Gobardanga
City
Gobardanga Zamindar House
Gobardanga Zamindar House
Gobardanga is located in West Bengal
Gobardanga
Gobardanga
Location in West Bengal, India
Gobardanga is located in India
Gobardanga
Gobardanga
Gobardanga (India)
Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°46′E / 22.87°N 88.76°E / 22.87; 88.76Coordinates: 22°52′N 88°46′E / 22.87°N 88.76°E / 22.87; 88.76[1]
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictNorth 24 Parganas
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyGobardanga Municipality
 • Municipality ChairmanTushar Ghosh[2]
Area
 • Total13.50 km2 (5.21 sq mi)
Elevation6 m (20 ft)
Population
 (2011)[citation needed]
 • Total45,377
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali and English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Lok Sabha constituencyBangaon
Vidhan Sabha constituencyGaighata
Websitewww.gobardangamunicipality.org

Gobardanga is a city and a municipality in North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Founded on 20 April 1870, it is one of the oldest municipalities of west Bengal.

Etymology

The word Gobardanga derives from Sanskrit. It consists of three words, go-bar-danga. Go means "world/earth", bar means "greatest" and danga refers to "place" which literally means, the greatest place on earth.[citation needed]

Geography

Cities, towns and locations in Barasat subdivision, North 24 Parganas
M: municipal town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, H: historical centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Gobardanga is situated on the banks of the river Jamuna. It is located 22.880149°N and 88.760791°E in the district of North 24 parganas of West Bengal.

There is a horse bow lake named Kankona Baorh at Media, Gobardanga. It is an open mouthed bangle shaped water body. The lake resembles a Kankon, worn by ladies hence it is being named Kankona Baorh. It is a beautiful lush green place with scenic as well as touring potential. Lots of migratory birds come here in the winter time.

Area overview

The area covered in the map alongside is largely a part of the north Bidyadhari Plain. located in the lower Ganges Delta.[4] The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels.[5]54.67% of the people of the densely populated area lives in the urban areas and 45.33% lives in the rural areas.[6]

Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.

History

It has a wide prevailing history. Gobardanga had been governed by Zamindars in pre-old days. Their descendants still reside in their ancestral home and maintaining all regulations, worship Goddess Durga as per their tradition during the Durga Puja days. Close to it is the Gobardanga Prasannomoyee Kali Mandir. Established by then Zamindar Kaliprassana Mukhopaddhyay, the temple faced southwards has Goddess Kali along with 12 other shrines of Lord Shiva distributed into 6 shrines on either side of the temple. According to certain theories and statements, Rani Rani Rashmoni, founder of Dakshineshwar Kali temple , Dakshineshwar, Kolkata, had once travelled down the Jamuna river and reached Gobardanga and came across the temple, from which she got the idea of constructing the Dakshineshwar Kali temple along with 12 other shrines of Lord Shiva. This temple is quite popular and people from nearby and far away areas often visit this temple for their prayers.

Transport

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Gobardanga railway station is 58 km from Sealdah railway station on the Sealdah–Bangaon branch line of Eastern Railway. From Sealdah it is next to Maslandapur railway station and before Thakurnagar railway station. Road distance between Bongaon and Gobardanga is almost 25 km. Buses, Auto-rickshaw, Electric rickshaw are the most commonly used mode of transport.

Demographics

As per the 2011 Census of India, Gobardanga had a total population of 45,377, of which 23,025 (51%) were males and 22,352 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 3,481. The total number of literates in Gobardanga was 38,461 (91.80% of the population over 6 years).[7]

As of 2001 India census,[8] Gobardanga had a population of 41,618. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Gobardanga has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 84%, and female literacy is 75%. In Gobardanga, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education

Higher education

Gobardanga has a degree college named Gobardanga Hindu College which is affiliated with West Bengal State University.[9] It also has a B.Ed college within the campus.

School Education

Recreation

Gobardanga has a park named 'Kankana park', trivially called 'Coacher Bagan'.

Notable residents

Healthcare

North 24 Parganas district has been identified as one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[10]

See also

Map of Habra I CD Block on Page 289 of District Census Handbook. It also shows the location of Gobardanga.[11]

References

  1. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Gobardanga, India". fallingrain.com.
  2. ^ "Official Granted Chairman". Archived from the original on 24 August 2021. Retrieved 24 August 2021.((cite web)): CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  3. ^ "Gobardanga City".
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  5. ^ LSS O’Malley (2009). Bengal District Gazetteers: 24 Parganas. p 1-4. ISBN 9788172681937. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 21 January 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  7. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 May 2018.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  9. ^ "Affiliated College of West Bengal State University". Archived from the original on 29 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  10. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (19 years study)". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal. There's a governmental hospital as well but that usually remains closed due to certain reasons. -India. SOES. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 24 August 2007.
  11. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Page 289 -Map of Habra I CD Block. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 1 June 2018.