It has been suggested that this article be merged with Tangail Saree. (Discuss) Proposed since February 2024.
Tangail Saree
Origin PlaceWest Bengal, India
IngredientsCotton and Silk
Cotton thread count72s-88s
Length5.50–6.50 m.
Breadth1.18–1.25 m.
Anchal32–36 inch
StyleBengal Tradition
UsageNormal day life and Festival
GI StatusRegistered
Application No.702

Tangail saree (Bengali: টাঙ্গাইল শাড়ি) is a traditional handwoven saree (Sari) of West Bengal. It is produced in Purba Bardhaman & Nadia districts of West Bengal. These handlooms are famous for the novelty of saree designs, hand-woven booties, use of natural fibers in the weave and saree fineness of the fabric. In 2024, Tangail Saree was recognized as a Registered Geographical Indication under the title Tangail Saree of Bengal and Banglar Tangail Saree in Bengali language.[1]

Tangail sarees in West Bengal are traditionally woven on fly shuttle pit looms using 100S cotton yarn, silk yarn of various counts (14/16-20/22 denier), tasar yarn and also synthetic filament yarn. Sarees are woven using two or more shuttles. The sarees have a variety of border features including plain border or extra warp jacquard designs, with simple traditional color patterns on the anchal (আঁচাল) or colorful cross borders with extra weft designs. The body of the fabric (saree) may be plain or decorated with booties using additional warp/weft with or without Jacquard. In this Tangail saree (Jamdani variety), extra weft threads are inserted to create an extra-weft design, maintaining a ratio of 1:2 between extra weft and ground weft. The specialty of the design is that the edges of the design are like steps, which is similar to the graphical design.[2]

The traditionally produced Tangail saree in West Bengal is characterized by a special physical finish, which makes it free from "reed mark" (jorebhanga) giving it a special look and feel. Also characterized by the stiff finish.[2]

The "Basak" weaver community was the first to start making this saree. In 2024, 20,000 weavers are involved in Tangail saree weaving in Nadia and Purba Bardhaman districts of West Bengal.[3][4] This saree is folded in Guti Bhanj.[1][2]



At one time, cotton weaving was a very important industry in Nadia district. During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, Shantipur was the center of a large and prosperous weaving industry. In 1898 AD, almost all the villages in this district had a few weavers. The weaving industry of Shantipur faced a major threat in the late nineteenth century due to the introduction of cloth from England. The weavers found the trade unprofitable and switched to other professions, resulting in a gradual decline in the number of weavers in the industry. However, according to a survey conducted in 1940 by the Department of Industries, Bengal, 10,000 out of a total of 27,000 people in Shantipur were reported to be members of weaving families.[2]

Every member of the weaver's family was involved in the weaving of Tangail sarees produced in undivided Bengal i.e. East-Bengal of British India. No weavers or laborers were hired, which was the practice of not letting the weaving technique go outside the weaver's family. The Basak families were the original saree weaving families of Tangail. These weavers were mainly from the Hindu "Basak" community. After the partition of the country in 1947, most of the traditional weavers, including most of the Basak weavers community, of this region started migrated to West Bengal from East Pakistan (now Bangladesh). The process of migration intensified in 1965, and reached its peak in 1971 during the Indo-Pak War and the Bangladesh Liberation War.[2][5]

Origin of the saree

Traditionally, Shantipur of Nadia and Kalna City of Purba Bardhaman districts are famous centers for handwoven fabrics, hence basak weavers settled in these places and surrounding areas. However, the Basak community maintained their weaving technique through many adversities. Most of the weavers with the help of looms brought with them from East Pakistan (East Bengal, now Bangadesh) and Others with the help of looms provided by the Government of India and Government of West Bengal continued to weave sarees even in refugee camps; many weavers joined the weaving industry of West Bengal as workers in looms owned by local weavers in santipur, Dhatrigram and Samudragarh.[2]

A weaver weaves a saree in Phulia.

With government encouragement and assistance, weavers from East Bengal soon revived their ancestral profession and the weaving industry flourished again. The weavers of the Basak community of East-Bengal mastered the technique of weaving and designing the Shantipuri loom saree while employed as laborers in the weaving centers of the local weavers of West Bengal and with the help of the local weavers. Later, the weavers of the Basak community were able to mixing the Dhaka-Tangail style with the Shantipuri loom sari. In this mixing a new sari is produced; this new saree produced in West Bengal came to be known as "Tangail saree", which was different from the Tangail saree produced in East-Bengal. Like the Bangladeshi Tangail saree, it is also a simplified version of the famous Jamdani technique.[2]


Geographical Indication

Tangail Saree of Bengal
Geographical indication
Alternative namesTangail Saree
TypeClass 24 & 25 – Saree & Textile Fabrics
AreaWest Bengal
MaterialCotton and Silk

West Bengal State Handloom Weavers Cooperative Society Limited applied for Geographical indication or GI tag for West Bengal's Tangail saree in 2020. On 2 January 2024, Geographical indication or GI tag under the title "Tangail Saree of Bengal" or Banglar Tangail Sari was issued from the office in Chennai, India. According to the certificate received, the registration of the product will be valid till 7th September 2030.[1][3][6][4]

Criticism started in Bangladesh, when West Bengal's Tangail saree was given a Geographical Indication or GI tag.[7][8] As per Bangladeshi media, Biswa Bangla Biponi of Kolkata is selling Tangail sarees as Phulia products by taking advantage of the GI tag.[9] On the other hand, according to Journal No. 178 published by the Chennai-based office of Geographical Indication, the West Bengal's Tangail saree – basically a fusion of East Bengal and West Bengal handwoven sarees – is a different saree from the Bangladeshi Tangail saree.[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Application details of the Tangail Saree of Bengal - Geographical Indications". Intellectual Property India. Retrieved 21 January 2024.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "G.I. APPLICATION NUMBER – 702". Chennai: Intellectual property in India. 31 August 2023. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  3. ^ a b G, Sarthak (5 January 2024). "Honey, Tangail, Garad among 5 more West Bengal products to get GI tag". The Times of India. Kolkata. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  4. ^ a b Gupta, Arundhati (30 January 2024). "Bengal weaves beautiful handloom stories". The Statesman. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  5. ^ Bhattacharya, Kedarnath (6 January 2024). "সুদিন কি আদৌ ফিরবে, 'জিআই' তকমা পাওয়ার পরে প্রশ্ন তাঁতশিল্পীদের". (in Bengali). Purbasthali. ABP. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  6. ^ "Three varieties of handloom sarees in West Bengal get GI tag". The New Indian Express. Kolkata. 4 January 2024. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  7. ^ Soumitra, Shubhra (3 February 2024). "'টাঙ্গাইল শাড়ির' উৎপত্তি ভারতে দাবি করায় বাংলাদেশে বিস্ময় ও বিতর্ক". BBC News Bangla (in Bengali). Dhaka. BBC. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  8. ^ ভারত যেভাবে টাঙ্গাইলের শাড়ি নিজেদের বলে নিবন্ধন করল, আমাদের এখন যা করতে হবে. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 3 February 2024. Retrieved 3 February 2024.
  9. ^ "Whose Tangail saree are you? Bangladesh or West Bengal?". Bangla Tribune.