamuna Expressway from today". Zee News. 15 June 2021.

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata