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Krishnanagar
Krishnagar / Reui
City
Clockwise from top:
Krishnanagar Rajbari Front; Christo Mandir; Krishnanagar Government College; Krishnanagar Head Post Office; Krishnanagar Rajbari Interiors; Hotel Haveli; Ruins of Krishnanagar Rajbari; Krishnangar Collegiate School
Krishnanagar is located in West Bengal
Krishnanagar
Krishnanagar
Location in West Bengal, India
Krishnanagar is located in India
Krishnanagar
Krishnanagar
Krishnanagar (India)
Coordinates: 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5
Country India
State West Bengal
DistrictNadia
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyKrishnanagar Municipality
Area
 • City15.96 km2 (6.16 sq mi)
Elevation
14 m (46 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • City181,182
 • Density11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)
 • Metro203,429
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ZIP code(s)
741101 to 741103
Area code03472
Vehicle registrationWB-51, WB-52
Lok Sabha constituencyKrishnanagar
Vidhan Sabha constituencyKrishnanagar City North/Krishnanagar City South
Websitenadia.nic.in

Krishnanagar (ˌkrɪʃnəˈnʌɡər) is a city and a municipality[4] in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Nadia district.[5]

History

Krishnanagar municipality was established in 1864 and is one of the oldest municipalities in Bengal. It is claimed to be named after Krishna Chandra Roy (1728–1782).[6] Previously, the city (village) was called ‘Reui’ (রেউই). The Rajbari built here during Roy's reign is a prominent tourist attraction, though the remnants of past glory have been eroded and only a dilapidated structure of the exquisite places with carvings on inner walls remain today.[7]

Geography

Krishnanagar is located at 23°24′N 88°30′E / 23.4°N 88.5°E / 23.4; 88.5.[8] The area of the municipality is around 16 km2. It is situated on the southern banks of the Jalangi River.[4] It has an average elevation of 14 metres (46 ft). The Tropic of Cancer passes through the outskirts of Krishnanagar. The latitude of the Tropic of Cancer is 23° 26′ 5″ N.

Climate

In summer, from April to June, the weather remains hot and temperatures range from a minimum of 26 °C (79 °F) to a maximum of 35 °C (95 °F).

Monsoon season prevails, beginning from June to mid-September. Also, retrieving monsoon from mid-October until mid-November[8]

The weather is quite pleasant in winter, with a scorching summer. The level of moisture increases during summers.

Climate data for Krishnanagar (1981–2010, extremes 1885–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.8
(98.2)
38.8
(101.8)
42.2
(108.0)
45.0
(113.0)
46.1
(115.0)
45.5
(113.9)
43.0
(109.4)
43.0
(109.4)
38.5
(101.3)
38.2
(100.8)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
46.1
(115.0)
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
29.1
(84.4)
33.1
(91.6)
36.4
(97.5)
37.0
(98.6)
35.7
(96.3)
33.0
(91.4)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.7
(90.9)
31.0
(87.8)
27.6
(81.7)
32.3
(90.1)
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
14.9
(58.8)
19.3
(66.7)
22.7
(72.9)
23.6
(74.5)
24.2
(75.6)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
22.9
(73.2)
18.2
(64.8)
13.4
(56.1)
20.3
(68.5)
Record low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
3.9
(39.0)
7.5
(45.5)
13.5
(56.3)
15.5
(59.9)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
7.0
(44.6)
4.4
(39.9)
0.9
(33.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 6.1
(0.24)
17.7
(0.70)
24.4
(0.96)
37.0
(1.46)
99.3
(3.91)
157.2
(6.19)
253.0
(9.96)
145.9
(5.74)
174.1
(6.85)
102.5
(4.04)
8.1
(0.32)
4.3
(0.17)
1,029.6
(40.54)
Average rainy days 0.9 1.3 1.6 1.9 4.6 8.0 10.9 8.5 7.1 3.7 0.5 0.4 49.2
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 60 59 59 59 62 71 73 75 74 72 72 67 66
Source: India Meteorological Department[9]

Demographics

In the 2011 Indian census,[10] Krishnanagar city had a population of 181,182, with 91,583 males and 89,599 females. It is at the centre of a bigger urban agglomeration which as of the 2011 census, had a population of 203,429.[3] The urban agglomeration had a sex ratio of 978 females per 1,000 males.[3] The child sex ratio is 926 girls per 1,000 boys. 7.5% of the population were under six years old.[3] The effective literacy rate was 88.09%, of which male and female literacy was 90.84% and 85.29%, respectively.[3]

The following municipality and census towns were part of Krishnanagar Urban Agglomeration in 2011 census: Krishnanagar (M), Baruihuda (CT), Paschimbhatjangla (CT) and Sonda.[11]

Religions in Krishnanagar
Religion Percent
Hinduism
90.82%
Christianity
6.07%
Islam
2.98%
Others†
0.15%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.04%), Buddhists (0.02%) and Jains (0.01%).

