Uttar Pradesh Provincial Armed Constabulary (UP-PAC) or Pradeshik Armed Constabulary (PAC) is an armed police of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is maintained at key locations across the state and active only on orders from the Deputy Inspector General and higher-level authorities. It is usually assigned to VIP duty or to maintain law and order during fairs, festivals, athletic events, elections, and natural disasters. They are also deployed to quell outbreaks of student or labor unrest, organized crime, and communal riots; to maintain key guard posts; and to participate in antiterrorist operations. The Provincial Armed Constabulary is equipped with INSAS semi automatic guns and usually carries only lathis while controlling the mob during unrests. UP-PAC consists of a total of 20,000 personnel as of 2005, composed of 33 battalions located in different cities across the state as a wing of Uttar Pradesh Police. Each battalion is commanded by a Commanding Officer(CO) who is usually an IPS officer of Senior Superintendent rank, and has seven to eight companies consisting of 120 to 150 Jawans, each company headed by a State Police officer of Inspector rank, who is usually referred to as company commander in the PAC and below company there are 3 platoons consisting of 40-50 Jawans, each platoon is usually headed by a Sub-Inspector rank state police officer. The PAC is headed by the Additional Director General Provincial Armed Constabulary (ADG PAC).[1][2]


Mohammad Isa Company Commander of IV Battalion of the UP-PAC stationed at Allahabad was awarded Police Medal for Gallantry on 14 January 1957 for his successful encounter with armed dacoits in a forest near the Kurat village.[3]


Following is the summary of events related to UP-PAC:[2]

A unit called Special Police Force (SPF) previously existed to operate in cooperation with Indian Army. In the 1990s the SPF was merged into the 9th battalion of the PAC, which is situated in Moradabad.

The 46 Battalion called Task Force existed till 1998 (Jawans use to wear insignia of Tiger on their Uniform's Arms), with the special task to fight Dacoits and Insurgents on achieving its goal was again converted to normal PAC Battalion (Presently located at Rudrapur, under Uttarakhand Provincial Armed Constabulary).

In May 1973, 12 battalions of the UP-PAC revolted and the Army was called in to control. About 30 policemen were killed and hundreds were arrested and dismissed from service.[4] In 1982 two petitions to disband UP-PAC were filed in Supreme Court.[5]

Allegations related to human rights violations

UP-PAC had been alleged to be involved in number of human rights violation cases,[6] including:

Recent events

In 2001 the Maoists looted 14 SLRs from Khoradih UP-PAC camp in Mirzapur.

In November 2004 the Naugharh landmine blast by Maoists in Chandauli district in which naxalites ambushed a police party, killing 17 police officers, 13 UP-PAC jawans and 4 UP-Police constables.[9][10]

During 2013 North India floods UP-PAC and Army rescue teams shifted 25,000 to 30,000 people to safer places from flooded villages in Uttar Pradesh.[11][12]

See also


  1. ^ "Gazette of India, part I, section 1". Government of India. 19 January 1957. p. 16. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |url= (help)
  2. ^ a b Official website Uttar Pradesh Police
  3. ^ "Police Medal for Gallantry". Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  4. ^ M. B. Chande (1997). The police in India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. p. 473. ISBN 9788171566280. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  5. ^ Rivers of Blood: A Comparative Study of Government Massacres. Greenwood Publishing Group. 1 January 1995. p. 104. ISBN 9780275951658. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  6. ^ Ashok Malik (24 May 2011). "That '70s show". The Asian Age. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  7. ^ "After 20 years, Hashimpura survivors find hope in RTI Act". Rediff.com. 25 May 2007. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  8. ^ "PAC anti-Muslim bias confirmed; 7 jawans suspended for looting". Pharos Media & Publishing Pvt Ltd, New Delhi, India. 15 May 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  9. ^ "17 policemen killed in UP naxal ambush". rediff.com. 21 November 2004. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  10. ^ "Cops to remain alert for CM's visit to Chandauli". The Times of India. 1 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  11. ^ "Rivers still rising, over a dozen bodies recovered". The Times of India. 23 June 2013. Archived from the original on 30 September 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.
  12. ^ "UP flood: Death toll reaches 45". The Times of India. 23 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 25 June 2013.