This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Sadaat-e-Bara" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Sadaat-e-Bara or Sadaat Bahera
Regions with significant populations
 India Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindiAwadhi
Religion
Islam 100% •
Related ethnic groups
SayyidArabSayyid of Uttar PradeshSadaat AmrohaGardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Sirsi * Sadaat-e-Bilgram • Sadaat-e-Saithal

Sadaat-e-Bahera, sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Bahara, are a community of Sayyids, originally Elite or Noble Sayyid families situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India. This community had considerable influence during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Its members were also found in Karnal District and Haryana, Gujarat & Karnataka, Maharashtra state in India.Some of the members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.[1] The prominent persons from Sadaat E Barha are Khan Bahadur Syed Muzaffar Ali Khan, founding member and first Chairperson of the "Shia Conference", Naseem Zaidi Chief Election Commissioner of India, Moraad Ali Khan, Commonwealth Games Gold Medalist in Double trap shooting & Arjun Awardee, Qamasr Ahmed Zaidi, Delhi Police Commissioner & Col. S.G. Mehdi, M.C, considered as the father of the SSG, Pakistan Army's elite de corps.


History and origin

The ancestor of Bārha Sayyids, Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, left his original home in Wasit, Iraq, with his twelve sons at the end of the 10th century or the beginning of the 11th century CE and migrated to India, where he obtained four estates in Punjab. Over time, Abu'l Farah's descendants took over Bārha riyasat (township) in Muzzafarnagar.[2]

There are four sub-divisions of Barha Sadaat in Muzaffarnagar area:[3]

  1. the Tihaanpuri, whose chief town was Jansath, belong to Syed Najm uddin
  2. the Chatraudi, whose chief town was Sambhalhera, belong to syed abu'l Fazaail Al Wasti,
  3. the Kundliwal, whose chief town was Mujhera, belong to Syed Daoud.
  4. the Jajneri, whose chief town was Bidauli, belong to Syed Abu'l Faraaish,

The origin of the Sadaat-e-Bara or Barha is traced to Sayyid Abu'l Farah Al Hussaini Al Wasti, son of Sayyid Daud Al Hussaini, who came to Ghazni in Afghanistan, from Wasit, at the invitation of Mahmud Ghaznavi. He had twelve sons of whom four settled in four villages Kundli Tihanpur, Jajner and Chhat-Banur, near the city of Patiala. These four sons founded a number of clans, the main ones being Chhatrodi, Kundliwal, Tihanpuri and Jajneri, from the villages assigned to them.[4]

Another descendant of Sayyid Abu'l Farah was Syed Mustufa AlHussaini (Thasra Village- Gujarat)& his brothers Syed Alaad(Alauddin) AlHussaini( Gothada Village -Savli-Gujarat) & Syed Nateeb AlHussaini ( Pali Village -Gujarat )came During the Sultan Mahemud Begada's Sultanate 1484 AD & Syed Mustufa's son Syed Muhammed AlHussaini Qazi-ul-qazat who was given a post of Chief justice and a grant of three villages in Sarnal, Gujarat by emperor Aurangzeb in 1674 AD and he migrated there. These three brothers' descendants form the branched of Sadat Bárha in Gujarat (Thasra, Pali & Gothada).


See also

References

  1. ^ " Tareekh Sadaat E Barha" written by Khan Bahadur Syed Muzaffar Ali Khan of Jansath & People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three page 1247 Manohar Publications
  2. ^ The Encyclopaedia of Islam: Supplement : Parts 1-2, page 126, Clifford Edmund Bosworth, Brill Archive, 1980
  3. ^ Memoirs on the history, folk-lore, and distribution of the races of the North Western Provinces of India, Sir Henry Miers Elliot, Trübner & co., 1869
  4. ^ ain-e-Akbari Abul Fazal Henry Beveridge's translation Footnote on Sayyeds of Barha