Dawn
Dawn Newspaper logo.png
DAWN newspaper.jpg
Front page, 1 January 2015
TypeDaily newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Owner(s)Dawn Media Group
Founder(s)Muhammad Ali Jinnah[1]
EditorZaffar Abbas
Founded26 October 1941; 81 years ago (1941-10-26)
LanguageEnglish
HeadquartersKarachi, Pakistan
ISSN1563-9444
Websitedawn.com

Dawn is the largest and oldest English-language newspaper in Pakistan and the country's newspaper of record.[2] Dawn is the flagship publication of the Dawn Group of Newspapers, headed by Amber Haroon Saigol, which also owns a radio station, CityFM89, headed by Amber Haroon's daughter, Nazafreen Saigol Lakhani, who is married in Lakhani family, and the advertising marketing and media magazine Aurora.[3]

Dawn was founded by Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah in Delhi, India, on 26 October 1941, as a mouthpiece for the Muslim League. The first issue was printed at Latifi Press on 12 October 1942.[4] The newspaper has offices in Karachi (Sindh), Lahore (Punjab), and the federal capital Islamabad, and correspondents abroad.[5] As of 2010, it has a weekday circulation of over 109,000.[6] The CEO of Dawn group is Hameed Haroon, and the current editor is Zaffar Abbas.

History

Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of the Dawn newspaper
Muhammad Ali Jinnah, founder of the Dawn newspaper

Dawn began as a weekly publication, based in New Delhi.[1] Under the instruction of Jinnah, it became the official organ of the All India Muslim League in Delhi, and the sole voice of the Muslims League in the English language, reflecting and espousing the cause of Pakistan's creation. Jinnah summed up the paper's purpose in these words:

"The Dawn will mirror faithfully the views of Hindustan's Muslims and the All Hindustan Muslim League in all its activities: economic, educational and social and more particularly political, throughout the country fearlessly and independently and while its policy will be, no doubt, mainly to advocate and champion the cause of the Muslims and the policy and programme of the All Hindustan Muslim League, it will not neglect the cause and welfare of the peoples of this sub-continent generally".[7]

Dawn became a daily newspaper in October 1944 under the leadership of its editor, Pothan Joseph, who later resigned in 1944 to take up the position of the government's principal information officer in part because of differences with Jinnah over the Pakistan Movement. He was succeeded by Altaf Husain who galvanized the Muslims of India for independence by his editorials, which earned him the ire of the Congress Party and of Lord Mountbatten, the last Viceroy and Governor-General of the British Raj both of whom wanted a united India.[8]

In 1947, senior Dawn staff led by Altaf Husain moved to Karachi. So, Karachi became the head office of the newspaper.[8]

In 1950, for a brief period, the owners discontinued Dawn over ownership issues and restarted it as Herald.[9][8]

Features

Issue of Dawn newspaper published from Karachi on 15 August
Issue of Dawn newspaper published from Karachi on 15 August

Dawn regularly carries syndicated articles from western newspapers such as The Independent, The Guardian, the Los Angeles Times and The Washington Post.[citation needed]

On Sundays, the weekend advertiser carries three sections namely "Ad Buzz", "Career", and "Real Estate".[10]

Editors

Controversies

Relations with WikiLeaks

On 19 May 2011, Dawn Media Group signed a memorandum of understanding with Julian Assange, founder of WikiLeaks, for the exclusive first use in Pakistan of all the secret US diplomatic cables related to political and other developments in the country.[14]

An announcement printed in the newspaper and posted on the website read:

The Dawn Media Group and Julian Assange, Chief Executive of Sunshine Press Productions, the publishing arm of WikiLeaks, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding for the exclusive first use in Pakistan of all the secret US diplomatic cables related to political and other developments in the country.[14]

Leak controversy

In 2016, a story, "Act against militants or face international isolation, civilians tell military" by Cyril Almeida, Oxford-educated assistant editor and columnist for Dawn, triggered the resignation of Information Minister Pervaiz Rashid, after a preliminary investigation established a "lapse" on his part vis-à-vis the publication of the "planted" story.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Long, Roger D. (27 August 2017). "Dawn Delhi I: Genesis of a Newspaper". DAWN.COM. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  2. ^ "Dawn joins Asia News Network". The Daily Star. 29 November 2011. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  3. ^ "The Haroon-Saigol Family".
  4. ^ Jinnah, Mahomed Ali (1976). Plain Mr. Jinnah. Vol. 1. Royal Book Company (on GoogleBooks website). p. 236. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Our International Business Representatives". Dawn Media Group. Archived from the original on 30 June 2006. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  6. ^ "The Inside Pages: An Analysis of the Pakistani Press" (PDF). Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  7. ^ Aqeel-uz-zafar Khan. "Jinnah and the Muslim press". JANG Newspaper Group. Archived from the original on 10 January 2009. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "Dawn | Media Ownership Monitor". Pakistan.mom-rsf.org. Retrieved 6 August 2022.
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h "Editors and their policies". 2 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Advertise DAWN". DAWN.com. Retrieved 29 July 2017.
  11. ^ "Obituary: Former governor of West Pakistan no more". 17 February 2011.
  12. ^ "Ahmad Ali Khan passes away". 14 March 2007.
  13. ^ "Tahir Mirza passes away". 30 May 2007.
  14. ^ a b Announcement, Memorandum of Understanding between Dawn Media Group and Sunshine Press Productions, Dawn (newspaper), Published 19 May 2011, Retrieved 29 July 2017
  15. ^ "Govt forms inquiry committee to probe 'Dawn leaks'". The Express Tribune. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2017.