Durgapur
Clockwise from top: Downtown Durgapur, Durgapur Steel Plant, Durgapur Steel Township entrance at Gandhi More, Durgapur Barrage, Shiv Shakti Dham Temple, Garden inside NIT Durgapur Campus
Nickname: 
Ruhr of India
Durgapur is located in West Bengal
Durgapur
Durgapur
Location in West Bengal, India
Durgapur is located in India
Durgapur
Durgapur
Durgapur (India)
Coordinates: 23°33′N 87°19′E / 23.55°N 87.32°E / 23.55; 87.32
Country India
State West Bengal
DistrictPaschim Bardhaman
EstablishedLate 1950s
Founded byBidhan Chandra Roy (former chief minister of West Bengal)
Named forDurgadas Chattopadhyay
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • Body
 • MayorAnindita Mukherjee
 • Commissioner of Police (CP)Sukesh Kumar Jain, IPS (Asansol-Durgapur Police Commissionerate)
Area
 • Metropolis159.2 km2 (61.5 sq mi)
 • Metro771.28 km2 (297.79 sq mi)
 • Rank3rd in West Bengal
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Metropolis581,409
 • Rank4th in West Bengal
 • Density3,700/km2 (9,500/sq mi)
 • Urban566,937
 • Metro1,209,372
Demonym(s)Durgapurbashi, Durgapurians
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[5][6]
 • Additional officialEnglish[5]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
713201- 713217 for City Area
Telephone code+91 0343
Vehicle registrationWB-39 / WB-40
Lok Sabha constituencyBardhaman-Durgapur (MP - S.S. Ahluwalia  - BJP)
Vidhan Sabha constituencyDurgapur Purba (MLA - Pradip Mazumdar  - TMC), Durgapur Paschim (MLA - LAKSHMAN CHANDRA GHORUI  -BJP)
ClimateAw
Websitedurgapurmunicipalcorporation.org

Durgapur (/ˈdʊrɡəpɔːr/) is a major industrial city and a planned tier-II urban agglomeration in the Indian state of West Bengal. Located in Paschim Bardhaman district, it is the third most important city and urban agglomeration in West Bengal after Kolkata and Siliguri and the most important industrial hub of West Bengal.[7] It was planned by two American architects, Joseph Allen Stein and Benjamin Polk in 1955. Durgapur is the only city in eastern India to have an operational dry dock. Durgapur has been nicknamed the 'Ruhr of India'.[8]

Geography

Map of Paschim Bardhaman district

Location

Durgapur is located at 23°33′N 87°19′E / 23.55°N 87.32°E / 23.55; 87.32. It has an average elevation of 65 metres (213 ft).

Durgapur is in the Paschim Bardhaman district of West Bengal, on the bank of the Damodar River, just before it enters the alluvial plains of Bengal. The topography is undulating. The coal-bearing area of the Raniganj coalfields lies just beyond Durgapur; some parts intrude into the area. The area was deeply forested until recent times, and some streaks of the original sal and eucalyptus forests can still be seen.

1.5km
1mile
none
Durgapur Cement/
Birla Cement
W
M.P Birla Group
SAIL DSP
Administrative Building
W
Durgapur Steel Plant
Damodar River
Mohan Kumaramangalam Park
P
Anand Amusement Park
P
Ram Mandir
R
ISKCON Mandir
R
Bhiringi Maa Kali Mandir
R
Durgapur Barrage
W
Durgapur Barrage
DVC DTPS
W
Durgapur Thermal Power Station
APL (Alstom Projects)
W
MAMC
W
Phillips Carbon Black Ltd.
W
Durgapur Projects Limited
W
SAIL Alloy Steels Plant
W
SAIL Durgapur Steel Plant
W
Durgapur Steel Plant
Bengal College of Engg & Tech
C
Bengal College of Engineering & Technology
Dr. B.C.Roy Engg College
C
Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College, Durgapur
NIT-Durgapur
CV
National Institute of Technology, Durgapur
CMERI
C
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute
Sidhu Kanhu Indoor Stadium
F
Sidhu Kanu Indoor Stadium
Nehru Stadium
F
Durgapur City Court
F
Durgapur railway station
F
Durgapur railway station
Sukanta Pally
N
Old Court HSCL Colony
N
DVC DTPS Colony
N
Angadpur
N
APL Township
N
DPL Township
N
Sagarbhanga
N
Bidhannagar
N
Fuljhore
N
MAMC Township
N
City Centre
N
CMERI Colony
N
Benachity
N
Durgapur Steel Township
C Zone
N
Durgapur Steel Township
B Zone
N
Durgapur Steel Township
A Zone
N
Map
Durgapur
R: temple, mosque, P: park, F: facility, N: neighbourhood, W: works, factory
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Places marked on this map, which have a separate page, are linked in the larger full screen map

Law administration

Police stations

Durgapur Police Station, located on Aurobindo Avenue, Durgapur Steel Township, has jurisdiction over parts of Andal CD Block. The area covered is 80 km2 and the population covered is 292,841. It has following divisions.[9][10]

PS/IC Address
Aurobindo PS Aurobindo Avenue, A-Zone
B-Zone Investigation Centre Marconi Avenue, B-Zone
City Centre Investigation Centre Bengal Ambuja, City Centre
Faridpur Investigation Centre Near Gandhi More
Waria Investigation Centre Near DSP Main Gate, Waria
DTPS Investigation Centre Old Colony, DVC-DTPS

Coke Oven police station, located near Durgapur railway station, has jurisdiction over parts of Durgapur municipal corporation. The area covered is 49 km2 and the population covered is 136,181.

Durgapur Women PS has jurisdiction over Durgapur Subdivision

New Township police station, located in MAMC township, has jurisdiction over parts of Durgapur municipal corporation and Faridpur Durgapur CD Block. The area covered is 23 km2 and the population covered is 160,411. It has a police Outpost located in Bidhannagar under its jurisdiction[9][10]

Demographics

In the 2011 census, Durgapur Urban Agglomeration had a population of 566,937 out of which 294,349 were males and 272,588 were females. The 0–6 years population was 50,512. Effective literacy rate of the population was 87.70.[4] Durgapur Municipal Corporation included and 3 census towns: Bamunara, Arra and partly Andal.[11]

See also: List of cities in West Bengal

In the 2011 census, Durgapur Municipal Corporation had a population of 581,409 out of which 301,700 were males and 279,709 were females. The 0–6 years population was 51,930. Effective literacy rate of the population was 87.84.[3]

Religion

Religion in Durgapur (2011)[12]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
91.63%
Islam
6.34%
Sikhism
0.41%
Others
1.62%

According to Census of India 2011, Hinduism is the predominant religion in this city, followed by Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism and others. Out of 5,66,517 people living in Durgapur (Municipal Corporation); 5,19,122 are Hindus (91.63%), 35,923 are Muslims (6.34%), 1889 are Christians (0.36%), 2346 are Sikhs (0.44%), 513 are Buddhists, 382 are Jains, 906 are other religions and 5436 (1.04%) did not state their religion.[12]

Languages

Languages of Durgapur (2011)[13]

  Bengali (82.99%)
  Hindi (11.15%)
  Santali (1.84%)
  Urdu (1.03%)
  Others (2.99%)

At the time of the 2011 census, 82.99% of the population spoke Bengali, 11.15% Hindi, 1.84% Santali and 1.03% Urdu as their first language.[13]

Economy

Durgapur Steel Plant view from Gopalmath

Durgapur is the biggest industrial hub of West Bengal (also one of the biggest industrial hubs in India) and was planned as an integrated industrial city. It lies on the banks of Damodar River and near to the coalfields of Raniganj. Durgapur was a dream of former prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru and chief minister of West Bengal, Bidhan Chandra Roy.[14] The first project in Durgapur was Damodar Valley Corporation's Durgapur Barrage which attracted many public sector units. Durgapur Steel Plant was the first PSU established in the region in 1955 with the help of U.K which was later undertaken by SAIL. Later, an alloy plant was established by Hindustan Steel Ltd. in 1965 which was also acquired by SAIL.

