اردو بولنے والے
|Regions with significant populations|
|India (diasporic Urdu Belt, a regional belt that consists of Hindi-Urdu belt states such as Uttar Pradesh, Kashmir, west Bihar-mostly Patna and Darbanga, Khandesh, coastal Malwa region, Shimla district and Kangra district and other Indian states, many speakers live in various cities in South India, mostly Hyderabad)|
Bangladesh (Dhaka as well as pockets in other parts of the country)
|United States||397,502 (2013)|
|Bangladesh||300,000 - 900,000 (2008)|
|United Kingdom||269,000 (2011)|
Various Urdu-speaking people are spread across South Asia. The vast majority of native Urdu-speakers are Muslims of the Urdu Belt of Northern India, followed by the Deccani people of the Deccan plateau in south-central India (who speak Deccani Urdu) and the Muhajir people of Pakistan.
Although the majority of Urdu-speakers reside in Pakistan (including 30 million native speakers, and up to 94 million second-language speakers), where Urdu is the national and official language, most speakers who use Urdu as their native tongue live in India, where it is one of 22 official languages.
The Urdu-speaking community is also present in other parts of South Asia with a historical Muslim presence, such as the Biharis and Dhakaiyas (who speak Dhakaiya Urdu) in Bangladesh, the Urdu-speaking members of the Madheshi community in Nepal, some Muslims in Sri Lanka and a section of Burmese Indians. In addition, there are Urdu-speakers present amongst the South Asian diaspora, most notably in the Middle East, North America (notably the United States and Canada), Europe (notably the United Kingdom), the Caribbean region, Africa (notably South Africa and Mauritius), Southeast Asia (notably Singapore) and Oceania (notably Australia and Fiji).
Other communities, most notably the Punjabi elite of Pakistan, have adopted Urdu as a mother tongue and identify with both an Urdu speaker as well as Punjabi identity.[additional citation(s) needed]