Languages

Languages spoken in Krishnanagar City (2011)[12]

   Bengali (97.46%)
   Hindi (2.02%)
   Santali (0.15%)
   Bhojpuri (0.11%)
   Malayalam (0.054%)
  Others (0.18%)

Administration

Krishnanagar Municipality front entrance

Krishnanagar city is governed by Krishnanagar Municipality,[13] which comes under Krishnanagar Municipal Region. The area of the municipality is divided into 25 wards with 25 councillors. Krishnanagar is the administrative headquarters of Nadia district. Krishnanagar is the centre for all administration purposes.[13] The parties which contest for the elections are Trinomool Congress, Indian National Congress, BJP, and CPIM. The board of councillors elect a chairman from among its elected members; the chairman is the executive head of the municipality. The elected members of this body are authorised to manage education, health, tourism, and the overall development of the area.

Medical Facilities

As Krishnanagar is the headquarter of Nadia District,[4] it gets some of the added facilities. Apart from Government Hospitals, there are private-run nursing home as well.

Water

As Krishnanagar[13] is city just beside the Jalangi River (Tributary of River Ganges), one can also avail water transport. Regular boat transport is also available from Krishnanagar to other parts.

Police stations

Kotwali Police Station (also known as Krishnanagar PS) has jurisdiction over Krishnanagar municipality and Krishnanagar I CD Block.[14][15] The total area covered by the police station is 289.15 km2 and the population covered is 456,969 (2001 census).[16]

Women Police Station was established in 2012.[17]

Transport

Krishnanagar[13] is 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Kolkata. Being the district headquarters, residents of Krishnanagar enjoy some unique facilities as far as transport is concerned: wide roads, intracity connectivity by auto rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, E-rickshaws, service buses, and magic taxis (aka Toto). Express buses are available for places like Kolkata, Malda, Siliguri, Berhampore, Howrah, Purulia, Asansol, Durgapur, Bolpur, Kirnahar, Suri, Tarakeswar etc. from the city's Bus Stand or PWD stand very close to NH 34. The nearest airports are Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport, which is 98 kilometres (61 mi) by road, and Kazi Nazrul Airport, which is 176 kilometres (109 mi) by road.

Bus Stand

Road

NH 34 passes through Krishnanagar. As Krishnanagar is the administrative headquarters of the Nadia district, it acts as the link between North Bengal and South Bengal. There are bus services on regular basis from South Bengal to North Bengal and vice versa. All buses that start from Kolkata to North Bengal halt at Krishnanagar (Pantha Tirtha/Church Gate/Palpara). Krishnanagar has a main bus stand at the centre of the city, which is a destination of various long, mid-and short-distance places. It is connected directly to Kolkata, Siliguri Bardhaman, Durgapur, Tarakeswar, Siuri, and Asansol by road. Locally, it is connected to Ranaghat, Kolkata, Santipur, Mayapur, and Nabadwip. Krishnanagar is connected with Shikarpur (Route no 1), Patrikabari Ghat (Route no 2A) (via state highway 11), Hridaypur (Route no 4), Ranabandh Ghat (Route no 5), Nabadwip (Route no 8), Ranaghat (Route no 9, 17, 17B), Kalna Ghat (Route no 18), Patuli Ghat (Route no 25), Matiari (Route no 29), Bablari (Route no 30A), Tehatta Ghat (Route no 37), Palashi Monument (Route no 39) and Nonaganj (Route no 41). Krishnanagar is also connected with other places such as Karimpur, Khalboalia, Majdia, Birpur Ghat, Hular Ghat, Katwa Ghat, Hatisala Ghat, Ichapur Ghat, Sibpur Ghat, and Shimulia.

Rail

Krishnanagar City Junction railway station

Krishnanagar City Junction railway station[13] is a junction on the Lalgola branch line of the Eastern Railway. Local EMU trains are the most convenient option to reach Kolkata.

All trains going to or coming from Lalgola stop at Krishnanagar. MEMU trains depart from Ranaghat heading for Bahrampur and vice versa stops at Krishnanagar.

