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Darbhanga district
Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga
Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga
Location of Darbhanga district in Bihar
Location of Darbhanga district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
DivisionDarbhanga
HeadquartersDarbhanga
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDarbhanga
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesKusheshwar Asthan, Gaura Bauram, Benipur, Alinagar, Darbhanga Rural, Darbhanga, Hayaghat, Bahadurpur, Keoti, Jale
Area
 • Total2,279 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,937,385
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
8.7 per cent
Demographics
 • Literacy56.56 per cent
 • Sex ratio1024
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 527B
Websitedarbhanga.bih.nic.in

Darbhanga district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India, and Darbhanga city is the administrative headquarters of this district and 5th largest city of Bihar as well. Darbhanga district is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district is bounded on the north by Madhubani district, on the south by Samastipur district, on the east by Saharsa district and on the west by Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur districts. The district covers an area of 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi).

History

1976 saw the creations of two districts from Darbhanga's territory: Madhubani and Samastipur.[1]

Block and circle

Darbhanga District map
Darbhanga District map
  1. Darbhanga (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  2. Baheri (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  3. Biraul (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  4. Keoti (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  5. Singhwara (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  6. Jale (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  7. Bahadurpur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  8. Benipur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  9. Manigachhi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  10. Kusheshwar Asthan
  11. Kusheshwar Asthan Purbi
  12. Hanuman nagar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  13. Gaura Bauram (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  14. Hayaghat (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  15. Alinagar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  16. Ghanshyampur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  17. Taradih (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
  18. Kiratpur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

[2]

Geography

Darbhanga district occupies an area of 2,279 square kilometres (880 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Yapen Island.[4]

Economy

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Darbhanga one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Demographics

Religions in Darbhanga district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hindus
77.28%
Muslims
22.39%
Other or not stated
0.33%

According to the 2011 census Darbhanga district has a population of 3,937,385[7] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[8] or the US state of Oregon.[9] This gives it a ranking of 64th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,721 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,460/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19%. Literacy rate of the district is 56.56% (male 66.83%, female 45.24%). Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.64% and 0.07% of the population respectively.

Languages of Darbhanga district (2011)

  Maithili (72.75%)
  Urdu (20.67%)
  Hindi (5.96%)
  Others (0.62%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 72.75% of the population in the district spoke Maithili, 20.67% Urdu and 5.96% Hindi as their first language.[10]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901889,022—    
1911894,232+0.06%
1921889,302−0.06%
1931966,393+0.83%
19411,055,208+0.88%
19511,150,582+0.87%
19611,337,802+1.52%
19711,622,812+1.95%
19812,008,193+2.15%
19912,510,959+2.26%
20013,295,789+2.76%
20113,937,385+1.79%
source:[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Blocks in Darbhanga District, Bihar".
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Yapen 2,278km2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Table C-01: Population by Religious Community - Bihar". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. 2011.
  7. ^ a b Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  8. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  9. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,831,074
  10. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue

Coordinates: 26°00′N 86°00′E / 26.000°N 86.000°E / 26.000; 86.000