Kayamkhani or Kaimkhani (also spelled kayam Khani and Kaim Khani) is a Muslim community of India who were notable for ruling the Fatehpur-Jhunjhunu region in Rajasthan from the 1300s to the 1700s.[1][2]


They are said to be descended from Chauhan Rajputs who converted from Hinduism to Islam in the 14th century during the reign of Firuz Shah Tughlaq.[3][4] As also stated by the historian Dirk Kolff the Qaimkhani have Turkic origins.[5]

They ruled between 1384 and 1731 with Fatehpur, Rajasthan as the capital, kayamkhani rajputs ruled in Fatehpur, Jhunjhunu and Singhana.[6][need quotation to verify]

See also


  1. ^ Sunita Budhwar (1978). "The kayamkhani Shaikhzada Family of Fatehpur-Jhunjhunu". Proceedings of the Indian History Congress. 39: 412–425. JSTOR 44139379.
  2. ^ Dr Dasharatha Sharma, Kyam Khan Raso, Ed. Dasharath Sharma, Agarchand Nahta, Rajsthan Puratatva Mandir, 1953, page-15
  3. ^ Chandra, Satish (2005). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals. Vol. 2. Har-Anand Publications. p. 112. ISBN 978-8-12411-066-9.
  4. ^ Stern, Robert W. (1988). The Cat and the Lion: Jaipur State in the British Raj. BRILL. p. 265. ISBN 978-9-00408-283-0.
  5. ^ Kolff, Dirk H. A. (2002). Naukar, Rajput, and Sepoy: The Ethnohistory of the Military Labour Market of Hindustan, 1450-1850. Cambridge University Press. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-52152-305-9.
  6. ^ Weinberger-Thomas, Catherine (1999). Ashes of Immortality: Widow-Burning in India. University of Chicago Press. p. 176. ISBN 0-226-88568-2.