Inside Durgapur Steel Plant

Mining and Allied Machinery Corporation (MAMC) was established in 1964 with the help and support from USSR (now closed but reviving with J.V of Bharat Earth Movers, Coal India & DVC).[15] Hindustan Fertilisers Corporation (HFC) was a major PSU which produced fertilizer but got closed down (now RCF showed interest to reopen it).[16]. Bharat Opthlamic Glass Limited (BOGL) was established in 1972 used to manufacture electronic valves and other electronic components. Its closure was approved in 2006.

Evening view of Durgapur Projects Limited

Durgapur Projects Limited (DPL) was the first thermal power station in the city. It was commissioned by the Government of West Bengal in 1960. It has eight production units of which only two are currently operational. The whole city of Durgapur and the surrounding areas get electricity supply from DPL. It is currently owned by WBPDCL.

Major Indian and international MNCs have their production facilities in Durgapur which includes GE Power India Limited (formerly ACC Babcock Limited which was later taken over by Alstom), Scania and Komatsu (in partnership with Larsen & Toubro), Philips Carbon Black etc.

Durgapur is also an emerging IT and real estate hub. The Government of West Bengal's Webel IT Park houses some of well-known as well as startup software companies generating employment opportunities for the youth of the region. It is set to develop many proposed residential areas like DLF's Durgapur Township.[17] Companies like Pinacle Infotech and Tata Consultancy Services (a major Indian multinational IT company) etc. have their branch office and back office respectively in the city.

Transport

Road

City Centre Bus Terminus, Durgapur

Durgapur is the preferred gateway to the districts of Bankura, Birbhum (Bolpur, Rampurhat, Suri), and Purulia. NH 19 (old numbering: NH 2) passes through the city jurisdiction and SH 9 originates from Muchipara in the city. NH 14 (old numbering NH 60) passes through the north-western suburb of Pandabeswar and finally passes through Raniganj and heads away towards Odisha. It happens to be one of the very few cities that have an Asian Highway (AH) passing directly through the city jurisdiction. The AH1 links Japan with Turkey, through Korea, China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Iran.

Durgapur has bus terminuses at Durgapur Railway Station, Prantika (Prantika-I and II), and City Center. Within the city, private mini-buses operate from Durgapur Rly. Station to Prantika, via City Centre and various other routes within the city.

Auto-rickshaws ply between City Center, Benachity, William Kery, Chandidas, Mamra, Bidhannagar, Railway Station and other parts of the city in a number of routes. Pre-paid taxis are available in the city from railway stations. Additionally, online cab services like Ola, Uber etc. and bike taxi services like Rapido are available within the city.

Only one bus is available for the Kalyani-Bansberia route and it departs from Prantika-II Bus Terminus at 4:40 am and from Kalyani at 10 am every day.

Various private and government buses ranging from sleepers to premium Volvos are available from City Center Bus Terminus and Station Bus Terminus for Kolkata, Asansol, Barddhaman, Barakar, Bhubaneswar, Digha and other nearby cities. Durgapur is the headquarters of SBSTC which provides government bus services to Kolkata, Haldia, Digha, Bankura etc. from Durgapur and Asansol. Private buses are available for Asansol, Barakar, Bardhaman, Bolpur, Bishnupur, Chittaranjan, Deoghar, Digha, Illambazar, Jhargram, Kalna, Katwa, Kharagpur, Krishnanagar, Medinipur, Nabadwip, Nalhati, Purulia, Rampurhat, Siuri, Tatanagar, Tarakeswar, etc.

Air

Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport

The city is home to a domestic airport, the Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport. It is India's first private-sector Greenfield airport. It is located at a place called Andal which is roughly 15 kilometres from Durgapur's City Center Bus Terminus.[18] The airport has direct flights to New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad, which are operated by IndiGo and Spicejet. And an old DSP Airport at Bijra near IQ city.

