Total population
39,101 (2011)
Regions with significant populations
Purgi language
Star and Crescent.svg
Shia Islam (97.4%)
Buddhism symbol.PNG
Buddhism (2.6%)
Related ethnic groups
Other Dardic People and Tibetan People

The Purigpa are a community found in Kargil district, Ladakh, India. Out of 39 thousand Purigpas, 38 thousand are Muslim. The remaining few of them are mostly Buddhists. In 2011, there were 992 Buddhists among the Purigpas.[1]

Social status

As of 2001, the Purigpa were classified as a Scheduled Tribe under the Indian government's reservation program of positive discrimination.[2] As of 2011 Population Census of India, Purigpa population stood at 39,101 with 20,119 males and 18,982 females. The adult sex ratio stood at 943 and child sex ratio at 971. They boasted a literacy rate of 67.5 per cent, which was better than the average tribal literacy rate of 50.6 per cent in the erstwhile state of Jammu and Kashmir.[3][4]

History and culture

The Purigpa have varied origins and are descendants of Tibetans and Dards. These two groups began mixing with each other from the 10th century onward.[5]

The Purigpas are primarily Shia Muslims of the Twelver sect. They were converted by preachers who traveled via Baltistan beginning in the 15th and 16th centuries.[5][6]

See also


  1. ^ "Religion Data of Census 2011: XXXIII JK-HP-ST". Retrieved 18 May 2020.
  2. ^ "List of Scheduled Tribes". Census of India: Government of India. 7 March 2007. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  3. ^ "12 Major Tribes of Jammu and Kashmir". Retrieved 5 April 2019.
  4. ^ Statistical Profile of Scheduled Tribes in India (https://tribal.nic.in/ST/StatisticalProfileofSTs2013.pdf)
  5. ^ a b Gellner, David N. (2013). Borderland Lives in Northern South Asia. Duke University Press. pp. 49–51. ISBN 978-0-8223-7730-6.
  6. ^ Mukherjee, M. M. (30 January 2017). Exploring "The Himalayas": The Land of High Passes, Ladakh. Partridge Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4828-8630-6.