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Sadaat-e-Bara or Sadaat Bahera
Mohsin-ul-Mulk, a member of the Sadaat-e-Bara
Regions with significant populations
• India • Pakistan
Languages
UrduHindiAwadhi
Religion
Islam
Related ethnic groups
SayyidUrdu-speaking peopleArabSayyid of Uttar PradeshSadaat AmrohaGardezi Sadaat • Sadaat-e-Sirsi * Sadaat-e-Bilgram • Sadaat-e-Saithal

Sadat e-Bara sometimes pronounced Sadaat-e-Bahara, are a tribe of Indian Muslim Sayyids, originally Elite or Noble Sayyid families situated in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh in India.[1] This community had considerable influence during the reign of the Mughal Empire. Its members were also found in Karnal District and Haryana, Gujarat & Karnataka, Maharashtra state in India. Some of the members of this community have migrated to Pakistan after independence and have settled in Karachi, Khairpur State in Sind and Lahore.[citation needed]

History

Role in the Mughal empire

The Decapitation of Khan Jahan Lodi (3 February 1631), with Syed Mian Barha on the right and Khan-i Jahan Muzaffar Khan Barha on the left
The Sayyid Brothers were de-facto rulers of the Mughal Empire in the 1710s[2]

The Barha Sayyid tribe was famous throughout the country for its obstinate valour and love of fight, as well as religious fervour.[3][page needed] The tribe traditionally composed the vanguard of the imperial army, which they alone held the hereditary right to lead in every battle.[4][full citation needed]

Aurangzeb's warning to his sons to be cautious in dealing with the Sayyids of Barha, "...because a strong partner in government soon wants to seize the kingship for himself", would eventually become true.[5][6][7]

Six years after the death of Aurangzeb, the Barhas became kingmakers in the Mughal empire under Qutub-ul-Mulk and Ihtisham-ul-Mulk, creating and deposing Mughal emperors at will.[8]

After the Mughal empire

The Barha Sayyids regained many of their estates from the Marathas and regained their status in the parganah by the time of British arrival.[9]

See also

References

  1. ^ Markovits, Claude (2002). A History of Modern India, 1480-1950. Anthem Press. p. 175. ISBN 9781843310044.
  2. ^ Journal of Indian HistoryVolume 39. Department of Modern Indian History. 1960. p. 21.
  3. ^ Mohammad Yasin · (1958). A Social History of Islamic India, 1605-1748.
  4. ^ Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research (1975). Journal of the Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research: Volume 12. Rajasthan Institute of Historical Research.
  5. ^ Muhammad Umar (1998). Muslim Society in Northern India During the Eighteenth Century. Available with the author. p. 22. ISBN 9788121508308.
  6. ^ Jadunath Sarkar (1963). Anecdotes of Aurangzeb. p. 48.
  7. ^ Sheikh Muhammad (1998). History of Muslim Civilization in India and PakistanA Political and Cultural History. Institute of Islamic Culture. p. 331. ISBN 9789694690018.
  8. ^ Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. p. 193. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.
  9. ^ Madan Prasad Bezbaruah, Dr. Krishna Gopal (2003). Fairs and Festivals of India-Volume 3. Indiana University. p. 470. ISBN 9788121208109.