Balurghat
Town
Balurghat Railway Station.
Balurghat Railway Station.
Balurghat is located in West Bengal
Balurghat
Balurghat
Location in West Bengal, India
Balurghat is located in India
Balurghat
Balurghat
Balurghat (India)
Balurghat is located in Asia
Balurghat
Balurghat
Balurghat (Asia)
Coordinates: 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.76°E / 25.22; 88.76Coordinates: 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.76°E / 25.22; 88.76
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictDakshin Dinajpur
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBalurghat Municipality
 • ChairmanShri Ashok Kumar Mitra (TMC)
 • MLAAshok Kumar Lahiri (BJP)
 • MPDr. Sukanta Majumdar (BJP)
 • DMShri Bijin Krishna, I.A.S.
 • SPSri Rahul De
Area
 • Total10.76 km2 (4.15 sq mi)
Elevation
24 m (79 ft)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total151,416
 • Density14,000/km2 (36,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali[3][4]
 • Additional officialEnglish[3]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
733101
Telephone code03522
Vehicle registrationWB-61/WB-62
Lok Sabha constituencyBalurghat
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBalurghat
Websitewb.gov.in

ddinajpur.nic.in www.balurghatmunicipality.org

www.dakshindinajpurzp.org

Balurghat (pron:bʌlʊəˈgɑ:t) is a town and a municipality in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the district headquarter of the Dakshin Dinajpur district. It is one of the major cities connected through National Highway 512. In this town there are museum, parks, super speciality hospital, govt. offices, district court, schools, colleges, a university, police station, railway station, hotels, restaurants, cinema halls, temples, mosques, churches, etc. There is the Atreyee river which flows through this town. It is a place/town to live peacefully. It is a place to visit in the month of October to November when one can enjoy ritualistic and religious festivals. From the inner area of Balurghat one can go Hilli, a rural area, where one can see India-Bangladesh border.

Geography

Cities and towns in the Dakshin Dinajpur district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, H: historical site
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Balurghat is at 25°13′N 88°46′E / 25.22°N 88.77°E / 25.22; 88.77.[5] It has an average elevation of 25 metres (82 feet). The town covers 10.76 km2 (4.15 sq mi) of area.[1]

River Atreyee runs across the city, dividing it into disproportionate halves. The heart of the city, with important administrative, cultural and entertainment hubs, is on the eastern bank of the river. India-Bangladesh border is approximately 3 km from the town.

In the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen version.

Police stations

Balurghat police station under West Bengal police has jurisdiction over Balurghat municipal area and Balurghat CD Block.[6][7]

Balurghat Women police station has jurisdiction over Balurghat subdivision.[7]

Subdivision and CD block HQ

Balurghat subdivision has its headquarters at Balurghat.[6]

The headquarters of Balurghat CD block is at Balurghat.[8][9]

Climate

Climate data for Balurghat (1981–2010, extremes 1960–2012)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
34.9
(94.8)
39.1
(102.4)
42.2
(108.0)
43.4
(110.1)
43.0
(109.4)
40.0
(104.0)
38.8
(101.8)
37.0
(98.6)
38.0
(100.4)
35.5
(95.9)
33.0
(91.4)
43.4
(110.1)
Average high °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
27.7
(81.9)
32.1
(89.8)
34.6
(94.3)
34.3
(93.7)
34.3
(93.7)
33.4
(92.1)
33.7
(92.7)
33.0
(91.4)
31.7
(89.1)
29.2
(84.6)
26.5
(79.7)
31.3
(88.3)
Average low °C (°F) 10.8
(51.4)
13.4
(56.1)
17.8
(64.0)
21.4
(70.5)
23.3
(73.9)
25.1
(77.2)
25.4
(77.7)
25.6
(78.1)
24.9
(76.8)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
13.1
(55.6)
20.1
(68.2)
Record low °C (°F) 4.1
(39.4)
6.2
(43.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.4
(54.3)
14.8
(58.6)
14.8
(58.6)
17.0
(62.6)
16.8
(62.2)
16.2
(61.2)
12.2
(54.0)
7.3
(45.1)
4.7
(40.5)
4.1
(39.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.6
(0.34)
5.3
(0.21)
19.0
(0.75)
62.5
(2.46)
193.2
(7.61)
276.3
(10.88)
404.4
(15.92)
272.1
(10.71)
326.6
(12.86)
159.7
(6.29)
8.3
(0.33)
6.9
(0.27)
1,742.9
(68.62)
Average rainy days 0.7 0.6 1.0 3.3 8.5 11.0 13.3 10.6 11.5 4.2 0.5 0.5 65.6
Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST) 71 65 61 65 73 78 80 81 82 81 76 75 74
Source: India Meteorological Department[10][11]