EMU (Broad gauge local) train service between these two cities Santipur and Krishnanagar have started, and will be extended to Nabadwip and will be open for passengers shortly. 13103/13104 Sealdah-Lalgola Bhagirathi Express, 13113/13114 Hazarduari Express, Lalgola Fast Passenger and a few Lalgola Passenger are the trains that run daily. Kolkata-Lalgola triweekly Express (Dhanadhanye Express) is also an express train that takes the Sealdah-Lalgola route. Ladies special (Matribhumi local) from Krishnanagar to Sealdah runs every day. The line extends to north Bengal via Ajimganj / Nasipur Bridge and will be used by Darjeeling Mail (sdah-njp) from the December at the end of year.[which?]

Culture

Krishnanagar is an important centre for culture and literature. It counts literary figures such as Ray Gunakor Bharatchandra, Ramprasad Sen, Dwijendralal Ray and Narayan Sanyal among many others. There is also a strong tradition of stage acting and Indian revolutionary movements. Several elegant pieces of handicraft arts can also be found in this region, namely the handicraft in making of carpet, bamboo and jute crafts, miniature paintings. a horticultural research station and jute nursery, and an agricultural training centre.

Jagaddhatri Puja is celebrated with grandeur in Krishnanagar, when lighting from the town of Chandannagar are brought. The origins of Jagaddhatri Puja in Krishnanagar can be traced back to the 18th century, when it was first celebrated by Maharaja Krishna Chandra, the king of Krishnanagar. Initiated by Krishna Chandra in 1762, is the crowning glory of the annual festival. The Maharaja's absence from the Durga Puja that year left him heartbroken as he could not offer his prayers to Maa Durga. Returning by boat on Dasami, the day of idol immersion, the Maharaja saw the idols being immersed in the river and was overcome with grief. However, in a dream that night, he saw a teenage Goddess seated on a lion, resembling a white horse, assuring him that she would come to him on the Sukla Nabami tithi in the Bengali month of Kartick (October–November). Following her divine instructions, an idol of Goddess Jagaddhatri was sculpted and the puja was performed with great pomp and splendor. Jagaddhatri Puja is celebrated across the Paras of Krishnanagar , with each Paras having its own unique customs and traditions. The Paras are essentially different neighborhoods or communities within the town, each with its own distinct identity and character. The most prominent of them all is Chasapara Barowari Puja where the deity is called Burima. This festival that has been celebrated for over 100 years, is known for its grandeur and splendor. The festival is organized by the Chasapara Barowari Committee, and it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion by the locals. The festival is known for its magnificent pandal decorations, which are designed based on various themes and concepts. The pandals are adorned with colorful lights, flowers, and other decorative items, making them a visual treat for the visitors. During the Puja, the locals also perform a unique ritual called "chokkhudaan" where they offer their eyes to the Goddess in the form of a symbolic gesture. This ritual is believed to signify the devotee's willingness to see the truth and the divine light. The festival is also known for its colorful processions, which are accompanied by the beats of the dhak, a traditional Indian percussion instrument. One of the notable features of this Chasapara Barowari is the heavily adornment of Burima with gold jewellery. It is believed that Burima fulfills her true devotees wishes. [18]

Krishnanagar is also famous for its Barodol Mela. Maharaja Krishnachandra, a devoted husband, once failed to fulfill his promise of taking his beloved queen to the neighboring fair at Ula Birnagar. To make up for it, he organized a grand festival in his own palace where 12 idols of Krishna were invited for a month-long stay. The tradition continues to this day, with the royal household playing a vital role in the festival's success, even though its splendor has faded somewhat over time.The festival is normally held after the Dolyatra in the Sukla Ekadashi tithi. It begins with the arrival of 12 idols of Krishna , each representing a different form of the deity. The idols are displayed for public viewing for the first three days of the festival, after which they retire to a temple inside the palace as guests of the patron deity Boro Narayan. Meanwhile, the month-long fair takes place in the vast field next to the old fort's gate, open to all who wish to participate. The fairgrounds are alive with the sounds of vendors hawking their wares, performers entertaining the crowds, and children laughing and screaming in delight as they ride the rides. The fair also provides a platform for local artisans to showcase their skills and sell their wares. From the clay toy makers to the handloom weavers, the fair is an opportunity for these artisans to display their products to a wider audience and earn a living.[19]

Places of interest

A piece of work at ghurni

Ghurni

The famous area called Ghurni is the birthplace of Yogiraj Sri Shyama Charan Lahiri Mahasaya, fountain-head of Kriya Yoga.[20] Ghurni is the neighbourhood of the clay artists. Open studios and shops of the artists comprise an important attraction for tourists. It is said[by whom?] that initially it was Raja Krishnachandra who had settled a few families of talented clay artists in the area.

