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Odia Muslims are a community of people hailing from the Indian state of Odisha who follow Islam. They mostly descend from indigenous converts to Islam along with a small proportion that migrated from northern India.


It is impossible to state with any certainty when Islam first arrived in Odisha. It is believed that the first significant Islamic presence dates from the invasion of the Bengal general, Kalapahad. Commanding the army of Sultan Sulaiman Khan Karrani, the Sultan of Bengal, Kalapahad defeated Raja Mukund Deva of Cuttack in 1568 CE.[1]

Karrani brought with him Muslim soldiers who settled down in Odisha, however their number was very few.[citation needed] Later migration continued under Mughal as well as the Nawab of Bengal's rule. The majority of these were traders or clergy, sent to preside over the courts, both secular and Islamic.[2]


Islam has had a very slow rate of growth in Odisha even during the Muslim rule as there had never been any major Muslim missionary work. The current population of Muslims in Odisha is 911,670 (2011 census), roughly 2.2% of the total population. The city of Bhadrak has the maximum number of Muslims as a percentage of the total population (about 35%).[3]


Jamia Islamia Markazul Uloom, a centre of Deobandi Islamic study in Odisha, was founded in 1946 by Muhammad Ismail Katki, the third president of Jamiat Ulema Odisha.[4] Important Barelvi Madrasa are located at Bhadrak.

Notable people


  1. ^ History of Modern Orissa: 1936-2000 page:5 by Kartik Chandra Rout, Published by Anmol Publications PVT. LTD., 2004, ISBN 81-261-2006-1, ISBN 978-81-261-2006-2
  2. ^ Kanungo, Pralay (2 August 2003). "Hindutva's Entry into a 'Hindu Province': Early Years of RSS in Orissa". The Economic and Political Weekly. Retrieved 29 November 2018 – via
  3. ^ "Census GIS HouseHold". Archived from the original on 6 July 2010. Retrieved 15 June 2007.
  4. ^ Rūhul Amīn, Muhammad (5 December 2021). "Munāzir e Islām Maulāna Muhammad Ismāil Katki Qāsmi: Life and Works". Baseerat online (in Urdu). Retrieved 21 June 2022.
  5. ^ Nazish, Motiullah (2023). Odisha Ke Mujaahideen e Aazadi (in Urdu) (1st ed.). Sanskruti Bhawan, BJB Nagar, Bhubaneswar: Odisha Urdu Academy. pp. 263–266.
  6. ^ Katki, Sayed Abdul Hafiz (June 2004). Majlis-e-Shūra, Jamia Rashidia Riyazul Uloom Sungra (in Urdu). Gohalipur, Cuttack district: Department of Broadcasting, Jamia Rashidia Riyazul Uloom Sungra. pp. 7, 12–18.
  7. ^ Mayurbhanji, Muhammad Rūhul Amīn (16 September 2023). "Prof. Maulana Sayed Kafeel Ahmed Qasmi: Biographical Sketch". (in Urdu). Qandeel Online. Retrieved 6 October 2023.