Minister of State for Home Affairs Kiren Rijiju inspecting the guard of honour, accompanied by CP Delhi, B.S. Bassi, in 2014.

Commissioners of Police (also known as Police Commissioners) in India are IPS officers who head the police force in a police commissionerate. A police commissionerate can combine several adjoining districts under it. A Police Commissioner may or may not hold certain powers of the executive magistrate, contrary to the Superintendent of Police (SP) or Senior SP (SSP) in charge of a police district who depends on the district magistrate to issue orders. Commissioner of Police (CP) is a post that can be held by an IPS officer of the rank Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) and above, depending upon the sanction provided by the respective state government (or in case of Delhi, by the Government of India).

History and description

Traditionally at the district level, the Superintendent of Police (SP) or Senior SP (SSP) maintains law and order by working with the District Magistrate (DM). Under the Commissioners of Police (CP) system, the state governments may or may not grant certain powers of the executive magistrate to the commissioner, contrary to the Superintendent of Police or Senior SP of a police district who depends on the district magistrate. For large metropolitan cities, the CP system is generally considered more suitable policing system. The commissioner is assisted by special commissioner, joint commissioner, additional commissioner, deputy commissioner, assistant commissioner of police.[1]

The Commissionerates present in New Delhi, Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, and Kolkata can be considered true Commissionerates as they exercise the powers of the District Magistrate and the Executive Magistrate. The organisational structure of the police commissionerates varies state to state. For instance, the Police Commissioners of Delhi, Mumbai and Kolkata report directly to the state government and not to the DGP. Similarly, in Kerala, the Commissioner of Police does not have magisterial powers.[2]

Commissionerates

A Police Commissionerate's jurisdiction can consist of several adjoining districts. The Hyderabad City Police commissionerate since 1847 AD, established in the erstwhile Hyderabad State by the Nizams is the oldest police commissionerate in India.[3][4] The British India government brought the CP system first to Kolkata and Chennai in 1856, and followed it in Mumbai in 1864.[5][6][7]

Organisational structure

The police commissionerate is headed by a Commissioner of Police (CP). The post of Commissioner of Police can be held by an IPS officer of the rank SP and above, depending upon the sanction provided by the respective state government (or, in the case of Delhi, by the Government of India). The commissioner of police is assisted by special, joint, additional, deputy, and assistant commissioners of police, sanctioned by the respective state government.[8] The organisation consists units like law and order, crimes, administration, armed reserve police, traffic police, special branch, security, etc. For the maintenance of law and order, there are police zones, divisions and sub divisions. Typically divisions are headed by deputy commissioners of police (DCPs), and sub divisions are headed by assistant commissioners of police (ACPs).

Hierarchy

The hierarchy of posts in Police Commissionerate system of Delhi is as given below, Police Commissionerate system in other cities may not have one or more of these posts:-

The subordinate police officers' hierarchy in the Police Commissionerate system is the same as in a district police headed by a Senior SP/SP, including ranks such as police inspector, sub-inspector, assistant sub-inspector, head constable, and constable.[9]

List of commissioners of police

Following is the list of commissioners of police (CP) in India, along with their respective ranks (these ranks can vary from time to time):-

Andhra Pradesh Police

See also: Vijayawada City Police and Visakhapatnam City Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Visakhapatnam Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [10]
Commissioner of Police, Vijayawada Inspector General of Police (IG) [11]

Assam Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Guwahati Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [12]

Delhi Police

Delhi Police Headquarters, which serves as office of Delhi Police Commissioner

Main article: Police Commissioner of Delhi

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Delhi Director General of Police (DGP)[a] [13]

Gujarat Police

See also: Ahmedabad City Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Ahmedabad Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [14]
Commissioner of Police, Surat Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [15]
Commissioner of Police, Rajkot Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [16]
Commissioner of Police, Vadodara Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [17]

Haryana Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Gurugram Inspector General of Police (IG) [18]
Commissioner of Police, Faridabad Inspector General of Police (IG) [19]
Commissioner of Police, Panchkula Inspector General of Police (IG) [20]

Karnataka Police

See also: Police Commissioner of Bangalore

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Bengaluru Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [21][22]
Commissioner of Police, Belagavi Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [23]
Commissioner of Police, Hubballi-Dharwad Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [24]
Commissioner of Police, Kalaburagi Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [25]
Commissioner of Police, Mangaluru Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [26]
Commissioner of Police, Mysuru Inspector General of Police (IG) [27]

Kerala Police

See also: Kochi City Police, Thiruvananthapuram City Police, Thrissur City Police, and Kollam City Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Thiruvananthapuram Inspector General of Police (IG) [28]
Commissioner of Police, Kochi Inspector General of Police (IG) [29]
Commissioner of Police, Kozhikode Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [30]
Commissioner of Police, Kollam City Superintendent of Police (SP) [31]
Commissioner of Police, Thrissur City Superintendent of Police (SP) [32]
Commissioner of Police, Kannur City Superintendent of Police (SP) [33]

Madhya Pradesh Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Bhopal Inspector General of Police (IGP) [34]
Commissioner of Police, Indore Inspector General of Police (IGP) [34]

