.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Bangla. (August 2019) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Bangla Wikipedia article at [[:bn:গম্ভীরা]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|bn|গম্ভীরা)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Gombhira (or gambhira or gamvira) is a type of song originating in the Bengal region in the eastern part of the Indian subcontinent, what is today northeastern West Bengal, India and northwestern Bangladesh.[1][2][3][4][5]

In West Bengal (India), gombhira performances are centred around the Malda District whereas Chapai Nawabganj District is the main centre of Gambhira performances in Bangladesh. The tradition is also popular in the nearby districts of Rajshahi and Naogaon.[3] It is performed with a particularly distinctive rhythm and dance with two performers, always personifying a man and his maternal grandfather, discussing a topic to raise social awareness.

Gambhira mask

The Gambhira dance is performed all over the Malda district of North Bengal during the festival of Chaitra Sankranti. The masks are made out of neem and fig trees by the local Sutradhar community. Sometimes they were also made the mask of clay.[6] The three-dimensional crowns are the specialty of these masks. First, the facial features are carved out from a piece of wood and then coloured according to the character. This mask dance performed with Gombhira song. The songs of Gambhira originated among the Hindu community of Maldah in West Bengal, completely in its theme formation.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Bangladesh. Calaccitra o Prakāśana Bibhāga (1988). Bangladesh Quarterly, Volume 8. University of California. pp. 4–8.
  2. ^ A. F. Salahuddin Ahmed; Bazlul Mobin Chowdhury (2004). Bangladesh, national culture, and heritage: an introductory reader. Independent University, Bangladesh. pp. 407–410. ISBN 978-984-8509-00-5.
  3. ^ a b Don Rubin; Chua Soo Pong; Ravi Chaturvedi; Minoru Tanokura; Ramendu Majundar (2001). The World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Asia/Pacific. Taylor & Francis. pp. 78–86. ISBN 9780415260879.
  4. ^ "Mango festival and cultural programme in Chapainawabganj". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2016-04-02.
  5. ^ "Rajshahi University School, College wins divisional round". The Daily Star. Retrieved 2016-04-02.
  6. ^ "The Mask". Biswa Bangla. Retrieved 2018-02-13.
  7. ^ http://www.indianetzone.com/18/gambhira_dance_west_bengal.htm