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Darbhanga district
Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga
Lalit Narayan Mithila University, Darbhanga
Location of Darbhanga district in Bihar
Location of Darbhanga district in Bihar
Country India
StateBihar
RegionMithila
DivisionDarbhanga
HeadquartersDarbhanga
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesDarbhanga
 • Member of Parliament, Lok SabhaGopal Jee Thakur, BJP
 • District MagistrateShri Rajiv Raushan(IAS)
 • Senior Superintendent of PoliceShri Awakash Kumar(IPS)
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesKusheshwar Asthan, Gaura Bauram, Benipur, Alinagar, Darbhanga Rural, Darbhanga, Hayaghat, Bahadurpur, Keoti, Jale
Area
 • Total2,279 km2 (880 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total3,937,385
 • Density1,700/km2 (4,500/sq mi)
 • Urban
8.7 per cent
Demographics
 • Literacy56.56 per cent
 • Sex ratio1024
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 27, NH 527B
Websitedarbhanga.bih.nic.in

Darbhanga district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state in eastern India, and Darbhanga city is the administrative headquarters of this district and 5th largest city of Bihar as well. Darbhanga district lies in Historical Mithila region. Darbhanga district is a part of Darbhanga Division. The district is bounded on the north by Madhubani district, on the south by Samastipur district, on the east by Saharsa district and on the west by Sitamarhi and Muzaffarpur districts. The district covers an area of 2,279 km2 (880 sq mi).

History

1976 saw the creations of two districts from Darbhanga's territory: Madhubani and Samastipur.[1]

Block and circle

Darbhanga District map
  1. Darbhanga Assembly constituency
  2. Baheri Assembly constituency
  3. Biraul Assembly constituency
  4. Keoti Assembly constituency
  5. Singhwara Assembly constituency
  6. Jale Assembly constituency
  7. Bahadurpur Assembly constituency
  8. Benipur Assembly constituency
  9. Manigachhi Assembly constituency
  10. Kusheshwar Asthan
  11. Kusheshwar Asthan Purbi
  12. Hanuman nagar Assembly constituency
  13. Gaura Bauram Assembly constituency
  14. Hayaghat Assembly constituency
  15. Alinagar Assembly constituency
  16. Ghanshyampur Assembly constituency
  17. Taradih Assembly constituency
  18. Kiratpur Assembly constituency

[2]

Geography

Darbhanga district occupies an area of 2,279 square kilometres (880 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Indonesia's Yapen Island.[4]

Economy

In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Darbhanga one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[5] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901889,022—    
1911894,232+0.06%
1921889,302−0.06%
1931966,393+0.83%
19411,055,208+0.88%
19511,150,582+0.87%
19611,337,802+1.52%
19711,622,812+1.95%
19812,008,193+2.15%
19912,510,959+2.26%
20013,295,789+2.76%
20113,937,385+1.79%
source:[6]
Religions in Darbhanga district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
77.28%
Islam
22.39%
Other or not stated
0.33%

According to the 2011 census, Darbhanga district has a population of 3,937,385,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[9] or the US state of Oregon.[10] This gives it a ranking of 64th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,721 inhabitants per square kilometre (4,460/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19%. Literacy rate of the district is 56.56% (male 66.83%, female 45.24%). 9.74% of the population lives in urban areas. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.64% and 0.07% of the population respectively.

Languages of Darbhanga district (2011)[11]

  Maithili (72.75%)
  Urdu (20.67%)
  Hindi (5.96%)
  Others (0.62%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 72.75% of the population in the district spoke Maithili, 20.67% Urdu and 5.96% Hindi as their first language.[11]

Health

The table below shows the data from the district nutrition profile of children below the age of 5 years, in Darbhanga, as of year 2020.

District nutrition profile of children under 5 years of age in Darbhanga, year 2020[12]
Indicators Number of children (<5 years) Percent (2020) Percent (2016)
Stunted 255,374 45% 49%
Wasted 108,562 19% 17%
Severely wasted 36,000 6% 5%
Underweight 220,499 39% 41%
Overweight/obesity 8,494 2% 2%
Anemia 348,147 69% 70%
Total children 562,497

The table below shows the district nutrition profile of Darbhanga of women between the ages of 15 to 49 years, as of year 2020.

District nutritional profile of Darbhanga of women of 15–49 years, in 2020[12]
Indicators Number of women (15–49 years) Percent (2020) Percent (2016)
Underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m^2) 293,595 26% 31%
Overweight/obesity 154,023 13% 12%
Hypertension 200,126 17% 11%
Diabetes 154,596 13% NA
Anemia (non-preg) 703,022 61% 66%
Anemia (preg) 74,677 53% 62%
Total women (preg) 142,241
Total women 1,146,855

Politics

Currently Gopal Jee Thakur of Bhartiya Janta Party is the Member of Parliament from Darbhanga Lok Sabha Constituency.[13][14]

This section is transcluded from 17th Bihar Assembly. (edit | history)

District No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
Darbhanga 78 Kusheshwar Asthan Shashi Bhushan Hazari JD(U) NDA Died in 1 July 2021
Aman Bhushan Hajari Elected on 2 November 2021 in by-election
79 Gaura Bauram Swarna Singh BJP NDA Switched from VIP to BJP[15]
80 Benipur Binay Kumar Choudhary JD(U) NDA
81 Alinagar Mishrilal Yadav BJP NDA Switched from VIP to BJP[16]
82 Darbhanga Rural Lalit Kumar Yadav RJD MGB
83 Darbhanga Sanjay Saraogi BJP NDA
84 Hayaghat Ram Chandra Prasad BJP NDA
85 Bahadurpur Madan Sahni JD(U) NDA
86 Keoti Murari Mohan Jha BJP NDA
87 Jale Jibesh Kumar BJP NDA

See also

References

  1. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  2. ^ "Blocks in Darbhanga District, Bihar".
  3. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti, ed. (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Archived from the original on 20 February 2018. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Yapen 2,278km2
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ "Table A-02 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901: Bihar" (PDF). census.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India.
  7. ^ "Table C-01 Population by Religion: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  8. ^ "District Census Handbook: Darbhanga" (PDF). Census of India. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Oregon 3,831,074
  11. ^ a b "Table C-16 Population by Mother Tongue: Bihar". censusindia.gov.in. Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India. 2011.
  12. ^ a b https://www.niti.gov.in/sites/default/files/2022-06/Darbhanga-Bihar.pdf
  13. ^ "Shri Gopal Jee Thakur| National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 3 March 2023.
  14. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". loksabha.nic.in. Retrieved 3 March 2023.
  15. ^ "All 3 VIP MLAs join BJP in Bihar making it the largest party in Assembly". The Hindu. 23 March 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 March 2022.
  16. ^ "All 3 VIP MLAs join BJP in Bihar making it the largest party in Assembly". The Hindu. 23 March 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 23 March 2022.

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