Maharashtra Police

Office of Police Commissioner of Mumbai

See also: Mumbai Police, Nagpur Police, and Pune Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Mumbai Director General of Police (DG)[b] [36]
Commissioner of Police, Pune Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [37]
Commissioner of Police, Nagpur Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [38]
Commissioner of Police, Thane Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [39]
Commissioner of Police, Navi Mumbai Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [40]
Commissioner of Police, Nashik Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [41]
Commissioner of Police, Aurangabad Inspector General of Police (IG) [42]
Commissioner of Police, Mira-Bhayandar, Vasai-Virar (MBVV) Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [43]
Commissioner of Police, Pimpri-Chinchwad Inspector General of Police (IG) [44]
Commissioner of Police, Solapur Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [45]
Commissioner of Police, Amravati Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [46]
Commissioner of Police, Railways, Mumbai Inspector General of Police (IG) [47]

Nagaland Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Dimapur Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [48]

Odisha Police

Office of CP of Bhubaneswar-Cuttack decorated for Independence Day, 2018

Main article: Bhubaneswar–Cuttack Police Commissionerate

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Bhubaneswar-Cuttack Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [49]

Punjab Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Amritsar Inspector General of Police (IG) [50]
Commissioner of Police, Ludhiana Inspector General of Police (IG) [51]
Commissioner of Police, Jalandhar Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [52]

Rajasthan Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Jaipur Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [53]
Commissioner of Police, Jodhpur Inspector General of Police (IG) [54]

Tamil Nadu Police

See also: Greater Chennai Police and Coimbatore City Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Chennai Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [55]
Commissioner of Police, Coimbatore Inspector General of Police (IG) [56]
Commissioner of Police, Madurai Inspector General of Police (IG) [57]
Commissioner of Police, Salem Inspector General of Police (IG) [58]
Commissioner of Police, Tiruppur Inspector General of Police (IG) [59]
Commissioner of Police, Tirunelveli Inspector General of Police (IG) [25]
Commissioner of Police, Tiruchirappalli Inspector General of Police (IG) [60]
Commissioner of Police, Avadi Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [61]
Commissioner of Police, Tambaram Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [61]

Telangana Police

Police Commissionerate, Hyderabad City

See also: Cyberabad Metropolitan Police, Hyderabad City Police, Karimnagar Police Commissionerate, Nizamabad Police, Rachakonda commissionerate, Ramagundam Police Commissionerate, Siddipet Police Commissionerate, and Warangal Police Commissionerate

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Hyderabad Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [62]
Commissioner of Police, Cyberabad Inspector General of Police (IG) [63]
Commissioner of Police, Karimnagar Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [64]
Commissioner of Police, Nizamabad Superintendent of Police (SP) [65]
Commissioner of Police, Khammam Superintendent of Police (SP) [66]
Commissioner of Police, Rachakonda Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [67]
Commissioner of Police, Ramagundam Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [68]
Commissioner of Police, Siddipet Superintendent of Police (SP) [69]
Commissioner of Police, Warangal Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [70]

Uttar Pradesh Police

See also: Lucknow Police, Kanpur Nagar Police Commissionerate, Varanasi Police Commissionerate, Gautam Buddh Nagar Police Commissionerate, Ghaziabad Police Commissionerate, Agra Police Commissionerate, and Prayagraj Police Commissionerate

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Lucknow Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [71]
Commissioner of Police, Kanpur Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [72]
Commissioner of Police, Agra Inspector General of Police (IG) [73]
Commissioner of Police, Gautam Buddha Nagar Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [74]
Commissioner of Police, Ghaziabad Inspector General of Police (IG) [75]
Commissioner of Police, Prayagraj Inspector General of Police (IG) [76]
Commissioner of Police, Varanasi Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [77]

West Bengal Police

See also: Kolkata Police

Post Rank Reference
Commissioner of Police, Asansol-Durgapur Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [78]
Commissioner of Police, Siliguri Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [79]
Commissioner of Police, Kolkata Additional Director General of Police (ADG) [80]
Commissioner of Police, Howrah Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [81]
Commissioner of Police, Chandannagar Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIG) [82]
Commissioner of Police, Bidhannagar Inspector General of Police (IG) [83]
Commissioner of Police, Barrackpore Inspector General of Police (IG) [84]

States and UTs without CP

The following police forces in India do not have Police Commissionerate (i.e. Commissioner of Police or CP) system:-

States

Among the 10 most populous states of India, only Bihar (3rd most populous) does not have CP system in any of its cities.

Union territories

Largest cities without CP

Among the Indian cities having population above 1.5 million (2011 Census), the only city which does not have CP system is Patna.[85]

Notes

  1. ^ The Delhi Police Commissioner, a Director General (DG) rank officer, is the head of Delhi Police. This is the only case in India where a CP (Commissioner of Police) heads the police force of the whole state/UT.
  2. ^ The posts of Commissioner of Police (CP) of Mumbai and of DGP (DG Police i.e. state police chief) of Maharashtra are held by two different officers, both of whom are of Director General (DG) rank. The Mumbai CP is one of the few CPs in the country who does not report to the state DGP. Both Mumbai CP and Maharashtra DGP report to ACS (Additional Chief Secretary) of Home Department of Maharashtra, who is a senior IAS officer.[35][36]

See also

References

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