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Sadaat-e-Bara or Sadaat Bahera
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindiAwadhi
Religion
Allah-green.svg
Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
SayyidArabSayyid of Uttar PradeshSadaat AmrohaGardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Sirsi * Sadaat-e-Bilgram • Sadaat-e-Saithal

Sadat e-Bara sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Bahara, are a community of Sayyids, originally Elite or Noble Sayyid families situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Its members were also found in Karnal District and Haryana, Gujarat & Karnataka, Maharashtra state in India.Some of the members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.[1] Sadat e Bara or Sayads of Barha or Saadat-e-Barha Saadat Bara/Saiyids of Barha

Sayyid from Saadat-e Barah
Sayyid from Saadat-e Barah

Sadat-e-Bara refers to a group of twelve villages situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh (India).

The villages are:

From Syed Sameer Azam Zaidi - DARBAR KAKROULI: These villages are mainly inhabited by Zaidi Syeds descendants of Zaid Ash-Shaheed or Zayd Shaheed through Sayyid Abul Farah Wasti, some of them are believed to be the descendents of the Saiyid Brothers, the king makers of the lesser Mughal era. According to Saiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi in his "A Socio-Intellectual History of the Isna 'Ashari Shi'is in India," they are considered among the most authenticate Sayyids, along with the saadats or sayyids of Nasirabad and Jais, of Raebareli district. One of the verifiable reasons is that they have a longstanding tradition of maintaining their Shajra-e-Nasab (Syed family tree,) which was an easily verifiable document copied by hand until this day.

Many believe that they were among the first brand of Sayeds to push the Shias status into the mainstream after the barbaric murder of Shaheed Qazi Nurullah Shustari. These Al- Hussaini ‘Zaidi, Syed’ community stared the ‘Shia Spring’ revolution with their knowledge, insights and wisdom across North, West India and Pakistan.

The prominent persons from Sadaat E Barha are Khan Bahadur Syed Muzaffar Ali Khan, founding member and first Chairperson of the "Shia Conference", Naseem Zaidi Chief Election Commissioner of India, Moraad Ali Khan, Commonwealth Games Gold Medalist in Double trap shooting & Arjun Awardee, Qamasr Ahmed Zaidi, Delhi Police Commissioner & Col. S.G. Mehdi, M.C, considered as the father of the SSG, Pakistan Army's elite de corps.

History

Origin

The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of the 10th century or the beginning of the 11th century CE and migrated to India, where he obtained four estates in Punjab. Over time, Abu'l Farah's descendants took over Bārha riyasat (township) in Muzzafarnagar.[2]

There are four sub-divisions of Barha Sadaat in Muzaffarnagar area:[3]

  1. the Tihaanpuri, whose chief town was Jansath, belong to Syed Najm uddin
  2. the Chatraudi, whose chief town was Sambhalhera, belong to syed abu'l Fazaail Al Wasti,
  3. the Kundliwal, whose chief town was Mujhera, belong to Syed Daoud.
  4. the Jajneri, whose chief town was Bidauli, belong to Syed Abu'l Faraaish,

The origin of the Sadaat-e-Bara or Barha is traced to Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, son of Sayyid Daud Al Hussaini, who came to Ghazni in Afghanistan, from Wasit, at the invitation of Mahmud Ghaznavi. He had twelve sons of whom four settled in four villages Kundli Tihanpur, Jajner and Chhat-Banur, near the city of Patiala. These four sons founded a number of clans, the main ones being Chhatrodi, Kundliwal, Tihanpuri and Jajneri, from the villages assigned to them.[4]

Another descendant of Sayyid Abu'l Farah was Syed Mustufa AlHussaini (Thasra Village- Gujarat)& his brothers Syed Alaad(Alauddin) AlHussaini( Gothada Village -Savli-Gujarat) & Syed Nateeb AlHussaini ( Pali Village -Gujarat )came During the Sultan Mahemud Begada's Sultanate 1484 AD & Syed Mustufa's son Syed Muhammed AlHussaini Qazi-ul-qazat who was given a post of Chief justice and a grant of three villages in Sarnal, Gujarat by emperor Aurangzeb in 1674 AD and he migrated there. These three brothers' descendants form the branched of Sadat Bárha in Gujarat (Thasra, Pali & Gothada).

Role in the Mughal empire

The Decapitation of Khan Jahan Lodi (3 February 1631), with Syed Mian Barha on the right and Khan-i Jahan Muzaffar Khan Barha on the left
The Decapitation of Khan Jahan Lodi (3 February 1631), with Syed Mian Barha on the right and Khan-i Jahan Muzaffar Khan Barha on the left
Qutub-ul-Mulk
Qutub-ul-Mulk

The Barha Sayyid tribe of Indian Muslims traditionally composed the vanguard of the imperial army, which they held the hereditary right to lead in every battle.[5][6] After the death of Aurangzeb, the Barhas became kingmakers in the Mughal empire under Qutub-ul-Mulk and Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, creating and deposing Mughal emperors at will.[7] Farrukhsiyar defeated the Mughal emperor Jahandar Shah at the Battle of Agra, due to the reckless bravery of the Barha Sayyids,[8] and rose as the Mughal emperor as a puppet of the Syed brothers. Farrukhsiyar was executed on the orders of the Syed brothers, who raised three consequtive emperors to the throne.

After the Mughal empire

The Barha Sayyids regained many of their estates from the Marathas and regained their status in the parganah by the time of British arrival.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ " Tareekh Sadaat E Barha" written by Khan Bahadur Syed Muzaffar Ali Khan of Jansath & People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three page 1247 Manohar Publications
  2. ^ The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Parts 1-2, page 126, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Brill Archive, 1980
  3. ^ Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India, Sir Henry Miers Elliot, Trübner & co., 1869
  4. ^ ain-e-Akbari Abul Fazal Henry Beveridge's translation Footnote on Sayyeds of Barha
  5. ^ William Irvine (1971). Later Mughal. Atlantic Publishers & Distri. p. 202.
  6. ^ Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research (1975). Journal of the Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research: Volume 12. Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research.
  7. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 193. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  8. ^ not listed (1929). Journal of Indian History: Volume 7. Department of Modern Indian History. p. 207.
  9. ^ Madan Prasad Bezbaruah, Dr. Krishna Gopal (2003). Fairs and Festivals of India-Volume 3. Indiana University. p. 470. ISBN 9788121208109.