|Regions with significant populations|
|India (Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh)|
|Urdu • English • Hindi (Bagheli, Powar, Chhattisgarhi, Surgujia, Bundeli)|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Pathans of Madhya Pradesh are an Urdu-speaking Pashtun community settled in the present-day Indian state of Madhya Pradesh as well as a small minority of internal migrants and their descendants in neighbouring Chhattisgarh state, which was partitioned in 2000.
The early Pathan settlers in what became the princely state of Bhopal were known as Barru-kat, because they initially used reeds for roofing their houses, in which it became an aspect of their local architecture.
Bhopal became a hub for Pathan settlement, with others arriving to be soldiers in the Begum's army. Immigration continued until the creation of Pakistan in 1947.
The state of Jaora was settled by Indian Rohillas from neighbouring Uttar Pradesh as well as other Indian Muslim freebooters of Uttar Pradesh, such as the Indian Sayyids.
Most of the population of Jaora State(founded in 1818 AD) came from the United Province and Jodhpur.
Hakim Zafar Ali, a saiyid by caste, and a native of Bahera, a village in the district of Fatehpur Haswa, in the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. He was in the service of Nawab Ghafur Khan of Jaora, by whom the village of Bilaud was granted to him in Jagir.
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