Rajbari

Entrance of Royal Palace

Rajbari, also known as the Krishnanagar Palace, is a royal palace with a Durga temple in the courtyard. The Durga puja was started by Raja Rudra Roy, the great-grandfather of Raja Krishnachandra Roy.[21] Every year, Jhulan Mela is celebrated around the Rajbari in July–August and Baro Dol (as it is held 12 days after Dol Purnima) in March–April every year. Rajbari is mostly visited for the celebration of different festivals. These include the popular Jhulan Mela and the festival of colours Holi or Baro Dol. The historical monument surrounded by a water-body known as Dighi has a beautiful Goddess Durga temple erected in its central courtyard.

Anandamoyee Kali Temple at Krishnnagar

Bethuadahari Forest

Bethuadahari Forest, a forest covering about 67 hectares, is located at Bethuadahari which is situated about 22 km from Krishnanagar.[13] This forest is an extended deer park. The forest was established in 1980 to preserve the biodiversity of the central Gangetic alluvial zone. A census of 1998 reveals a population of 295 deer in this forest and other wildlife includes python, jungle cat, porcupine, monitor lizard, snake, and a variety of birds (around 50 species). .

Bahadurpur Forest[13] situated by the side of NH 34 in Krishnanagar II Block has been chosen as a prospective spot for jungle safari. Hasadanga Beel,[13] adjacent to Bahadurpur Forest, is a vast waterbody which can be transformed into a water sports complex. This beel has the potential to be developed as a safe haven for seasonal migratory birds.

Notable people

Dwijendralal Roy
Bagha Jatin

Educational Institutes

There are various Government and private run schools affiliated with the West Bengal Board of Secondary Education, The Indian Council for Secondary Examination (ICSE), Delhi board and Kendriya Vidyalaya, and the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

Krishnagar Collegiate School
C.M.S St. John's High School
Krishnanagar Government College

Colleges

Government–Operated colleges

Private colleges

References

  1. ^ "Krishnanagar City".
  2. ^ "View Population". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. p. 6. Retrieved 27 March 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Krishnagar" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 927..
  5. ^ https://nadia.gov.in/profile/ Official Website of Nadia District
  6. ^ "Tourism-Details". nadia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  7. ^ "Krishnanagar, the land of mesmerising clay toys and figurines". www.outlookindia.com/. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  8. ^ a b Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Krishnanagar
  9. ^ "Station: Krishnanagar Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 435–436. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  11. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2020.
  12. ^ 2011 census data censusindia.gov.in
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Krishnanagar,_Nadia,_India Krishnanagar, Nadia, India.
  14. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Nadia". Table 2.1. Department of Planning and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 7 October 2020.
  15. ^ "Nadia District Police". Police Unit. West Bengal Police. Archived from the original on 28 May 2017. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Krishnaganj Police Station Details". Nadia Police. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  17. ^ "Women Police Station Details". Nadia Police. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  18. ^ "ENCHANTING GRANDEUR OF JAGADDHATRI PUJA IN KRISHNANAGAR: A CELEBRATION OF CULTURE AND TRADITION". Celebration of Jagaddhatri Puja in Krishnanagar. Manas Pratim Biswas. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  19. ^ "BARODOL MELA: A CULTURAL EXTRAVAGANZA OF KRISHNANAGAR". Celebration of Barodol Mela in Krishnanagar. Manas Pratim Biswas. Retrieved 26 February 2023.
  20. ^ "Yogiraj Shyamacharan Sanatan Mission". Archived from the original on 10 May 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  21. ^ CHAUDHURI, SUBHASISH (9 October 2016). "A royal Puja for people of Nadia". The Telegraph (India). Krishnagar. Retrieved 20 March 2022.
  22. ^ a b "Historical Perspective". nadia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  23. ^ "Notable Personalities". nadia.gov.in. Retrieved 26 June 2020.
  24. ^ Tom Fordyce (17 October 2013). "Prejudice & patriotism: When is a Briton not a Briton?". bbc.com. Retrieved 24 May 2017.
  25. ^ "Education First". school.banglarshiksha.gov.in. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
  26. ^ ":: Krishnagar Government College ::". www.krishnagargovtcollege.org. Retrieved 24 September 2020.

Sources