Demographics

See also: List of cities in West Bengal

Religions in Balurghat city[12]

  Hindus (98.74%)
  Other (1.26%)

In the 2011 census, Balurghat municipality had a population of 153279, of which 76730 were males and 76549 were females.[12] The Balurghat urban agglomeration had a population of 164,593, out of which 82,466 were males and 82,127 were females. The 0–6 years population was 10,349. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 91.66 per cent.[13]

As of 2001 India census, Balurghat municipality had a population of 151,416, of which 75,794 were males and 75,622 were females. Balurghat has an average literacy rate of 84.8%, with 87% of the males and 82.5% of females literate. Population in the age range of 0 to 6 years is 10,677. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes have a population of 15,204 and 3,008 respectively. Balurghat had 37507 households in 2011.[2]

98.7% of the population are Hindus, with small percentages (below 1%) of Muslims and Sikhs.[12]

Economics

Balurghat is a distribution centre in northern West Bengal. The main goods traded include rice, jute, sugar cane, fisheries and oilseeds.[14]

Transport

Balurghat Rail Station
Balurghat Rail Station

Balurghat Railway Station is the terminus station of the Eklakhi–Balurghat branch line[15] Trains connecting Balurghat to Kolkata directly include Gour Express, Tebhaga Express and Howrah-Balurghat Bi-weekly Express. Train services also connect Balurghat to Siliguri in the north through Balurghat-Siliguri Intercity Express. Balurghat also connected to Malda through Balurghat-Malda Court Passenger Train.

Indian National Highway 512 passes through Balurghat (from Gazole To Hili).

At Balurghat, there is a Government (NBSTC) bus and Public bus stand. Many buses (both NBSTC & Private) are starts from Balurghat to Kolkata, Siliguri, Coochbehar, Kalna, Durgapur, Malda, Raiganj etc. Balurghat Airport is situated at the entrance of the town, at Mahinagar. A Kolkata-Malda-Balurghat-Coochbehar flight service has been planned for this airport.
Previously, there was a Kolkata-Malda-Balurghat helicopter service for some years.

Education

Schools

Colleges

Universities

Festivals

Durga Puja, Kali Puja, Chhath Puja, Rath Yatra, Biswakarma Puja, Ganesh Chaturthi and Saraswati puja are widely celebrated at Balurghat. Bolla Kali Puja is celebrated at Bolla, approximately 15 kilometres (9 miles) from Balurghat, in late November each year.

Sports

Balurghat is also home to district's 1st ever stadium to host the top tier national level cricket match like a Ranji Trophy Match.[26] Balurghat Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium used for sports like cricket and football. An indoor sports complex in Balurghat is also in under construction.

Healthcare

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Balurghat Municipality". sudawb.org. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Census of India: Balurghat". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Fact and Figures". Wb.gov.in. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  4. ^ "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). Nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. p. 85. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Balurghat, India".
  6. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Dakshin Dinajpur". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Dakshin Dinajpur District Police". Know your PS. District Police. Archived from the original on 28 November 2017. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Dakshin Dinajpur, Series 20 Part XII A" (PDF). Map of Dakshin Dinajpur with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fourth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  9. ^ "BDO Offices under Dakshin Dinajpur District". Department of Mass Education Extension & Library Services, Government of West Bengal. West Bengal Public Library Network. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
  10. ^ "Station: Balurghat Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 77–78. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M230. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 10 January 2021.
  12. ^ a b c "C-1 Population By Religious Community". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 April 2021.
  13. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.
  14. ^ Balurghat, from Encyclopædia Britannica.
  15. ^ "55721x->55421 Malda Town-Balurghat Passenger". Time Table. India Rail Info. Retrieved 30 November 2018.
  16. ^ "Balurghat students feted". The Statesman. 16 July 2020. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  17. ^ "Grassroot Leader With Strong RSS Imprint: Why BJP Chose Sukanta Majumdar as Bengal Party President". News18. 20 September 2021. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  18. ^ "Techno Global Balurghat". www.technoindiagroup.com. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  19. ^ "Kendriya Vidyalaya, Balurghat, South Dinajpur: Admission, Fee, Facilities, Affiliation". school.careers360.com. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  20. ^ "Balurghat College". BC. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Balurghat College". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  22. ^ "Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya". BMM. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Balurghat Mahila Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  24. ^ "Balurghat Law College". BLC. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Balurghat Law College". College Admission. Retrieved 7 December 2018.
  26. ^ "Balurghat to host Ranji match for first time". www.telegraphindia.com. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  27. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 7 December 2018.

https://www.dakshindinajpurzp.org/

http://balurghatmunicipality.org

https://ddinajpur.nic.in/