An air force station at Panagarh (Military Airfield), belonging to the Indian Air Force, is used as a base for a C-130J Hercules squadronal.[19]

Rail

Durgapur Railway Station

Durgapur is served by three stations located in the city Durgapur, Waria and Andal. Among these Durgapur railway station is one of the most important station of Eastern Railways where almost all express trains give a stop, except a few trains like Sealdah-Jammu Tawi Humsafar express, Howrah - New Delhi Rajdhani express and Duronto express. It falls in the Bardhaman-Asansol section of Eastern Railways and Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line of Indian Railways. It is also home to the stoppage of Premium trains such as Howarh-Patna Vande Bharat express, Ranchi-Howarh Shatabdi express, Sealdah-New Delhi Rajdhani express, Howarh-Patna Jan Shatabdi express, -Kamakhya-SMVT Bengaluru AC superfast express, Kolkata-Patna Garib Rath express, Poorva express etc. Many express trains (trains mainly going towards or coming from Andal-Sainthia branch line) also stop at Andal Junction railway station. Also, a few local MEMU and DEMU trains originate from here and run towards Andal-Sainthia branch line and Andal-Sitarampur branch line. Only all stop local MEMU trains and a very few express and superfast trains stop at Waria Railway Station like Mayurakshi express and Black Diamond express.

Climate

Durgapur
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
14
 
 
22
9
 
 
19
 
 
29
15
 
 
25
 
 
36
19
 
 
31
 
 
42
24
 
 
87
 
 
43
26
 
 
275
 
 
42
26
 
 
334
 
 
37
26
 
 
338
 
 
35
25
 
 
239
 
 
34
25
 
 
78
 
 
32
22
 
 
15
 
 
28
17
 
 
24
 
 
25
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.6
 
 
72
48
 
 
0.7
 
 
84
59
 
 
1
 
 
97
66
 
 
1.2
 
 
108
75
 
 
3.4
 
 
109
79
 
 
11
 
 
108
79
 
 
13
 
 
99
79
 
 
13
 
 
95
77
 
 
9.4
 
 
93
77
 
 
3.1
 
 
90
72
 
 
0.6
 
 
82
63
 
 
0.9
 
 
77
50
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Durgapur experiences a somewhat transitional climate between the tropical wet and dry climate of Kolkata and the more humid subtropical climate further north. Summers are extremely hot and dry, lasting from March to the middle of June, with average daily temperatures near 43 °C. They are followed by the monsoon season with heavy precipitation and somewhat lower temperatures. Durgapur receives most of its annual rainfall of around 1,320 mm during this season. The monsoon is followed by a cold, dry winter from November to January. Temperatures are quite moderate, with average daily temperatures dropping near 8 °C. There is a short autumn at the end of October and a short spring in February, both of which have relatively moderate temperatures of around 20 °C. Due to the heavy rainfall it has received in recent years, for almost five months of heavy rainfall every year, locals often refer to the city as “Chhota Cherapunji”. ( named after the main city of Cherapunji )

Administrative changes

The administrative setup came in stages. In 1837, when Bankura district was formed, Durgapur area was part of it. In 1847, Raniganj subdivision was formed with three police stations – Raniganj, Kanksa, and Neamatpur - and it was made a part of Bardhaman district. In 1906, the subdivisional headquarters was shifted to Burdwan and the subdivision renamed accordingly. In 1910, the police stations in Asansol subdivision were Asansol, Ranigunj, Kanksa, Faridpur, and Barakar. On 14 April 1968, Durgapur subdivision was carved out of Asansol subdivision. In 2011, the Asansol Durgapur Police Commissionerate (ADPC) was formed by the State Government.

Education

Colleges

National Institute of Technology, Durgapur, West Bengal, India

Durgapur is home to National Institute of Technology, Durgapur,[20] an autonomous institution in eastern India of national importance. It is one of the 31 N.I.T.s in the country. N.I.T. Durgapur is one of the 8 old Regional Engineering Colleges established in 1956.

Durgapur Government College is a premier government degree college not only in the home district of Paschim Barddhaman but also in the neighbouring districts of Bankura, Purulia and Birbhum. It was established on 15 September 1970 and was affiliated to the University of Burdwan which later got affiliated to Kazi Nazrul University.

The Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (also known as CSIR-CMERI Durgapur or CMERI Durgapur) is a public engineering research and development institution in Durgapur, West Bengal, India. It is a constituent laboratory of the Indian Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR).[21] The institute is dedicated to work in the mechanical and allied engineering disciplines.[22]

The National Power Training Institute (Also known as NPTI(ER) and formerly known as PETS, Durgapur) is an institute under Ministry of Power, Government of India which offers postgraduate education in the field of power plants. This institute is also associated with several industrial bodies for imparting training to plant personnel.[23]

Dr. B.C. Roy Engineering College, Bengal College of Engineering and Technology, Sanaka Education Trusts Group of Institutions, NSHM Knowledge Campus, Durgapur Institute of Advanced Technology and Management and The Aryabhatta Institute of Engineering & Management are private engineering colleges which offer (B.Tech) in engineering and other degrees, including BBA, BCA, B.Pharm, and others. They are affiliated to Maulana Abul Kalam Azad University of Technology (MAKAUT). Durgapur Women's College and Michael Madhusudan Memorial College are general degree colleges affiliated to Kazi Nazrul University.

Netaji Subhas Open University is a state open university for imparting distance education. It is modelled on the Open University, UK and the IGNOU, and offers courses in different disciplines of graduate and post-graduate courses.

IQ City Medical College and Gouri Devi Institute of Medical Sciences and Hospital are two colleges which offer (MBBS) medical degree and also paramedical courses. They are affiliated to West Bengal University of Health Sciences. Durgapur Paramedical College is another college which offers both diploma and degree in paramedical courses.

Schools

Jawaharlal Nehru with schoolchildren at Durgapur

Durgapur houses a large number of government aided and public schools in addition to two Kendriya Vidyalaya and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (under the Government of India). Notable private schools include: St. Michael's School and Hem Sheela Model School, St. Xavier's School,Carmel Convent High School, Pranavananda Vidyamandir and Guru Tegh Bahadur Public School.

Sports facilities

Media

Durgapur has several electronic media houses. Express News, DSTV (owned by DSP), Hallow India, TV Bangla are some of them., are printed from the city. Anandabazar Patrika is published from Ghutgoria, near Durgapur, in Bankura District, and has a separate Asansol-Durgapur edition. Samay Sanket is another newspaper published from Durgapur. Dainik Jagaran has a Durgapur Edition, too. Durgapur does not have any F.M. stations. However All India Radio 100.3 FM, 92.7 Big FM, 93.5 Red FM and Radio Mirchi 95 FM has stations at Asansol,[24] and serve both Asansol and Durgapur.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Durgapur City".
  2. ^ a b c "Asansol Durgapur Development Authority". sudawb.org. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  3. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  5. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  6. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  7. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 21 March 2020.
  8. ^ The Chota Nagpur Plateau in India is more commonly regarded as the Ruhr of India; however, some sources also cite Durgapur as the same. Alternatively, Durgapur may be considered the Ruhr of Bengal instead (as it is occasionally referred to).
  9. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Bardhaman". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  10. ^ a b "Asansol Durgapur Police Commissionerate". Find your police station. Asansol Durgapur Police. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Constituents of urban Agglomerations Having Population 1 Lakh & above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  12. ^ a b "Table C-01 Population by Religion: West Bengal". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: West Bengal". www.censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  14. ^ Rattan, Kamaljeet (31 December 1988). "Public and private industries in dire straits in Durgapur". India Today. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  15. ^ "Joint venture to revive MAMC". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  16. ^ "RCF eyes Durgapur fertiliser unit". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  17. ^ "DLF bags Durgapur project". The Economic Times. 22 August 2007. Retrieved 12 November 2019.
  18. ^ "KNIAIRPORT- Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport". www.kniairport.com. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  19. ^ "Panagarh to be IAF's second hub for C-130J Super Hercules planes". The Economic Times. 11 July 2018. Retrieved 23 September 2018.
  20. ^ "NIT DURGAPUR". nitdgp.ac.in.
  21. ^ "Council of Scientific & Industrial Research | CSIR | GoI".
  22. ^ "Welcome to CMERI". cmeri.res.in. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  23. ^ "Welcome To NPTI Durgapur". www.nptidurgapur.com. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  24. ^ "Private Commercial FM Stations in India". qsl.net. Retrieved 7 February 2021.